Translation of the Names of Allaah

Question: I would like to ask you a question on which scholars have different opinions. We know from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that Allaah’s Attributes are Divinely revealed. Thus, we should stick to those He has proven for Himself, deny what He denied for Himself, and refrain from talking about what He did not mention in the Qur’aan or by His Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Is it permissible to call Allaah in other Names such as “Khoda” in Persian, “Khodai” in Pashto, “God” in English, …Etc? Does whoever mentions Allaah with other Names not established in the Qur’an or Sunnah become an atheist for He (Exalted be He) says, …and leave the company of those who belie or deny (or utter impious speech against) His Names. Some scholars say that these Names are permissible, and support their view with the Name of Jibreel (Gabril). They also say that Allaah’s Name in Hebrew is “El” and since it is permissible to translate the Name in Hebrew, it is permissible to be translated to other languages. Is it permissible to translate the Names of Allaah from Arabic to other languages? Please, guide us, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: It is permissible to translate the Names of Allaah for those who do not know the Arabic language, if the translator has good knowledge of both languages. Likewise, it is permissible to translate the meanings of the Qur’aan and the Ahaadeeth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) for others to learn about Islam… read more here.

Permissibility of calling one by a name which Allaah has called Himself

Question: I am pleased to direct this humble letter to Your Eminence, as I am addressing one of the most prominent personalities in the Islaamic world. I hope that you will be patient enough to read my letter. May Allaah grant you the best of rewards.

Thul-Jalaali wal-Ikraam (The Possessor of Majesty and Honor) is one of the Most Beautiful Names of Allaah, which denotes honoring and glorifying Him above all things. I read a letter sent from Your Eminence to the Saudi King, wherein you began by saying, “Your Majesty The King”. Do you not agree with me that Majesty is particular to Allaah Alone, and that “Al-Maalik” (The King) is one of His Most Beautiful Names which is impermissible to name anyone else after, regardless of who that person is?” Please clarify this issue, so that Muslims do not commit a sin by glorifying people using the attributes which Allaah has reserved for Himself alone. The only exceptions are “Ra’oof” (Compassionate) and “Raheem” (Merciful), the two attributes of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

Coincidentally, while I was reading “The Arabic Magazine”, issue no. 89, I came across a letter of gratitude sent by Mr. Muhammad Al-Nuaysir, the Office Manager of the Saudi King’s bureau. It was addressed to those in charge of the magazine. He started his letter with, “His Majesty, the King, may Allaah protect him, received your letter which included issues of the magazine…)” Do you agree with me regarding the ruling on saying: His Majesty the King?

Answer: Many names are shared between Allaah and His creatures in structure and connotation. They are accorded to Allaah in a meaning particular to Him which befits His Majesty; and attributed to creatures in a manner befitting them… read more here.

Difference between the Names and Attributes of Allaah

Question: What is the difference between the Names and Attributes of Allaah (Exalted be He)?

Answer: The Names of Allaah (Exalted be He) are those names that refer to Allaah’s Thaat (Divine Essence) and also refer to one of His perfect Attributes; such as Al-Qaadir (the All-Powerful), Al-`Aalim (the All-Knowing), Al-Haakim (the Most Wise), As-Samee` (the All-Hearing), and Al-Baseer (the All-Seeing). These Names refer to Allaah Himself (Exalted be He) and to His qualities of knowledge, wisdom, hearing and sight… read more here.

Interpreting the Name Al-Rabb as the essence of Allaah

Question: Q 1: Blessed be the Name of your Lord (Allaah) That is, Allaah, the Great and Exalted, glorifies and praises His Divine Essence whose blessings are abundant. My question now is: The Name of the Lord is Allaah. The word “Allaah” itself is a proper Name representing the Divine Essence. Some exegetes say that Name of the Lord is itself the same as the Divine Essence. This is a fatal mistake and Kufr (disbelief). I hope you will explain things.

Q 2: Then glorify with praises the Name of your Lord, the Most Great. That is, O you Muhammad, glorify your Lord and raise Him far above all imperfect attributes that the polytheists ascribe to Him. My second question is the same as question No. 1.

Q 3: Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High, That is, O Muhammad (peace be upon him) glorify your Lord, Who is the Most High and Grand and raise Him far above all imperfect attributes and defects ascribed to Him by sinners and things befit Him not. The third question is the same as questions No. 1 and 2.

