Ruling on reciting Al-Faatihah for the dead and otherwise

Question: Some people may say, “Let’s recite Al-Faatihah for the soul of so-and-so!” or “Let’s recite Al-Faatihah for Allaah to make such-and-such work easy for us!” People then start reciting Al-Faatihah. Besides, a person may say, “Let’s recite Al-Faatihah” after he finishes reciting the Qur’aan. The listeners then start reciting Al-Faatihah. Also it is a habit of some people to recite Al-Faatihah as a betrothal ceremony. What is the ruling on all these deeds?

Answer: Reciting Al-Faatihah by the listeners after invoking Allaah, reciting the Qur’aan or as a betrothal ceremony is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion). None of these deeds is authentically reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or any of his Sahaabah (Companions) (may Allaah be pleased with them)… read more here.

Desirability of observing the Sharee`ah way of Thikr

Question: What is the ruling on saying any formula of Thikr (remembrance of Allaah) in a specific number of times? How can it be impermissible while there are the two following Hadeeth: If anyone invokes blessings on me once on Friday, Allaah will bless them ten times, and whoever invokes blessings on me ten times, Allaah will bless them one hundred times and Whoever says: ‘There is none worthy of worship (in truth) but Allaah. He is alone, Who has no partner. To Him belongs the sovereignty and to Him praise is due. He gives life and causes death and He is Potent over everything,’ a hundred times every day, they will get the reward of emancipating one thousand persons from the progeny of Ismaa`eel (Ishmael) ?

Answer: It is desirable to say the formulae of Thikr for a specific number of times, if this is stated in the Share`ah (Islaamic law). Regarding the formulae of Thikr for which there is no mention of a specific number of times, it is permissible to say them without being bound by a specific number. Accordingly, this permissibility does not contradict the authenticity of the Ahaadeeth mentioned above… read more here.

Repetition of the phrase: “Yaa Lateef”

Question: There is a group of people in our Masjid (mosque) who always repeat the phrase “Yaa Lateef” (O Most Kind and Gentle) 122 times after reciting Allaah’s Noble Names. Is this valid?

Answer: This is impermissible, because this has not been reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), who stated in an authentic Hadeeth… read more here.

Swaying while saying Dhikr

Question: Some people in Egypt and its rural areas say Thikr (remembrance of Allaah) collectively while swaying. Does this act have an origin in Islaam?

Answer: This act has no origin in Islaam. Rather, it is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion), which contradicts the Sharee`ah (Islaamic law)… read more here.

Ruling on reading the virtues of Shaykh Abdul-Qaadir

Question: What is the ruling concerning gathering one’s neighbours to read the virtues of Shaykh Abdul-Qaadir, believing that this leads to the love of Awliyaa (pious people), then offering a feast honoring the guests acting upon the Hadeeth which reads: “He who believes in Allaah and the Last Day should show hospitality to his guest.” What is the ruling on that? Is it Haraam (prohibited) or Makrooh (disliked) or Sunnah (a commendable act as done by the Prophet)?

Answer: Love of the Awliyaa’ of Allaah and honoring a guest are among the most outstanding virtues of Shari`ah and exhorted by the Qur’aan and the Sunnah… read more here.

Excessiveness of the Qaadiriyyah Order

Question: The questioner would like to be given a general idea about the Qaadiriyyah Tareeqah (Sufi order). He read one of the Qaadiriyyah books: “Al-Fiyudat Al-Rabbaaniyyah fi Al-Ma’athir wa Al-Awrad Al-Qaadiriyyah”, and saw a poem including some of the claims and feats performed by the shaykh of this Tareeqah. He asks if what is said in this poem is true or untrue.

The questioner sent the poem along with his question to ask for a general Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) on it.

Answer: The poem that was sent by the questioner shows that the one who wrote it was ignorant, as the things that he ascribes to himself are Kufr (disbelief) and misguidance. He claims that all the scholars’ knowledge has been derived from his knowledge and is part of him… read more here.

Ruling on the Wirds of Al-Teejaaniyyah, Al-Qaadiriyyah and others

Question: What is the ruling on the Wird (sayings recited with consistency) of the Teejaaniyyah, Qaadiriyyah and other Sufi Tareeqahs (orders)?

Answer: Their Wirds are full of the Bid`ah (rejected innovations in religion) and innovated Thikr (Remembrances of Allaah) like other Sufi orders. It is better for Muslims to take Wird for themselves… read more here.

 

Does the Shirk mentioned in the Aayah: “And do not marry Al-Mushrikaat till they believe” include those who follow some Tareeqahs such as Al-Teejaaniyyah

Question: Does the Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) mentioned in the Aayah (Qur’anic verse) And do not marry Al-Mushrikaat (idolatresses, etc.) till they believe (worship Allaah Alone). Include those who follow some Tareeqahs (Sufi orders) such as, Al-Tijaniyyah, Al-Qaadiriyyah, those who wear amulets containing Aayaat from the Qur’aan, and Muslims who follow idolatry traditions?

Answer: Shirk mentioned in this Aayah includes those who seek the help of jinn, the dead and the absent instead of Allaah and those who wear amulets containing anything other than the Qur’aan seeking its benefit and recovery from illness… read more here.

 

Ruling on the recitation of Al-Teejaaniyyah and Al-Qaadiriyyah and praying behind their followers

Question: What is the ruling on reciting the utterances said on a regular basis by Al-Teejaaniyyah and Al-Qaadiriyyah Tareeqahs (Sufi orders)? And what is the ruling on whoever recites them till death? Is it permissible to perform Salaah (Prayer) behind such a person and is it permissible to offer the funeral prayer for them after their death? Appreciate your guidance, may Allaah guide you.

