Writing the word “Allaah” and the word “Muhammad” in an interlacing shape at the top of the door of a Masjid

Question: I would like to raise an issue that caused a dispute between some people. It is the writing of the word “Allaah” and the word “Muhammad” in an interlacing shape at the top of the door of one of the Masjids (mosques) in Adlab.

Some of them said that it is not permissible to write these names in such a shape. The proof they mentioned to support their viewpoint was that in this way, Muhammad’s status (peace be upon him), would be the same as Allaah’s which is not reasonable. Others said that writing them in such a way is permissible as Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) places His name beside the name of His Messenger Muhammad (peace be upon him).

I would like you to guide me to what is right. Thank you very much.

Answer: Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) texts join between testifying that no one is worthy of worship except Allaah and testifying that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah in certain places, such as in Athaan (call to Prayer), Iqaamah (call to start the Prayer), in the Hadeeth… read more here.

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Paradise promised for whoever testifies that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah

Question: “The perfect word” is as the Messenger of both mankind and jinn (creatures created from fire), tells us in his Hadeeth: Whoever says: Laa ilaahaa illaa Allaah, i.e. there is no god but Allaah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, shall enter Paradise. This perfect word consists of two parts: ‘There is no deity’; a form of negation, and ‘Except Allaah’, a form of affirmation. This indicates the Oneness of Allaah, (Exalted be He).

But where can I find the second part, which indicates the message of Muhammad (peace be upon him)? If the two parts are found in the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet, peace be upon him) where can I find them together?

Answer: The first pillar of Islaam which includes both parts is frequently mentioned in the Glorious Qur’aan. As for the first part, Allaah (Exalted be He) says: Allaah! Laa ilaaha illaa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), Al-Hayyul-Qayyoom (the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists).read more here.

The expression: Causes are numerous but there is only one death

Question: Is it permissible to say, “Causes are numerous but there is only one death.”

Answer: Yes, it is permissible to say this expression, there is no harm in it in-Shaa’-Allaah (if Allaah wills)… read more here.

What is the meaning of ‘Ibaadah (Worship)?

Question: What is the meaning of ‘Ibaadah (Worship)?

Answer: ‘Ibaadah means to deify only Allaah, to lower and humble oneself to Him alone, and to submit to Him by doing whatever He has commanded and refraining from whatever He has prohibited… read more here.

Why is the Islaamic religion called (Islaam)?

Question: Why is the Islaamic religion called (Islaam)?

Answer: It is called so because whoever reverts to Islaam must submit to Allaah (Exalted be He) and to all rulings introduced by Him (Exalted be He) and His Messenger (peace be upon him), for Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

A custom that a man begins to observe Sawm only after having circumcision

Question: I was circumcised twenty-three years ago. There was a belief when I ignored Sharee`ah (Islamic law) rulings that a man should not observe Sawm (Fast) until he is circumcised and that a girl should not observe Sawm until she has menses. During that period, Ramadaan came once when I was more than fifteen years. However, I had been circumcised and was still recovering from the surgery so I could not observe Sawm the entire Ramadaan. I should mention that I did not observe Sawm of Ramadaan before that time.

Your Eminence Shaykh, have I to make up for the previous missed days of Sawm or feed the poor? It should be known that I was ignorant of Sharee`ah rulings.

Answer: If the case is as you mentioned that you had reached the age of fifteen and had not observed Sawm because of the prevalent ignorance of Sharee`ah rulings thinking that a man should not observe Sawm until he is circumcised, and that after your circumcision you were recovering from surgery and did not complete the Sawm of Ramadaan, it is Waajib (obligatory) on you to make up for the missed days in Ramadaan after reaching puberty… read more here.

Observing Sawm on Saturdays or Fridays without observing Sawm on a day before or after

Question: I am a young man and I used to observe Sawm (Fast) similar to the Sawm of Daawood (David, peace be upon him). However, someone told me that if the day to observe Sawm falls on a Saturday or Friday, it should not be observed without a day before or after. He said that this is the opinion of Shaykh Al-Albaanee (may Allaah be merciful to him). I have continued observing Sawm although I am still confused.

