Tawassul through the Prophet using a passive voice

Question: Will you please explain the aforementioned comment of Shaykh Al-Islaam. Was his comment based on the fact that the Hadeeth was authentically reported on the authority of Imaam Ahmad (may Allaah be pleased with him) or due to the fact that the passive voice is used to imply its weakness, as is evident from the wording?

Answer: We explained the meaning in our answer to the third question. As for what was reported on the authority of Imaam Ahmad... read more here.

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Tawassul by the rights of prophets and Awliyaa’ and through their honor

Question: Would you please give us your opinion on the letter sent by Shaykh Sulaymaan ibn Sahman to Shaykh `Alee ibn `Abd-Allaah ibn `Eesaa in which he refutes the claim of those who say that it is permissible to perform Tawassul (supplicate to Allaah through a means), such as by the rights of prophets and pious people and to ask their help. He stated that Shaykh Al-Islaam said that he knew no opinion permitting it, and that it is also not permissible to swear by our Prophet (peace be upon him), contrary to what was mentioned by Al-`Iz ibn `Abdul-Salaam, due to the evaluation of the authenticity of the Hadeeth.

Answer: Shaykh Sulaymaan ibn Sahman quoted that Shaykh Al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah said, “I know no juristic opinion permitting it and it is also not permissible to swear by our Prophet (peace be upon him), contrary to what was mentioned by Al-`Iz ibn `Abdul-Salaam read more here.

Swearing by other than Allaah

Question: What is your opinion regarding what Imaam Ibn Taymiyyah (Shaykh Al-Islaam) says in his book “Iqtidaa’ Al-Siraat Al-Mustaqeem”, “There is no disagreement among scholars except in respect to taking oaths by the Prophet (peace be upon him).” There are two juristic opinions cited from the Math-hab (School of Jurisprudence) of Imaam Ahmad. It is related that Imaam Ahmad said about the issue of Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah by means) through the Prophet in Al-Maruthee’s book, “Mansak” that taking an oath by the Prophet (peace be upon him) is valid. However, the sound view states that taking an oath by the Prophet (peace be upon him) is invalid, and thus ineffective.

Imaam Ahmad also says in “Majmoo’ Al-Fataawaa” that if we do not ask Allaah by means of supplicating to them (prophets and righteous men) nor by means of our deeds, but by virtue of their personalities, that will not be a reason for answering our supplications. Therefore, we are performing Tawassul through a fruitless means. That is why we find no authentic report from the Prophet (peace be upon him) or even a narration transmitted from the Salaf (righteous predecessors) in support of this practice. However, in “Mansak”, Al-Maruthee related from Imaam Ahmad one supplication including Tawassul by the Prophet (peace be upon him).

Answer: What is reported by Shaykh Al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (may Allaah be merciful to him) from the leading jurists in his two books on the topic is variance in wording while bearing the same meaning… read more here.

Tawassul through prophets and righteous people

Question: Please clarify to us the difference between a believer and a Mushrik (one who associates others in worship with Allaah) keeping into account that there are some people who perform Salaah (prayer), Sawm (fasting), Hajj and all good deeds, but they make Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) by prophets and righteous people. Is this permissible or not?

Answer: If a Muslim practices an act of Kufr (disbelief), such as invoking the dead to cure the sick, enlarge the provision or grant offspring, they will be out of the pale of Islaam. All their deeds of Salaah, Sawm and the like will be in vain if they die on this status. But if a believer commits a misdeed that is not tantamount to Kufr, like robbery or dealing in Ribaa (usury), their affair will be left to Allaah, if He wills, He may forgive them and if He wills, He may punish them… read more here.

Reading a book that includes Tawassul through the Prophet and asking for his intercession

Question: What is the ruling on reading the book entitled “Dalaa’il Al-Khayrat” by Imaam Muhammad ibn Sulaymaan Al-Jazoolee which contains daily Awrad (oft-recited invocations) that include beseeching and seeking to approach Allaah (Tawassul) by means of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and begging him for his Shafaa‘ah (intercession), such as saying, “O Muhammad! O our beloved! We are beseeching your Lord in your name, so please intercede for us with the Great Lord” and also, “O Allaah! We seek by his virtue his intercession for us with You; for he is the most eminent intercessor with You. We adjure You by him, as he is the greatest one to adjure You by his right. We seek to draw close to You through him, as he is the nearest means to You, descendant of the most noble origin.”

Answer: If this book includes Tawassul by means of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and seeking his intercession with Allah to have one’s requests granted, it is impermissible for you to read it, as Allaah says (what means): Say: “To Allaah belongs all intercession.” (Soorah Al-Zumar, 39: 44)… read more here.

Tawassul through the blessing of the Qur’aan or some creatures

Question: What is the ruling on a person who speaks words like, “In the name of or by the blessing of the Prophet, the shaykh, or the Qur’aan?” Is that person considered a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in worship) or not?

Answer: First, Tawassul (beseeching Allaah in the name of or by) the blessing of the Qur’aan is permissible and not considered Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

Tawassul through the Qur’aan and certain days

Question: Some scholars say that Tawassul (beseeching or seeking to draw close to Allaah) is a matter related to Fiqh (Islaamic jurisprudence) and not to ‘Aqeedah (creed). Is this true?

Answer: In making Du‘aa’ (supplication), to seek to draw close to Allaah and beseech Him (Tawassul) in the name of the honor of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him), or his person, or his status, is impermissible because it is a means leading to Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

Tawassul through the Qur’aan and certain days

Question: Can a person make Tawassul (beseech Allaah in the name of or by) through the Qur’aan and Islaamic sacred days, such as saying, “O Allaah! I ask you by the virtue of the Day of ‘Arafah” and so on?

Answer: It is permissible to make Tawassul by the Qur’aan, because it is the Speech of Allaah in word and meaning, and His Speech is one of His Attributes, so it is considered as beseeching Allaah by one of His Attributes, which does not contradict Tawheed (monotheism) or is a means to Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

Tawassul through creatures

Question: One Friday, the Imaam of a Masjid (mosque) who belongs to a Sufi order delivered the Khutbah (sermon), saying: “We should not say that Allaah is above us, below us, to our left, or to our right.” He, further, called people to perform Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) through Allaah’s creatures, like the Prophets and Awliyaa’ (pious people). He learns the Qur’aan from people who do not perform the obligations enjoined by Allaah, destroying families, and shouting at people walking in the streets and beating them; and yet he calls them Awliyaa’. Do these claims represent the ideology of the unity of the universe, immanentism and other many Bid`ahs (rejected innovations in religion)? Is it permissible to offer Salaah (Prayer) behind such an Imaam or even behind his Mu’ath-thin (caller to Prayer)? If not, is it permissible to offer the five obligatory daily Salaahs (Prayers) at home? Is it permissible to offer the Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer in another Masjid?

