Question: I observe Sawm for three days every month. One month, I felt ill. Therefore, I could not observe Sawm (Fast). Do I have to make up or expiate for them?
Answer: There is no making up for the missed days of supererogatory Sawm even if a person missed them willingly. But it is better for the Muslim to continue doing good deeds according to the Saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him): The deed liked most by Allaah is one to which the doer adheres constantly even if it is small. So you do not have to make up or expiate for your missed supererogatory Sawm… read more here.
Question: What is obligatory for a Muslim to do on the Day of ‘Aashoora’ (10th of Muharram)? Should they pay Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) on that day?
Answer: It is permissible for a Muslim to observe Sawm (Fast) on the Day of ‘Aashoora’. It was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered his Sahaabah (Companions) to observe Sawm on that day. However, when the Sawm of Ramadaan was enjoined, it became permissible either to fast or not to fast on the Day of ‘Aashooraa’. There is no Zakaat-ul-Fitr due on the Day of ‘Aashooraa’, similar to that paid after Ramadan on the Day of ‘Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast)… read more here.
Question 50: Is Zakaat-ul-Fitr due on a fetus?
Answer: It is recommendable to pay Zakaat-ul-Fitr on behalf of an embryo, for this was practiced by `Uthmaan (may Allaah be pleased with him)… read more here.