Arranging the Soorahs (Qur’aanic “chapters”) according to the `Uthmaanee Mus-haf

Question 4: Please find attached a copy of Juz’ ‘Amma (the last 30th of the Qur’aan), with footnotes giving the meanings of difficult words. I noticed in it that the Soorahs are arranged in reverse order, starting with Soorah Al-Naas and ending with Soorah ‘Amma. Please advise if this order is permissible and whether the order of the Qur’aanic Soorahs is Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion) or not? May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: It is obligatory that the Soorahs should follow the same order as in the ‘Uthmaanee script of the Mus-haf (copy of the Qur’aan). Accordingly, the last Juz’ should start with Soorah ‘Amma (Al-Nabaa’) and end with Surah Al-Naas… read more here.

Naming the Soorahs of the Qur’aan (Qur’aanic “chapters”)

Question 3: Who was it who named the Soorahs (Qur’aanic chapters)? Was it the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him)?

A: We do not know of a text that was authentically reported from the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) about the naming of all the Soorahs. The names of some Surahs are reported in Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeths, such as Soorahs Al-Baqarah and Aal-‘Imraan… read more here.