Rules of Tahaarah and the manner of Salaah to be observed by a patient

Question 8: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets! The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ has examined the Fatwa request submitted to his Eminence, the General Muftee, from a sincere brother, and referred to the Committee from the General Secretariat of Council of Senior Scholars under no. 5431 dated 25/12/1414 A.H. The brother states in his message that he detected a lack of knowledge on the part of some patients in a hospital regarding how they should perform Salaah (Prayer) and Wudoo’ (ablution), especially the patients who are unable to move. His desire is to receive a detailed Fatwaa’ on the rulings of Tahaarah (ritual purification) and Salaah of a sick person.

Answer: After examining the information mentioned above, the Committee answered as follows:

First: Tahaarah observed by a sick person:

1. Like a healthy person, a patient has to perform Tahaarah with water to remove both major and minor impurity. A patient has to perform Wudoo’ to remove the state of minor Hadath (ritual impurity that necessitates ablution) and Ghusl (full ritual bath) to remove the state of major Hadath (ritual impurity that necessitates full bath)… read more here.

Doubting the state of Tahaarah (ritual purity) due to long period of such state

Question 99Does doubt count for anything in case of a person having Wudoo’ (ablution) yet is not sure whether or not he passed urine, feces or broke wind due to the long period he stayed ritually pure? Or should he overlook doubts, since the original state is purity unless he is certain of having invalidated his Wudoo’ and vice versa?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions! If a person performs Wudoo’ and then doubts whether or not he had invalidated Wudoo’, his doubts count for nothing and his Wudoo’ is still valid. If a person is ritually impure and then doubts whether or not he performed Wudoo’, he is still impure and the doubt is of no effect, because certainty cannot be removed by doubt and the ruling principle is that the original state remains in effect until the occurrence of that which overrules it is established... read more here.