Books free from Bid`ahs and warning against Bid`ah-tinged Tareeqah

Question: First: We live in a village called Baqur in Aboo Tij town, Asyut Governorate. We live in worry due to the innovation of new matters that are far from religion. We would like a decisive answer for the things that have been innovated to avoid indulging in them, to apply the principles of Islaam with deep insight and to reject Bid`ahs (innovations in religion). What are the books that point out these matters for us? May Allaah guide you and us to goodness and guidance!

Second:
We are young men who are keen to know our religion in spite of what we find of obstinacy and stubbornness of our fathers who have become busy with material life and neglect their religion. What are the recommended books that are free from Bid`ahs, and what are the means to help guide us to the truth? Moreover, our parents deprived us of our allowance due to our religious behavior. They do so because we deny their ignorance and innovation in religion. We would like you to give us a list of useful books so that we can buy some of them and worship Allaah with deep insight and knowledge. Are there weak and fabricated Ahaadeeth? How can we know these kinds of Ahaadeeth especially if they are circulated among some Imaams?

Third:
What is the reality of the Tareeqahs (Sufi orders) we have like Al-Shaadhooliyyah, Al-Ahmadiyyah, Al-Sa`diyyah, Al-Burhaaniyyah and the like? How can we refute their allegations? What books are considered to be decisive in this regard? Are they following the truth as they claim?

Fourth:
We find that some Imaams follow a juristic school that is different from others. Differences among them usually end in quarrel that leads some of the worshippers to give up prayer. We would like a decisive answer in this regard. Can we follow only one of these juristic schools? How can we bring about agreement between these juristic schools in order to restore order?

Fifth:
Some of them may insult the Qur’aan by interpreting some Aayaah (verses) according to their desires and whims in order to mislead people. They interpret, for example, Allaah’s saying in Soorah Al-‘Imraan: Those who remember Allaah (always, and in prayers) standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides as those who offer Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) while dancing and swaying to their left and right sides humming unknown words and saying: “Alla Hayy” and other things. Moreover, they permit birth control, women’s singing and praising the Messenger of Allaah by using musical instruments. We would like you to guide us to the truth in matters of our religion in order to refute the claims of those who innovate in matters of their religion.

Answer: Firstly: You did not mention the Bid’ahs you want to ask us about in order to answer you. We would like to bring to your attention a great rule concerning acts of worship. The basis of all acts of worship is that you should not do them unless there is evidence that denotes them. A person should not say that this worship is legal according to its origin, number, or manner except with legal proof for it.… read more here.

Using jinn and conjuring them by means of supplications and charms

Question 96: What is the phenomenon of conjuration, which is belief in the possibility of conjuring the spirit of a dead person through a medium? What is the attitude of Islam toward this phenomenon? Is it a true phenomenon? Please support your answer with Aayahs, Hadeeths or authentic narrations.

Answer: This phenomenon is the known practice of using a Jinn (creature created from fire) and conjuring it by means of invocations and charms practiced by a conjurer. It is a kind of charlatanry and witchcraft, which is Islaamically forbidden because it often involves Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), lying, pretension of knowing the Ghayb (the Unseen) and other evils. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: ‘And verily, there were men among mankind who took shelter with the males among the jinn, but they (jinn) increased them (mankind) in sin and transgression. He (Glorified be He) also says: O you assembly of jinn! Many did you mislead of men,” and their Awliyaa’ (friends and helpers) amongst men will say: “Our Lord! We benefited one from the other, but now we have reached our appointed term which You did appoint for us.” He will say: “The Fire be your dwelling-place, you will dwell therein forever, except as Allaah may will. Certainly your Lord is All-Wise, All-Knowing.” And thus We do make the Zaalimoon (polytheists and wrongdoerss) Awliyaa’ (supporters and helpers) of one another (in committing crimes), because of that which they used to earn. Al-Bukhaaree related in his Saheeh (authentic) Book of Hadeeth on the authority of Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: When Allaah decrees a matter in the heaven, the angels beat their wings in complete submission to His Words, making a sound like chains being dragged on a smooth rock; it (the order) includes them all: So much so that when fear is banished from their (angels’) hearts, they (angels) say: “What is it that your Lord has said?” They say: “The truth. And He is the Most High, the Most Great.” Then the stealthy listeners (devils) hear this, and these stealthy listeners are like this, one above the other (Soofyaan – a sub-narrator – demonstrated with his hand, holding it vertically with the fingers outspread). A stealthy listener hears a word which he conveys to that which is below him and the second conveys it to that which is below him, and so on until it is cast on the tongue of a wizard or foreteller. Sometimes a burning flame may strike him before he can convey it, and sometimes he may convey it before the flame strikes him. Then he (the wizard or foreteller) adds to that word a hundred lies. The people then say, ‘Did he (the wizard or foreteller) not tell that on such and such a day, such and such would happen?’ Thus, he is believed because of that word which was overheard from the heaven.... read more here.

Sufi Tariqahs and Charlatanism (piercing the body with skewers, eating glass, and stabbing with daggers)

Question 95: There are many followers of Sufi Tariqahs (orders) these days who perform questionable acts, such as hitting the sick with Al-Shish (a thin iron stick) to cure them, eating glass, and piercing themselves with daggers. What is the legal ruling on these acts, bearing in mind that they claim to be Allaah’s Awliyaa’ (pious people) and consider such acts as Karaamahs (extraordinary events performed by a pious people)?

Answer: These acts are charlatanry or magic, and are used as means to deceive people; they are therefore Haraam (prohibited). It is obligatory for those in authority, whether they are scholars or rulers, to renounce and put an end to these things. These odd activities are not Karaamahs produced by Allaah (Exalted be He) through his believing Awliyaa’ to honor them, nor are they indications of the righteousness of those who produce them. This is because the Awliyaa’ of Allaah are those who have Eemaan (Faith) and Taqwaa (fear of Allaah as He should be feared) and are known for their obedience to Allaah and His Messenger. As Allaah (Glorified be He) says: No doubt! Verily, the Awliyaa’ of Allaah [i.e. those who believe in the Oneness of Allaah and fear Allaah much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which he has forbidden), and love Allaah much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)], no fear shall come upon them nor shall they grieve. Those who believed (in the Oneness of Allaah – Islaamic Monotheism), and used to fear Allaah much (by abstaining from evil deeds and sins and by doing righteous deeds).... read more here.