Swearing and breaking an oath of making the wife no longer lawful in marriage

Question 27: What is the ruling on a man who swore that his wife would be unlawful for him if she entered her maternal uncle’s house, then after some time she went there with his consent?

Answer: If the husband’s intention when he swore that oath was only to forbid his wife from entering her maternal uncle’s house, and she did enter it, he must offer Kaffaarah (expiation) for breaking an oath. The Kaffaarah is to feed ten Miskeens (needy people) the average meal that one feeds their family, or to provide them with clothing, or to emancipate a believing slave. In case he is unable to carry out any of these, he must observe Sawm (Fast) for three days..read more here.

A wife made a vow of fasting every Monday and Thursday but was forbidden to observe it

Question 26: A married woman vowed that if Allaah would restore her son to health, she would observe Sawm (Fasting) every Monday and Thursday of every week of her life. However, her husband did not give her permission to do so, for he feared that her Sawm could have a negative effect on him, as it might subject him to Fitnah (temptation).

– Does she have to make Kaffaarah (expiation) for her vow due to her husband’s rights, as he may be harmed by her Sawm or not?

– If she has to make Kaffarah, should she offer a general one for her vow or one for every day she does not observe Sawm?

– What type of Kaffaarah should she offer: the one for breaking Sawm or other than that?

– If she is allowed to make Kaffaarah and she is able to observe Sawm for a few days, will it be necessary for her to do so on days that her husband permits her to do so or when he is traveling?

– If it is obligatory on her to fulfill the vow she made, will her husband be sinful if he forces her not to fast or has conjugal intercourse with her while she is fasting?

Answer: If the reality is as was mentioned and the woman vowed to observe Sawm every Monday and Thursday of every week if Allaah would restore her son to health and Allaah has cured her son, and if she is married, and her husband has not given his permission, as this vow will harm the lawful marital rights of her husband – the Shar‘ee (Islaamic legal) ruling is that it is obligatory on her to fulfill the vow she made as it is a vow of obedience..read more here.

Clarification of the ruling on vows

Question 25: Is it lawful to ask Allaah to grant the reward of a vow to Imams? For example, is it permissible to say: “I make this vow for the sake of Allaah Whom I ask to give its reward to so-and- so?

Answer: This is a broad question. Vows are of two types: The first type is the Shar‘ee (Islaamically lawful) vow which is made with the intention of getting closer to Allaah. Making vows is basically commanded against. This is based on the reported Hadeeth in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: Anyone who makes a vow by which they intend to obey Allaah, must obey Him (i.e., fulfill their vow), and anyone who makes a vow by which they intend to disobey Allaah, must not disobey Him (i.e., must not fulfill their vow). Thus, the act itself of making vows must be abandoned by a Mu’min (believer). When the Prophet (peace be upon him) was asked about vow-making, he replied: Do not make vows, for a vow prevent nothing from the Decree of Allaah. Rather, they merely cause a miser to give (Agreed upon by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)... read more here.

Wahhaabism: Is it a 5th Madh-hab?

Reply given by Shaykh Ibn Baaz to written questions posed by a Shaykh from outside the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

From `Abdul-`Azeez ibn `Abdullaah ibn Baaz to my esteemed brother, may Allaah guide you to useful knowledge and to act upon it! Aaameeen. Peace be upon you!

I have received your letter dated 2/3/1394 A.H. May Allaah guide you and grant you success! It included three questions about Wahhaabism. Following is my answer:

Question 24: You asked about Wahhabism and whether it is a fifth Madh-hab (School of Jurisprudence) or follows one of the four Madh-habs.

Answer: The term Wahhaabism is used by many people to refer to the call initiated by Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhab ibn Sulayman Al-Tameemee Al-Hanbalee (may Allaah be merciful to him). He is called along with his followers ‘Wahhabis’. Every knowledgeable person must have heard about Shaykh Muhammad ibn `Abdul-Wahhab’s movement (may Allah be merciful to him). He called for pure Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah) and warned people against all forms of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), such as supplicating to the dead, trees, rocks or the like. He (may Allaah be merciful to him) followed in creedal matters the Madh-hab (School of Jurisprudence) of the Salaf (righteous predecessors) while in subsidiary matters he followed the Madh-hab of Imaam Ahmad ibn Hanbal Al-Shaybaanee (may Allaah be merciful to him)... read more here.