A custom that a man begins to observe Sawm only after having circumcision

Question: I was circumcised twenty-three years ago. There was a belief when I ignored Sharee`ah (Islamic law) rulings that a man should not observe Sawm (Fast) until he is circumcised and that a girl should not observe Sawm until she has menses. During that period, Ramadaan came once when I was more than fifteen years. However, I had been circumcised and was still recovering from the surgery so I could not observe Sawm the entire Ramadaan. I should mention that I did not observe Sawm of Ramadaan before that time.

Your Eminence Shaykh, have I to make up for the previous missed days of Sawm or feed the poor? It should be known that I was ignorant of Sharee`ah rulings.

Answer: If the case is as you mentioned that you had reached the age of fifteen and had not observed Sawm because of the prevalent ignorance of Sharee`ah rulings thinking that a man should not observe Sawm until he is circumcised, and that after your circumcision you were recovering from surgery and did not complete the Sawm of Ramadaan, it is Waajib (obligatory) on you to make up for the missed days in Ramadaan after reaching puberty… read more here.

Observing Sawm on Saturdays or Fridays without observing Sawm on a day before or after

Question: I am a young man and I used to observe Sawm (Fast) similar to the Sawm of Daawood (David, peace be upon him). However, someone told me that if the day to observe Sawm falls on a Saturday or Friday, it should not be observed without a day before or after. He said that this is the opinion of Shaykh Al-Albaanee (may Allaah be merciful to him). I have continued observing Sawm although I am still confused.

Please advise me on the ruling of observing Sawm on Saturday or Friday without observing the Sawm of a day before or after or if it happens to coincide with the Day of `Arafah (9th of Dhul-Hijjah) or the Day of `Aashooraa’ (10th of Muharram)?

Answer: It is permissible for the one who observes the Sawm of Daawood (peace be upon him) to observe Sawm on Friday or Saturday alone without a day before or after. This ruling also applies to the Day of `Arafah and `Aashooraa’. It should be known that the Hadeeth which states that Sawm on Saturday is forbidden except in case of obligatory Sawm is not Saheeh (authentic)… read more here.

Observing Sawm on Mondays and Thursdays is Nafilah and not Waajib

Question: I like to observe Sawm (Fast) on Mondays and Thursdays because our deeds are presented to Allaah (Glorified be He) on these two days. The Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: These (Monday and Thursday) are two days on which people’s deeds are presented to the Lord of the Worlds, and I want my deeds to be presented when I am observing Sawm.

Is it permissible to observe Sawm of Monday and Thursday of every month? In summer, it is too hot for me to observe Sawm of these two days every week. Should I observe Sawm on them every week in winter? Please advise, may Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: When the Prophet (peace be upon him) performed any deed, he would do so consistently. However, if there is hardship in observing Sawm on these days, it is permissible for you not to observe their Sawmduring summer and to observe their Sawm in winter because observing Sawm on Monday and Thursday is Nafilah (supererogatory) and not Waajib (obligatory). Whoever observes their Sawm will be rewarded… read more here.

Observing Sawm on Monday and Thursday

Question: I heard knowledge seekers saying that it is not valid to combineobserving Sawm (Fast) on Monday and Thursday and the White Days (13th, 14th, and 15th of every Hijri month). Rather, one should observe Sawm of either one of them. Is this correct? If so, why?

Answer: What you heard regarding the invalidity of combining the Sawm of Monday and Thursday and the White Days is incorrect. It is Mustahab (desirable) to observe Sawm on these days because there are proofs urging the observation of their Sawm… read more here.

Observing Sawm on the White Days

Question: Is it permissible to observe Sawm (Fast) of the White Days (13th, 14th, and 15th of every Hijree month) on days other than their fixed days during the same month?

Answer: Upon arriving in Madeenah, the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to act like the People of the Book in matters where there was no revelation. Then, Allaah legislated for him to act differently from the way of the People of the Book… read more here.

Observing Sawm on `Aashooraa’ and acting differently from the People of the Book

Question: It is narrated in a Hadeeth that When the Prophet (peace be upon him) came to Madeenah, he found the Jews observing Sawm (Fast) on `Aashooraa’ (10th of Muharram). So, he observed Sawm during it and ordered that Sawm should be observed in it. How can this be reconciled with his order to act differently from the way of People of the Book in many matters?

Answer: Upon arriving in Madeenah, the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to act like the People of the Book in matters where there was no revelation. Then, Allaah legislated for him to act differently from the way of the People of the Book… read more here.

Should the 9th and 10th, and 11th of Muharram, or all these three days be fasted upon the occasion of `Aashooraa’ ?

Question: Should the ninth and tenth, the tenth and eleventh of Muharram, or all these three days be fasted upon the occasion of `Aashuraa’ (10th of Muharram)?

Answer: Fasting on the Day of `Aashooraa’ is a stressed Sunnah (acts, sayings or approvals of the Prophet). It is best to fast on the previous or the following day after it according to the guidance of the Prophet (peace be upon him) in order not to coincide with the practice of the Jews. If fast is observed on the three days, this would be more perfect, according to Ibn Al-Qayyim’s Zaad Al-Ma`aad… read more here.

