Swearing by the Qur’aan and by other than Allaah

Question: Is it permissible to swear by the Qur’aan, or by other than Allaah?

Answer: It is permissible to swear by the Qur’aan, because it is the Speech of Allaah; and His Speech is one of His Attributes… read more here.

Swearing by graves, shrines and shaykhs

Question: Many people here in Sudan swear by shaykhs and shrines. This may also happen inside the Shar‘ee (Islaamic legal) courts, because when the judge asks the defendant to swear on the Qur’aan, they, without hesitation, make a false oath. However, if the judge asks them to swear by a shrine, they abstain from swearing and confess their guilt, believing that swearing by the shrine can cause harm, because in their view shrines can cause harm or benefit. What is the ruling on this act and is it permissible for a judge to ask someone to swear by a shaykh or a shrine?

One of the scholars even gave us a Fatwaa that it is permissible to swear by a shrine instead of the Qur’aan. He argued that it is permissible to do so to restore the right of a wronged person if necessity called for it. To what degree is this Fatwaa correct?

We hope that you will explain this with evidence, and may Allaah reward you for your efforts in helping Muslims.

Answer: It is Haraam (prohibited) to swear by a shrine or a shaykh. It is also unlawful for a judge to ask someone to swear by them, based on what is authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him), who said… read more here.

Swearing by a pious shaykh

Question: When there occurs a dispute between two people, some old men try to settle it down. If one of the disputers denies, he is to swear by one of the pious shaykhs. They take the Mus-haf (copy of the Qur’aan) and go to the grave. Some of the swearer’s relatives go with him to confirm the oath he takes. They believe that if that person does not tell the truth at the time he swears, he will be doomed.

Please inform us of the Sharee`ah ruling in this regard. It is also a common custom that if there arises a quarrel between people of one tribe, a person will reconcile between them. While making reconciliation, he orders one of the two parties to slaughter an animal and pay ten pounds until the other party becomes satisfied.

Answer: It is not permissible to swear by other than Allaah because many authentic pieces of evidence have been reported prohibiting it. Swearing by a pious shaykh falls under swearing by other than Allaah. Anyone in this habit should be advised and informed of its prohibition… read more here.

Swearing by Allaah and His Attributes

Question: Someone claims that it is permissible to swear by the Qur’aan. They do not mind swearing by the Mus-haf (copy of the Qur’aan). We advise them but they do not accept our advice. What is your opinion regarding this matter?

Answer: It is permissible to swear by Allaah, His Attributes, and the Qur’aan which is the Word of Allaah and one of His Attributes. Therefore, it is permissible to swear by it if someone intends by swearing the Words contained therein… read more here.

Salaah behind one who swears by other than Allaah and wears amulets

Question: Is it permissible to perform Salaah (prayer) behind a person who swears by anyone other than Allaah, wears amulets and follows a Sufi Shaykh?

Answer: Swearing by anyone other than Allaah may be an act of Al-Shirk Al-Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah) or Al-Shirk Al-Asghar (minor form of associating others in worship with Allaah) depending on the intention of the person who swears… read more here.

Taking an oath by other than Allaah

Question: The Secondary Postal Institute in Riyadh noticed the following statement: (the Scout Promise): “I promise on my honor to do my best to fulfill my duty towards Allaah, my Country, and the King; to help people at all times, and to obey the Scout Law.” This statement is written in the Scout Handbook, which is issued by the General Secretariat of the Arabian Scouts Association. We have attached a copy of the cover, the introduction, and the page (23) containing the statement mentioned above, in the hope that you will examine them and give us a legal opinion on the validity of this Scout Oath, so that we can either approve or amend it according to the legal ruling. I would like to take this opportunity to express our gratitude and appreciation for the efforts you exert to serve Islaam. May Allaah guide us all to the straight path!

Answer: Firstly, It is Haraam (prohibited) to swear by other than Allaah, such as swearing by one’s father or chief, or by the honor or glory of someone, or anything similar, for it is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Swearing by other than Allaah

Question: Is it permissible to swear by other than Allaah?

Answer: It is not permissible to swear by other than Allaah, for the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Jinn, hypnosis and swearing by people

Question: What is the Islaamic ruling on a person who seeks help from the Jinn (creatures created from fire) to learn the Ghayb (the unseen) by means of, for example, Darb Al-Mandal (Necromancy)?

