Observing Sawm on the first nine days of Thul-Hijjah

Question: Kindly find an attached book titled “Min Akhtaa’inaa Fee Al-`Ashr” (Some of Our Mistakes on the First Ten Days of Thul-Hijjah) by Muhammad Al-Ghufaylee.We would like you to read it and review the included Fatwa to see whether it is correct? On page no. 13, paragraph no. 5, it states, “Most people’s observation of Sawm (Fast) of the whole ten days is a mistake…” Consequently, most of the people of Al-Rass abandoned Sawm of the first ten days of Thul-Hijjah, because of this book and this Fatwaa. For decades, people used to observe Sawm of such days believing this act to be Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the teachings of the Prophet). However, after reading this book, they have been disapproving of those who observe Sawm on these days.

I ask Your Eminence to issue a Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by qualified Muslim scholar) on this regard and clarify it inlocal newspapers, so that Al-Haqq (the Truth) will become evident before the public.

Answer: Sawm of the first nine days of Thul-Hijjah is not a mistake as is claimed by some people. Rather, according to the Jumhoor (majority of scholars) of scholars it is Sunnah. Shaykh `Abdul-Rahmaan ibn Qaasim said in his commentary on Al-Zad book, “Sawm of the first nine days of Thul-Hijjah is (an act of Sunnah, based on) the opinion of the Jumhoor of scholars. In Al-Insaaf book, it is stated that there is no difference in this regard.”… read more here.

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Observing Sawm on the Days of Tashreeq

Question: What is the ruling on observing Sawm (Fast) on the Days of Tashreeq (11th, 12th, and 13th of Thul-Hijjah) for pilgrims and non-pilgrims? The thirteenth day of Thul-Hijjah is the last day of the Days of Tashreeq and the first day of the White Days (13th, 14th, and 15th of every Hijree month). Is it permissible for someone who habitually fasts the White Days to fast the Days of Tashreeq? I hope Your Eminence would give me a written Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) which I can distribute among those who ask about this matter.

Answer: It is forbidden by Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) to observe voluntary Sawm on the Days of Tashreeq, whether or not one is a pilgrim. As for non-pilgrims, Muslim related from Nubayshah Al-Hudhaly that he said… read more here.

Making up for supererogatory Sawm (fasts)

Question: I observe Sawm for three days every month. One month, I felt ill. Therefore, I could not observe Sawm (Fast). Do I have to make up or expiate for them?

Answer: There is no making up for the missed days of supererogatory Sawm even if a person missed them willingly. But it is better for the Muslim to continue doing good deeds according to the Saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him): The deed liked most by Allaah is one to which the doer adheres constantly even if it is small. So you do not have to make up or expiate for your missed supererogatory Sawm… read more here.

Fasting on the Day of `Aashooraa’ (عاشوراء)

Question: What is obligatory for a Muslim to do on the Day of ‘Aashoora’ (10th of Muharram)? Should they pay Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) on that day?

Answer: It is permissible for a Muslim to observe Sawm (Fast) on the Day of ‘Aashoora’. It was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered his Sahaabah (Companions) to observe Sawm on that day. However, when the Sawm of Ramadaan was enjoined, it became permissible either to fast or not to fast on the Day of ‘Aashooraa’. There is no Zakaat-ul-Fitr due on the Day of ‘Aashooraa’, similar to that paid after Ramadan on the Day of ‘Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast)… read more here.

Fasting on the first nine days of Thul-Hijjah

Question: Is the Prophet (peace be upon him) authentically reported to have observed Sawm for the first ten days of Thul-Hijjah?

Answer: It is not authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) observed Sawm the first ten days of Thul-Hijjah – better described as the nine days preceding `Eed-ul-Ad-haa (the Festival of the Sacrifice). However, he (peace be upon him) urged people to do good deeds during these days. The Prophet (peace be upon him) is authentically reported to have stated: “No good deed performed on other days are superior to those performed during these (first ten days of Thul-Hijjah).”.. read more here.

Voluntary Sawm and delaying making up for the missed obligatory Sawm

Question: What is the ruling on observing the optional Sawm (fast) of the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah) while one has yet to make up for days of Sawm missed during Ramadaan?

Answer: If someone observes Sawm on the Day of `Arafah voluntarily while one has to make up for days of Sawm missed during Ramadaan, his Sawm is valid. However, it is encouraged by Sharee`ah not to delay compensation because one’s soul is in Allaah’s Hands and one does not know when death will come. Thus, observing Sawm on the Day of `Arafah as compensation for a missed day of Ramadaan is better than observing voluntary Sawm on that a day. Undoubtedly, obligatory acts of worship are to be given priority over supererogatory acts and should be given greater attention… read more here.

Making up for a missed day in Ramadaan by fasting the Day of `Arafah

Question: I broke my Sawm (fast) one day of Ramadaan due to severe illness. Is it permissible for me to make up for it on the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah) – the Day marking the Hajj – bearing in mind that I had already observed Sawm on that day?

