Fondling his wife, he had an erection and ejaculated while fasting

Question: Does an erection due to kissing one’s wife render Wudoo’ and Sawm (Fast) Baatil (null and void) or Wudoo’ only? Another question: What is the ruling on wearing perfume while fasting; is it Haraam (prohibited) or Makrooh (disliked)?

Answer: Generally, as a fasting person, you should keep yourself away from acts which render Sawm incomplete or Baatil. The Prophet (peace be upon him) is reported to have said: When any one of you is fasting, he should neither have sexual relations with his wife nor behave impudently; and if anyone abuses him or quarrels with him he should say: “I am fasting.”(Agreed upon by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)... read more here.

An old woman who lost her memory, should she fast?

Question: Through this letter, I would like to inform you that my mother has now reached miserable old age, where she is unaware of anything regarding religion or worldly affairs. She can only recognize my voice. She cannot differentiate night from day, nor can she recognize anything else. The matter of the obligation of Sawm (fast) on her bewilders me. Is there any Kaffaarah (expiation) obligatory on her, since she is so disabled that she cannot carry out any of the pillars of Islaam? It should be known that this is not due to negligence, laziness, or Kufr (disbelief) on her part. Rather, this is due to old age.

Please give me your Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by qualified Muslim scholar). Is it obligatory on us to feed the poor on her behalf? May Allaah guide you and grant you success.

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned, your mother owes nothing, since she is no longer Mukallaf (person meeting the conditions to be held legally accountable for their actions), because she lost her memory as a result of her old age… read more here.

Should an old woman who can not perform the acts of worship properly feed the poor?

Question: My mother suffers Alzheimer disease which makes her forgetful and can recognize neither the relatives nor times, such as the month of Ramadan. Last Ramadaan, for example, she did not fast. Moreover, she is feeble in the sense that she cannot eat food enough to enable her to fast. Is it obligatory on her to fast? What should she do regarding the past Ramadaan that she did not fast? What should she do regarding Salaah (Prayer), as she cannot recognize their due times and the number of Rak`ahs (units of Prayer), but she performs Salaah according to her estimation? Please give us a Fatwaa, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: If the condition of this woman is as mentioned in the question, it is obligatory on her neither to perform Salah nor fast, since, as mentioned in this case, she is not accountable for her actions. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: There are three whose actions are not recorded: an insane person until he is restored to sanity, a sleeper until he awakens, and a boy until he reaches puberty. The person whose mind became disordered has the same ruling as an insane person… read more here.

Should the sons of an old divorced woman, who cannot observe Sawm feed the poor as expiation on her behalf?

Question: Since my mother cannot endure Sawm (Fast) due to her permanent feebleness, she has not been observing Sawm during Ramadaan for the past twenty years. During this period, she would feed a poor person as expiation for each day wherein she broke her Sawm. Three years ago, she was divorced by my father. Now she is under the sponsorship of both me and my brother who does not live with us in the same house. As we have limited income, is it obligatory on her to feed the poor as expiation, or should we do this on her behalf? It should be known that she has no financial resources. What is the amount of food that should be given to a poor person as expiation for each day? Should the amount of Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) that is due on her be paid by all of us, or does it suffice that one of us pays it on her behalf?

Answer: You should feed, on behalf of your mother who cannot endure Sawm permanently,a poor person an amount of one and a half kilograms of the prevailing food of the country as expiation for each day wherein she broke her Sawm. It suffices that this be done by any of you. The same applies to Zakaat al-Fitr, i.e., it suffices that any of you should pay it on her behalf… read more here.

An old man who can neither observe Sawm nor perform Wudoo’

Question: My father is very old and is unable to stand without my help. He was not able to observe Sawm (Fast) in the current Ramadaan. He usually performs Tayammum (dry ablution with clean earth) to offer Salaah (Prayer), as he is not able to perform Wudoo’ (ablution). He offers Salaah either while sitting glorying on his side. What is the ruling on this?

Answer: First, If your father is unable to observe Sawm due to his old age, he should feed one Miskeen (needy person) an amount of about one half a Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx.) of dates, wheat, or similar staple food of the country for each day on which he breaks Sawm… read more here.

