Supplicating to Allaah calling Him by “O Mu‘een, “O Muyassir”, “O Musahhil”

Question: Is it permissible to say when seeking the help of Allaah, Glorified and Exalted be He, “O Mu‘een (Supporter)! O Lord!” or to say when asking to make easy what is difficult, “O Musahhil (He who facilitates)! O Muyassir (He who makes easy)! O Lord”? What is the governing principle in this regard? And what is the ruling on a person who says so inadvertently, ignorantly, or deliberately?

Answer: It is permissible to say what you have mentioned, because the One referred to by the “Supporter” and “He who makes easy” is Allaah, Glorified and Exalted be He, as you have declared at the end of your supplication, saying, “O Lord!”, whether you said it inadvertently, ignorantly, or deliberately… read more here.

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Allaah has prescribed Du`aa’ and ordered people to observe it

Question: Does Du‘aa’ (supplication) avert Divine Decree?

Answer: Allaah, Exalted be He, has ordained Du‘aa’ and He commands us to call upon Him, saying (what means)… read more here.

Supplicating to Allaah by His Most Beautiful Names

Question: Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means): And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allaah, so call on Him by them How can Allaah be supplicated to by His Most Beautiful Names; should He be supplicated to by ten of His Names or more, or can it be just by the Name befitting the reason for the Du‘aa’ (supplication)?

Answer: It is lawful to supplicate to Allaah and seek to draw close to Him by His Most Beautiful Names, as Allah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Slaughtering for other than Allaah and seeking the help of the dead and the absent

Question: There are many shaykhs in my country who do the following things: They play Duffs (tambourine-like instruments without bells) and go to graves where they slaughter sheep, camels, and cows, and they cook food there. Is this Haraam (prohibited) or not? They have also constructed a dome outside the city where they play Duffs and drums, and shout loudly: “Help us, O our Shaykh Jeelaanee!” They also invoke the help of other shaykhs.

In addition to this, they walk among the people collecting money from them, and say that it is to visit Shaykh so-and-so and for other matters. If someone falls ill, they take them to these shaykhs who recite Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) over them, and ask them to bring a ram, a bull, a camel, or other animals. People pay them large sums of money over the year and they go to them. Are these practices prohibited according to our Deen (religion)?

Answer: Firstly, it is not permissible to slaughter camels, cows, sheep, or anything else on graves… read more here.

Supplicating to other than Allaah

Question: A person testifies that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, and offers Salaah (prayer) on time, however, he invokes (calls upon) other than Allaah. When that person dies, is it permissible to attend his funeral or not?

Answer: Asking Du’aa is a form of worship. Thus, directing any of it to anyone or anything other than Allaah is a major form of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) which takes one out of the fold of Islaam. Allaah the Exalted says (what means)… read more here.

Supplicating to Allaah by virtue of the status of the Messenger, the Sahaabah, or others

Question: During Ramadaan, some worshippers follow each two Rak`ahs (units of Prayer) during Tarawih (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan) with a Du`aa’ (supplication) to Allaah through one of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet).

For example, they say, “By the honor of the venerable Sahaabee (Companion) so-and-so, we ask Allaah to accept our Salaah (Prayer) and Sawm (Fast).” I have advised them, but it was in vain. I now perform the (Taraaaweeeh) Salaah by myself in a corner of the Masjid (mosque). Should I perform Salaah with them or do it by myself as I am doing? Please give me a Fatwaa on this and may Allaah reward you with the best reward.

Answer: Making Du`aa’ to Allaah through the honor or life of the Messenger of Allaah, one of the Sahaabah, or others is not permissible, because acts of `Ibaadah (worship) are Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion). Allaah did not permit that to be done… read more here.

Specifying a day to observe I`tikaaf

Question: Is it permissible to single out a certain day for observing I`tikaaf (seclusion for worship in a Masjid)?

Answer: It is impermissible to single out a certain day for observing I`tikaaf. However, one should be keen to observe it during the last ten days of Ramadaan following the example of the Prophet (peace be upon him)… read more here.

Is it permissible to recite the Qur’aan inversely?

Question 103: Is it permissible to recite the Qur’aan inversely in Salaah (Prayer), outside Salaah or when memorizing the Qur’aan?

Answer: It is not permissible to recite the Aayaat or the words of an Aayah inverted. The Aayaat must be recited in the same order as their words and according to their sequence in the Glorious Qur’aan. The order of the Aayaat is Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion), as reported from the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him)... read more here.

Holding birthday parties for children

Question 25: Some of our Muslim brethren hold birthday parties for themselves and their children, what is the ruling on such festivals?

Answer: The basic principle regarding acts of `Ibaadah (worship) is that they are Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion), and as such, no one is allowed to worship Allaah in a way other than which He ordained, because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said in the Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeth... read more here.

Is Al-Fard (The Absolutely Independent One) one of the Allaah’s Names?

Question 508: Is Al-Fard one of the Names of Allaah?

Answer: Allaah’s Names are Tawqeefiyyah (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion). The Name “Al-Fard” was not mentioned in the Qur’aan or in the Sunnah, so it is not considered one of Allaah’s Names; it is just used to refer to Him..read more here.

Celebrating occasions such as the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) and the 15th night of Sha`baan

Question 218:  Is it permissible to celebrate religious ‘Eeds (festivals), such as the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) or the 15th night of Sha‘baan, as the case may be?

Answer: (a) It is not permissible to celebrate innovated ‘Eeds.

(b) The Sunnah prescribed only two ‘Eeds in Islaam, i.e. ‘Eed-ul-Ad-haa (the Festival of the Sacrifice) and ‘Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast). During these two ‘Eeds, it is prescribed for Muslims to rejoice, show happiness, and perform the rituals that Allaah (Glorified be He) has ordained during them, such as Salaat-ul-‘Eed (the Festival Prayer) and the like. But it is unlawful to practice any Haraam (prohibited) matters.

(c) It is not permissible to celebrate the birth of the Prophet (peace be upon him) or that of any other person. The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) did not celebrate his birthday nor did he enjoin Muslims to do so. Likewise, the Sahabah (Companions of the Prophet, may Allaah be pleased with them) did not celebrate the birth of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and neither did the Salaf (righteous predecessors) in the three best generations of Islaam. Indeed, all goodness lies in following their way.

(d) Celebrating the 15th night of Sha‘baan is a Bid‘ah (innovation in religion) and so is the celebration of the 27th night of Rajab, which some peoplecall the Night of Israa’ (Night Journey) and Mi‘raaj (Ascension to Heaven). Allaah is the One sought for help… read more here.

Slaughtering an animal at a specific date and time every year as an act of the Sunnah

Question 217: What is the ruling on sacrificing an animal at a specific date and time every year? Many people believe that slaughtering on the 27th of Rajab, 6th of Safar, 15th of Shawwaal, and 10th of Muharram is an act of ‘Ibaadah (worship) and Qurbah (a good deed by which Allaah’s Pleasure is sought). Are these acts valid? Are they acts of Sunnah or Bidd‘ah (innovation in religion) that contradict Islaam and anyone who does them will not be rewarded in return?

Answer: All acts of ‘Ibaadah and Qurbah that draw a Muslim close to Allaah are Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion). There is no textual proof from the Qur’aan or the authentic Sunnah that dictates a particular sacrifice on the mentioned days of these months. The Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with them) did not do so either. Therefore, this falls under Bidd‘ah. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who introduces anything into this matter of ours (Islaam) that is not part of it will have it rejected. (Related by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)... read more here.