Can a Muslim’s ignorance of Creed be excused?

Question: In our country, the worship of graves is rampant;there are many advocates who claim that the worshippers of graves among Muslims will be excused for their ignorance. Therefore, there is nothing wrong with establishing marriage relationships with them, being led by them in congregational Salaah (Prayer). Briefly, they should be treated as Muslims. Moreover, these advocates denounce any one who describes grave worshippers as disbelievers and label them as innovators. They claim that your Eminence excuse grave worshippers for their ignorance and that you approve a memorandum prepared by a person called Al-Ghubashy, in which he seeks excuses for the grave worshippers due to their ignorance. Would you please send us a clear-cut statement showing the cases in which someone can be excused for their ignorance? Kindly, provide a list of some related references that can be consulted on this particular question. Many thanks for your efforts!

Answer: Excusing someone due to ignorance of some religious issues depends on the way he was informed, the clarity of the issue in question, and the varying levels of understanding… read more here.

Muslims should not judge with certainty that others will be dwellers of the Hell

Question: One of the educated Buddhist young women recently embraced Islaam after a comprehensive study that lasted for seven years. She is active in the field of Da`wah (calling to Islaam). She was one of the causes behind the conversion of some men and women to Islaam. In one of her rounds with some of the new converts to Islam for the sake of spreading and calling to Islam, she was asked by a Buddhist: “How can you say that non-Muslims will enter Hellfire when we do not know anything about Islaam until now. Will our fathers be in Hellfire? How is it their fault, if Muslims did not convey the true religion to them?” This sister in Islaam called us and wants a conclusive answer for the issue raised by this man who entered Islaam after that meeting.

Answer: Muslims do not say that non-Muslims will be in Hellfire unless they reject the message of Islaam and Qur’aan after it has been conveyed to them by the callers of Islam through their many languages. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Permissibility of calling one of the People of the Book a Kaafir

Question: Is it permissible for a Muslim to describe Christians or Jews as Kuffaar (disbelievers)?

Answer: Yes, it is permissible to call and describe Jews and Christiansas Kuffaar. We can do this as Allaah Himself does so, as He (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Ruling on describing the Jews and Christians as Kuffaar

Question: Is it permissible for a Muslim to describe Christians or Jews as Kuffaar (disbelievers)?

Answer: It is permissible for a Muslim to describe the Christians or Jews as Kuffaar based on the description they were given in the Qur’aan. Whoever ponders the related Qur’aanic Aayaat becomes aware of this fact. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Ruling on not regarding a disbeliever as a Kaafir

Question: We would like to know what the ruling is on a person who does not regard someone who is a disbeliever as a Kaafir (disbeliever).

Answer: It is obligatory to believe in the Kufr (disbelief) of anyone who is confirmed to be a Kaafir. The ruler is the one who should apply the Hadd (the prescribed penalty) for apostasy if they do not perform Tawbah (repentance)… read more here.

When is it permissible to declare a person as a Kaafir?

Question: When is it permissible to declare a person a Kaafir (disbeliever) and when is it impermissible? What type of Kufr (disbelief) is mentioned in Allaah’s statement, And whosoever does not judge by what Allaah has revealed, such are the Kaafiroon (i.e. disbelievers of a lesser degree as they do not act on Allaah’s Laws)?

Answer: You should explain to us the issues you find confusing in order to give you the ruling regarding declaring someone a disbeliever… read more here.

Declaring specified and unspecified people as Kuffaar

Question: Do religious scholars have the right to declare someone to be a Kaafir (disbeliever)?

Answer: It is permissible to describe unspecified people as Kaafir (disbelievers) based on their actions. Therefore, it is not wrong to describe any one who seeks help from people other than Allah for something which can only be sought from Him as Kaafir… read more here.

Committing acts of disbelief

Question: Is it permissible to declare a person as a Kaafir (disbeliever) before advising him regarding the blasphemous act he commits?

Answer: If such a sinful person has committed an act of Kufr (disbelief), his fellow should tell him that he has practiced an act of Kufr and advise him kindly… read more here.

Ruling on accusing a Muslim of Kufr

Question: A Muslim man said to his brother in Islaam: “You are a disbeliever,” though the accused person performs the five obligatory prayers and observes Sawm (fast). What is the ruling in this regard? Also, what is the remedy for continuous forgetfulness?

Answer: It is not permissible for a Muslim to accuse his brother in Islaam of disbelief, if he is not so. He should repent to Allaah and seek his forgiveness from this sin. Moreover, he has to ask the accused person to pardon him. The Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade this in many authentic ahaadeeth… read more here.

Ruling on the denial of a Muslim’s Eemaan

Question: What is the ruling on denying a Muslim’s Eemaan (Faith)?

Answer: This is not permissible, in fact it is Haraam (prohibited), because of what was narrated on the authority of Ibn `Umar (may Allaah be pleased with them both) who reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Ruling on Takfeer of a Muslim for committing a sin

Question: What is the ruling on Takfeer (declaring a Muslim as a disbeliever)? In Egypt, there is a group that declare Muslims as Kuffaar (disbelievers) for committing sins other than Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). Can committing minor or major sins render someone a Kaafir despite their declaration of the Shahaadah (Testimony of Faith)?

Answer: Major sins differ with respect to the gravity of the offence; some of them are Shirk and others are not. Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) do not declare Muslims to be Kuffaar if they commit sins other than Shirk, such as killing, drinking alcohol, Zinaa (sexual intercourse outside marriage), theft, consuming orphans’ property, slandering chaste Muslim women, and consuming Ribaa (usury), and other major sins. In these cases, the ruler should carry out the penalty prescribed for the sin they commit, such as Qisaas (just retaliation), Hadd (prescribed punishment), or Ta`zeer (discretionary punishment)… read more here.

The spouses accusing one another of being non-Muslim

Question 47: Once after breaking my fast in Ramadaan, I beat my son. When my wife asked me who did it, I lied to her and said someone else’s name. So she said to me, “By Allaah! You are a Jew or a Christian.” Then I said to her, “By Allaah! It is you who are a Jew or a Christian.” Since that moment, I have not spoken to her. I need your advice, may Allaah reward you and a blessed month to you.

Answer: You and your wife must perform Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) and ask Him for forgiveness. You should also forgive one another... read more here.

Can anyone call a Muslim a Kaafir if they witness them doing something that contradicts Islaam?

Question 407: Is it permissible for me to say to a person who commits an act contradictory to faith, O disbeliever?

Answer: Anyone who invalidates his faith and Islaam and decisive evidence is established against him but insists on his disbelief is considered a disbeliever. His case must be submitted to the legal court to issue a verdict... read more here.