Q 4: Read! In the Name of your Lord Who has created (all that exists). i.e. O Muhammad (peace be upon him) start reading the Qur’an in the Name of your Lord seeking His help, for He created all the creatures etc. The question here is, how can he start reading with or seek help from the Name of the Lord while it is a mere Name of Allaah’s Divine Essence? I hope you will explain things to me.

Q 5: In the sentence “Allaah said”, why does the word “Allaah” stand for the subject with the declensional ending of damma (the subject mark in Arabic) – as taught in schools – while the word “Allaah” is a mere reference to not an embodiment of the Divinely Sacred Essence?

Q 6: Victory is ascribed to the word “Allaah” which is a mere Name of the Divine Essence: And on that Day, the believers (i.e. Muslims) will rejoice (at the victory given by Allaah to the Romans against the Persians) — With the help of Allaah. What does the word “Allaah” stand for? Why do we append the word “Name” to the word “Allaah” and say “Allaah’s Name”? I hope you will explain things to me.

Answer: 1: The word “ism (اسم) (Name)” mentioned in the following Aayah (Qur’aanic verse): Blessed be the Name of your Lord (Allaah) refers to the Name of Allaah and His Most Beautiful Names. Allaah and His Messenger (peace be upon him) used these Names to refer to the Essence of Allaah. Lafth Al-Jalalh (Allaah) and Allaah’s other Names denote the Essence of Allaah Who has Exalted Attributes… read more here.

Provision is controlled by Allaah in every respect

Question: How can Rizq (provision) be provided and determined by Allaah when I can increase my daily work to attain more Rizq? How can Rizq be decreed and determined for me so that I cannot increase or decrease it? Are there any books that clarify these issues? Please guide us!

Answer: Rizq is from Allaah. He creates, determines, gives, bestows and provides the means for gaining it. A servant uses ways and means whether they are easy or difficult, a lot or a little. Allaah pre-destines and provides the means out of His Mercy… read more here.

Allaah making someone a means for obtaining provision or averting harm for another

Question: Is there any human who can provide sustenance to other creatures or protect them from harm?

Answer: Allaah is the All-Provider, Owner of Power, the Most Strong. It is He Who answers those in despair when they call upon Him, removes evil, and repels harm. As for humans, Allaah may make them only a means of providing sustenance for others and repelling harm from them… read more here.

Ruling on the belief of a person that the Murshid (spiritual guide) gave him a child

Question: What is the ruling on the belief of a person that the Murshid (spiritual guide) gave him a child, or that decrease and increase in sustenance are a result of invoking someone other than Allaah?

Answer: Whoever believes that children are a gift from someone other than Allaah, or that someone else can increase and decrease his sustenance is considered a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in worship), whose Shirk is even worse than that of the pre-Islaamic Arabs and other disbelievers during the time of Jaahiliyyah (pre-Islaamic time of ignorance)… read more here.

Sex-change operations

Question: We read in some Arabic newspapers about some surgeries that are performed by doctors in Europe by which a person’s existing sexual characteristics are changed to those of the other sex. Is this true? Is it not considered interference in Creator-specific matters, bearing in mind that Allaah is solely the Creator and Fashioner of all forms of life? What is the Islaamic ruling on doing so?

Answer: It is beyond the ability of any created being to change a male into a female or vice versa. This is neither their concern nor within their capacity, regardless how knowledgeable they may be about matter and it properties. This is in the Hands of Allaah Alone… read more here.

Allaah creating seven earths and seven heavens

Question: Is there an Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) or Hadeeth which states that there are seven earths? It is a controversial issue among us. If so, in which Soorah of the Qur’aan or in which Hadeeth is this stated? May Allaah reward you the best.

Answer: It is authentically established in the Glorious Qur’aan that Allaah the Exalted created seven earths, just like He created seven heavens, as Allaah the Exalted says (what means): It is Allaah Who has created seven heavens and of the earth the like thereof (i.e. seven). His Command descends between them (heavens and earth), that you may know that Allaah has power over all things, and that Allaah surrounds all things in (His) Knowledge. (Al-Talaaq, 65:12)… read more here.

The claim that the rock of Baytul-Maqdis is floating into space

Question: Some people say that the Rock near Al-Masjid Al-Aqsaa (the Mosque in Jerusalem), where the Prophet (peace be upon him) started his Mi`raaj (Ascension to heaven), is suspended in the air by the Power of Allaah. Guide us, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: Everything is firmly settled in its normal location by permission of Allaah whether it is in the heavens or on earth, including the Rock mentioned in this question… read more here.