Answer: If you have already observed Sawm on the Day of `Arafah to make up for the day you did not fast in Ramadaan, it will replace making up for the day you missed. However, it is preferable to make up for the days of Sawm one misses on a day other than the Day of `Arafah, so that one may dedicate oneself to Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah), Du`aa’ (supplication) and other acts of worship during Hajj or to fast it voluntarily outside of Hajj. By doing so, one may combine both virtues of observing Sawm voluntarily on the Day of `Arafah and compensation reconciling the opinions of scholars regarding whether compensating for days of Sawm missed during the first nine days of Thul-Hijjah is Makrooh (disliked)… read more here.

Multiplicity of intention for the same deed

Question: Is it permissible to perform an act of worship with more than one intention? For example, one may have to observe Sawm (Fast) to make up for a day missed during Ramadaan. Is it permissible to intend both, making up for that day and observing Sawm on the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah), i.e. having two intentions; one for compensation and another for voluntary Sawm? Another example, may one combine the performance of Hajj and `Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) at the time of Hajj? Please inform us, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: It is permissible to observe Sawm on the Day of `Arafah as the day one has to make up for, which replaces that day. However, by doing so, one will not receive the exclusive reward of observing Sawm on the Day of `Arafah as there is no evidence to substantiate it. As for combining the performance of Hajj `Umrah, it is approved of by the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) statement: `Umrah has been incorporated in Hajj until the Day of Resurrection... read more here.

The Day of `Arafah coinciding with a Saturday

Question: People here differed regarding observing Sawm (Fast) on the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah) this year as it coincides with Saturday. Some said they observed Sawm on the Day of `Arafah because it was the Day of `Arafah not because it was Saturday on which observance of Sawm is prohibited. Others did not observe Sawm because it was Saturday, the Jews’ day of worship, and they wanted to act in contradiction to the Jews. As for myself, I was of the latter opinion. I am confused as to what the Shar`ee (Islaamic legal) ruling is on this issue. I researched it in many religious and Sharee`ah books; however, I did not reach a decisive ruling on observing Sawm on such a day. I hope that Your Honor will guide me to the Shar`ee ruling and send it me in a written document. May Allaah reward you for this in this life and the Hereafter and for the beneficial knowledge you give to all Muslims.

Answer: Observing Sawm on the Day of `Arafah on its own, whether it coincides with Saturday or otherwise, is permissible. In fact, coincidence with any day of the week will make no difference in this regard, as observing Sawm on the Day of `Arafah is an independent Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet). Moreover, the Hadeeth prohibiting observing Sawm on Saturday is Da`eef (a Hadeeth that fails to reach the status of Hasan, due to a weakness in the chain of narration or one of the narrators) as it is Hadeeth Mudtarib (a Hadeeth with disagreement over a transmitter or the text) that conflicts with authentic Hadeeth... read more here.

The Day of `Arafah coinciding with a Friday

Question: Controversy arose among the seekers of religious knowledge, not to mention the masses, regarding observing Sawm (fast) on Friday if it coincides with the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah). Is it permissible to observe Sawm on the Day of `Arafah alone if it happens to be on a Friday? Or, should a person observe Sawm on a day preceding or succeeding it, bearing in mind that the former case conflicts with the Hadeeth prohibiting the observance of Sawm on Friday alone? We hope that Your Eminence will make this issue clear providing the sound Shar`ee (Islaamic legal) ruling. May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: It is permissible to observe Sawm on the Day of `Arafah alone if it happens to be on a Friday without observing Sawm on a day preceding or succeeding it as the Prophet (peace be upon him) is authentically reported to have urged people to observe Sawm on this day highlighting its superiority and the great reward for observing Sawm on it. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Fasting the Day of `Arafah forgives the sins of two years: the previous and the following. As for the Day of `Aashoora’ i.e. the tenth of Muharram, it forgives the sins of the previous year. Related by Ahmad, Muslim and Aboo Daawood... read more here.

Fasting a day along with the Day of `Arafah

Question: May we, in our country, observe Sawm (fast) for two days as a precaution to be sure of observing Sawm on the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah)? Radio broadcasts tell us that tomorrow is the Day of `Arafah, while it coincides with the 8th of Thul-Hijjah according to our calendar.

Answer: The Day of `Arafah is the day when pilgrims stand in `Arafah (performing one of the rituals of Hajj). Observing Sawm on this day is permissible except for a person who is actually performing Hajj. Thus, if you like, you may observe Sawm on this day... read more here.

The best days for voluntary Sawm and the best months for paying Zakaah

Question: Which days are most recommendable to observe voluntary Sawm (Fast) and which months are most recommendable to pay Zakaah (obligatory charity)?

Answer: The most recommendable days to observe voluntary Sawm are Mondays, Thursdays, the White Days (13th, 14th, and 15th of every Hijree [lunar] month), the first ten days of Thul-Hijjah, especially the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah), the 10th of Muharram along with one day before or after it, and the six days of Shawwaal... read more here.