Answer: Firstly, according to conclusive evidence, Allaah is above all of His Creation. He has risen over the Throne in a way that suits His Eminence. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Tawassul through the Messenger and Awliyaa’

Question: A dispute arose between a person and me. This person has memorized the Qur’aan and has already performed Hajj to the Sacred House of Allaah. The debate went as follows: I said: Making Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) by the status of the Prophet and pious people is permissible as I have read in the book titled: “Al-Fawz wa Al-Najah fee Al-Hijrah ilaa Allaah”. He replied: It is impermissible to make Tawassul by any creature because Allaah says: And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). Allaah doesn’t need a mediator of any kind. Whoever makes Tawassul by Prophets or pious people is considered a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in worship). He also repeated, “God forbid!”, many times in Moroccan dialect “what can Muhammad give you; we are the ones who help him by invoking blessings upon him.” Is it Riddah (apostasy) to utter such words or not? What about the formula of beseeching Allaah’s help by means of the Messenger or the Prophet as I have mentioned, is it lawful?

Answer: The case of the man you mentioned who rebukes people who seek help from the Prophet (peace be upon him) after his death or make Tawassul by his status saying: “what can Muhammad give you; we are the ones who help him by invoking blessings on him”, is extremely indecent and improper for a Muslim to say… read more here.

Invoking the Prophet’s honor or parents’ pleasure upon rising from one’s seat

Question: Some common people, upon rising from their seat, would prop themselves up on their hands and invoke, “Ya Jaah Al-Nabee” or “Ya Jaah Al-Rasool” (In the name of the Prophet’s or the Messenger’s honor, merit, virtue, status, etc.) , or “In the name of pleasing parents”. Scholars say that whoever utters such words is a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in worship), because he is placing an intermediary between Allaah and himself. They base their view on the Hadeeth of the Prophet (peace be upon him), saying, “If you ask, ask Allaah; and if you seek help, seek it from Allaah…”

Answer: Calling, “In the name of the Prophet’s or the Messenger’s honor and status” or “In the name of pleasing parents” when standing up, is a form of supplicating the Prophet or one’s parents for assistance, which is an act of Shirk Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah), we seek refuge in Allaah… read more here.

Tawassul through the entities, honor, or right of creatures

Question: Beseeching Allaah (Tawassul) by virtue of one of His creatures. This is a confusing issue for the Ummah (nation), but most of the scholars approved it, including Imaam Ahmad, the Imaam of Ahl-ul-Sunnah (adherents to the Sunnah), Ibn Qudaamah, Al-Nawawee, Al-Shawkaanee, Ibn Hajar Al-`Asqalaaanee ,Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab and many other scholars. Did Shaykh Muhammad support this or not? Where does the truth lie regarding this issue with certified evidence to refute the claim that no one condemned this except Ibn Taymiyyah and Al-Albaanee; the only two scholars who prohibited Tawassul in the name of any of His creatures.

Answer: Beseeching in the name of a person, virtue, status or right of creatures, whether they are prophets or righteous people is a subject of controversy among the scholars. The scholarly opinion of the Jumhoor (dominant majority of scholars) is prohibition, which is the opinion held by the Shaykh of Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah and Shaykh Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab... read more here.

Believing in Awliyaa’ as a means of healing from illnesses and holding annual Mawlids for them

Question: What are the rulings on the following: Using the Awliyaa’ (pious people) as a means of healing from illnesses, visiting graves, vowing to make sacrifices to the dead, and holding annual Mawlids (celebrations of the birth days) for the Awliyaa’?

Answer: It is forbidden to regard a Walee (pious person) as a means of healing from illnesses by saying, for example, “O Allaah! Cure my patient by the honor of so-and-so the Walee.” This is because it isa means that can lead to Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) and an innovated form of Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) that has no origin in the Sharee`ah (Islaamic law)… read more here.

Visiting the graves to supplicate to the dead or ask for their help or intercession

Question: I found contradictory and controversial Hadeeth in the book: “Shifaa’ Al-Siqam fee Ziyarat Khayr Al-Anam” by Shaykh Taqee Al-Deen Al-Subkee Al-Shaafi`ee, in the chapter on Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) through the Prophet (peace be upon him) and seeking his help and intercession, specifically between pages 160 and 178. Please advise us about this book, especially the chapter on Tawassul.

Answer: Visiting graves is a Sunnah (commendable act) as the Prophet (peace be upon him) encouraged it and frequently visited them himself. It is done to gain warnings and lessons, to remember death, and to supplicate to Allaah to forgive and have mercy upon the dead Muslims… read more here.

Tawassul through prophets and Awliyaa’

Question: What is the Islaamic ruling on Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) through prophets and Awliyaa’ (pious people)?

Answer: Tawassul through prophets and Awliyaa’ is a general term that includes many forms, each of which has its own ruling.

To clarify: Firstly: Asking a prophet or a Walee (pious person) while they are alive and present to supplicate to Allaah is permissible… read more here.

Tawassul to Allaah by the honor, sanctity or blessings of the Prophet or another person

Question: What is the ruling on a Muslim who testifies that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, but says in their Du`aa’ (supplication), “O Allaah! Grant me such-and-such from the good of this world and the Hereafter by the honor of the Prophet (peace be upon him),” “By the blessings of the Messenger,” “By the sanctity of Al-Mustafaa (the chosen one i.e. the Prophet),” “By the honor of Shaykh Teejaanee,” “By the blessings of Shaykh `Abdul-Qaadir,” or “By sanctity of Shaykh Al-Saanoosee”?

Answer: It is not permissible to perform Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) to Allaah by the honor, sanctity, or blessings of the Prophet (peace be upon him) or by the honor, sanctity, or blessings of any pious people… read more here.

Tawassul through the Awliyaa’

Question: Is it permissible for a Muslim to make Tawassul (supplicate to Allaah through a means) by virtue of the status of the prophets and the righteous people? I came across some opinions of scholars that Tawassul through the Awliyaa’ (pious people) is permissible, for Du`aa’ (supplication) in this case is offered to Allaah. However, other scholars said otherwise. What is the Sharee`ah ruling on this matter?

