Adhering to the Sunnah

Question: Recently, I have grown my beard, began to offer the obligatory Salaah (Prayer) and adhered to Sunnah. In our village, people consider those who adhere to Sunnah as extremists. When I try to convince them, they say, “Ruined are Al-Mutanatti‘oon (extremists, exaggerators)”. Who are the Mutanatti‘oon? Is adhering to the Sunnah a kind of extremism?

Answer: I thank Allaah (Exalted be He) that He has guided you to the Truth and I thank Him that He has helped you act according to it… read more here.

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Someone who denies some Ahaadeeth

Question: What is the ruling of Islaam on offering Salaah (prayer) behind an Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) who denies some of the Prophet’s Hadeeth such as the Hadeeth stating that magic was cast on the Prophet (peace be upon him) or the one prophesying the descent of Jesus Christ (peace be upon him) near the end of time?

Answer: The one who denies the Ahaadeeth authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him), such as the two Ahaadeeth referred to above, is a liar and may be judged either to be a Faasiq (someone openly and flagrantly violating Islaamic law) or a Kaafir (disbeliever), according to that person’s state… read more here.

Can a person who says “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah” be a disbeliever?

Question: Can a person be a disbeliever in spite of verbally saying: “Laa ilaahaa illaa Allaah” (There is no god in truth but Allaah)?

Answer: A person can be a disbeliever in the Sight of Allaah in spite of saying, “There is no god  in truth but Allaah”, as the hypocrites who say it only by tongue, but their hearts have not believed in it, such as ‘Abdullaah ibn Ubay ibn Salool and suchlike… read more here.

Dealing with someone who denies some Ahaadeeth

Question: What is the ruling on those who refute some of the Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeth related in the Two Saheeh Books of Hadeeth (Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim), such as the Hadeeth about the punishment and bliss in the grave, the Mi`raj (Ascension to Heaven), Sihr (sorcery), Shafaa`ah (intercession), and getting out of the Fire? What is the ruling on performing Salaah (Prayer) behind them and exchanging greetings with them or is it better to disassociate from them?

Answer: The scholars of Hadeeth should discuss the Riwaayah (the study of the text of a Hadith and how to apply it) and Diraayah (the study of the principles set to verify whether a Hadeeth is acceptable or not in terms of text and chain of narrators) of these Hadeeth with them to explain their authenticity and meanings… read more here.

Offering Salaah behind a beardless Imaam

Question: What is the ruling on offering Salaah (prayer) behind a clean-shaven Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) who also mocks bearded men and orders them to shave their beard off?

Answer: It is not permissible to mock a bearded man as he grows his beard in compliance with the command of the Prophet (peace be upon him) thereof. Moreover, the mocker should be advised and instructed… read more here.

Calling people to regularly observe Salaah

Question: Many of our colleagues do not offer Salaah (Prayer).Perhaps they used to offer Salaah regularly before leaving their homeland, but as soon as they indulged in the American life style, they abandoned Salaah and Sawm (Fast) and forgot Islaam. Some other colleagues and I advised them and called them to pray, but they did not respond. Are we absolved of liability before Allaah, especially that we live with them in the same accommodation?

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, you are free from liability and there is nothing wrong with living with them in case of necessity. You should keep advising them and call them to adhere to the Islaamic obligations with wisdom and good instruction, and debate with them in the best and most constructive way… read more here.

Some acts of Kufr take a person out of Islaam

Question: Some scholars consider a person who abandons Salaah (Prayer) as committing Kufr ‘Amalee (disbelief in actions), and Kufr ‘Amalee does not put one beyond the pale of Islam except in exceptional cases like cursing Allaah (Exalted be He) and similar acts. Is a person abandoning Salaah considered an exception? If so, why is he considered an exception?

Answer: Not all the types of Kufr ‘Amalee (disbelief in actions) do not put one beyond the pale of Islaam… read more here.

Kufr that takes a person out of Islaam

Question: They interpret Kufr (disbelief) that takes a person out of Islaam as denial only, whereas a person who abandons Salaah (prayer) out of negligence is not a denier of its obligation. Or is there another type of Kufr that takes a person out of Islaam without involving denial?

Answer: Confining the Kufr that takes a person out of Islaam to denial only is incorrect… read more here.

Is this man still judged to be a Muslim or outside the pale of Islaam?