Answer: The utterances said on a regular basis by Al-Teejaaniyyah and Al-Qaadiriyyah is full of superstitions and Bid`ahs (rejected innovation in religion) that lead to Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), such as seeking help from people other than Allaah and the kinds of Thikr that are not derived from the Qur’aan or the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)… read more here.

 

Ruling on the Imamate of a follower of Al-Teejaaniyyah and praying behind them

Question: In our village, there is an Imaam who follows Al-Teejaaniyyah Tareeqah (Sufi order). The followers of this Tareeqah receive the wird (sequence of devotional phrases to be repeated at certain times) from the Muqaddam (representative of the order). It is to be pronounced in a loud voice inside the Masjid (mosque) while sitting in a circle, in the middle of which there is a white cloth.

This wird is called Al-Hilaalah and it is repeated everyday after Fajr (morning) and Asr (afternoon) prayers. There is another wird called Al-Wazhifah, which is to be said afterAsr (afternoon) prayer on Friday. This wird ends by saying Al-hamdu lillah [All praise is due to Allaah] and other forms of Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah).

After preparing for the burial of one of its followers who has died, they put the deceased in the middle of a circle and recite Al-Wazheefah over them. They say while carrying them to the grave, “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah (there is no god but Allaah)” in a very loud voice.They place the deceased in the grave while saying Salaat-ul-Faatih (Remembrance from the Teejaaniyyah order). This Imam collects money from the poor and the rich people and gives them to the shaykh at his Zawiyah (Sufi lodge). He praises Shaykh Ahmad Al-Teejaanee with those who praise him by swaying and tottering.

In addition, he goes around the grave of Sidi Al-Hajj in Admasin and supplicates to him to fulfill people’s needs. He also gives Fadwat-ul-Ikhals, a type of redemption which is said to save its giver from sins on the Day of Resurrection. The Imams are entitled to grant it only to the followers of the Tareeqah. It usually costs 800 Algerian Dinar or more to obtain it. Is it permissible for such person to lead the Salaah? Is a congregational Salaah that he leads valid?

Answer: Al-Teejaaniyyah Order is one of the worst sects in terms of deviation and misguidance and propagation of Bid`ahs (innovations in religion) which are sanctioned neither by Allaah (Glorified be He) nor by His Messenger. It is not permissible to pray behind an Imam who follows this Tareeqah for Salaah behind him is invalid… read more here.

 

Ruling on abandoning the Masjid controlled by Al-Teejaaniyyah followers

Question: There is a village with a relatively large population. It has a spacious Masjid (mosque) where a group of righteous people offers the five congregational Salaahs, for it is the only Masjid in the village. Despite its being able to accommodate a large number of people, it is always vacant as not all villagers maintain the congregational Salaah there, except for few righteous people.

This dedicated group has seceded from the villagers and admonished them about their Bid`ah (innovation in religion), to say nothing of their differences and negligence in performing their religious obligations incompletely and incorrectly. These villagers adhere to the Teejaaniyyah Sufi order.

The small (righteous) group has decided to abandon congregational Salaah behind the Imaam of the village, who is not qualified to lead because he adheres to the villagers’ corrupt Teejaanee creed and encourages their well-known polytheistic gatherings wherein they go beyond the boundaries by deifying the Prophet (peace be upon him).

As a result, the new group decided to build a Masjid that is not far from the first one where they can teach their followers the principles of Tawheed (Oneness of Allaah), sound Aqeedah (creed), and warn them against Bidah and superstitions. Many young men among the Teejaanee have now joined the new group which the villagers accuse of being mavericks.

They claim that the new Masjid is “Masjid Diraar” (established by way of harm), even though the group has a Shaykh who graduated from Al-Zaytunah (University) and specialized in Malikee Fiqh (Malik’s School of Jurisprudence). What is the ruling on this newly established Masjid? Can it be branded as “Masjid Dirar”?

What is the ruling on resisting the Tijanee’s? What degree of Imaan (Faith) do they have? Is it permissible for a student of knowledge to try and rectify this deviant Teejaanee sect from within their Masjid, while keeping away from the other group that follows the Truth to avoid Fitnah (temptation/trial/sedition) resulting from the establishment of the new Masjid? Should a student of knowledge stand with the minority righteous party and leave the others?

Answer: First: If the situation is as mentioned – that is, the only Masjid in the village is controlled by followers of the Teejaaniyyah Sufi order who practice Bid`ah and superstitions, and that the righteous group has resisted their acts, but they have not responded; resulting in the righteous group leaving to establish a Masjid to offer prayers in …Etc. Then, this Masjid is not Diraar… read more here.

 

Ruling on praying behind an Imaam who adheres to Bid`ah and follows Al-Teejaaniyyah

Question: Scholars have expressed conflicting views on offering Salaah while being led by imaams who adhere to Bidah (rejected innovations in religion) or who follow Tareeqahs (Sufi orders), especially the followers of Al-Teejaaniyyah order. Perusing the treatise composed by ShaykhAbdul-Rahmaan Ibn Yoosuf Al-Ifriqee (may Allaah show mercy to him), who was later the chairman of Daarul-Hadeeth in Al-Madeenah Al-Munawwarah entitled “Al-Anwarul-Rahmaaniyyah fi Hidaayat Al-Firqah Al-Teejaaniyyah”, I came to know that the followers of this order, may Allah guide them to the right path, hold false beliefs. I also learnt that they are closer to Shirk and error than to faith, belief in the Qur’aan and following the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

Consequently, is it permissible to offer Salaah while being led by an Imam who is a follower of Al-Teejaaniyyah order? If your answer is in the negative, is a Muslim permitted to perform Salaah with his family at home when all the imaams of the Masjids (mosques) in his town adhere to Bidah? Furthermore,is it permissible to offer a second congregational Salaah in the same Masjid after the one that is led by the Imam who adheres to Bidah and the followers of Al-Teejaaniyyah order finishes? My concern is that this might lead to confusion and disunity among the Muslims.