Answer: A Walee (pious person) is someone who believes in Allaah, abides by His obligations and refrains from His prohibitions; the Messengers and the Prophets (peace be upon them) achieved the highest grade in this respect. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

The etiquette the Messenger followed when visiting graves

Question: There is a grave in our village which is said to belong to one of the righteous people. A house was built over this grave and there are two people appointed to take care of it. These people inherited this mission from their fathers. They tell people: “This night, the dweller of this grave said so and so and asked for so and so. They have attracted people’s hearts that live beside the grave. People believe everything that is said by these two people. Therefore, people make Tawaaf (circumambulation) around the grave, sacrifice animals for its sake, etc. What is the ruling on a person who thinks that this Walee (pious person) brings benefit or causes harm? Is it permissible to vow or sacrifice for the sake of this Walee? What should someone do if they know that these things contradict Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) especially if they live with these people?

Answer: The guidance of the Messenger (peace be upon him) in visiting the graves is clear in Saheeh Hadeeths (Hadeeths that have been transmitted by people known for their uprightness and exactitude; free from eccentricity and blemish)… read more here.

Seeking blessings from graves and their dwellers such as Ajmeer Shareef, Abdul Qaadir

Question: In our country, a celebration called `Urs is held every year around the grave of a man whom people claim was one of the Awliyaa` (pious people). Since the purpose of such celebrations is to grant the deceased a reward, people slaughter cows and sheep and feed everyone. However, the so-called `Urs is not only an invitation to have food but a way to draw closer to Allaah through Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) by the deceased.

All the graves of the Awliyaa’ are lit up with colored lamps during the celebration. Leveled graves and their surroundings are decorated with marble and cement. People, media and journalists are invited to join in the celebration. Incense sticks are lit, the birthday of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is celebrated, and people invoke Allaah’s peace and blessings on the Prophet loudly while standing and sitting. They chant songs of thanking and praising Allaah (Exalted be He) with and without using musical instruments. People call the foregoing: Thikr Jalee (apparent Remembrance of Allaah). They touch the graves claiming that they get blessed by doing so, and they recite the Qur’aan around the graves and perform Salaah (Prayer) beside them.

During this celebration both gifts and money are accepted and the latter is spent on buying courtyards, constructing houses for visitors to stay in, or building Masjids (mosques) over or above the graves. The visiting men, women, and children hope for Allaah’s Mercy and ask Him to grant them children and wealth, relieve their distresses, and cure their sick. The bereaved family or the organizer of the celebration calls on the visitors to give their pledge of allegiance that they will follow the tradition of the deceased. This is the main aim of the whole celebration because people believe that this pledge of allegiance leads to right guidance and they use it for making Tawassul. People undertake long distance journeys to visit the graves. Some people come from outside the country so that photos and the news of their arrival are published in newspapers, saying: “The servant of Ajmeer Al-Shareef has arrived to India… From Dacca or Karachi…” People are called to hasten to give gifts and money. They are also urged to accept the gifts that the organizers of the celebration give to them before leaving. Visitors usually receive gifts of flowers from the grave of the deceased, his garden, or the garden of the person who looks after the grave.

Moreover, the organizers of this celebration send out printed letters to different people around the world including the people of the holy cities of Makkah and Al-Madeenah. This is something that I have personally seen. Some of these letters have been written to Bangladeshi and Pakistani Muslims in their languages and sent to them in Saudi Arabia where they live and work. The letters that I have seen were sent by a representative called Ajmeer Al-Shareef who wrote from India explaining the rituals of the celebration, i.e. The way and time of doing (Tawaaf, circumambulation around the grave) and the way and time on which the (door of Jannah; Paradise) – that is claimed to be by the end of the grave’s site – is open. We seek refuge with Allaah from all this.

Anyway, the organizers encourage people to send gifts along with the addresses of their friends, whatever they might be, to be contacted by them. They also warn people that they will receive a divine punishment if they do not send gifts or do what they are ordered. Thus, people yield to such commands lest they should be punished thinking that they are doing good. Also, in our country there is a stream beside the grave of a pious man who passed away seven hundred years ago. This man was Daa’iyah (One who calls people to Islaam). His name was Shah Jalaal Al-Yamanee (may Allaah be merciful to him) who lived in Salmat and is historically famous. However, the fish of this stream are said to be holy so when it dies people perform Funeral Prayer for it and bury it. Moreover, most of the people of this region do not eat pigeons; or rather, they are prevented from eating them for some people claim they are ascribed to that righteous man. Some people believe that the pigeons of this region areowned by Shah Jalaal so they do not eat them. Moreover, in our country a turtle is claimed to be holy and there are some other things that are very lamentable.

To give an example, a very strange thing happened earlier this week. A man, who follows a shaykh about whom we know nothing, announced that he will do `Urs for his shaykh. Thus, he imported 25 camels from Pakistan (camels are very rare in our country and we only read about them in stories about the desert and the Arabs). He bought thousands of cows and sheep and put them in exhibitions in the capital so that the people could see them. He marked and garlanded all those animals. The people were fascinated by this. They came to these exhibitions in huge numbers with tanks and vehicles running in rows in front of and behind the animals. Hundreds of thousands of common people joined this `Urs, which continued for three days. It was also attended by a large number of heads of state and high military and civilian authorities both inside and outside the government who came by car and helicopter. The guiding representative took the pledge of allegiance from them all. By Allaah this abominable incident actually happened! We have never seen the like of it before. We are afraid that this is an indication that our Eemaan (faith) may be weak, as people always follow the way of their kings; or that our leaders reflect the level of our weak Eemaan. May Allaah forgive us for, verily, He is the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful.

People are still building new graves here and there, and inviting others to these deviated celebrations. They call themto spend money on such things, and encourage and warn them with false stories about the majesty and greatness of the deceased or the Waliy (pious man). Thus, cars and processions stand beside the graves and people simply throw money there or greet the deceased. Consequently, these graves have turned into sources of making money, we seek refuge with Allah from that.

Please give us a detailed Fatwaa regarding all these things in the light of the Book of Allaah, the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet), and the Ijmaa` (consensus) of the Muslim scholars, so as to clear away misconceptions. Success is only from Allaah (Exalted be He). We put our trust in Allaah and ask Him to protect us from bad deeds, Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), and Bid`ah (innovation in religion). We ask Allaah to help us to worship Him alone and follow the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him). May He guide the Muslims, especially those in our country, Bangladesh and in all other Muslim countries. Our Eemaan is weak and many of us cannot resist the temptations of this world. Please tell us about our duties concerning the religious crisis mentioned above. Your Fatwaa is very important. Please answer us soon because the Kuffaar (disbelievers) and devils are very quick towards Kufr (disbelief), Shirk, and Bid`ah, while we are heedless of these dangers! May Allaah forgive us all.