A man performing Wudoo’ each time he has sexual intercourse with his wife

Question 2: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: When any one of you intends to repeat intercourse with his wife, he should perform Wudoo’ (ablution).” Is this ruling particular to the man, or does it also include the woman?

Answer: Wudoo’ before repeating intercourse is prescribed for the man, as he is the one who is asked to do so, not the woman… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse more than once and delaying taking Ghusl

Question 1: Is it permissible for me to have sexual intercourse with my wife more than once on the same night then go to sleep without taking a bath?

Answer: It is permissible for a man to have sexual intercourse with his wife more than once on the same night. However, he must perform Wudoo’ (ablution) before the second time because of the following Hadeeth: When anyone amongst you has sexual intercourse with his wife and then intends to repeat it, he should perform ablution. Al-Haakim added: It gives more activity to the body.read more here.

Following the correct order of steps when performing Wudoo’

Question 28: Some people said that it is not necessary to perform Wudoo’ (ablution) in order, so it is permissible to wash the feet before the hands or face. They also claimed that Istinjaa’ (cleansing one’s private parts with water after urination or defecation) is not necessary as long as one has not urinated.

Likewise, it is not required to be done on waking up from sleep. We hope that your Eminence will enlighten us concerning this issue, so that we will be sure of matters of importance in our religion. May Allaah grant you success!

Answer: It is obligatory to follow the prescribed order of Wudu’ starting with washing the face, two hands and elbows, wiping the head and two ears and then washing the feet and heels as related in the honorable Aayah (Al-Maa’idah: 6) and in accordance with what the Prophet (peace be upon him) did. Moreover, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said.read more here.

What is the alternative when one is unable to use water because of old age?

Question 15: A ninety year old crippled woman experiences great hardship when performing Wudoo’ (ablution) and Ghusl (full ritual bath), especially in times of severe cold. Since the place of Wudoo’ is far, is she permitted to perform either Tayammum (dry ablution with clean earth) for every Salaah (prayer) or combine Salaahs with one Wudoo’?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family and Companions. To proceed:

If the case is as mentioned, this woman should try to perform Wudoo’ as her ability allows, even by having water brought to her place if possible. However, if she is not able to do this by herself or with the help of others, it is permissible for her to perform Tayammum, for Allaah (may He be Exalted and Glorified) says (what means) read more here.

Does touching one’s wife invalidate Wudoo’ ?

Question 12: Some of the contemporary scholars argue that touching one’s wife does not nullify Wudoo’ (ablution). Their view rests on the Hadeeth reported by ‘Aboo Daawood on the authority of `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) kissed one of his wives and went out to offer Salaah (Prayer) without performing Wudoo’ again. Could this be a supporting evidence to the holders of this view or is this act peculiar to the Prophet (peace be upon him) on account that he did not declare this? `Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) also narrated: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) used to kiss (his wives) while observing Sawm (Fast); and he had the greatest control over his desire (as compared with you).

As for Wudoo’ being nullified by what comes out of the urethra and anus through an opening in the stomach, there is no disagreement regarding this except what was stated by the Shaykh of Islaam and Al-Muwaffaq in “Al-Mughnee” from some of the Maalikee jurists. There is no disagreement that Wudoo’ is nullified by what comes out of the urethra and anus. Ibn Taymiyyah stated: “If a person has a disease that prevents the urine and stool from coming out of the urethra and anus and another opening is made in their body for the discharge of their excretions as is the case with some people, this does not nullify Wudoo’.” Accordingly, is Wudoo’ Mustahab (desirable) or Waajib (obligatory) in this case?


Answer:
 First, according to the most correct opinion maintained by scholars, if a man touches his wife directly, this does not nullify Wudoo’, whether he touches her lustfully or not, for the Prophet (peace be upon him) kissed one of his wives and went for Salaah without performing Wudoo’ again.
.. read more here.

Does passing wind necessitate Istinjaa’?

Question 11: If it happens that I have performed Wudoo’ (ablution) then I pass wind, must I wash the front and back passage (urethra and anus) or is it sufficient to perform Wudoo’ without washing my private parts?