Question: What is the opinion of the knowledgeable scholars on a man who contradicts decisive texts from the Qur’aan and authentic Hadeeth? Upon receiving advice and admonition, he says: “There is nothing wrong with what I do.” If he judges among people, he gives false judgments contradicting the Qur’aan and Hadeeth. This ruler rarely performs Salaah (Prayer) or Sawm (Fast). Moreover, he allies himself with disbelievers, wicked people and followers of corrupted creeds. He permits what has been forbidden by Allaah, like vowing to other than Allaah, drinking alcohol, dealing in Ribaa (usury/interest), taking bribes, dishonest and illegal transactions. He also mocks the religiously committed sincere scholars. He says that they are crazy people. Moreover, he seeks to be a ruler by rallying people around him, through lavish spending on them.People are inclined in his favor because he brings them benefits such as acquitting criminals, jailing their opponents and punishing innocent people. After winning, he makes illegal intercession with judges to acquit criminals and punish innocent people. He lavishes his money on evil things. People come to congratulate him, singing and beating drums. Is supporting or allying oneself with such a person permissible or prohibited in the purified Sharee‘ah? Is this man still judged to be a Muslim or outside the pale of Islaam? Guide us to the truth! May Allaah grant you the best reward in the everlasting abode. I am submitting this question to spread your answer on it all over Pakistan. Therefore, we beg for a speedy answer from your eminence.

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned, then the person in question who has such a character is a Kaafir (disbeliever), whose Kufr (disbelief) has cast him outside the pale of Islaam. It is unlawful to support or ally oneself with him… read more here.

Are Muslims to be excused for ignorantly performing acts of Kufr and Shirk?

Question: Is the person who ignorantly commits any act of Kufr (disbelief) or Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) considered a Kaafir (disbeliever)? Can they be excused because of their ignorance? Please, provide us with evidence.

Answer: A Mukallaf (person meeting the conditions to be held legally accountable for their actions) cannot be excused for worshipping other than Allaah, or offering sacrifices as a means of drawing closer to other than Allaah, or making a vow to other than Allaah, and other acts of worship that should be devoted to Allaah alone… read more here.

Telling jokes of blasphemous or dissolute content

Question: Some people speak words that are tantamount to Kufr (disbelief) or Fisq (flagrant violation of Islaamic law) and justify it by saying: “I am just joking.” Are such people pardoned for doing so, if they are only joking?

Answer: It is strictly prohibited to tell blasphemous or bawdy jokes. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Dealing with someone who abandons Salaah and Sawm

Question: A person who is a Muslim on both his mother’s and father’s side of the family, but refuses to pray or fast, and refrains from other acts of worship? Is it permissible to treat him like Muslims; to eat with him and so on?

Answer: If the state of this person is, as you mentioned; he refuses to pray, fast, or do other rituals of Islaam, he will be considered a Kaafir (disbeliever), which will put him beyond the pale of Islaam, according to the more correct of the two scholarly views. He should be asked to repent to Allaah for three days… read more here.

Helping Apostates to change their names

Question: I received a question from one of the employees in the identity card department stating that the people who newly embrace Islaam sometimes need to change their names especially if their meaning contradict Islaamic beliefs.It sometimes happens that some of them apostatize from Islaam. This requires the re-changing of their names again to the previous ones before Islaam. There are many Islaamic and non-Islaamic rulings that are dependent upon these changes like inheritance, marriage and personal status. Now, since the person asking this question works in the Civil Affairs Department, Identity Card Branch, will he be committing a sin if he changes the names of such persons? Does his work count as support to them in their Riddah (apostasy)? Moreover, he receives commands from his supervisors to do so. What is the ruling on this issue?

Answer: If you are aware that the person who wants to change his name is leaving Islaam and reverting to disbelief, you should not offer him any kind of help even though your supervisor orders you to do so… read more here.

Has the evidence of Allaah been established against the people of modern times?

Question: Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means): And We never punish until We have sent a Messenger (to give warning). Has Proof from Allaah been established against the people of the present time, leaving them no excuse for disbelief, or it still has not been established and scholars have to establish it?

Answer: If the Da‘wah (Call to Islaam) reaches anyone among the people living at this time, Proof from Allaah has been established against them (leaving them no excuse for disbelief and entailing punishment)… read more here.