Answer: All the things mentioned in the question are undoubtedly practices of Munkar (that which is unacceptable or disapproved of by Islaamic law and Muslims of sound intellect), Bid`ah, and deviation… read more here.

Istighfaar and Du`aa’ for a person who used to invoke the dead

Question: My Qur’aan teacher and my mother’s great-grandfather died. They used to inscribe Aayaat of the Qur’aan on rings and give them to people. Before their death they urged me to continue reciting the Qur’aan. I continued to do so until my Lord made me understand Tawheed (monotheism) which made me realize that they did something wrong. Can I supplicate to Allaah to have mercy upon them and forgive them? Peace, mercy and blessings of Allaah be upon you!

Answer: Writing Aayaat of the Qur’aan to be worn as amulets is impermissible, as is wearing them for protection, healing, or repelling harm, according to the most correct scholarly opinion… read more here.

Wearing Amulets containing Aayaat, Hadeeth, or strange words

Question: Is it permissible for a sick person to wear an amulet which contains Du`aa’s (supplications) reported by the Prophet, some noble Aayaat (Qur`aanic verses), phrases of making Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) by Awliyaa’ (pious people), Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) and righteous people or something of the sort which contains strange non-Arabic words or star drawings or bears the names of the Prophet (peace be upon him) for the purpose of averting harm or bringing benefit. I also want to tell you that my mother is used to going to soothsayers who design these articles. They tell her that the whole family is bewitched but we do not obey her or believe what she says. She may mix the medicine they give her with our food and drink. She may also put the amulets in our clothes without our knowledge. When we found amulets with our names written on them, we disapproved of it but she did not care.

Answer: It is unlawful to write anything other than the Qur’aan and Allaah’s Names on a paper or on anything else to be hung around a diseased person’s neck, children, or animals to gain recovery or protection from diseases, evil, or envy… read more here.

None but Allaah can relieve distress and ward off evil

Question: Is there anyone other than Allaah (Exalted be He) who has the ability to relieve hardship, distress or can ward off affliction? This question implies further ten questions, as many people belonging to various Math-hab (School of jurisprudence) ask the same question.

This question is crucial but no answer is provided for it and it may lead someone to think about the different means that enable anyone other than Allaah (Exalted be He) to remove hardship. This question has different forms and we hope that our scholars can provide us with a clear answer. For example, is it wrong if a person has some difficulty and asks someone other than Allaah (Exalted be He) to remove it?

1- If there is any being other than Allaah (Exalted be He) who can remove hardship, can it hear and respond to the supplicant during the supplicant’s life or after their death, at a far distance that separates between them and which is only known by Allaah?

2- If we assume that this being can hear from such a far distance, another question arises: Can it understand the languages of all people who are invoking it, such as English, German or any other language?

3- If the answer is in the affirmative, this means that such being understands the languages of all people on earth, which leads to another question: If millions of people speaking various languages and having various needs put forward their demands and requirements, can it hear them and respond to them at the same time, or does it need to appoint a specific time for every request successively?

4- Is this being that people invoke overtaken by slumber or sleep? If yes, people must be provided with a schedule of its rest hours unless it has the ability to hear while asleep?

5- If there is someone who can not talk and express his needs and so supplicates with his heart, does that being respond to this heart-based supplication?

6- People face minor and major problems from the time of their birth to their death, and if Allaah is the One Who resolves these problems, then there is no need to resort to anyone other than Him. However, if anyone other than Him can solve these problems, then there would be no use in resorting to Allaah (Exalted be He).

7- If the other being is not able to solve all kinds of problems, then it will be said that some problems can be solved by the Lord of the Worlds and others can be solved by other than Him. Thus, the people who have needs must have a list of what is for Allaah and what is for other than Him so as to avoid submitting to Allaah a problem that is not for Allaah and vice versa.

8- Can the one who has the ability to remove adversity from people bring it to them? Or can that being only remove it without bringing it? If the latter is true, then who is the one with the ability to bring about harm?

9- In brief, if we assume that Allaah is the One Who brings about harm and there is another who removes it, what happens in case Allaah wishes to bring about harm and the other wants to ward it off and each one of them insists on his position?

10- If someone wishes to ask for forgiveness for a good or a wrong-doer, then who is to be invoked?

Answer: Allaah (Exalted be He) is the Only One that neither slumber nor sleep overtakes Him, and He Alone is the One Who hears the invocations of those who supplicate wherever they are and whatever language they speak… read more here.

Tawassul by other than Allaah and wiping the graves for blessing

Question: An illiterate man who testifies that, “Laa ilaahaa illaa Allaah, Muhammad Rasoolullaah (There is no god but Allaah and Muhammad (peace be upon him) is His Messenger)” but makes Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) by other than Allaah saying: “O Badawee, O Husayn, help me”. He also offers vows to people other than Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) and seeks blessings by touching the graves. He commits Al-Shirk Al-Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah) over and above Al-Shirk Al-Asghar (minor form of associating others in worship with Allaah). Is it permissible to call him a Kaafir (disbeliever) or he is only ignorant of Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah/ monotheism) and should not be accused of Kufr (disbelief)? Is it permissible to perform Salaah (Prayer) behind him, marry him, and eat from his sacrificed animals as he mentions the Name of Allaah on it? Please reply, may Allaah grant you success!

Answer: Making Du`aa’ (supplication) to anyone other than Allaah is an act of Al-Shirk Al-Akbar. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Supplicating to other than Allaah

Question: My father believes in the righteousness of a dead shaykh known as a Waliy (a pious person). He makes Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) by this shaykh and associates him with Allah in Du`aa’ (supplication), for example, he says: “O Allaah! O master Abdul-Salaam!” What is the ruling on this, taking into account that my father performs Salah (Prayer), observes Sawm (Fast) and, pays Zakaah (obligatory charity)?