Limits of thinking about Allaah’s Creation

Question: The question states: “We have children whom we want to encourage to reflect upon Allah’s Creation. What holds the land that exists on the surface of water, and prevents it from falling into the water? They said that ‘The earth consists of seven layers and there are inhabitants in each one of them’. Among the claims they presume is that: ‘One of the earth’s layers is hotter than Hellfire. It is where Allaah places the souls of sinners and disbelievers.’

They also claim that the two angels Haaroot and Maaroot are being punished under the earth. Please, tell us about their punishment! May Allaah reward you with the best”.

Answer: Firstly, There is no land on top of the waters surface for you to ask about what is preventing it from falling. Only the air and the sky are above the water. All universal elements are held by Allaah’s Omnipotence. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

A person who believes that someone other than Allaah is managing the universe

Question: Is a person who believes that someone other than Allaah is managing the universe considered a Kaafir (disbeliever)?

Answer: Whoever believes this is considered a Kaafir, because he has associated partners with Allaah in His Lordship. He is even worse in disbelief than many of the Mushrikoon (those who associate others with Allaah in worship) who set up partners with Allaah in His Divinity… read more here.

Categories of Tawheed

Question: What are the types of Tawheed (monotheism) and what is the definition of each type?

Answer: There are three categories of Tawheed: Tawheed Al-Ruboobiyyah (Oneness of Allaah’s Lordship), Tawheed Al-Uloohiyyah (Oneness of Worship) and Tawheed Al-Asmaa’ Wa Al-Sifaat (Oneness of Allaah’s Names and Attributes)… read more here.

Meaning of Tawheed Al-Ruboobiyyah, Tawheed Al-Uloohiyyah & Tawheed Al-Asmaa’ Wa Al-Sifaat

Question: What is the meaning of Tawheed Al-Ruboobiyyah (Oneness of Allaah’s Lordship), Tawheed Al-Uloohiyyah (Oneness of Worship), and Tawheed Al-Asmaa’ wa Al-Sifaat (Oneness of Allaah’s Names and Attributes)?

Answer: Tawheed Al-Ruboobiyyah is to believe in Allaah’s Omnipotence; He Alone is the Originator of creation, maintenance, life, death, etc. As for Tawheed Al-Uloohiyyah, it is the sincerity of devotional acts e.g. Salaah (Prayer), Sawm (Fast), Zakaah (obligatory charity), vows and sacrificial animals… read more here.

The best way to call people to Tawheed

Question 12What is the best way to call the people to Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah/monotheism) and warn them against Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)?

Answer: The best way to Da`wah (calling to Islaam) is that stated by Allaah (Exalted be He) in the following Aayah (Qur’aanic verse)... read more here.

The meaning of Tawheed al-Ruboobiyyah and Tawheed al-Uloohiyyah

Question 6: What is the meaning of Tawheed al-Ruboobiyyah and Tawheed al-Uloohiyyah?

Answer: The meaning of Tawheed al-Ruboobiyyah (Oneness of Allaah’s Lordship) is the ascription of all Acts of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) to none but Him Alone, such as: creation, bringing into being, providing sustenance, giving life, and causing death... read more here.

What are the effects of Tawheed on people in the life of this World?

Question 527: What are the effects of Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah) on people in the life of this World?

Answer:  The influence of Tawheed i.e., worshipping Allaah Alone in this life, has been manifested in the Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) in which Allaah (Exalted be He) says: Allaah has promised those among you who believe and do righteous good deeds, that He will certainly grant them succession to (the present rulers) in the land, as He granted it to those before them, and that He will grant them the authority to practice their religion which He has chosen for them (i.e. Islaam). And He will surely give them in exchange a safe security after their fear (provided) they (believers) worship Me and do not associate anything (in worship) with more here.

Is a person who is ignorant of Tawheed (monotheism) excused?

Question 406: Is a person who is ignorant of Tawheed (monotheism) excused?

Answer: A person is excused if they are not aware of the proofs or not informed of anything from the Prophet (peace be upon him). They take the same ruling as Ahl-al-Fatrah (people having no access to Divine Messages); they are tested on the Day of Resurrection. If they pass, they will be safe. If they do not, they will be doomed... read more here.

Explanation of the Tawheed of the Prophets and its antithesis in the religions of the Kaafirs and Mushriks

All praise be to Allaah, the Lord of the worlds, and truly the good end shall always be for the righteous. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and upon all Prophets, Messengers, and righteous people.