Having slept heavily after being in a state of Wudoo’, is it enough to perform Wudoo’ when I wake up or is it necessary that I wash my private parts before performing Wudoo’?


Answer:
 To ritually purify oneself after passing wind or sleeping, it is sufficient to perform Wudoo’ only and it is not necessary to wash the front and back passage.
.. read more here.

Performing Wudoo’ and forgetting to perform Tayammum for the wounded area

Question 10: A person performed Wudoo’ (ablution), and because of a wound in his hand that should not be exposed to water, he performed Tayammum (dry ablution with clean earth) for that area. It happened that he once forgot to do Tayamum for the wounded area, but during Salaah (Prayer) he remembered, so he performed Tayammum without interrupting the Salaah and continued praying. What is the ruling on this Salaah? Is it valid or not?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family and Companions. To proceed: If one of the body parts required to be washed in Wudoo’ sustains a wound that must not be washed or wiped with water, as this may worsen the wound or slow the healing, the person should perform Tayammum... read more here.

Rules of Tahaarah and the manner of Salaah to be observed by a patient

Question 8: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets! The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ has examined the Fatwa request submitted to his Eminence, the General Muftee, from a sincere brother, and referred to the Committee from the General Secretariat of Council of Senior Scholars under no. 5431 dated 25/12/1414 A.H. The brother states in his message that he detected a lack of knowledge on the part of some patients in a hospital regarding how they should perform Salaah (Prayer) and Wudoo’ (ablution), especially the patients who are unable to move. His desire is to receive a detailed Fatwaa’ on the rulings of Tahaarah (ritual purification) and Salaah of a sick person.

Answer: After examining the information mentioned above, the Committee answered as follows:

First: Tahaarah observed by a sick person:

1. Like a healthy person, a patient has to perform Tahaarah with water to remove both major and minor impurity. A patient has to perform Wudoo’ to remove the state of minor Hadath (ritual impurity that necessitates ablution) and Ghusl (full ritual bath) to remove the state of major Hadath (ritual impurity that necessitates full bath)… read more here.

Forgetting a part of the body that must be washed in Wudoo’

Question 7: If while performing Wudoo’ (ablution), I forget to wash a small part of a limb that must be washed during Wudoo’, which I remembered immediately after Wudoo’. Should I repeat Wudoo’ in this case, or is it enough to wash the part I forget?

Answer: One of the conditions of Wudoo’ is washing all the parts in close sequence. Thus, if a person forgets to wash a limb required in Wudoo’, or even a small part of it, and remembers it while performing Wudoo’ or immediately after when the washed parts are still wet, they may wash the part they forgot and the subsequent limbs only… read more here.

Hair creams and their effect on the validity of Wudoo’

Question 6: There are many types of hair creams. Do creams and other hair products made of a viscous substance prevent water from reaching the hair, and what then is the ruling on Wudoo’ (ablution)? Please advise, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: The types of cream that have a density which prevents water from reaching the skin should be removed prior to Wudoo’. On the other hand, those types which have no density do not have any effect on the validity of Wudoo’… read more here.

Do nosebleeds nullify Wudoo’ ?

Question 24Do nosebleeds nullify Wudoo’ (ablution) and Salaah (Prayer) or not?

Answer: Impure matters that come out through any opening from human body other than the urethra and anus, but are neither urine nor stool, such as nosebleeds, vomit, wounds, and the like do not nullify Wudoo’ as long as they are not in much quantity, for the Hadeeth reported by ‘Aboo Al-Dardaa’ that the Prophet (peace be upon him) once vomited and then he performed Wudoo’ (ablution). According to Ibn `Abbaas, (may Allaah be pleased with him both): “If the blood flows in large quantities, it (Wudoo’) should be repeated.”..read more here.

Number of times to wipe over the head in Wudoo’

Question 21During Wudoo’ (ablution) we observed that some people wipe their head once while others wipe it three times; which is correct?

Answer: It is prescribed to wipe the head once, because of the Hadeeth of `Uthmaan ibn `Affaan, `Alee and `Abdullaah ibn Zayd (may Allaah be pleased with them). They mentioned in the Hadeeth that the Prophet (peace be upon him) rinsed his mouth, sniffed water into his nostrils and then out, and then washed his face..read more here.