Answer: Firstly, Making Du`aa’ to others instead of Allaah such as Awliyaa’ (pious people) to remove harm, cure the sick, or secure a road is Shirk Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah) that takes its doer away from the realm of Islaam. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And the mosques are for Allaah (Alone): so invoke not anyone along with Allaah. He (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Supplicating to the dead and the absent and seeking their help

Question: These days we see Muslim groups who exceed the limits in loving the dead; they supplicate to them, ask them to meet their needs, and complain to them about their distresses, believing that if they supplicate to them, they will attend their gatherings and relieve their sufferings. One of their prevailing customs is to gather at night in a dark room and supplicate to `Abdul-Qaadir Al-Jeelaanee (may Allaah be pleased with him) a thousand times, believing that he had ordered them to do so and that he will, consequently, come to them and meet their needs. They draw their conclusions from the following verses of poetry, which they read with great submission, Khushoo` (their hearts being attuned to the act of worship), love, and humility. Some of those verses are: 

O axis of the heaven and the earth, who gives them succor,
Who floods my eyes, who gives them existence and succor.
O son of the two highest, who preserves their heritage,
O best of those known as Muhyy Al-Deen.
O great provider of succor of every age and time,
The superior Waliy (pious person) of arbitration and consolidation.
The most in need of the Lord, and poor,
You who are named after the Deen (religion) as Muhyy Al-Deen.
Allah addressed you and you listened:
“O great provider of succor, be near to those gathering,
You are My Shining Successor in the universe;
The one who was given the great name of Muhyy Al-Deen.”

 
Other verses read: 

Whoever calls my name a thousand times in their seclusion,
with resolve and determination, forsaking their slumber,
I will hasten to answer their call.
So call: “O `Abdul-Qaadir Muhyy Al-Deen,
O great provider of succor, servant of the Swift Provider,
O master, come to me, O Muhyy Al-Deen.”

 
And yet other verses say: 

O my master, supporter, and provider of succor, O my helper,
Be my defender and reinforcement against my enemies.
Protect my honor and take my extended hand, and help me,
For you Muhyy Al-Deen are Allaah’s Successor,
The cavern of the grieving, shelter for confused hearts,
Refuge for the weak, and guarantor of vows,
The provider of succor for those lost at sea,
O `Abdul-Qaadir, master of the slaves of the Provider.

They read these verses and supplicate to Muhyy Al-Deen `Abdul-Qaadir a thousand times. Here, in the town of Nahur, there is the grave of a Waliy upon whom Muslims call with great Khushoo` and humility in their gatherings, using the following verses: 

O friend of Al-Nahur, support me
In my hearing, limbs, and good vision.
Extend my life, don’t give me few years,
O gather of all the good, `Abdul-Qaadir.
Be my refuge the day the proud are full of pride,
And from the distress of this world on another day.

There are many of these poems, and no house is free from them, even if it does not contain a Mus-haf (copy of the Qur’aan). People read these poems during every celebration and party, and the religious scholars even take part in these readings, and permit them. Would you please, consider the meanings of these poems and then answer the following questions, supporting the answer with clear evidence from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah? We would like to publish and circulate the answers among the Muslims to establish the truth and destroy falsehoods. May it be a means of guiding the people! 

Q 1: Is it permissible for Muslims to read such poems as acts of `Ibaadah (worship) and believe in their meanings?

Q 2: Is it permissible for Muslims to call upon `Abdul-Qaadir Al-Jeelaanee (may Allaah be pleased with him) a thousand times in a dark room with all Khushoo` and humility, and ask for his presence? 

Q 3: What is the Islaamic ruling on doing such acts? 

Q 4: Is it permissible for a Muslim to offer Salaah (Prayer) behind someone who professes such beliefs and participates in these occasions? What are Muslims obligated to do regarding them?

Answer: Firstly, supplicating to other than Allaah, such as to dead or absent people, and seeking their help to drive away grief, relieve a distress, cure a sick person, or anything similar, is Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

Performing Salaah behind an Imaam who seeks the help of the dead

Question: An Imam of a Masjid (mosque) seeks help from dead people in their graves, claiming that these are the graves of Awliyaa’ (pious people) to whom we should resort. He says that they may act as mediators between us and Allaah (Exalted be He). Am I allowed to perform congregational Salaah (Prayer) behind this Imaam, despite the fact that I call for Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah)? Could you please also clarify such questions as making vows, seeking help from other than Allaah, and Tawassul (seeking to draw close to Allaah) through a means.

Answer: If you are sure that the Imaam you mentioned seeks help from the dead or vows to them, then it is not permissible to perform Salaah behind him because he is considered a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

Repentance from Bid`ahs and sins

Question: What is your ruling on an innovator in religion, who invents a Bid`ah Shirkiyyah (rejected innovation in religion which is tantamount to associating others in worship with Allaah), in which he seeks help from the dead Awliyaa’ (pious people) and prays in their shrines, hoping that they will give him their blessing. He married a woman, after her last husband divorced her; he used to have sexual intercourse with her secretly time after time, until she got pregnant by him, so he quickly contracted marriage with her after her pregnancy became obvious. This marriage was carried out without Guidance from Allaah. She gave birth to a baby girl, who is two years old now, then he repented to Allaah from such Bid`ahs (innovations in religion) and firmly adhered to the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet, peace be upon him) and read, “Fath Al-Majeed Sharh Kitaab Al-Tawheed” and other books by Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa‘ah (those adhering to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream). He has repented for having committed Zinaa (illegal sexual intercourse) and other abominations. His wife is now pregnant and he is asking about what should he do? Is there any expiation for committing Zinaa?

What should he do with his relatives who are still adhering to their Bid`ahs Shirkiyyah (rejected innovations in religion which are tantamount to associating others in worship with Allaah)? Please give me your legal opinion.

Answer: Firstly, Undoubtedly, Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) is the gravest of major sins and Bid`ahs introduced into religion and is one of the most hideous crimes. Zinaa is one of the abominations and among the gravest of major sins; whoever has committed it should rid themselves of it, shun it completely and beg forgiveness from Allaah. They should repent for the crimes in which they indulged; perhaps Allaah may accept their Tawbah (repentance to Allaah)… read more here.

Refuting claims about supplicating to the deceased and the diacritical marks and dots of the Qur’aan

Question: Some of the followers of Bid`ahs (innovations in religion), from among those who call upon the dead, wondered: “How can you claim that the dead avail nothing, although Moosaa (Moses, peace be upon him) availed us and he was the reason behind reducing the daily obligatory prayers from fifty to five.” Others also said: “How can you say that every Bid`ah (innovation in religion) is a misguidance! Then what do you say about those who added diacritical marks and dots to the Qur’aan, and it all happened after the lifetime of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him)?” How can we answer them?

Answer: Firstly, The original ruling is that the dead do not hear the call of people who call upon them and they cannot answer these calls or talk to the living, even if they were prophets… read more here.