Please advise me on the ruling of observing Sawm on Saturday or Friday without observing the Sawm of a day before or after or if it happens to coincide with the Day of `Arafah (9th of Dhul-Hijjah) or the Day of `Aashooraa’ (10th of Muharram)?

Answer: It is permissible for the one who observes the Sawm of Daawood (peace be upon him) to observe Sawm on Friday or Saturday alone without a day before or after. This ruling also applies to the Day of `Arafah and `Aashooraa’. It should be known that the Hadeeth which states that Sawm on Saturday is forbidden except in case of obligatory Sawm is not Saheeh (authentic)… read more here.

Observing Sawm on Mondays and Thursdays is Nafilah and not Waajib

Question: I like to observe Sawm (Fast) on Mondays and Thursdays because our deeds are presented to Allaah (Glorified be He) on these two days. The Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: These (Monday and Thursday) are two days on which people’s deeds are presented to the Lord of the Worlds, and I want my deeds to be presented when I am observing Sawm.

Is it permissible to observe Sawm of Monday and Thursday of every month? In summer, it is too hot for me to observe Sawm of these two days every week. Should I observe Sawm on them every week in winter? Please advise, may Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: When the Prophet (peace be upon him) performed any deed, he would do so consistently. However, if there is hardship in observing Sawm on these days, it is permissible for you not to observe their Sawmduring summer and to observe their Sawm in winter because observing Sawm on Monday and Thursday is Nafilah (supererogatory) and not Waajib (obligatory). Whoever observes their Sawm will be rewarded… read more here.

Observing Sawm on Monday and Thursday

Question: I heard knowledge seekers saying that it is not valid to combineobserving Sawm (Fast) on Monday and Thursday and the White Days (13th, 14th, and 15th of every Hijri month). Rather, one should observe Sawm of either one of them. Is this correct? If so, why?

Answer: What you heard regarding the invalidity of combining the Sawm of Monday and Thursday and the White Days is incorrect. It is Mustahab (desirable) to observe Sawm on these days because there are proofs urging the observation of their Sawm… read more here.

Observing Sawm on the White Days

Question: Is it permissible to observe Sawm (Fast) of the White Days (13th, 14th, and 15th of every Hijree month) on days other than their fixed days during the same month?

Answer: Upon arriving in Madeenah, the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to act like the People of the Book in matters where there was no revelation. Then, Allaah legislated for him to act differently from the way of the People of the Book… read more here.

Observing Sawm on `Aashooraa’ and acting differently from the People of the Book

Question: It is narrated in a Hadeeth that When the Prophet (peace be upon him) came to Madeenah, he found the Jews observing Sawm (Fast) on `Aashooraa’ (10th of Muharram). So, he observed Sawm during it and ordered that Sawm should be observed in it. How can this be reconciled with his order to act differently from the way of People of the Book in many matters?

Answer: Upon arriving in Madeenah, the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to act like the People of the Book in matters where there was no revelation. Then, Allaah legislated for him to act differently from the way of the People of the Book… read more here.

Should the 9th and 10th, and 11th of Muharram, or all these three days be fasted upon the occasion of `Aashooraa’ ?

Question: Should the ninth and tenth, the tenth and eleventh of Muharram, or all these three days be fasted upon the occasion of `Aashuraa’ (10th of Muharram)?

Answer: Fasting on the Day of `Aashooraa’ is a stressed Sunnah (acts, sayings or approvals of the Prophet). It is best to fast on the previous or the following day after it according to the guidance of the Prophet (peace be upon him) in order not to coincide with the practice of the Jews. If fast is observed on the three days, this would be more perfect, according to Ibn Al-Qayyim’s Zaad Al-Ma`aad… read more here.

The story and truth of the Day of `Aashooraa’

Question: What is the story and truth of the Day of `Aashooraa’ (10th of Muharram)?

Answer: When the Prophet (peace be upon him) arrived in Al-Madeenah after his Hijrah (the Prophet’s migration to Al-Madeenah), he found the Jews observing Sawm (Fast) of the Day of `Aashooraa’… read more here.