Allaah (Praised and Exalted be He) sent His Honorable Messengers to guide people to know Him, to call them to Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah) and sincere and pure dedication of `Ibaadah (worship) to Allaah Alone, as Allah (Exalted be He) says: And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allaah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taaghoot (all false deities i.e. do not worship Taaghoot besides Allaah).”

Allaah (Glorified be He) explains in this glorious Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) that He sent a Messenger for every Ummah (nation based on one creed) to invite them to worship Allaah Alone and avoid worshipping Taaghoot (false gods)… read more here.

The Tawheed preached by the Prophets versus Kufr and Shirk

Praise be to Allaah, Lord of the worlds, Who promised the righteous people to ultimately prove successful. May peace and blessings be upon the master of the early and late generations, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and upon all prophets, messengers, and righteous people. It is admittedly true that Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah) and belief in Allaah’s Messengers is the most important and greatest obligation. Similarly, seeking this kind of knowledge is the best and most honorable science.

Moreover, there is a pressing need for explaining it in detail. It is for these reasons that I take upon myself to clarify this issue in brief. Indeed, this great subject deserves to be given greater consideration. So, I pray to Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) to grant us all success in words and deeds and to protect us all from mistakes and errors… read more here.

Note: A lecture delivered at Daar Al-Hadeeth in Madeenah on 14/4/1394 A.H.

Types of Tawheed with which Allaah sent the messengers

Praise be to Allaah. Peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family, Companions, and whoever has followed his guidance.

Allaah (Exalted and Glorified be He) sent His messengers (peace be upon them) to call to al-Haqq (Truth) and guide people. They were sent as givers of glad tidings and warners, so that people can never have a plea against Allaah after the Messengers, who conveyed the Message, fulfilled the trust, sincerely advised their nations, endured the harm, and truly strived in the cause of Allaah until He established the proof and blocked the way to excuses for them.

He (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Note: Published in a book entitled “Lectures of the Muslim World League” which were delivered during the cultural season during Hajj for the year 1400 A.H., page: 79-86.

Essence of Tawheed and Shirk

All praise be to Allaah, the Lord of the worlds. No aggression shall be except against oppressors. May peace and blessings be upon the slave of Allaah, His Messenger, the best of His creatures, and His Trustee over His Revelation, our Prophet, Imaam, and Messenger, Muhammad ibn `Abdullaah ibn `Abdul-Muttalib, the Hashemite, the Arab, Al-Makkee (from Makkah), and then Al-Madanee (from Al-Madeenah). May Allaah’s Peace and Blessings be upon his family, Companions, and those who adopt his way and follow his guidance until the Day of Resurrection.

Indeed, Allaah (Exalted be He) created the creatures to worship Him Alone, without ascribing partners to Him. Allaah (Exalted be He) also sent His messengers to show this aim, call people for it, elaborate on it, and illustrate all that conflicts with it. This is why divine books were revealed and Allaah’s Messengers (peace be upon them) were sent to the Jinn and mankind. Allaah (Praised be He) made the worldly life a way leading to the Hereafter… read more here.

Note: A speech delivered by His Eminence at al-Jaami’ al-Kabeer in Riyadh on 3/7/1398 A.H.

Different types of Tawheed (Fatwas of Ibn Baaz V.1)

All praise is due to Allaah, the Lord of existence, and the good end will be for pious people. May peace and blessings be upon Allaah’s Servant, Messenger and Khaleel (beloved, close elect) and the one whom He entrusted with His Revelation and the best of His creatures, our Prophet, Imaam (leader), and Master Muhammad ibn Abdullaah, upon his family, Companions and those who follow his path and are guided by his guidance until the Day of Judgment.

To proceed:

I thank Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) for meeting Muslim brothers and dear sons. I ask Allaah (Glorified be He) to bless this meeting, purify our hearts and actions, and grant us good understanding of the religion and steadfastness in abiding by its laws. May Allaah improve the conditions of Muslims everywhere, entrust them to pious rulers, and reform their leaders. I also ask Allaah to increase the number of those who call to guidance among them, for He is All-Generous and Bountiful.

Afterwards, I would like to thank those who are in charge of this university – Umm al-Qura’ – and of this summer center headed by the honorable brother, His Eminence Professor Rashid ibn Rajih, the Director of the University, for inviting me to this session. I ask Allaah (Glorified be He) by His Magnificent Names and Attributes to guide us all to what makes us righteous and gives us happiness in this world and the Hereafter… read more here.