What is the ruling on breaking voluntary Sawm (fast); is it a sin?

Question: What is the ruling on breaking voluntary Sawm (fast); is it a sin?

Answer: A person observing voluntary Sawm may break it and will not have to make up for it. In fact, a person observing voluntary fast is given free rein regarding voluntary Sawm whether before or after commencing it... read more here.

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Drinking water thinking it is still night while offering voluntary Sawm

Question: Today, Tuesday, is the fourth day of my fasting for the Six Days of Shawwaal. This morning, I woke up annoyed and looked at the clock; it was 04:15 A.M. The Athaan (call to Prayer) of Fajr (Dawn) Prayer is announced at 04:35 A.M. So I smoked a cigarette and drank some water and then went to the Masjid (mosque). I found someone sleeping there, so I woke him up to illuminate the Masjid in preparation for Fajr Prayer. The man told me that they had offered Fajr Prayer at its due time, i.e. at 4:55 A.M. I looked at my watch and saw that it was 5:30 A.M. And not 4:30 A.M. As I had first thought. However, I continued my Sawm (Fast). Can you tell me the ruling on this? May Allaah forgive you and me!

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned, your Sawm on that day is not counted as valid by Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law). Your Sawm was spoiled because you drank some water after Fajr Prayer in error, neglecting to find out the exact time... read more here.

Discontinuing a habit of voluntary Sawm

Question: I am accustomed to observing voluntary Sawm (fast) for three days of every month. However, I sometimes get so tired that I cannot observe such a Sawm. Am I sinful for not observing it? Is the reward of the previous observance of Sawm recorded for me or does abandoning this Sawm decrease the reward? Is it obligatory on every person who observes Sawm for three days of every month to do so regularly?

Answer: You will receive the reward of the previous Sawm you observed. Moreover, you are not sinful for abandoning voluntary Sawm... read more here.

The best days for voluntary Sawm and the best months for paying Zakaah

Question: Which days are most recommendable to observe voluntary Sawm (Fast) and which months are most recommendable to pay Zakaah (obligatory charity)?

Answer: The most recommendable days to observe voluntary Sawm are Mondays, Thursdays, the White Days (13th, 14th, and 15th of every Hijree [lunar] month), the first ten days of Thul-Hijjah, especially the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah), the 10th of Muharram along with one day before or after it, and the six days of Shawwaal... read more here.

The days permissible for voluntary (fast) Sawm

Question: I am a 27 year-old Saudi man. I went to prison and I began to worship Allaah. I observe Sawm (Fast) on Monday and Thursday of every week; on three days of every month; the whole month of Rajab; nine days of Thul-Hijjah; the Day of `Ashoorah’ (10th of Muharram) and a day before and after it; six days of Shawwaal; and mid-Sha‘baan. It is claimed that Sawm should be observed in Ramadaan only, and the rest is a Bid‘ah (innovation in religion), and there is no Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeth that proves them. But I found a Saheeh Hadeeth which states this in the book entitled Tanbeeh Al-Ghaafileen by Shaykh Aboo Al-Layth Al-Samarqandee. Please advise whether Sawm on these days is really a Bid‘ah, given that my colleagues in prison say so.

Answer: Sawm on Mondays and Thursdays, three days of every month (13th, 14th, and 15th of every Hijree month), the ninth of Thul-Hijjah, the tenth of Muharram, in addition to a day before or after it, and six days of Shawwaal, every year, all this is Sunnah (supererogatory acts of worship following the example of the Prophet) established by authority of Saheeh Hadeeths... read more here.

Offering voluntary Sawm before making up for the obligatory fasts

Question: A person had to make up for days missed in Ramadaan but instead he fasted voluntarily, later he made up for the missed days, is this sufficient for him?

Answer: Whoever observes voluntary Sawm (Fast) before making up for the missed days of Ramadaan, then compensates for the obligatory days, there is nothing wrong with that. However, he should have made up for the missed days of Ramadaan first, then it is up to him to fast voluntarily, for the obligatory Sawm is more important… read more here.