Performing Tayammum instead of Istinjaa’

Question 175When we go for training in the desert, most ofthe soldiers perform Tayammum (dry ablution with clean earth) because of the cold weather, and sometimes due to the difficulty of making Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation) as there is no place to screen yourself in such open areas. Since some scholars consider making Istinjaa’ one of the obligatory steps of Wudoo’ (ablution), could you please elaborate on this ruling?

Answer: Performing Istinjaa’ is not necessary for making Wudoo’; rather, it is obligatory after passing urine or stools. Moreover, it is not permissible to perform Tayammum in the presence of water, even if the weather is very cold unless one fears getting severely ill by using water. Also, it is not permissible to resort to Tayammum due to the lack of a covered place, as your colleague can cover you with a piece of cloth or the like when necessity demands it… read more here.

Should a person cleanse their anus after they urinate?

Question 174If a person performs Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation) and cleanses both the front and back passage (urethra and anus), then some waste matter is released from either, will he be required to wash the front and back private parts again or only the one involved?

Answer: If some waste matter is released from the front passage it must be cleansed, and one need not wash the back passage also, because nothing was discharged from it… read more here.

Having drops of urine discharge after performing Istinjaa’

Question 173My problem is that during the winter, sometimes drops of urine are discharged in my clothes after Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation) or Wudoo’ (ablution) because of the cold weather. What is the ruling on this? Is my Salaah (Prayer) valid although my clothes are Najis (ritually impure) because of this urine?

Answer: If you are sure that drops of urine come out after Wudoo’, you should perform Istinjaa’ and then perform Wudoo’ again. The validity of Wudoo’ depends on the cessation of things that invalidate it. You should also wash your clothes and your body if they are affected by urine… read more here.

Confining oneself to Istijmaar

Question 172Is offering Salaah (Prayer) after having performed Istijmaar (cleansing the private parts with a hard material after urination or defecation) valid? Is it permissible to perform Istijmaar in the absence of water? If water later becomes available, should I make Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation)?

Answer: If Istijmaar is made thrice using a pure solid object, with the exception of bones or dung, it is permissible to perform Salaah, and one need not perform Istinjaa’ even if water becomes available. This was done by the Prophet (peace be upon him) and is according to the Ijmaa` (consensus of scholars) held on this point… read more here.

Hemorrhoid patients who cannot perform Istinjaa’

Question 171A person suffers external hemorrhoids and bleeding and cannot perform Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation), so he only performs Istijmaar (cleansing the private parts with a hard material after urination or defecation) with pebbles. Is it permissible to perform Istijmaar with pebbles despite the presence of traces of blood after performing Wudoo’ (ablution), or should he perform Tayammum (dry ablution with clean earth)?

Answer: It is permissible to perform Istijmaar with pure pebbles and the like provided that they are clean and can purify the opening of the anus like dry tissues. This replaces water if the opening of the anus becomes clean after rubbing it thrice or more until it is purified, provided that the pebbles contain no bones or dung… read more here.

Inserting the finger into the anus to clean fecal matter

Question 170What is the ruling on inserting one’s finger into the anus to clean it when performing Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation)?

Answer: It is not permissible to insert the finger into the anus to clean it. This is a forbidden extreme and one should perform Istinjaa’ cleaning the external private parts only… read more here.

Is it permissible to perform Istinjaa’ in front of others?

Question 169Many Muslims in Yemen have basins in front of the Masjids (mosques) where they perform Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation) in front of the people and then resume their Wudoo’ (ablution). Is their Salaah (Prayer) valid? What is the ruling on Istinjaa’ in front of the people?

Answer: A person who wants to perform Istinjaa’ should screen himself and not reveal his `Awrah (parts of the body that must be covered in public) in front of the people. It is not permissible to perform Istinjaa’ and Wudoo’ inside these small basins. A person should rather perform Istinjaa’ and Wudoo’ outside them, so as not to cause the water to become Najis (ritually impure) or dirty… read more here.

Facing Qiblah or back during the call of nature in the open space

Question 168Your Eminence, we are about to build administrative buildings in Al-Saleel district. We have disagreed with the person in charge with regard to building the toilets in the direction of Makkah. It should be taken into consideration that all the toilets are inside the buildings and not outdoors. The toilets will be used by men only. Please tell us if it is permissible to assume a sitting position while answering the call of nature. Is it permissible to answer the call of nature in any direction in these toilets? Please advise.

Answer: It is permissible to sit while answering the call of nature in bathrooms inside buildings in any direction as evidence of the case can be found in texts authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him). However, it is preferable not to face the Qiblah (Ka`bah-direction faced in Prayer) or turn the back towards it when answering the call of nature indoors, if possible, to avoid the divergent opinions of scholars… read more here.

Facing Qiblah or back during the call of nature in toilets

Question 167Your Eminence, we are about to build administrative buildings in Al-Saleel district. We have disagreed with the person in charge with regard to building the toilets in the direction of Makkah. It should be taken into consideration that all the toilets are inside the buildings and not outdoors. The toilets will be used by men only. Please tell us if it is permissible to assume a sitting position while answering the call of nature. Is it permissible to answer the call of nature in any direction in these toilets? Please advise.

Answer: It is permissible to sit while answering the call of nature in bathrooms inside buildings in any direction as evidence of the case can be found in texts authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him). However, it is preferable not to face the Qiblah (Ka`bah-direction faced in Prayer) or turn the back towards it when answering the call of nature indoors, if possible, to avoid the divergent opinions of scholars… read more here.

Is it permissible to perform Wudoo’ in the bathroom?

Question 166The bathrooms that are built nowadays in houses contain a place for a toilet, shower and basin for making Wudoo’ (ablution). Is it permissible to mention Allaah while making Wudoo’ and bathing or talking about daily matters if the toilet is far away?

Answer: It is Makrooh (disliked) to mention Allaah (Exalted be He) where one relieves oneself, as He is above being mentioned in places of filth. Moreover, it is Makrooh for a person to speak while relieving oneself because of the Hadeeth which says… read more here.

Is it permissible for a person to say Tasmiyah in the Wudoo’ specified area on commencing Wudoo’ ?

Question 165What is the ruling on Tasmiyah (saying, “Bismillaah [In the Name of Allaah]”) two meters away from the toilet in a Masjid (mosque)? Is that permissible or not?

Answer: Part of the Islaamic etiquette of entering the toilet is to enter with the left foot first and mention the Name of Allaah before entering, saying: “Bismillaah, Allaahumma innee a`oodu bika min al-khubthi wa al-khabbaa’ith [In the Name of Allaah. O Allaah, I seek refuge with You from male and female devils].” If one wants to perform Wudoo’ (ablution) in the Wudoo’ area… read more here.