Must artificial teeth be removed when performing Wudoo’ ?

Question 20: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family and Companions.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ has read the letter that was sent to His Eminence the Muftee from His Honor the Chairman of Damad Council. The letter was transferred to the Committee by the Secretariat-General of the Council of Senior Scholars under no. 824 dated 24/01/1419 A.H. The question was as follows:

A person contacted our Center and said that he had pulled out some of his teeth because they were decayed as a result of not being regularly cleaned. He fixed nine artificial removable teeth which are not made of gold or silver. The doctor told him that he must remove the artificial teeth and wash them after eating so that they do not emit a foul odor.

The question is whether this man must remove the artificial teeth when performing Wudoo’ (ablution). It may be worth mentioning that it is not difficult for him to remove then install them again after Wudoo’.

Please enlighten us with your beneficial answer so thatwe may inform the questioner. May Allaah guide you to the best of this world and the Hereafter.

Answer: After the Committee studied the question, it answered as follows:

The concerned man does not have to remove his artificial teeth for Madmadah (rinsing the mouth) during Wudoo’. Rather, he may perform Wudoo’ while they are in their place. This is because such artificial teeth are just like normal ones; they do not invalidate Madmadah..read more here.

Mentioning the Name of Allaah when starting Wudoo’

Question 19I read in one of the books of Fiqh (Islaamic jurisprudence) that if a person forgets Tasmiyah (saying, “Bismillaah [In the Name of Allaah]”) at the start of Wudoo’ (ablution) and remembers while performing Wudoo’ then they should repeat it. In case they remember after finishing Wudoo’, they should not repeat it. Please guide us to the right ruling, may Allaah grant you success!

Answer: Mentioning the Name of Allaah when starting Wudoo` is prescribed. If forgotten at the start of Wudoo’ and remembered while performing Wudoo’, the person should say it (Tasmiyah) and continue the Wudoo’, and if they remember after finishing Wudoo’, their Wudu’ would be correct and they do not have to repeat it... read more here.

Does the Wudoo’ of a mother become nullified if she touches her baby’s private parts?

Question 3: Does the Wudoo’ (ablution) of a woman become nullified if she touches her baby’s private parts while washing him or her?

Answer: Wudoo’ is nullified when a woman touches her baby’s private parts, whether the front or back passage, without a barrier. The Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered anyone who touches private parts to perform Wudoo’… read more here.

Is it permissible to perform Wudoo’ in the bathroom?

Question 166The bathrooms that are built nowadays in houses contain a place for a toilet, shower and basin for making Wudoo’ (ablution). Is it permissible to mention Allaah while making Wudoo’ and bathing or talking about daily matters if the toilet is far away?

Answer: It is Makrooh (disliked) to mention Allaah (Exalted be He) where one relieves oneself, as He is above being mentioned in places of filth. Moreover, it is Makrooh for a person to speak while relieving oneself because of the Hadeeth which says… read more here.

Is it permissible for a person to say Tasmiyah in the Wudoo’ specified area on commencing Wudoo’ ?

Question 165What is the ruling on Tasmiyah (saying, “Bismillaah [In the Name of Allaah]”) two meters away from the toilet in a Masjid (mosque)? Is that permissible or not?

Answer: Part of the Islaamic etiquette of entering the toilet is to enter with the left foot first and mention the Name of Allaah before entering, saying: “Bismillaah, Allaahumma innee a`oodu bika min al-khubthi wa al-khabbaa’ith [In the Name of Allaah. O Allaah, I seek refuge with You from male and female devils].” If one wants to perform Wudoo’ (ablution) in the Wudoo’ area… read more here.

Is it permissible for a person whose right arm is amputated to use their left for doing everything?

Question 164A man had his right arm amputated so he uses the left for doing everything, such as Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation), Madmadah (rinsing the mouth), and so on. Is doing so permissible? Also, this man cannot wash all the parts of his back when performing Ghusl (full ritual bath). Is it permissible for him to perform Ghusl with the help of his wife?

Answer: The general ruling regarding Istinjaa’ according to Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) is that people use their left hand. However, Madmadah and Istinshaq (sniffing water into the nose and then expelling it) are to be done with the right hand. This is to honor the right hand and protect it from filth. A proof of this is the Hadeeth narrated by `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) who said… read more here.