Undergoing dialysis to purify the blood of a kidney patient invalidates Sawm

Question: All praise be to Allah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets, to proceed:

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ reviewed the question received by His Eminence the Grand Muftee from the questioner, the Head of the Kidney Department in Riyadh Medical Complex, Dr. Fahd ibn Ahmad Al-Kanhal. It was referred to the Secretariat General of the Council of Senior Scholars, no. 5315, dated 27 Sha`baan, 1418 A.H. The questioner asks the following:

We have many patients suffering from chronic kidney failure, which is an incurable disease according to what is known about its nature. One of the medical treatments necessary to keep the patient alive is the continuous portable peritoneum purification. It entails laying a permanent artificial tube in the patient’s abdominal wall. Liquid is injected into the abdominal cavity through the artificial tube four times a day, i.e. Every six hours. This liquid contains salts, sugar, and water which are a kind of nutrition. Its function is to draw out the extra fluids and poisons from the body, the function that would be done by the healthy kidney. Some of these components are absorbed into the blood from the peritoneum membrane lining the abdomen and not through the stomach.

The question is: Is this method permissible in Ramadaan, i.e., in the day of Ramadaan? I appreciate your guidance, may Allaah guide you.

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned, this procedure of purification invalidates Sawm (Fast). If it cannot be delayed until the evening, and the disease is not expected to be cured, the patient should feed a Miskeen (needy) for each day in which he or she breaks Sawm an amount of 1.5 kg in compensation for Sawm. If it is expected to be cured, the patients should perform compensatory Sawm after their recovery… read more here.

A person’s wife suffers from kidney failure and cannot observe Sawm

Question: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets, to proceed:

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ reviewed the question received by His Eminence the Grand Muftee from the Director of Da`wah and Guidance Center in Najran, referred to the Committee from the Secretariat General of the Council of Senior Scholars, no. 4313, dated 21 Sha`baan 1412 A.H., regarding a man’s wife suffering from kidney failure, stating the following:

His wife suffers from kidney failure and receives medical treatment at the Public Hospital in Najran. She cannot perform Sawm (Fast) as mentioned. We asked the husband to attach a medical report about the state of the patient from the hospital in which she receives treatment. We attach to Your Eminence the requested report received from Najran Hospital about the state of the patient. I hope you will give the man a legal opinionwhether his wife should perform Sawm or not. As stated in the attached medical report, the patient suffers from chronic kidney failure and undergoes dialysis treatments three times a week. The duration of each session is four hours.

Answer: Upon considering the Fatwaa request, the Committee answered that the patient is permitted to break her Sawm on the days which she receives dialysis treatments and the other days in which she is not on dialysis, if she cannot endure Sawm. She may make up for all of the days on which she broke her Sawm after Ramadaan, if she can… read more here.

Congratulations on the coming of Ramadaan

Question: All praise be to Allah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ has examined the Fatwa request submitted to His Eminence, the Grand Muftee, by Al-Ahsa’ General Court judge Muhammad ibn Sulaymaan Al-Sa`eed, which was referred to the Committee by the Secretariat General of the Council of Senior Scholars, no. 5845, dated 24/9/1419 A.H. Following is a statement of the question:

Exchanging congratulations at the start of the blessed month of Ramadaan whether by shaking hands, embracing one another, and exchanging family visits, as commonly practiced by the people of Al-Ahsaa’: to which category does doing so belong: customarily practices or `Ibadaahs (acts of worship)? If it is better not to do so, what should the congratulated person do? Should they show disapproval of those who congratulate them? Please, bear in mind that such people do so in good faith.

I ask Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) to prolong our lives to witness Ramadaan many years and enjoy its blessings for long. I also ask Him to make us all and our parents among those who will be manumitted from Hellfire during this month. Indeed, He (Glorified be He) is the Most Generous, Ever-Bountiful. May Allaah safeguard and protect you.

Answer: After examining the Fatwaa’ request, the Committee gives the answer that there is nothing wrong with exchanging congratulations on the coming of Ramadaan. The Prophet (peace be upon him) used to announce to his Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) the coming of Ramadaan by saying: There has come to you a great and blessed month. He (peace be upon him) also used to educate them about the merits of Ramadaan and urge them to make the best use of it… read more here.