The story and truth of the Day of `Aashooraa’

Question: What is the story and truth of the Day of `Aashooraa’ (10th of Muharram)?

Answer: When the Prophet (peace be upon him) arrived in Al-Madeenah after his Hijrah (the Prophet’s migration to Al-Madeenah), he found the Jews observing Sawm (Fast) of the Day of `Aashooraa’… read more here.

Observing Sawm on the first nine days of Thul-Hijjah

Question: Kindly find an attached book titled “Min Akhtaa’inaa Fee Al-`Ashr” (Some of Our Mistakes on the First Ten Days of Thul-Hijjah) by Muhammad Al-Ghufaylee.We would like you to read it and review the included Fatwa to see whether it is correct? On page no. 13, paragraph no. 5, it states, “Most people’s observation of Sawm (Fast) of the whole ten days is a mistake…” Consequently, most of the people of Al-Rass abandoned Sawm of the first ten days of Thul-Hijjah, because of this book and this Fatwaa. For decades, people used to observe Sawm of such days believing this act to be Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the teachings of the Prophet). However, after reading this book, they have been disapproving of those who observe Sawm on these days.

I ask Your Eminence to issue a Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by qualified Muslim scholar) on this regard and clarify it inlocal newspapers, so that Al-Haqq (the Truth) will become evident before the public.

Answer: Sawm of the first nine days of Thul-Hijjah is not a mistake as is claimed by some people. Rather, according to the Jumhoor (majority of scholars) of scholars it is Sunnah. Shaykh `Abdul-Rahmaan ibn Qaasim said in his commentary on Al-Zad book, “Sawm of the first nine days of Thul-Hijjah is (an act of Sunnah, based on) the opinion of the Jumhoor of scholars. In Al-Insaaf book, it is stated that there is no difference in this regard.”… read more here.

Observing Sawm on the Day of `Arafah if it coincides with a Friday

Question: It is known that the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah) coincided with a Friday. We observed Sawm (Fast) on that day based on the Hadeeth in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Observing Sawm on the Day of `Arafah expiates for the previous year and the coming one. (Related by Muslim) The Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) of our Masjid (mosque) told us that it is not permissible to observe Sawm on a Friday unless one observes Sawm a day before or after it. Therefore, most of us broke our Sawm, while the others continued their Sawm even though they were confused.

Please note that our Sawm was in reverence for the Day of `Arafah, seeking its reward, and not out of preference for Friday. Please give us a Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar), may Allaah benefit you. Who is right: the Imaam of our Masjid and those who broke their Sawm on that day, or those who continued their Sawm? What should we do if the Day of `Arafah or `Ashooraa’ (10th of Muharram) coincides with a Friday?

Answer: It was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade singling out Friday for observing Sawm and he ordered that one is to observe Sawm one day before or after it… read more here.

Combining the two intentions of the missed fasts of Ramadaan and the fasts of Shawwaal

Question: We know that there is a great reward for observing Sawm (Fast) on six days during Shawwal. A woman broke her Sawm during Ramadaan for six days for a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) reason, and she wants to make up for them during Shawwaal. Is it permissible for her to combine the two intentions, that is, the intention of observing compensatory Sawm for the days she missed during Ramadaan and the intention of observing the six-day supererogatory Sawm of Shawwaal? In other words, is it permissible for her to observe Sawm for only six days during Shawwaal with the intention of being compensatory Sawm and at the same time seeking the reward of observing Sawm for the six days of Shawwaal? Is it permissible to combine the intention for the two Sawm like Qiran Hajj (combining Hajj and `Umrah without a break in between)?

Answer: Observing compensatory Sawm for six days during Shawwaal is not counted as the six-day supererogatory Sawm of Shawwaal. This is because one should not begin observing the six-day supererogatory Sawm of Shawwaal unless one has already made up for the days they missed during Ramadaan… read more here.

Observing Sawm on the six days of Shawwaal before making up for the missed days of Sawm

Question: What is the ruling on a woman who observed Sawm (Fast) on the six days of Shawwaal when she had not yet made up for her missed days of Sawm during Ramadaan?

Answer: It is a priority to make up for the missed days of Sawm of Ramadaan before observing Sawm on six days from Shawwaal, because a Fareedah (obligatory act) takes precedence over a Nafilah (supererogatory act). Hence, it was preferable for the woman mentioned in the question not to do so, and she must make up for her missed days of Ramadaan… read more here.

Slaughtering animals after fasting the six days of Shawwaal

Question: Should we slaughter animals after fasting the six days of Shawwaal or celebrate `Eed (Festival)? I heard from some people that it is obligatory to offer slaughtered animals.

Answer: It is Mustahab (desirable) to fast on six days during Shawwaal, and it is not prescribed to slaughter animals or do any such thing after these days… read more here.