Does a small amount of Najaasah render a pig pool Najis?

Question 163We have a swimming pool at home, but some Najaasah (ritual impurity) fell into it. It was a small amount, only filling a teacup. The swimming pool is twelve meters. Would its water be Najis (ritually impure) and should not be used for swimming? Please advise, may Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: Water is judged to be Najis if its color, taste, or smell changes due to Najaasah… read more here.

Is it permissible to use water mixed with Javelle water for Wudoo’?

Question 162Is it permissible to use water mixed with Javelle water (used as a disinfectant) for Wudoo’ (ablution)? What is the ruling if no other water is available?

Answer: If such substance which is mixed with water is not Najis (ritually impure) and does not cause the water to be given a different name, it does not cause water to lose its purity, and consequently a person may use it to perform Wudoo’… read more here.

Wudoo’ made from a tank, in which a pigeon has died and the smell of water has changed

Question 161What is the ruling on the Wudoo’ (ablution) of some people who used water from a tank, then after a week discovered a dead pigeon inside it? They kept using water from the tank for Wudoo’ and Tahaarah (ritual purification) for a week before they discovered the dead pigeon until the smell of water changed. We appreciate your advice. May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: All the people who performed Wudoo’ from the water referred to in the question, after its characteristics had changed due to the death of a pigeon inside the tank, have to repeat the Salaahs (Prayers) for which they performed Wudoo’ from that altered water. This is because they have been performing Wudoo’ from Najis (ritually impure) water which does not remove the state of Hadath (ritual impurity that invalidates ablution). And Allaah knows best… read more here.

Performing Wudoo’ with leftover drinking water from animals lawful to eat?

Question 160Is it permissible to perform Wudoo’ (ablution) with drinking water left over by animals, such as cows, buffaloes, goats, sheep, and donkeys, even if this water is placed in a container?

Answer: If this foam, which is mixed with water and used in putting out fires, is made of impure substances that change the characteristics of water, it will not be permissible to use it in performing Wudoo’… read more here.

Is it permissible to perform Wudoo’ with water mixed with foam, which is used in putting out fires?

Question 159The barrels which are used in putting out fire are filled with water and sometimes it is mixed with foam, which changes its characteristics. Is it permissible to use this water in performing Wudoo’ (ablution)? It is worth mentioning that this foam is made of organic substances such as the wastes of animals.

Answer: If this foam, which is mixed with water and used in putting out fires, is made of impure substances that change the characteristics of water, it will not be permissible to use it in performing Wudoo’… read more here.

If a pregnant woman bleeds, is she permitted to perform Salaah and Sawm?

Question 145A pregnant woman experiences non-menstrual bleeding during the noble month of Ramadaan. In spite of that she continues to offer Salaah (Prayer) and observe Sawm (Fast), is this right?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. The blood that a pregnant woman discharges is not menstrual; rather it is irregular non-menstrual vaginal bleeding. Thus, this woman has to perform Wudoo’ after the start of the due time of every Salaah and offer Salaah. It is also permissible for her husband to have conjugal intercourse with her. She should fast Ramadaan and not make it up later… read more here.

Is taking Janaabah Ghusl compensatory for Ghusl for Jumu’ah or after-menstruation or after-postpartum bleeding Ghusl?

Question 129Is taking Ghusl (ritual bath) following major ritual impurity compensatory for Ghusl on Friday or after menstruation or postpartum period?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. In case it is obligatory for a person to have more than one Ghusl, only one Ghusl is sufficient for all states if they intend to eliminate the reasons necessitating Ghusl and thus be able to perform Salaah (prayer) and other acts of worship necessitating Tahaarah (ritual purification), such as Tawaaf (circumambulation around the Ka‘bah). This is because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Does taking Janaabah Ghusl exempt a person from Wudoo’ ?