Answer: Al-Teejaaniyyah Order is one of the most disbelieving and erroneous sects. Moreover, they are one of the most straying sects who innovate in religion things for which Allaah (Exalted be He) has given no permission… read more here.

Introducing Ahmad Al-Teejaanee, his Tareeqah, beliefs and the Sharee`ah ruling on his followers

Question: What is your opinion concerning Al-Teejaniyyah Tareeqah (Sufi order) and seeing the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in wakefulness?

Answer: Al-Teejaaniyyah is one of the most disbelieving, misguided and innovative Tareeqahs. The Permanent committee has been asked before regarding this Tareeqah, and wrote a research paper detailing a lot of their Bid`ahs (rejected innovation in religion) and falsehoods… read more here.

Ruling on reading poems after Khatmah

Question: I hope that your esteemed committee will read the poem submitted to you. This poem is a versified Du‘aa’ (supplication) and is recited after Khatmah (completing of one reading of the whole Qur’aan). I request for a Fatwaa regarding this issue, for I find no one in my country who can give me convincing proof. Would you please give your legal ruling on the permissibility of this Du‘a’?

Answer: First of all, it is not permissible to recite any poem after Khatmah. This applies to the poem in question as well as any other… read more here.

Ruling on saying the Wirds of Al-Qaadyaaniyyah and Al-Teejaaniyyah

Question: What is the ruling on Wirds (portions of Qur’aan recited with consistency) said on a regular basis by Walee’s and the pious such as those adopted by Al-Qaadyaaniyyah, Al-Teejaaniyyah and other Sufi orders? Is it permissible to recite such utterances regularly? What is the ruling on the Sufi Book entitled Dalaa’il Al-Khayraat?

Answer: First, The Qur’an and the Sunnah contain the permissible Athkaar (mentioning Allaah). Some scholars collected these Athkaar such as; Al-Nawawee in his book Al-Athkaar, Ibn Al-Sunnee in his book `Amal Al-Yawm Wal Laylah, and Ibn Al-Qayyim in his book Al-Waabil Al-Sayyib. The books of Sunnah contain specific chapters about supplications and you should refer to them… read more here.

Ruling on reading the Wird of Al-Teejaaniyyah and worshipping Allaah through it

Question: Is it permissible to read the Wird (portions of Qur’aan recited with consistency) of Al-Teejaaniyyah order on a regular basis and worshiping Allaah through it or not?

Answer: Al-Teejaaniyyah order is an abominable Bid`ah (innovation in religion) which contradicts the guidance and Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him). Some of these utterances lead to Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) and takes whoever believes in it out of Islaam, may Allaah protect us… read more here.

Ruling on the Wird of Al-Teejaaniyyah order

Question: What is the difference between the Muslims and Al-Ahmadiyyeen ?

Answer: The Islaamic Shareeah enjoins Muslims to perform Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) and encourages it greatly. The Shareeah explains that Thikr revives souls and relieves hearts. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: O you who believe! Remember Allaah with much remembrance. And glorify His Praises morning and afternoon [the early morning (Fajr) and ‘Asr prayers].Allaah also says: Those who believed (in the Oneness of Allaah – Islaamic Monotheism), and whose hearts find rest in the remembrance of Allaah: verily, in the remembrance of Allaah do hearts find rest.… read more here.

Ruling upon the Barelvi sect in Pakistan, and their false beliefs

Question: In Pakistan, there is an order known as the Barelvis or the order of Nawaree, as named after its current leader Nuwaaree. I ask Your Eminence about the ruling of Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) on this order, its beliefs and the validity of offering Salaah (Prayer) behind one of its members. May your answer relieve many confused hearts that are unaware of the truth! I again remind you of some of their common myths and beliefs, which are:

1- Believing that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is alive
2- Believing that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) knows the Ghayb (unseen) and is present, especially after the Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer
3- Believing that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) has the right of giving intercession in advance
4- Believing in the Awliyaa’ (pious people) and the dead at whose graves they offer Salah and ask for help
5- Building domes and lighting the graves
6- Repeating their famous supplication: O Muhammad, the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
7- Getting angry with anyone who says Ta’meen (saying: “Aameen” after reciting Soorah Al-Faatihah) aloud and raise their hands in Salaah and considering them as belonging to the Wahhabee order
8- Finding it extremely strange that people use Miswaak (tooth-cleansing stick) before offering Salaah
9- Kissing the fingers during Wudoo’ (ablution) and Athaan (call to Prayer) as well as after Salaah
10- Their Imaam always recites the following Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) after Salaah: Allaah sends His Salaah (Graces, Honours, Blessings, Mercy) on the Prophet (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم), and also His angels (ask Allaah to bless and forgive him). Consequently, the Ma’mums (persons being led by the Imaam in Prayer) invoke Allah to send peace upon the Prophet collectively and loudly.
11- Gathering in circles after the Jumu`ah Prayer and engaging in loud singing and praise
12- Serving many kinds of food, including desserts, inside the Masjid (mosque) after ending the recitation of the whole Glorious Qur’aan during Taraaweeh (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan)
13- Building Masaajid and being too preoccupied with decorating them in addition to writing on the Mihraab: O Muhammad
14- Considering themselves the followers of the Sunnah and true `Aqeedah (creed) and deeming those who do not follow their order as wrong
15- What is the ruling of Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) on offering Salaah behind the members of this order?

