Question: Toothpaste contains some sugar ingredients which a person tastes while using it, keeping in mind that the normal taste of food takes place by the dissolution of the food within the saliva, and then its penetration to the taste receptors. Accordingly, if the tasted matter dissolves within the saliva then, most probably, no one can avoid swallowing it.
A- Is it permissible for a fasting person to use toothpaste, keeping in mind that they can use the toothbrush only?
B- What is the ruling on using mouthwash?
C- It was reported through a good chain of transmission from Ibn ‘Abbass (Al-Irwaa’, p. 937) that he (may Allaah be pleased with him) did not see any harm in tasting honey, butter, and similar foods and then spitting it out while one is observing Sawm (Fast). This view was also reported from some Salaf (righteous predecessors). Thus, after knowing the way in which food is tasted, what is the ruling on tasting food by a fasting person
Answer: There is no harm in using toothpaste during Sawm; however, one should spit out what has been dissolved of the toothpaste in the mouth; and if something from it goes unintentionally into the throat, it will not affect Sawm... read more here.
Question: A woman used nose drops during the daytime in Ramadaan because she could not breathe through her nose without it. She used it for a considerable number of days throughout three or four Ramadaans; she does not remember the number exactly. However, she knew that using these drops during the day in Ramadaan breaks the Sawm (Fast) if the drops reach the throat, and at times she felt the bitterness of the drops in her throat. Is her Sawm invalidated? What is required of her regarding observing Sawm or feeding Miskeens (needy people)?
Answer: If a fasting person must use nose drops, there is nothing wrong with this. Their Sawm remains valid unless they find the taste of drops in their throat. In this case, the Sawm is invalidated and one must make up for that day if its Sawm is obligatory... read more here.
Question: Is it permissible for a Muslim to use nose drops while observing Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan?
Answer: It is not permissible to use nose drops during the daytime in Ramadaan, as the nose has an opening to the stomach, and so some of the drops that are put into the nose will enter the stomach, and so it will invalidate one’s Sawm... read more here.
Question: On the first day of Ramadaan and after offering the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer, I vomited unwillingly; do nausea and vomiting affect my Sawm (Fast)? I hope Your Eminence would answer me. May Allaah protect and take care of you. Al-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you).
Answer: If you vomit during the daytime in Ramadaan unwillingly, your Sawm is valid and you do not have to make up for that day. It was related by Aboo Daawood, Al-Tirmithee, and others on the authority of Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who has a sudden attack of vomiting while fasting is not required to make it up, but anyone who vomits intentionally must make it up.... read more here.
Question: If a fasting person vomits involuntarily during the daytime in Ramadaan, should they make up for that day?
Answer: Involuntary vomiting does not invalidate Sawm (Fast); consequently, experiencing it while fasting does not require that the day be made up because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Whoever vomits involuntarily is not required to make up the fast, but whoever vomits deliberately, must make up the missed fast. (Related by Imaam Ahmad and the Compilers of the Sunan [Aboo Daawood, Al-Tirmithee, Al-Nasaa’ee and Ibn Maajah] through an authentic Isnaad [chain of narrators])... read more here.
Question: What is the ruling on the fasting person who has vomited and then swallowed a little of his vomit, though unintentionally?
Answer: If the fasting person has vomited deliberately, then his Sawm (Fast) is invalidated. However, if he could not help it, then his Sawm (Fast) is not invalidated. Similarly, Sawm (Fast) is not invalidated by his swallowing some of one’s vomit as long as it was not deliberate... read more here.