Question 128Does taking Ghusl (ritual bath following major ritual impurity) exempt a person from Wudoo’ (ablution), given that the person intends to offer Salaah (Prayer) after Ghusl, or should they perform Wudoo’ besides Ghusl?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. Yes, Ghusl is enough; it makes up for Wudoo’ if a person intends to do both. They can offer Salaah as long as they do not invalidate their Wudoo’. If they intend to perform Ghusl only, it does not make up for Wudoo’, according to the most correct opinion of scholars. It was authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) that he said… read more here.

If one has Janaabah Ghusl, can they pour water over their bodies without rubbing?

Question 127Would it be acceptable for a person who performs Ghusl (ritual bath) following Janaabah (major ritual impurity related to sexual discharge) if he makes the water reach all parts of his body without rubbing it?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. Neither Wudoo’ (ablution) nor Ghusl necessitates rubbing the whole body or the parts that must be washed, according to the more correct of the two views held by the scholars. So, it would be sufficient for a person who is Junub (in a state of major ritual impurity) to make the water reach all parts of their body… read more here.

Is there any difference in Janaabah Ghusl between men and women ?

Question 126Is there a difference between men’s and women’s Ghusl (ritual bath) following major ritual impurity? Does a woman need to loosen her hair to wash it, or is it sufficient for her to pour three handfuls of water on her hair as narrated in the Hadeeth? What is the difference between the Ghusl of Janaabah (major ritual impurity related to sexual discharge) and that of menstruation?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. There is no difference between men and women in terms of the way Ghusl is performed, and neither of them need to loosen their hair to wash it, rather it is sufficient to pour three handfuls of water on the head, then to pour the water over the whole body, for the Hadeeth narrated on the authority of Umm Salamah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that she told the Prophet (peace be upon him)… read more here.

Is Maniy (sperm) pure or impure?

Question 125Is the semen from which man is created pure or not? If it is not impure what is the wisdom behind Ghusl (ritual bath following major ritual impurity)? Is it prohibited to delay Ghusl until the morning in winter for fear of the cold weather?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. The sound opinion is that semen is pure. When it is ejaculated in spurts from a person lustfully through sexual intercourse or a wet dream, Ghusl is compulsory. It is permissible to delay it until morning. A person should take Ghusl to offer Fajr (Dawn) Prayer in its due time. It is not permissible to delay it until the prayer due time is over… read more here.

Does touching things by the Junub before having Ghusl render them impure?

Question 124Is it permissible for a man and his wife after having conjugal intercourse to touch anything before taking Ghusl (ritual bath)? In such a case, does whatever they touch become Najis (impure)?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. Yes, it is permissible for someone who is Junub (in a state of major ritual impurity), whether man or woman, to touch different things like clothes, plates, pots, etc before taking Ghusl (ritual bath). A Junub person is not Najis and so nothing is defiled by their touch. This is supported by the authentic Hadeeth reported on the authority of Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him), who said… read more here.

Should a midwife perform Ghusl after childbirth assistance or is Wudoo’ sufficient?

Question 123Should a midwife perform Ghusl (full ritual bath) after childbirth assistance or is Wudoo’ (ablution) sufficient?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. Neither Ghusl nor Wudoo’ is obligatory for a midwife as a result of her assisting a pregnant woman during delivery. She just has to wash off any Najaasah (impurities) – such as blood or the like – that may have soiled parts of her body and clothing if she is going to perform Salaah (Prayer). However, her Wudoo’ is invalidated if she touches the vulva of the pregnant woman during delivery… read more here.

Urination before having Ghusl (full ritual bath) after sexual intercourse

Question 115Someone told me if a Muslim has conjugal intercourse, it is obligatory that he should urinate before performing Ghusl (ritual bath); otherwise he will remain Junub (in a state of major ritual impurity). This is because there will still be some Maniy (spermatic fluid) in his penis that can only be removed by urination. What is your opinion on this?

Answer: The Ghusl is valid without the urination. However, if a man urinates after performing Ghusl and some Maniy comes out along with the urine or alone, but without desire, it is not required to perform Ghusl again. It is sufficient just to perform Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation) and the Islaamically prescribed Wudoo’ (ablution)… read more here.

Sleeping without performing Wudoo’ on the part of the Junub

Question 114Is someone who is Junub (in a state of major ritual impurity) allowed to sleep without performing Wudoo’ (ablution)?