Hadeeth of the blind man who sought the help of the Prophet after his death

Question: There is a severe attack against the Salafists (those following the way of the righteous predecessors); they are accused of denying and not loving Awliyaa’ (pious people). A piece of evidence their accusers cite to prove that seeking the help of Allaah through dead people is permissible is the Hadeeth about the blind man who invoked Allaah through the Prophet (Peace be upon him) after his death. I have been informed that this Hadeeth is Saheeh (a Hadeeth that has been transmitted by people known for their uprightness and exactitude; free from eccentricity and blemish), a fact that confuses some people deeply. I hope you enlighten us on this important issue.

Answer: After studying the question, the Committee’s answer is as follows: The Hadeeth of the blind man’s story is narrated by Imaam Al-Tirmithee with his Sanad (chain of narrators) on the authority of `Uthmaan ibn Hunayf (may Allaah be pleased with him)… read more here.

Seeking the help of the dead or the absent is major Shirk

Question: Is seeking help from someone who is absent or dead considered an act of major Kufr (disbelief)?

Answer: Yes, seeking help from someone who is dead or absent is considered an act of major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) and doing so puts the doer outside the fold of Islaam, for Allaah (Glorified be He) says (what means)… read more here.

Ruling on seeking the help of other than Allaah

Question: Sufis claim that their seeking help from and calling upon the righteous servants of Allaah is only metaphorical, and that in reality, Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) is the One from Whom they are seeking help. How should we answer them, considering that they justify their practice by citing the Aayah (which means): You killed them not How do you refute this claim?

Answer: Firstly, seeking help from and calling upon others besides Allaah, such as the dead, absent people, idols, etc. Is a form of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). Similarly, seeking help from or calling upon living people for help in matters that cannot be helped by anyone other than Allaah is also a form of major Shirk which takes one out of the fold of Islaam… read more here.

Supplicating to other than Allaah though observing the pillars of Islaam

Question: There is a man who observes Sawm (fasting), Salaah (Prayer) and all the other Pillars of Islaam, but in spite of that he calls upon other than Allaah, for he beseeches or seeks to draw close to Allaah (Tawassul) by means of Awliyaa’ (pious people) and seeks their help, and believes that they are able to bring benefit and repel harm.

Tell us, may Allaah reward you with good, do their children who believe in the Oneness of Allaah and associate nothing with Him inherit from them? Also, what is the ruling on them?

Answer: If a person observes Sawm, Salaah and all the Pillars of Islaam, but seeks the help of the dead, the absent ones, the angels and so on, he is considered a Mushrik (those who associate others with Allaah in worship)… read more here.

Performing the pillars of Islaam and supplicating to other than Allaah

Question: Is seeking the help of the Prophets, Awliyaa’ (pious people) and good people when they are alive and after their death to lift a person’s affliction, bring good and making Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) by them either to fulfill a need or achieve their goals permissible or not?

Answer: As for seeking help of the dead, whether prophets or others, it is not permissible, rather it is an act of Al-Shirk Al-Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah). As for seeking the help of living people with whatever they can do, there is no harm in it… read more here.

Seeking the help of and supplicating to the deceased besides Allaah

Question: The Imaam of a Masjid (mosque) in one of the villages in Egypt where we live is a Sufi who follows Al-Shadhuliyyah Tareeqah (Sufi order). This man teaches people to seek to draw close to Allaah (Tawassul) by means of the creatures of Allaah, such as the prophets and the Awliyaa’ (pious people), and he urges them to visit shrines. He tells them it is lawful to swear by the Prophet and the Awliyaa’, and to make Kaffaarah (expiation) if they break an oath made in their name. Our group, which is one of the Islaamic groups, debated with him over the errors he is committing and teaching to the people, but he remained adamant, citing Da‘eef (weak) and Mawdoo‘ (fabricated) Hadeeths to defend his opinion. Is it permissible to pray behind such a man (when he leads congregational prayers) given we have not yet finished building a Masjid? We have only collected some donations for it, so we still have not built it. We would like to know your Fatwaa concerning this issue.

May Allaah grant us all success. In addition, he declared the great scholars of Islaam, such as the Shaykh of Islaam Ahmad ibn Taymiyyah and Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab (may Allaah be pleased and merciful to them) as disbelievers.

Answer: Seeking the help of the dead and calling upon them instead of or along with Allaah are considered acts of major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) which takes one out of the fold of Islaam, whether the one whose help is sought is a prophet or otherwise… read more here.

Do Awliyaa’ have authority over anyone?

Question: I hear and see with my own eyes, that people say that Awliyaa’ (pious people) have authority over people in worldly life and they also claim that they have forty forms; sometimes you see them in the form of a man, sometimes a snake, or a lion etc. They go to graveyards and sleep there, and then they set out at nightfall. People relate that they stand near them in sleep and tell them, “Go, you are cured.” Is such talk true or not?

Answer: Awliyaa’ have no authority over anyone; whatever Allaah has given them is merely the ordinary means given to all other humans. They do not have supernatural powers; they cannot take non-human forms, like snakes, lions, monkeys or other animals… read more here.

Performing Salaah behind and befriending an Imaam who seeks the help of other than Allaah

Question: Is it permissible for a man who lives among a community of people who invoke help from other than Allaah to perform Salaah (prayer) behind them (when they lead the congregational prayers)? Is it obligatory to disassociate oneself from them? Is what they are doing count as major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)? Is making allies of them judged the same as making allies of true Kaafirs (disbelievers)?

Answer: If the state of the people you are living among is as you described: they call upon other than Allaah for help, such as the dead, absent or unseen beings, trees, stones, stars, and the like, they are Mushriks (those who associate others with Allaah in worship) who are committing major Shirk that take them out of the Deen (religion) of Islaam… read more here.

Tawassul made in the month of Safar

Question 1: Attached is a copy of a Du‘aa’ (supplication) distributed by some immigrants to be said in Safar. The Du‘aa’ includes: “O Allaah! By the virtue of the status of Al-Hasan, his brother, grandfather, and father, spare us the evil on that day and what takes place on it, O All-Sufficient One! So Allaah will suffice you against them. And He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower. Allaah (Alone) is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer of affairs (for us) and there is neither might nor power except with Allaah, the Most High, the Most Great.