It is worth mentioning that I am a medical school student, living in Karachi near a Masjid subject to the supervision of the Barelvi order.

Answer: It is impermissible to offer Salaah behind an Imaam who adopts such beliefs. If the Ma’moom knows that the Imaam adopts these beliefs, then the Salaah of the former will not be valid. Most of these beliefs entail Kufr (disbelief) and Bid`ah (rejected innovations in religion)… read more here.

A Sufi Order called “Al-Ansaar” (Al-Mahdiyyah)

Question:  There is a Sufi Order called “Al-Ansaar” (the followers of Al-Mahdee) which is widespread in Western Sudan. The supporters of this order are millions of common people. Al-Mahdee said in his publications:

“The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to walk before my army and give me glad tidings of victory.” What is your opinion about these superstitions and deceit?

Answer: Firstly, The claim that this man is Al-Mahdee and that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to walk before his army and give him glad tidings of triumph is an open lie and contradiction to the Sharee`ah and the realities agreed upon among Muslims… read more here.

What is the Islaamic ruling regarding Freemasonry?

Question:  

a) What is the ruling on a man who bequeathed to be buried in a coffin?

b) A Muslim who was a Mason died. The Islaamic Funeral Prayer was observed for him followed by the rites of Freemasonry. What is the Islaamic ruling on this dead person and on those who performed these rites or allowed them to be performed?

c) What is Freemasonry? What is the Islaamic ruling regarding it?

Answer: a) Placing the deceased in a coffin was an unknown practice at the time of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or the time of the Sahaabah (the Companions of the Prophet – may Allaah be pleased with them). It is better for Muslims to follow the path of the Prophet and his Companions… read more here.

An abstract about the Druze doctrine (a secret sect of the Baatinee Qarmatians)

Question: All praise is due to Allaah and peace and blessings be upon His Prophet, upon his family and Companions.

To proceed:
The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ have studied the letter sent by His Excellency the Deputy-Interior Minister to his Eminence the General Chairman No. 2/5400 on 15/5/1397 A.H. The Committee also read the two brochures attached to his letter detailing two alleged debates:

The first was held between a durzi student who is studying in Al-Az-har and someone that he claimed to be the Grand Shaykh of Al-Azhar called Mustafaa Al-Raafi`ee. The second was held between a person who ascribed himself (according to the letter) to Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (those adhering to the Sunnah and the Muslim community) called Shaykh Al-Haq Al-Husaynee and a durzi professor called Abu Hasan Hany Zaydan. According to the request of His Excellency to study this letter, the response comes as follows:

Firstly: An abstract about the doctrine of the Druze which unveils their reality.

Secondly: A brief explanation about the two debates explaining their illusion and misconception.

First: An abstract about the Druze doctrine

Druze are a secret sect of the Baatinee Qarmatians who entertain camouflaging their religious convictions to deceive non-Durzi people. Sometimes, they pretend to be religious, ascetic, pious and show false religious jealousy. They also feign love of Raafidah, Sufism and Ahlul-Bayt (Members of the Prophet’s extended family). They claim that they are reformers who reconcile between people and gather them aiming to deceive them with regards to their religion. They continue doing so until they become strong and receive support from a ruler, they then show their reality, declare their dogmas and reveal their intentions.

At this time, they will be the callers to evil, corruption and a destructive means to religions, dogmas and ethics… read more here.

Al-Ismaa`eeliyyah and Agha Khani sects who live in many places and most of them live in the north of Pakistan

Question: What is the view of Sunni scholars regarding Al-Ismaa`eeliyyah and Agha Khani sects who live in many places and most of them live in the north of Pakistan. Following are some of their views that explain their doctrine.

1- The word of Faith: ‘I testify that there is no god but Allaah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, and `Alee, the Commander of Believers, is Allaah.’ The Ismaa`eelis and Agha khans say these words are the word of Shahaadat Al-Tawheed i.e. the testimony of belief in monotheism, and the true word of Islaam.

2- The Imaam: They believe that Agha Khan Shah Kareem is their Imaam (religious leader) who has dominion over everything; the earth, the heavens, and what is in and between them. They even believe he is the supreme ruler of the whole world.

3- The Sharee`ah: They do not believe in the truth of Islaamic Sharee`ah. In fact, they believe that Agha Khan is the embodiment and the true tongue of the Qur’aan. They also believe that he is the “Ka`bah” and “Al-Bayt-al-Ma’moor” (i.e. Allaah’s House in the seventh heaven) and the one to be followed and no one else. Their books say that the word “Allaah” mentioned in the Qur’aan is the apparent term used to refer to Imaam Agha Khan.

4- Salaah (Prayer): They do not believe that the Five Prayers are obligatory. Only three formulae of supplication are required instead.

5- The Masjid (mosque): They take a place of worship called Jamaa`at khanah instead of mosques.

6- Zakaah (obligatory charity): They deny that Zakaah is obligatory. They instead allocate 10% of their wealth to the Agha Khan calling it as “dushond” or “Mal-Al-Waajibat i.e. money for religious obligations”.

7- Sawm (Fast): They deny that it is obligatory to fast the month of Ramadaan.

8- They do not believe that Hajj is obligatory, rather they believe that their belief in Agha Khan is itself Hajj.