Answer: There is no sin if one who is Junub sleeps in this state without performing Wudoo’. Yet, it is preferable to perform Wudoo’ before going to bed because the Prophet (peace be upon him) did that and commanded to do so… read more here.

After waking up, one doubts having a wet dream

Question 110: What is the ruling on a person who wakes up and then doubts that he had a wet dream but when he examines his underwear, he does not find Maniy (spermatic fluid)?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. The basic rule is that no Ghusl (ritual bath following major ritual impurity) is required of him (unless there is a clear evidence to prove that it is required), because what is certain cannot be overruled by what is doubtful... read more here.

The causes necessitating Ghusl (4)

Question 109What makes Ghusl (ritual bath) obligatory for a Muslim? How is Ghusl performed? Is it a must that no waste water from Ghusl should touch the clean water which is being used for Ghusl? What is the ruling if they touch each other; can a person proceed with Ghusl?

Answer: Amongst things which make it obligatory for a Muslim to make Ghusl is the emission of Maniy (sperm/vaginal secretions) during sleep; penetration of the glans penis into the vulva, even without ejaculating; and ejaculating Maniy in wakefulness accompanied by a feeling of pleasure, even without having sexual intercourse. Menstruation and postpartum period also make it obligatory on women to perform Ghusl once the bleeding stops. Besides, in case a spray of waste water from the Ghusl mixes with clean water which is being used for Ghusl; a person may proceed making Ghusl from it... read more here.

The causes necessitating Ghusl (3)

Question 108What makes Ghusl (ritual bath) obligatory for a Muslim? How is Ghusl performed? Is it a must that no waste water from Ghusl should touch the clean water which is being used for Ghusl? What is the ruling if they touch each other; can a person proceed with Ghusl?

Answer: Amongst things which make it obligatory for a Muslim to make Ghusl is the emission of Maniy (sperm/vaginal secretions) during sleep; penetration of the glans penis into the vulva, even without ejaculating; and ejaculating Maniy in wakefulness accompanied by a feeling of pleasure, even without having sexual intercourse. Menstruation and postpartum period also make it obligatory on women to perform Ghusl once the bleeding stops. Besides, in case a spray of waste water from the Ghusl mixes with clean water which is being used for Ghusl; a person may proceed making Ghusl from it... read more here.

The causes necessitating Ghusl (2)

Question 107What makes Ghusl (ritual bath) obligatory for a Muslim? How is Ghusl performed? Is it a must that no waste water from Ghusl should touch the clean water which is being used for Ghusl? What is the ruling if they touch each other; can a person proceed with Ghusl?

Answer: Amongst things which make it obligatory for a Muslim to make Ghusl is the emission of Maniy (sperm/vaginal secretions) during sleep; penetration of the glans penis into the vulva, even without ejaculating; and ejaculating Maniy in wakefulness accompanied by a feeling of pleasure, even without having sexual intercourse. Menstruation and postpartum period also make it obligatory on women to perform Ghusl once the bleeding stops. Besides, in case a spray of waste water from the Ghusl mixes with clean water which is being used for Ghusl; a person may proceed making Ghusl from it... read more here.

The causes necessitating Ghusl (1)

Question 106What makes Ghusl (ritual bath) obligatory for a Muslim? How is Ghusl performed? Is it a must that no waste water from Ghusl should touch the clean water which is being used for Ghusl? What is the ruling if they touch each other; can a person proceed with Ghusl?

Answer: Amongst things which make it obligatory for a Muslim to make Ghusl is the emission of Maniy (sperm/vaginal secretions) during sleep; penetration of the glans penis into the vulva, even without ejaculating; and ejaculating Maniy in wakefulness accompanied by a feeling of pleasure, even without having sexual intercourse. Menstruation and postpartum period also make it obligatory on women to perform Ghusl once the bleeding stops. Besides, in case a spray of waste water from the Ghusl mixes with clean water which is being used for Ghusl; a person may proceed making Ghusl from it... read more here.

Does looking at women with or without lust invalidate Wudoo’ ?

Question 105Does looking at women with or without lust invalidate Wudoo’ (ablution)?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions! Wudoo’ is not invalidated just by looking at women, with or without lust.