O Allaah! We ask You by Your Beautiful Names, Perfect Words, and the honor of Your Prophet, our leader Muhammad (peace be upon him), to protect us and save us from Your affliction, for You are the Only One Who wards off afflictions. O Reliever of distresses! Relieve our distress and remove from us the distresses which have been destined for us in this year, for You are Omnipotent over all things.” I hope Your Honor will examine this Du‘a’.

Answer: This is an innovated Du‘aa’ in terms of being specified to be said at a certain time.It also includes Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah by virtue of the status of…) by Al-Hasan, Al-Husayn, the honor of the Messenger (peace be upon him), and names which are given to Allaah although they are stated neither in the Qur’aan nor in the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet). It is not permissible to name Allaah (Glorified be He) except with what He has named Himself in His Book or revealed to His Messenger Muhammad (peace be upon him). Tawassul by people or by the virtue of their status in Du‘aa’ is a Bidd‘ah (innovation in religion), and every Bidd‘ah is misguidance and a means to Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). Accordingly, the circulation of this Du‘aa’ should be prevented in addition to getting rid of any of its copies. It seems that it is innovated by the Shiites… read more here.

Al-Tawassul al-Al-Bidd`ee (innovated means of Waseelah)

Question 333: What is the difference between al-Tawassul al-Shirkee (seeking to draw close to Allaah through polytheistic means) and al-Tawassul al-Bidd`ee (seeking to draw close to Allaah through heretic means)? May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: Al-Tawassul Al-Shirkee refers to the case when a supplicant draws near to whom he is supplicating by performing acts of worship such as sacrificing, vowing, seeking help, and supplicating just as they used to do in the Pre-Islaamic era. Allaah states, And they worship besides Allaah things that harm them not, nor profit them, and they say: These are our intercessors with Allaah. Another example is that of the acts of disbelief practiced by grave worshippers around shrines such as invoking the dead, offering sacrifices, and making vows to them.

As for Al-Tawassul Al-Bidd`ee, it refers to the case when a supplicant supplicates Allah through the status or the right of a prophet, a Waliy (pious person), or a righteous person without offering them any act of worship… read more here.

Saying: “We ask Allaah’s intercession with you!”

Question 338: I read an article by Mash`al Al-Sidiry entitled, “`Ala Al-Ta’ir Al-Maymun” in `Ukaz Newspaper, Issue no. 12320 on 16/2/1421 A.H. The writer quotes parts of a petition made by female students to His Excellency the President of Girls’ Education including: “We beseech You by Allaah, the Almighty, and the Qur’aan to be merciful to us…Etc.”

Your Eminence, what is the ruling on such a phrase? Is it included in the Hadeeth, “Do not intercede by Allaah for His creatures” mentioned by Imaam Muhammad ibn `Abdul-Wahhaab in his book, ”Al-Tawheed”. He also cited the Hadeeth narrated on the authority of Jubayr ibn Mut`im (may Allaah be pleased with him) and related by Aboo Daawood. Would you please – if the phrase is legally unacceptable -warn the newspaper and the writer against it.

Answer: Yes, the phrase: “We beseech You by Allaah” is like, “We seek Shafaa`ah (intercession) to you through Allaah, the Almighty.” The Prophet (peace be upon him) prohibited it and got angry when he heard it, for it is an offence against Allaah. It indicates that the intercessor is less in rank than the one before whom intercession is made. The person who said this phrase should repent to Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) and determine not to use such phrases that breach the `Aqeedah (Creed).... read more here.

Asking Allaah through the Prophet Muhammad’s Waseelah?

Question 337: Some people supplicate to Allaah by the Prophet (peace be upon him). Does this supplication conform to Islaamic `Aqeedah (creed)?

Answer: Supplicating to Allaah by His creatures is not permissible and is a prohibited form of Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah by virtue or the status of) and swearing by other than Allaah, because Allaah is not obliged to do anything. It is lawful for a Muslim to make Tawassul by His Names and Attributes, or one’s good deeds, such as belief in Allaah and His Messenger, dutifulness to parents and the like... read more here.

Tawassul through the messengers

Question 335: Some people say in their invocation, “O Allaah! We ask You by means of Your Messengers to heal, provide us with sustenance, etc.”, is this act permissible?

Answer: It is not permissible to use Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah) by virtue of the status of the prophets or other people. For example saying ‘I ask You by virtue of Your prophets’ is an oath by means of creation that Allaah should do something. It is a Bidd`ah (innovation in religion) and a means to Shirk. It is permissible for a Muslim to seek help by Allaah’s Names, Attributes, and belief in Him, and by virtue of their good deeds... read more here.

Al-Tawassul al-Shirkee (Shirk ways of Waseelah)

Question 334: What is the difference between al-Tawassul al-Shirkee (seeking to draw close to Allaah through polytheistic means) and al-Tawassul al-Bidd`ee (seeking to draw close to Allaah through heretic means)? May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: Al-Tawassul Al-Shirkee refers to the case when a supplicant draws near to whom he is supplicating by performing acts of worship such as sacrificing, vowing, seeking help, and supplicating just as they used to do in the Pre-Islaamic era. Allaah states, And they worship besides Allaah things that harm them not, nor profit them, and they say: These are our intercessors with Allaah. Another example is that of the acts of disbelief practiced by grave worshippers around shrines such as invoking the dead, offering sacrifices, and making vows to them.

As for Al-Tawassul Al-Bidd`ee, it refers to the case when a supplicant supplicates Allah through the status or the right of a prophet, a Waliy (pious person), or a righteous person without offering them any act of worship… read more here.

The reports that mention Aadam’s Tawassul through Muhammad (peace be upon him)

Question 332: How accurate is the claim that when Allaah sent Aadam (peace be upon him) out of Paradise, he invoked Allaah to forgive his sin by the honor of Muhammad,whose name is written in Paradise? The story states that when Aadam did so, Allaah forgave his sin. Adam supplicated to Allaah to allow him to see Muhammad (peace be upon him) and Allaah let him see the image of Muhammad (peace be upon him) on the nails of his thumbs whereby he rubbed his eyes. Thus, it has become a custom among some non-Arabs to kiss the nails of their thumbs and rub them against their eyes upon hearing the name of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Actually, we have never heard this before.

We ask Allaah to guide you to work for the good and the best interest of the Muslim Ummah. We ask Him to grant you success and guard you – indeed, He is All-Hearer and Responsive.

Answer: The reports that mention Aadam’s Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah) in the name of Muhammad (peace be upon them both) are baseless, and every action based on such reports are unfounded as well... read more here.

Her father severed ties with her due to her wearing Hijaab (veil)

Question 85:  What is the ruling on a father who breaks all contact with his daughter due to her wearing Hijaab (veil)?