The days permissible for voluntary (fast) Sawm

Question: I am a 27 year-old Saudi man. I went to prison and I began to worship Allaah. I observe Sawm (Fast) on Monday and Thursday of every week; on three days of every month; the whole month of Rajab; nine days of Thul-Hijjah; the Day of `Ashoorah’ (10th of Muharram) and a day before and after it; six days of Shawwaal; and mid-Sha‘baan. It is claimed that Sawm should be observed in Ramadaan only, and the rest is a Bid‘ah (innovation in religion), and there is no Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeth that proves them. But I found a Saheeh Hadeeth which states this in the book entitled Tanbeeh Al-Ghaafileen by Shaykh Aboo Al-Layth Al-Samarqandee. Please advise whether Sawm on these days is really a Bid‘ah, given that my colleagues in prison say so.

Answer: Sawm on Mondays and Thursdays, three days of every month (13th, 14th, and 15th of every Hijree month), the ninth of Thul-Hijjah, the tenth of Muharram, in addition to a day before or after it, and six days of Shawwaal, every year, all this is Sunnah (supererogatory acts of worship following the example of the Prophet) established by authority of Saheeh Hadeeths... read more here.

Ruling on fasting Muharram, Sha‘baan and the ten days of Thul-Hijjah

Question 17: What is the religious ruling on observing Sawm (Fasting) on the last Ten Days of Thul-Hijjah and the whole of the months of Muharram and Sha‘baan? Answer us, may Allaah confer His Blessings upon you!

Answer: Bismillaah [In the Name of Allaah] and all praise is due to Him. It is Mashroo‘ (Islaamically permissible) to fast in the month of Muharram and Sha‘baan. As for the last Ten Days of Thul-Hijjah, there is no evidence concerning fasting on them; but there is nothing wrong with fasting on them without having the belief that they have certain specialty or fasting is recommended on them in particular.The Prophet (peace be upon him) said concerning the month of Muharram: The best Sawm after Ramadaan, is the Month of Allaah: Muharram.Therefore, it is recommendable to fast the whole of Muharram and it is Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet) to fast on the ninth, the tenth and the eleventh of it... read more here.

Time-unrestricted Takbeer from the beginning of Thul-Hijjah

Question 4: I hear some people reciting Takbeer (saying: “Allaahu Akbar [Allaah is the Greatest]”) after each Salaah (Prayer) during the Days of Tashreeq (11th, 12th and 13th of Thul-Hijjah) until the ‘Asr (Afternoon) Prayer of the third day. Is this correct or not?

Answer: It is prescribed to recite an unrestricted [in terms of time. Ed] or a restricted Takbeer during ‘Eed Al-Ad-haa (the Festival of the Sacrifice). The unrestricted Takbeer can be recited at any time from the beginning of Thul-Hijjah until the last Day of Tashreeq. The restricted Takbeer should be recited after the Obligatory Daily Prayers starting from the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer of the Day of `Arafah until the ‘Asr Prayer on the last Day of Tashreeq. The evidence for the permissibility of doing this is the Ijmaa‘ (consensus of scholars) and the practice of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet, may Allaah be pleased with them)… read more here.

Eed-ul-Ad-haa is the tenth day of the month of Thul-Hijjah

Question 5: Do we celebrate `Eed Al-Ad-haa (the Festival of the Sacrifice) on the tenth day of Thul-Hijjah?

Answer: `Eed Al-Ad-haa (the Festival of the Sacrifice) is actually celebrated on the tenth day of Thul-Hijjah. All Muslims have unanimously agreed upon this. During this `Eed, it is prescribed to offer Salaat-ul-`Eed (the Festival Prayer) as two Rak`ahs (units of Prayer) after the sun rises in the sky to the height of a spear, then draw near to Allaah by slaughtering Ud-hiyahs (sacrificial animals offered by non-pilgrims) after the prayer and distributing some of their meat in charity to the needy. You should increase Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) and Takbeer (saying: “Allaahu Akbar [Allaah is the Greatest]”) and give thanks to Allaah for His Blessings, especially the blessings of Islaam and being guided by the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullaah (peace be upon him)… read more here.

Observing Sawm on the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah) if it occurs on Friday

Question 89: Controversy arose among the seekers of religious knowledge, not to mention the masses, regarding observing Sawm (fast) on Friday if it coincides with the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah). Is it permissible to observe Sawm on the Day of `Arafah alone if it happens to be on a Friday? Or, should a person observe Sawm on a day preceding or succeeding it, bearing in mind that the former case conflicts with the Hadeeth prohibiting the observance of Sawm on Friday alone? We hope that Your Eminence will make this issue clear providing the sound Shar`ee (Islaamic legal) ruling. May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: It is permissible to observe Sawm on the Day of `Arafah alone if it happens to be on a Friday without observing Sawm on a day preceding or succeeding it as the Prophet (peace be upon him) is authentically reported to have urged people to observe Sawm on this day highlighting its superiority and the great reward for observing Sawm on it… read more here.

Fasting on the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah) with the intention of making up for a missed Ramadaan Sawm

Question 81: I fasted on the day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah) intending to make up for a day I missed in Ramadaan. Does fasting the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah) suffice, if I intended it to make up for the missed day or not?

Answer: It is permissible for you to fast the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah) intending to make up for a missed day of Ramadaan… read more here.