9- Salaam (Islaamic greeting): Instead of the Islaamic formula of greeting, they invented a special greeting. When one of them meets another, he says, “`Alee madad” (May `Alee help you!). The other replies, “Mawlaa `Alee madad” i.e., (`Alee is a sufficient master for help!) This is a brief note about their sayings and the `Aqaa-id (creeds) they adopt.

Now I would like to ask few questions:

1- Are the Ismaa`eelis considered a Muslim sect or a disbelieving one?

2- Is it permissible to offer Funeral Prayer for their dead people?

3- Is it permissible to bury them in the Muslims’ graves?

4- Is it permissible to intermarry with them?

5- Is the meat of their sacrificed animals lawful for Muslims?

6- Should they be treated like Muslims?

In the Name of Allaah, the Great, we ask you to answer our request for Fatwaa to dispel the doubts in many Muslims’ minds. In the past, the followers of this sect used to hide their false `Aqidah (creed), therefore the early Muslim shuyookh called them Al-Baatiniyyah (those who hide their real faith). Nowadays, they overtly call people to their false `Aqeedah (creed) to lead Muslims astray in matters related to `Aqeedah (creed) and for some other purposes we do not yet know.

Answer: First, The belief that Allaah is incarnated in `Alee or in any other being is sheer disbelief that excludes a person from Islaam. Likewise, the belief that any being other than Allaah (Glorified be He) can control the heavens and earth, is disbelief as well… read more here.

What is the Sharee`ah ruling on Al-Habriyyah Tareeqah?

Question: What is the Shari`ah ruling on the two Tareeqahs (Sufi orders) that are prevalent in Algeria called Al-Habriyyoon. They were named after their grand shaykh Al-Habree, who is beloved by them. They believe that they alone are on the right path while other Muslims are in error. Is this Tareeqah truthful?

Answer: The only sound and truthful order is that which was introduced by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and followed by his Companions. Thus, the one who follows his example will be on the right path… read more here.

Which books would you advise me to read to strengthen my Deen; and Ruling upon the Naqshabandi order in particular

Question: I am seeking knowledge and Eemaan (Faith) that may please Allaah and His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

Which Islaamic books would you advise me to read to strengthen me, especially nowadays when there are many books that contain doubtful matters and falsehoods about the Deen (religion)?

Secondly: What is the ruling, in your understanding, on the Sufi Tariqahs (orders) in general, and the Naqshabandiyyah order in particular?

Answer: Firstly, you should devote your attention to the Qur’aan, reciting it regularly and contemplating its meanings, as the Qur’aan is the root of all that is good. You should then attend to the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). We recommend the following books on Tawheed (Islaamic monotheism):

“Sharh Al-`Aqeedah Al-Tahaawiyyah”, “Tat-heer Al-I`tiqaad” by Al-San`aanee, “Al-Tawheed” by Ibn Khuzaymah, “Mukhtasar Al-Sawaa`iq Al-Mursalah” by Al-Mawsilee. “Kashf Al-Shubuhaat” and “Al-Tawheed” by Shaykh Muhammad ibn `Abdul-Wahhaab, “Al-`Aqeedah Al-Wasitiyyah” by Ibn Taymiyyah, along with its commentaries, and also his two books: “Al-Hamawiyyah” and “Al-Tadmooriyyah.”… read more here.

Ruling upon Al-Burhaamiyyah Tareeqah (of Sufism)

Question: We trust Your Eminence and have confidence in your Fatwaa; therefore, we wish that Your Eminence will read this book carefully and give us a legal opinion about it, bearing in mind that the book is distributed to a wide range of people who worship Allaah through the regularly said supplications and utterances of Thikr (remembrance of Allaah) cited in this book.

We want to know whether it is permissible to worship Allaah through what is cited in it or not?

Answer: It is impermissible to worship Allaah through what is cited in this book – i.e. Awraad Al-Burhaamiyyah Tareeqah (Invocations of Al-Burhaamiyyah Order). To clarify, it involves reciting the Qur’aan for the dead, or more correctly for specific dead people, more likely for the purpose of seeking their blessings, as in the openings dedicated to the so-called “Ahlul-Silsilah” (people of spiritual lineage)… read more here.

Muslim’s attitude towards innovated sects in Islaam

Question: There are at present many Muslim sects such as the Sufi orders of Al-Shadhooliyyah, Al-Ibraaheemiyyah, Al-Qaadyaaniyyah, etc. What is the Islaamic attitude towards these sects?

What is our attitude as Muslims towards these sects and the ideas promulgated by their followers which defame Islaam?

Answer: We accept their deeds that go in agreement with Allaah’s Book (the Qur’aan) and the Sunnah of His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and refuse their deeds that differ from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah… read more here.

Ruling on sitting with Sufi orders making Thikr while swaying

Question: Praise be to Allaah, I like to follow the example of the Messenger (peace be upon him) and the Salaf (the pious predecessors). I attended some Sufi sessions just to know what is happening there and I was astonished by the movements and the dances which are not in conformity with human reverence, shyness and dignity, to say the least. They interpret static things and focus their worship around torturing themselves by several means. Most of their worship depends on Thikr.

They frequently mention the names of the pious people and believe in them more than they believe in Allaah and His Messenger. They have some views, most of which attack the pious Salaf who adhere to the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

However, they have some views which are in conformity with the Sunnah as understood by the Salaf. I sat with them more than once trying to figure out the secrets of this world. Most of the people are of the first social class; professors, doctors, engineers, employees, ordinary people and a lot of youth.

Am I committing a sin by sitting with them despite what I have mentioned? I wish you could clarify the matter of Sufi Orders and their dogmas, specially now that they’ve became organized in bodies and organizations recognized by the state.