What is the Islaamic ruling on hypnosis, through which the hypnotist has power over the hypnotized person and has the ability to influence them, make them abandon a forbidden act, cure them from a psychological illness, or make them carry out their orders?

What is the Islaamic ruling on saying “By so-and-so…”? Is it a type of an oath or not? Please, advise us!

Answer: Firstly, knowledge of the Ghayb is Allaah’s Province. None of His Creation, whether from among the Jinn or others, knows the Ghayb, except that which Allaah reveals to whom He wills from among His Angels or Messengers… read more here.

Is swearing by other than Allaah considered Shirk?

Question: What is the ruling on swearing by anyone or anything other than Allaah? Is it Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) or not?

Answer: Swearing by anyone or anything other than Allaah, whether it is an angel, a prophet, a walee (pious person) or any other creature, is forbidden. It is reported on the authority of Ibn `Umar (may Allaah be pleased with them both) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) found… read more here.

Swearing by one’s “honestly”

Question: A man wanted to purchase some goods from a merchant, so the latter gave him three different models to choose from. The man asked him to tell honestly which was the best, so the merchant said, “Honestly, this is the best one.” Neither of them intended by this to swear by honesty, they merely wanted to entrust each other with the duty of telling each other the truth. Is this considered Kufr (disbelief) and atheism?

Answer: If none of them intended by the word “honestly” swearing by other than Allaah, but just entrusting his Muslim brother with telling him the truth, there is nothing wrong with this at all. However, they should not have used this expression which in a literal sense means swearing by honesty… read more here.

Ruling on swearing by other than Allaah

Question: I had a discussion with a Muslim brother concerning the impermissibility of swearing by other than Allaah.

In this discussion I told him that based on what I have studied, swearing by other than Allaah is Shirk Asghar (minor form of associating others in worship with Allaah), as Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab explained it in his book: Al-Shirk Al-Asghar is to swear by other than Allaah, such as when a person says, ‘I have none except Allaah and you’, or ‘I put my trust in Allaah and you’ …Etc. However, he said: It is permissible to swear by the Qur’aan because it is one of Allaah’s Attributes. There are numerous opinions held by some practitioners of Ijtihaad (juristic effort to infer expert legal rulings) supporting his view. We would like the Committee to issue a Fatwa regarding this matter, for we know that they depend on the Saheeh Hadeeth (a Hadeeth that has been transmitted by people known for their uprightness and exactitude; free from eccentricity and blemish), may Allaah reward you!

Answer: As to swearing by any other than Allaah, such as saying: What Allaah wills and you will, I have none except Allaah and you and so on: if the people who make such oaths glorify in their hearts the creatures that they swear by the same as they glorify Allaah, this is Shirk Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah)… read more here.

What is the ruling on swearing by other than Allaah?

Question 309: Is it true that swearing by other than Allaah, using abstract things, is not considered Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), whereas swearing by concrete things is that which is considered Shirk?

Answer: Swearing by anything or anyone other than Allaah is an act of minor Shirk (associating other partners with Allaah that is not tantamount to taking a Muslim out of Islaam); based on the Hadeeth reported by Imaam Ahmad, ‘Aboo Daawood and Al-Tirmidee that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who swears by other than Allaah has committed Kufr or Shirk. If a person aims at glorifying the thing sworn by in the same way that Allaah is glorified, this is considered major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship that takes the Muslim out of Islaam), whether the thing sworn by is concrete or abstract; all this is not permissible... read more here.

Swearing by a shrine or a shaykh

Question 51: Many people here in Sudan swear by shaykhs and shrines. This may also happen inside the Shar‘ee (Islaamic legal) courts, because when the judge asks the defendant to swear on the Qur’aan, they, without hesitation, make a false oath. However, if the judge asks them to swear by a shrine, they abstain from swearing and confess their guilt, believing that swearing by the shrine can cause harm, because in their view shrines can cause harm or benefit. What is the ruling on this act and is it permissible for a judge to ask someone to swear by a shaykh or a shrine?

One of the scholars even gave us a Fatwaa that it is permissible to swear by a shrine instead of the Qur’aan. He argued that it is permissible to do so to restore the right of a wronged person if necessity called for it. To what degree is this Fatwaa correct?

We hope that you will explain this with evidence, and may Allaah reward you for your efforts in helping Muslims!

Answer: It is Haraam (prohibited) to swear by a shrine or a shaykh. It is also unlawful for a judge to ask someone to swear by them, based on what is authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him), who said… read more here.