Question 105Sometimes, when I go on an outing with my family in the car, my wife’s clothes get so wetted with urine or the like of one of the young children so much so that she needs to change her clothes, and it coincides with the time due for Salaah (Prayer), such as the Maghrib (Sunset) or ‘Asr (Afternoon) Prayers, yet it is not possible for her to change her clothes. Is it permissible for her to delay the Salaah until she returns home and is Wudoo’ invalidated if the body or clothes are soiled with Najaasah (ritual impurity)?

Answer: Wudoo’ is not invalidated if a person’s clothes get soiled with Najaasah due to contact with young children (when changing them), after their clothes get wet with urine or anything similar. It is obligatory that the soiled parts of the body or clothes should be washed, and then Salaah can be offered in them. It is not permissible to delay the Salaah until a later time... read more here.

Do clothes soiled with urine invalidate Wudoo’?

Question 104I performed Wudoo’ (ablution) for Salaah (prayer), then I held a baby that stained my clothes with urine. I washed the spot stained with urine and offered Salaah without repeating Wudoo’. Is my prayer valid?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions! Your Salaah is valid, because the urine of the baby that fell on your clothes does not invalidate Wudoo’, and all you have to do is to wash the part stained with it... read more here.

Does smoking invalidate Wudoo’?

Question 103What is the Islaamic ruling on those who smoke cigarettes and when they come to the Masjid (mosque) they merely rinse their mouths with little water without performing Wudoo’ (ablution) again, under the pretext that they had already performed Wudoo’ before smoking. We know that cigarettes are of the foul things which invalidate Wudoo’, but we do not have enough evidence on this.

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions! Smoking is Haraam (prohibited). Those who afflict themselves with the evil habit of smoking should cleanse their mouths when going to the Masjid to remove the foul odor, so that others will not be harmed or offended. However, smoking does not invalidate Wudoo’... read more here.

Having a hair cut or trimming the nails after performing Wudoo’

Question 102What is the ruling on washing some parts of the body with soap, having a hair cut, or trimming the nails after performing Wudoo’ (ablution)?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions! If a person performs Wudoo’ and then washes some parts of their body, have their hair cut, or trim their nails, this does not invalidate Wudoo’... read more here.

Does looking at one’s ‘Awrah invalidate Wudoo’ ?

Question 93Does looking at naked men and women or at one’s own `Awrah (parts of the body that must be covered in public) invalidate Wudoo’ (ablution)?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions! The mere looking at naked men and women does not invalidate Wudoo’, neither does the mere looking at one’s own `Awrah, as there is no evidence supporting this... read more here.

Does looking at naked men and women invalidate Wudoo’ ?

Question 92Does looking at naked men and women or at one’s own `Awrah (parts of the body that must be covered in public) invalidate Wudoo’ (ablution)?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions! The mere looking at naked men and women does not invalidate Wudoo’, neither does the mere looking at one’s own `Awrah, as there is no evidence supporting this... read more here.

Does kissing wife invalidate one’s Wudoo’ or Sawm (fast) ?

Question 91It is reported in an authentic Hadeeth that ‘Aa’ishah, the Mother of the Believers (may Allaah be pleased with her), said that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) got up at times in a state of Janaabah (major ritual impurity). It is also reported that he (peace be upon him) kissed one of his wives after performing Wudoo’ (ablution) then he offered Salaah (prayer) and this took place during the month of Ramadaan. My question is: How may the Prophet (peace be upon him) get up at the morning in a state of Janaabah when he had to lead the Muslims in the congregational Prayer at dawn? Does the Hadeeth indicate that he (peace be upon him) had intercourse after offering Fajr (Dawn) Prayer? Does kissing one’s wife nullify Wudoo’? Some scholars say that it is one of the annulments of Wudoo’, although the Prophet (peace be upon him) kissed his wives after performing Wudoo’ then offered Salaah without repeating Wudoo’? What is the ruling in this regard, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions! First, the Prophet (peace be upon him) had intercourse with one of his wives at night, and sometimes he did not take Ghusl (ritual bath) at night, and when he woke up he used to make Ghusl before dawn to offer Fajr Salaah read more here.