Someone who recites the Qur’aan over the dead before and after burial, and does Talqeen to dead

Question: What is the ruling on a person who persists in committing Bid`ahs (innovations in religion) like reciting Qur’aan over the dead before and after burial, slaughtering a sheep to prepare food for the attendees of the funeral, reciting the supplication of Al-Qadiriyyah Order “O Allaah, for the sake of Ahmad’s honor, facilitate our mission!”, burning incense in their gatherings, reciting Tahleel (saying: “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah [There is no god except Allaah]”) while walking in the funeral procession. They also practice Talqeen to the dead (standing by their grave in an attempt to remind them to say: “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah”)? Consequently, Fitnah (hostile divisions) arises due to people’s rejection of the acts of Sunnah which contradict their desires.

Some scholars say that people who commit these Bidahs are disbelievers, as they do not abide by the Prophet's warning against Bidahs. Other scholars view that those people are sinners, but are not taken out of Islaam.

Answer: Bidahs are not all equal in evil. Some Bidahs represent sins that are lesser than Kufr (disbelief). For example reciting the Qur’aan over the dead before or after their burial and slaughtering a sheep to prepare food for the attendees of the funeral are Bidahs. Reciting Tahleel while walking in the funeral procession and Talqeen to the dead person at the grave are Bidahs… read more here.

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Doing Talqeen to the dead by standing at their graves

Question 1: I know that Talqeen to the dead (standing by their grave in an attempt to remind them to say: “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah”) is not permissible. However, a great number of scholars in our country permit doing so. They cite al-Shaafi`ee Madh-hab (School of Jurisprudence) as evidence. I referred to the book “Nayl al-Awtaar” by al-Shawkaanee who remained silent concerning this matter without any comment except his saying that this saying was regarded as permissible by some of the Shaafi`eeyah. What is the solution for this case?

Answer: The soundest opinion according to scholars is that Talqeen to the dead is not permissible. Moreover, it is a Bid’ah (innovation in religion) and every Bid’ah is a misguidance. What is reported by Al-Tabaraanee in his book called “al-Kabeer” on the authority of Sa`eed ibn ‘Abdullaah al-Awdee from Abu Umaamah (may Allaah be pleased with him) concerning Talqeen to the dead after burying him is also mentioned by al-Haythamee… read more here.