Answer: It is well known about all Sufi orders and sects that they mention Allaah through Bid`ah (innovation in religion). They mention, dance, sway and totter right and left, up and down. They call Allaah during their Thikr with names unlike the names He set for Himself or set by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) such as “Hee, Hee, Hee”, “Ah, Ah” or mention Him by name such as “Allaah, Allaah, Allaah, Allaah”. They call Him by “Mentioning by the heart” Naqshabandi Order does… read more here.

Ruling on offering salaah in a Masjid that has a Sufi Tariqah

Question: In the suburb where I live there is a Masjid (mosque) with a Zawiyah (corner, prayer room) reserved to a Tareeqah (Sufi order). Is it permissible to pray in it?

Answer: Do not pray with these Sufis in their Zawiyah, and beware of keeping company with them and mixing with them, lest you should be influenced by their acts… read more here.

Ruling on the so-called “Hizb Al-Amaan”, “Salaah Al-Nuqtah” and “Al-Salaah Al-Lahutiyyah”

Question: What is your opinion concerning these things written in the attached paper: “Hizb Al-Amaan”, “Raqam 2”, “Salaah Al-Nuqtah” and “Salaah Al-Lahutiyyah”?

Answer: What has been mentioned in the attached paper with your question; Hizb Al-Amaan, Salaah Al-Nuqtah, and the Salaah Al-Lahutiyyah etc. Are kinds of Sufi Bid`ah (innovations in religion) and doing them is not permissible… read more here.

Ruling on some Sufi orders such as Izaalaat Al-Bida` and Al-Qaadiriyyah

Question: A questioner states that there are three religious groups in his country, namely:

(1) The Group of Izaalaat Al-Bida` wa Iqaamat Al-Sunnah (Bid`ah Elimination and Sunnah Establishment),

(2) Sufi orders, and

(3) Al-Qadiriyyah (Sufi order).

He asks that you shed light on these three groups and clarify their position with respect to the Noble Qur’an and the honorable Sunnah of the Prophet.

Answer: First, whoever calls to (adherence to) Allaah’s Book (Exalted be He) and to what is authentically reported from the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), acts accordingly, denies whatsoever opposes them, tries to remove innovated acts of Bid`ah, cooperates with and befriends the people of Sunnah, refutes the people of Bid`ah, and rejects their innovations in Islaam with sure knowledge and upon clear proof, will be of Ahl Al-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (those adhering to the Sunnah and the Muslim community)… read more here.

The Bid`ah related to Sufi Thikr said in one voice while swaying

Question: Is the way of Thikr (remembrance of Allaah) prevailing now among the people of the Sufi orders right or wrong? Is it reported in the Sunnah? Supposing that it is reported in the Sunnah, what is the supporting evidence, because it is the cause of many conflicts among people?

Answer: Making Thikr by the Sufis in one voice while swaying is an act of Bid`ah. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said… read more here.

Ruling on delaying slaughtering the sacrificial animals three days after the `Eed

Question: I live near the Egyptian-Sudanese borders. There are many Sufi orders that have gone astray and led people astray there. Some people delay slaughtering their sacrificial animals three days after `Eid-ul-Ad-haa (the Festival of the Sacrifice), so the Sufi people may eat from them when they come to perform their empty rituals. People think by doing so they are doing something religious. Is their sacrifice valid? Or is it mere meat as stated in the Hadeeth?

Answer: Indeed, you told the truth about the deviation and innovations of the Sufi orders… read more here.

The Bid`ah of chanting Thikr in various ways after Salaah

Question: I came from North Africa to work here in the KSA. I ask Your Eminence to enlighten me. I am a Sufi; one of my shaykhs has ordered me to glorify Allaah after Subh and Maghrib prayers. The group of this shaykh form circles of Thikr (remembrance of Allaah) that begin after `Ishaa’ prayer.

In such circles they do the following: they start saying Allaah’s greatest Name, i.e. Allaah, prolonging and accenting it along with some other utterances of Thikr. Afterwards, we stand up on the rooftop and chant the word “Allaah” till its letters fade away to merely become “Ah Ah”. I, like some friends of mine, became charmed with it. People used to call us the Kittah party.

Kindly, guide me, is Thikr in such a manner correct that I may go on doing it or I had better abandon it? People claim that there is no mention of this Kittah in the Qur’aan or Sunnah.

Answer: It is impermissible to follow the way of the Shaykh you mentioned above or to glorify Allaah in such a manner, for this is one of the Bid‘ah (innovations) introduced into the religion… read more here.

Invoking Allaah in the single pronoun formula – “Yaa Hoo”

Question: Is it permissible to invoke Allaah saying “Yaa Hoo” i.e. referring to Allaah with He meaning: “He is Allaah”?

Answer: Single pronouns refer to the speaker, the addressee or the absent. They are not names of Allaah in the lingual or the Shar`ee meaning because He does not name Himself by it. So, invoking Him with them is nomination, calling and mentioning Him with anything other than His names which is not permissible… read more here.

The Bid`ah of holding banquets on birthdays celebrating the Prophet and righteous people

Question: In Tanzania we hold a banquet in a special location in our town where we gather and say: “This banquet is offered by the founder of Qaadiriyyah Tareeqah (Sufi order).”

Is this act regarded as Bid`ah (innovation in religion) or does it comply with the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him)? We do not visit the Masaajid (mosques), unless we make this banquet and recite the birth narrative of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Is there anything wrong with these practices?

Answer: No banquets were held for honoring any of the late righteous men during the lifetime of the Prophet (peace be upon him), the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet), or the Salaf (righteous predecessors… read more here.