Answer: If the case is as mentioned, her father’s reaction is not her fault and will not harm her. He should not do this as she is obeying Allaah. Thus, she must not obey him in this regard, because her act of wearing Hijaab is an act of obedience to Allaah. Moreover, abandoning Hijaab is a sin and no one is allowed to obey anyone in disobedience to the Creator. As for the father, he is sinful in his action. May Allaah guide him... read more here.

Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah) by virtue of some creatures

Question 84:  What is the ruling on a person who speaks words like, “In the name of or by the blessing of the Prophet, the shaykh, or the Qur’aan?” Is that person considered a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in worship) or not?

Answer: First: Tawassul (beseeching Allaah in the name of or by) the blessing of the Qur’aan is permissible and not considered Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship).

Second: Tawassul by the blessing of creatures, such as the Prophet (peace be upon him), is a condemned Bid‘ah (innovation in religion), because Tawassul is among the acts of worship that is Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion). Nothing has been authentically reported in the sanctified Sharee‘ah that permits this for creatures, in the name of their right, their honor, or their blessing. It is authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) stated: “Whoever does an action which is not in accordance with this matter of ours (Islaam), will have it rejected.”read more here.

Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah) by virtue of the blessings of the Qur’aan

Question 83:  What is the ruling on a person who speaks words like, “In the name of or by the blessing of the Prophet, the shaykh, or the Qur’aan?” Is that person considered a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in worship) or not?

Answer: First: Tawassul (beseeching Allaah in the name of or by) the blessing of the Qur’aan is permissible and not considered Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship).

Second: Tawassul by the blessing of creatures, such as the Prophet (peace be upon him), is a condemned Bid‘ah (innovation in religion), because Tawassul is among the acts of worship that is Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion). Nothing has been authentically reported in the sanctified Sharee‘ah that permits this for creatures, in the name of their right, their honor, or their blessing. It is authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) stated: “Whoever does an action which is not in accordance with this matter of ours (Islaam), will have it rejected.”read more here.

Tawassul (asking Allaah) through the Qur’aan and certain days (like ‘Arafah)

Question 82:  Can a person make Tawassul (beseech Allaah in the name of or by) through the Qur’aan and Islaamic sacred days, such as saying, “O Allaah! I ask you by the virtue of the Day of ‘Arafah” and so on?

Answer: It is permissible to make Tawassul by the Qur’aan, because it is the Speech of Allaah in word and meaning, and His Speech is one of His Attributes, so it is considered as beseeching Allaah by one of His Attributes, which does not contradict Tawheed (monotheism) or is a means to Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). As for Tawassul by a particular day, it is impermissible, because it is Tawassul by a creature, and accordingly is a means to Shirk. This is also violative of the guidelines of Sharee‘ah, such as the saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him): “Whoever does an action which is not in accordance with this matter of ours (Islaam), will have it rejected.” Narrated by Muslim in his Saheeh (authentic) Book of Hadeeth... read more here.

Invoking in the name of parent’s content

Question 81:  Some common people, upon rising from their seat, would prop themselves up on their hands and invoke, “Yaa Jaah Al-Nabee” or “Yaa Jaah Al-Rasool” (In the name of the Prophet’s or the Messenger’s honor, merit, virtue, status, etc.) , or “In the name of pleasing parents”.Scholars say that whoever utters such words is a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in worship), because he is placing an intermediary between Allaah and himself. They base their view on the Hadeeth of the Prophet (peace be upon him), saying, “If you ask, ask Allaah; and if you seek help, seek it from Allaah…”

Answer: Calling, “In the name of the Prophet’s or the Messenger’s honor and status” or “In the name of pleasing parents” when standing up, is a form of supplicating the Prophet or one’s parents for assistance, which is an act of Shirk Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah), we seek refuge in Allaah... read more here.

Calling in the name of the Prophet’s honor or parents’ pleasure when standing up

Question 80:  Some common people, upon rising from their seat, would prop themselves up on their hands and invoke, “Yaa Jaah Al-Nabee” or “Yaa Jaah Al-Rasool” (In the name of the Prophet’s or the Messenger’s honor, merit, virtue, status, etc.) , or “In the name of pleasing parents”.Scholars say that whoever utters such words is a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in worship), because he is placing an intermediary between Allaah and himself. They base their view on the Hadeeth of the Prophet (peace be upon him), saying, “If you ask, ask Allaah; and if you seek help, seek it from Allaah…”

Answer: Calling, “In the name of the Prophet’s or the Messenger’s honor and status” or “In the name of pleasing parents” when standing up, is a form of supplicating the Prophet or one’s parents for assistance, which is an act of Shirk Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah), we seek refuge in Allaah... read more here.

Supplicating to Allaah by the status of a prophet or a Walee’ (pious person)

Question 79: Beseeching Allaah (Tawassul) by virtue of one of His creatures. This is a confusing issue for the Ummah (nation), but most of the scholars approved it, including Imam Ahmad, the Imam of Ahl-ul-Sunnah (adherents to the Sunnah), Ibn Qudaamah , Al-Nawawee , Al-Shawkaanee , Ibn Hajar Al-`Asqalaanee , Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab and many other scholars. Did Shaykh Muhammad support this or not? Where does the truth lie regarding this issue with certified evidence to refute the claim that no one condemned this except Ibn Taymiyyah and Al-Albaanee; the only two scholars who prohibited Tawassul in the name of any of His creatures.

Answer: Beseeching in the name of a person, virtue, status or right of creatures, whether they are prophets or righteous people is a subject of controversy among the scholars. The scholarly opinion of the Jumhoor (dominant majority of scholars) is prohibition, which is the opinion held by the Shaykh of Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah and Shaykh Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab.

The Committee was asked a similar question to which they replied:

A Walee (pious person) is anyone who believes in Allaah and fears Him as He should be feared, and thus does what Allaah ordains and abstains from what Allaah has prohibited. The foremost of them are the messengers and the prophets (peace be upon them). Allaah states (what means): No doubt! Verily, the Awliyaa’ of Allaah [i.e. those who believe in the Oneness of Allaah and fear Allaah much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which he has forbidden), and love Allaah much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)], no fear shall come upon them nor shall they grieve. Those who believed (in the Oneness of Allaah – Islâmic Monotheism), and used to fear Allaah much (by abstaining from evil deeds and sins and by doing righteous deeds). (Soorah Yoonus, 10: 62-63)read more here.