Fasting in case of menstrual disorder

Question: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets. To proceed:

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ has viewed the Fatwa that His Eminence, the Grand Muftee, has received from His Eminence the Chairman of Faifa Organization Center: Muhammad ibn `Alee Al-Faifee, under no. 97, dated 16/6/1419 A.H., that was transferred to the Committee from the Secretariat General of the Council of Senior Scholars, under no. 3825, dated 21/6/1419 A.H. His Eminence required the consideration of the Fatwa request that was presented to him by a questioner, to which was attached his letter that reads as follows: To the respected Chairman of Faifa Organization Center, Al-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you). I present this letter to you so as to tell you that I have a daughter who is 18 years old, and she has a psychological disease. She did not fast 12 days in Ramadaan, 1418 A.H., and whenever she fasted, she had her menstrual period again. Please send my question to the responsible authorities. May Allaah Grant you success. Al-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh.

Answer: After studying the Fatwaa request, the Committee replied that this woman must start compensating for the days that she missed last Ramadaan, by assuming that the duration of her menstruation is the same as the duration that she was used to before the disturbance of her menstruation; so she must spend this period without fasting or offering Salaah (Prayer), and without having sexual intercourse with her husband, if she is married… read more here.

Does bleeding outside the monthly period prevent from observing Sawm?

Question: My wife observed Sawm (Fast) during the recommended six days in Shawwaal. During these days, she noticed some vaginal bleeding, but not menstrual blood. This blood she notices resulted from taking contraceptive pills. Is her Sawm permissible in this case? Please advise us on this question.

Answer: If your wife experienced vaginal bleeding on days outside her regular menstrual period, which does not have the characteristics of menstrual blood, then most probably it was irregular bleeding that is caused by taking the contraceptive pills. This blood falls under the same ruling as Istihaadah (abnormal vaginal bleeding outside the menstrual or post-partum period)… read more here.

Observing Sawm while discharging Kudrah without blood due to taking pills

Question: In Ramadaan of the years 1416 and 1417 A.H., I took pills to stop the menstrual period. But I noticed that after approximately ten days, there were Kudrah (dusky-colored vaginal discharge during or after menstruation) and Sufrah (yellow vaginal discharge during or after menstruation) fluids still being emitted. The discharge was sometimes light brown, sometimes yellow, and sometimes tended to be black in color. But I fasted because the menstrual bleeding did not occur until the night of `Eed Al-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast). Was my Sawm (Fast) in these days valid? If it was not valid, what should I do, bearing in mind that I did not count the number of days of Sawm I might have missed? I strove hard to count them but I failed. Should I offer Kaffaarah (expiation) instead? Please give me a Fatwaa on this question. May Allaah reward you and benefit others through your knowledge.

Answer: If Kudrah and Sufrah were emitted on days outside those of your menstrual period, then these secretions are not of your menstruation, and a woman in this situation may normally offer Prayer and observe Sawm… read more here.

The Kudrah (dusky-colored vaginal discharge) as a part of menstruation entailing breaking Sawm

Question: I had my menses during Ramadaan. Actually, it has a regular pattern of six days. However, last Ramadaan it continued for only five days and I had doubts regarding its continuation to the sixth day. On the sixth day, at 6 A.M., I got up to find no bleeding but Kudrah (dusky-colored vaginal discharge during or after menstruation). I was unsure whether my period had already ended before or after dawn. Now, what should I do in this a case? Should I make up for the fast of the day I doubted? Please, be informed that I took Ghusl (ritual bath) and offered Thuhr (Noon) Prayer, and I abstained from eating and drinking since 4 A.M., that is, before seeing the Kudrah. Praise be to Allaah, I continued fasting that day and on the subsequent days without noticing any bleeding except for the Kudrah.

Answer: Your regular pattern of menstruation lingers for six days and the Kudrah is part of your menstruation period, and you did not see the white discharge, which indicates that the period was over. Now, you should make up for the sixth day on which you fasted, as it is a continuation of your menstrual period… read more here.