Ruling on following some Sufi Tariqahs such as Al-Shaadhiliyyah

Question: Is there any harm if a Muslim follows the Tareeqah (Sufi order) ascribed to shaykh `Abd Al-Qaadir or Aboo Al-Hasan Al-Shaadhlee? Is it a Sunnah (a commendable act) or a Bid`ah (innovation in religion)?

Answer: It is narrated by ‘Aboo Daawood and other Compilers of the Sunan on the authority of Al-`Irbaad Ibn Saariyah who said… read more here.

Invalidity of the permission granted by a shaykh to his follower and claiming so

Question: Some Sufis say that the permission granted by one of their shuyookh to his disciple is done by saying: “O Follower, I permit you to recite in His remembrance ‘Laa Ilaaha Illaa Allaah’ (There is no deity except Allaah) 140 times reported through chains of transmission to the Prophet (peace be upon him), then to Jibreel (Gabriel) and then to Allaah (Exalted be He)”.

Is this saying valid or not? Is this permission authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) or is it an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion)?

Answer: Remembrance of Allaah (Praised be He) is to recite His Book and authentic remembrance formulas reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him); whether by Tasbeeh (Saying Subhaan Allah [Glory is due to Allaah]), Tahmeed (saying Al-Hamdullilaah [Praise is due to Allaah]), Takbeer (Saying Allaah Akbar [Allaah is Most Great]) or Tahleel (Saying La Ilaaha Illaa Allaah [There is no deity except Allaah]), as has been ordained by Allaah and recommended by His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)… read more here.

Falsity of claiming that Thikr is better than the obligatory Salaah and refuting it

Question: Some Sufis say that Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) is better than the obligatory Salaah. Allah says: …and the remembering (praising) of (you by) Allaah (in front of the angels) is greater Is Thikr of Allaah better than Salaah as they say?

Answer: Allaah orders us to offer Thikr. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: O you who believe! Remember Allaah with much remembrance. And glorify His Praises morning and afternoon [the early morning (Fajr) and ‘Asr prayers]. He (Exalted be He) points out that hearts receive tranquility and rest by remembering Him… read more here.

Is the dead body of a Walee (pious person) raised to heaven after his death?

Question: It is said that when a Walee (pious person) dies and is buried in a grave, the angels come to take his body out and raise it to heaven. Is this statement true?

Answer: No, it is not true. Rather, the soul is raised to heaven and its doors will be opened if the soul belongs to a believer… read more here.

Ruling on following Sufi Tariqahs spreading in our times

Question: What is the opinion of your Eminence on the current widespread Tareeqahs (Sufi orders) like Al-Naqshabandiyyah, Al-Qaadiriyyah. In our land in the Far Maghrib, Sufi orders like Al-Jilaniyyah Al-Tijaniyyah, Al-Harqawiyyah, Al-Wazzaniyyah, Al-Dilaaniyyah, Al-Nasiriyyah, Al-`Alawiyyah, Al-Kattaniyyah, and many others exist. They recite almost the same Wird (practice of repeating the Name of Allaah, and a set of invocations assigned to the Mureed by his shaykh or deputy as a liturgy of communion).

In the morning and evening Wird, they recite prayers of forgiveness a hundred times and invoke Allah’s peace and blessings upon the Prophet a hundred times using any formula of Thikr. They also recite ‘laa Ilaaha Illaa Alalah’ (there is no god in truth but Allaah) a hundred times. They perform Salaah (Prayer) on time as it is an essential requirement for reception of Wird. Some Scholars of Al-Ikhwaan Al-Muslimoon (the Muslim Brotherhood) say: “Any one who follows any of the Sufi orders is a Mubtadi’ (one who introduces a rejected innovation in religion) and a Mushrik (polytheist) as no Sufi orders existed during the time of the Prophet and his Sahaabah (Companions).

Please, give an elaborate answer on this issue, for ascribing people to polytheism is seriously dangerous; polytheists are denied Paradise and consigned to hell-fire.

Answer: The Shuyookh of Sufi Tareeqahs (orders) are well-known for their ascetic practices and devoutness. However, superstitions and Bid`ahs (innovations in religion) creep into their rituals and ceremonial practices like the Bid`ah of repeated mentioning of the proper Name of Allaah and His Attributes saying… read more here.

Islaam does not tolerate Sufi Tariqahs

Question: What is the Islaamic viewpoint on the existence of Tareeqahs (Sufi orders) like Al-Shaadhooliyyah and Al-Khalwatiyyah, etc.? If they are tolerated, what is the evidence in support of them? What is the meaning of Allaah’s saying: “And verily, this (i.e. Allaah’s Commandments mentioned in the above two Verses 151 and 152) is My Straight Path, so follow it, and follow not (other) paths, for they will separate you away from His Path. This He has ordained for you that you may become Al-Muttaqoon (the pious – see V.2:2).” ?

Also, what is the interpretation of His Saying: And upon Allaah is the responsibility to explain the Straight Path. But there are ways that turn aside (such as Paganism, Judaism and Christianity). And had He willed, He would have guided you all (mankind). What are the ways that turn aside?

What is the Straight Path of Allaah? What is the interpretation of the Saying of the Messenger (peace be upon him) in the Hadeeth narrated by Ibn Mas`ood: He (peace be upon him) drew a line and said: This is the way of guidance. Then, he (peace be upon him) drew other lines; on the right and the left and said: These are ways on each one of them there is a devil who calls to it. ?