Observing Sawm on six days during Shawwaal

Question: What is the ruling on someone who believes that Sawm (Fast) of the six days of Shawwaal must be observed starting from the second day of the month, especially for the elderly?

Answer: One can observe Sawm of the six days of Shawwaal throughout the entire month; whether at its beginning, middle, or end and whether consecutively or separately. This is based on the following Hadeeth in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) said.. read more here.

Observing Sawm on the Days of Tashreeq

Question: What is the ruling on observing Sawm (Fast) on the Days of Tashreeq (11th, 12th, and 13th of Thul-Hijjah) for pilgrims and non-pilgrims? The thirteenth day of Thul-Hijjah is the last day of the Days of Tashreeq and the first day of the White Days (13th, 14th, and 15th of every Hijree month). Is it permissible for someone who habitually fasts the White Days to fast the Days of Tashreeq? I hope Your Eminence would give me a written Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) which I can distribute among those who ask about this matter.

Answer: It is forbidden by Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) to observe voluntary Sawm on the Days of Tashreeq, whether or not one is a pilgrim. As for non-pilgrims, Muslim related from Nubayshah Al-Hudhaly that he said… read more here.

The days other than Ramadaan on which it is Mustahab to observe Sawm

Question: What are the days, apart from Ramadaan, on which it is Mustahab (desirable) to observe Sawm (Fast)? What are the days on which it is not Mustahab to observe Sawm? Does it suffice a person to fast the month of Ramadaan only? Is observing Sawm in Ramadaan a Fareedah (obligatory act) or a Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet)? Please clarify this with evidence from the Qur’aan and Sunnah.

Answer: Observing Sawm in Ramadaan is one of the five pillars of Islaam. The textual proof of its obligation is the Qur’aan, Sunnah, and Ijmaa` (consensus of scholars)… read more here.

If one is observing voluntary Sawm and finds it difficult to continue it, is it preferable to continue or to break Sawm?

Question: If one is observing voluntary Sawm (Fast) and finds it difficult to continue until sunset, is it preferable to continue despite difficulty or to break the Sawm?

Answer: The one observing voluntary Sawm is free to choose whether to continue the Sawm or break it. However, it is better to continue the Sawm unless this entails hardship, in which case it is better to break it out of facilitation… read more here.

Explanation of the Hadeeth reading: “Those of you who are able to marry …”

Question: It was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said to some young men: And anyone who cannot afford it (i.e. Marriage) should observe Sawm (Fast). Does “Sawm” in the Hadeeth mean observing Sawm, like that of Ramadaan, throughout the year or just abstaining from prohibited acts and not from food and drink? Are there any authentic reports from the Prophet (peace be upon him) about observing Sawm in Rajab, Sha`baan, the first ten days of Thul-Hijjah, and the first of Muharram? May Allaah benefit you.

Answer: First: “Sawm” in the above Hadeeth refers to the prescribed Sawm, which is abstention from all that breaks Sawm from the break of dawn until sunset… read more here.

Observing voluntary Sawm on behalf of the deceased

Question: We hope that Your Eminence will tell us the ruling on observing voluntary Sawm (Fast) on behalf of a deceased parent or relative.

Answer: Voluntary Sawm is not to be observed on behalf of a deceased, rather one can make Du`aa’ (supplication), give Sadaqah (voluntary charity), offer Ud-hiyah (sacrificial animal offered by non-pilgrims), or perform Hajj or `Umrah on their behalf. These matters are mentioned in Allaah’s Purified Shar` (Law), and they benefit the deceased if Allaah (Exalted be He) accepts them… read more here.

Breaking Sawm in the daytime in Ramadaan

Question: What is the ruling on someone who intentionally violated the sanctity of Ramadaan?

Answer: If you mean that he broke his Sawm (Fast) on one or more days during Ramadaan without a valid excuse and without engaging in sexual intercourse, then he has committed a major sin; and it is obligatory on him to make sincere Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) and make up for the day on which he has broken his Sawm. However, if he broke his Sawm by engaging in sexual intercourse, it is obligatory on him to do what was mentioned above in addition to offering Kaffaarah (expiation), which is to emancipate a believing slave… read more here.

Someone observed Sawm on the Two `Eeds

Question: What is the ruling on someone who observed Sawm (Fast) on the Two `Eeds?

Answer: It is not permissible to observe Sawm on the Two `Eeds; and anyone who does so is blameworthy. It is obligatory on them to make Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) for this sin. This is because Allaah (Exalted be He) has made these days for eating, drinking, and observing Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah). Therefore, whoever observes Sawm on these days disobeys Allaah (Exalted be He) and His Messenger (peace be upon him)… read more here.

A woman observing voluntary Sawm without her husband’s permission

Question: Is it permissible for a woman to observe voluntary Sawm (Fast) without her husband’s permission?

Answer: It is not permissible for a woman to observe voluntary Sawm except with her husband’s permission. This is based on the following Hadeeth narrated on the authority of Aboo Hurayrah(may Allaah be pleased with him) that Allaah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said… read more here.