Answer: The Tareeqah (Sufi orders) you mentioned are not recognized in Islaam nor are the likes of it. The only recognized way in Islaam is that mentioned in the two Aayaat (Qur’aanic Verses) and in the Hadeeth you mentioned. These orders find some repulsive implication in the Saying of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)… read more here.

Religion of Sufism: Pledges, Calling onto Husayn, Zaynab, Badawee, Awliyaa, the Messenger of Allaah

Question: The shaykhs of Sufi Tariqahs (orders) are found in some countries; they give pledges to their disciples, and those who take the pledge should never break it. They decide on nights for congregational Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) with specific names, such as: Allaah, Hayy (Ever-Living), Qayyoom (the One who sustains and protects everything), or Ah in the form of circles or lines, standing or sitting.

They sway to the right and left, and a group of them chant praising the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and the rest of the prophets and righteous people, usually accompanied with drums, tambourines and Mizmaar. Some of the attendees pay money known as Nuqtah. Sometimes, there are no tambourines, Mazaamir or Nuqtah.

The chanters say, “O, Sayyidunaa Al-Husayn! Help us!

O, Sayyidah Zaynab! Help us!

O, Badawee! Help us!

O, my grandfather, the Messenger of Allaah! Help us!

O, Awliyaa’ (pious people) of Allaah! Help us!”

Some people make a vow to sacrifice a sheep, pay money and so on to Badawee, Al-Husayn, Lady Zaynab or others. A ram might be slaughtered by the shrine of the shaykh whom the vow is made to and the money put in the box at the shrine.

Are such deeds permissible or prohibited? Please advise, may Allaah reward you of the best.

Answer: First, the Muslim men and women used to pledge allegiance to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) on accepting Islaam, whether `Aqeedah (Islaamic Creed), sayings or deeds. Allaah (Exalted be He) ordered them to obey him in everything he tells them of Qur’aan and Ahaadeeth authentically reported to him… read more here.

Sufis claiming to see the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) while awake

Question: Is it true that a person can see the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) while they are awake as claimed by the Sufis?

Answer: Though the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is dead, he is alive in his grave in the sense of the Barzakh life (period between death and the Resurrection). This life is known to none but Allaah alone… read more here.

Sufis claim that, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) knew the Qur’aan before it was revealed

Question: Did the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) know the Qur’aan before it was revealed upon him as alleged by Sufis?

Answer: The Qur’aan is the word of Allaah with its letters and meanings. The first thing revealed from the Qur’aan upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was ” Iqra’ ” (read). The Qur’aan was revealed in portions for about twenty three years… read more here.

What is the ruling on the dancing, singing, and swaying of Sufis during Thikr?

Question: What is the ruling on the dancing, singing, and swaying of Sufis during what they call circles of Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah)?

Answer: The best of speech is the Book of Allaah and the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). The most evil of things are those which have been newly invented in religion… read more here.

Having a television set in the house

Question 22: In our city, some people who are not scholars, but who mix with scholars and learn from them, deem the television to be unlawful. They say that by having a television set in the house, the husband, wife and children are as sinful as those who commit Zinaa (sexual intercourse outside marriage), Allaah forbid! Is having a television set at home and watching it Haraam (prohibited) or not?

Answer: Watching television becomes permissible when a Muslim is watching something lawful, such as Qur’aan recitation, religious talks, business reports and political news. It becomes impermissible when watching something unlawful, such as dissolute songs with evil lyrics, when men listen to women singers even if it is while performing decent songs and when watching men sway and dance while singing. In general, having a television set and watching it depends on the ruling on what is watched, whether lawful or unlawful... read more here.

What is the ruling on swaying while reciting the Qur’aan?

Question 125: What is the ruling on some people who sway from right to left and backwards and forwards while reciting the Qur’aan? Please advise, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: Swaying while reciting the Qur’aan is one of the habits that should be abandoned. It contradicts the etiquettes required when reciting the Qur’aan. When reciting or listening to the Qur’aan, a person should listen carefully and not play with things so that the listener and the reciter ponder over the meanings of the Qur’aan and their hearts be submissive to Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He)... read more here.

Repetition of the Name of Allaah: “Yaa Lateef”

Question 195: There is a group of people in our Masjid (mosque) who always repeat the phrase “Ya Lateef” (O Most Kind and Gentle) 122 times after reciting Allaah’s Noble Names. Is this valid?

Answer: This is not permissible, because this has not been reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him), who stated in an authentic Hadeeth: Whoever introduces any practice into this affair of ours that is not of it, it is to be rejected. And in another narration: Whoever performs an action not in accordance with our command, it is to be rejected.... read more here.

Those who loudly make thikr in groups while jumping and swaying from side to side

Question 194: What is the ruling on those who make thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) in unison and raise their voices while jumping and swaying from side to side?

Answer: It is not permissible to do this, for this way is Bidd`ah (innovation in religion). The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: He who innovates things in our affairs for which there is no valid (reason) (commits sin) and these are to be rejected.... read more here.

Swaying while saying thikr (Remembrance of Allaah)

Question 185: Some people in Egypt and its rural areas say thikr (remembrance of Allaah) collectively while swaying. Does this act have an origin in Islaam?

Answer: This act has no origin in Islaam. Rather, it is a Bidd`ah (innovation in religion), which contradicts the Sharee`ah (Islaamic law). Consequently, it should be rejected whenever possible. This is because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Whoever innovates something in our affairs, which is not in harmony with the principles of our religion, that thing is to be rejected. The Hadeeth is related by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim on the authority of `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her). There are other Saheeh Hadeeths (a Hadeeth that has been transmitted by people known for their uprightness and exactitude; free from eccentricity and blemish) supporting the same meaning... read more here.