Apostasy renders good deeds worthless if no repentance follows

Question: The year before last, I intended to perform Qiran Hajj (combining Hajj and ‘Umrah simultaneously). Once I reached Allaah’s Sacred House, I performed ‘Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) and Tawaaf-ul-Qudum (circumambulation around the Ka‘bah on arrival in Makkah) at the same time. I had never visited the Ka‘bah before then. A day after this, I performed ‘Umrah on behalf of my dead mother. Since I had a lot of time before leaving to Minaa on the Day of Tarwiyah (8th of Dhul-Hijjah), the people whom I stayed with advised me to start Tahalul (removal of the ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah) and I did. On going to Mina, I assumed the state of Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah) anew and offered two Rak‘ahs (units of Prayer) with the intention of Ihraam for Hajj only in Masjid (mosque of) Tan‘im. I then changed my intention from Qiran Hajj (combining Hajj and ‘Umrah simultaneously) to Tamattu‘ Hajj (combining Hajj and ‘Umrah with a break in between). Is there anything wrong with my Hajj even though I slaughtered a Hady (sacrificial animal offered by pilgrims)? Is the Umrah I performed on behalf of my mother valid or is it impermissible to perform two Umrahs during the same Hajj season? Does any sin a pilgrim may commit after Hajj nullify his Hajj, given that to err is human?

Answer: The Hajj you have offered is Tamattu‘ Hajj (combining Hajj and ‘Umrah with a break in between) and you did well when you removed the ritual state for ‘Umrah… read more here.

Abandoning Salaah and mocking Islaam or the Sunnah

Question: What is the ruling on a person who abandons Salaah (prayer), does not observe Sawm (fasting) during Ramadaan and makes a mockery of religious obligations and Sunnah such as growing a beard and shortening one’s garment (for men: to avoid the trailing of garment on the ground out of pride)? Please, clarify how to deal with such a person whether he is a brother, a father, or a friend?

Answer: The person who intentionally abandons Salaah may do so either out of negligence or out of denying its obligation. If he denies its obligation, he is a Kaafir (disbeliever) by scholarly consensus… read more here.

Censure of dissension and referring disputes to the Qur’aan and Sunnah

Censure of dissension and referring disputes to the Qur’aan and Sunnah:

7- In his second article, the writer, Shaykh Muhammad `Alee Al-Saaboonee censured the division of Muslims into Salafee’s, Ash`aree’s, Sufis, Maturidee’s, and so on. Well, this dispersion undoubtedly grieves every Muslim, and the Muslims should unite for the cause of truth and help one another in righteousness and piety. However, Allaah (Exalted be He) has predestined that for the Ummah due to great wisdom and commendable purposes, for which He (Exalted be He) is to be praised and the details of which are only known to Him. Among them is discrimination between His Awliyaa’ (pious servants) and His enemies, and between those who earnestly seek the truth and those who dissent and turn away from it and follow their own vain desires. This also implies an attestation that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is truly the Messenger of Allaah, as the Prophet (peace be upon him) informed Muslims of this separation before it took place. Indeed, it occurred just as he foretold. He (peace be upon him) said: ‘My Ummah (nation based on one creed) will split into seventy-three sects, all of which will be in Hellfire except one.’ They asked, ‘Who is that sect, O Messenger?’ He (peace be upon him) replied, ‘That is Al-Jamaa`ah (the true followers of the actions and creed of the Prophet and his Companions).’ According to another version, he (peace be upon him) replied: Those who follow the path which I and my Companions are on today. This obligates Muslims to gather for the cause of truth and refer every disputable matter to Allaah and His Messenger. Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Which should be memorized first: the Qur’aan or the Sunnah?

Question 21: I have memorized some of the Qur’aan and I wish to finish memorizing all of it, then move to memorize the Hadeeths of the Messenger (peace be upon him) which are recorded in the Two Saheeh (authentic) Books of Hadeeth (Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim). Is this a good way to do this or should I memorize both the Qur’aan and the Sunnah simultaneously?

Answer: Both ways are correct. Just choose the way which is easier for you and more suitable to your needs and the needs of those around you who are concerned with this matter… read more here.

Is it permissible to urinate while standing?

Question 10: Is it Halaal (lawful) or Haraam (prohibited) to urinate while standing?

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To commence: It is not Haraam to urinate while standing, but it is a Sunnah to urinate while sitting, as `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said, “If anyone tells you that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to urinate while standing up, do not believe him, for the Prophet always used to urinate while sitting”. Narrated by Al-Tirmidee who commented that this Hadeeth is the most authentic one in this regard, as this entails modesty and caution of being soiled with urine… read more here.

Recording the recitation of the Qur`aan on CD’s & tapes and selling them

Question 9: What is the ruling on preferring some Qur’aan reciters to others and recording the Qur’aan recitation on tapes and selling them?

Answer: It is permissible to prefer some Qur’aan reciters to others due to their excellent recitation and mastery of its rules. It is also permissible to record the recitation on tapes and sell them… read more here.

Did ‘Umar said, “If it is said that all the people will be admitted into Jannah except for one person…”?

Question 9: Is it true what was reported about `Umar ibn al-Khattaab (may Allaah be pleased with him) that he said, “If it is said that all the people will be admitted into Paradise except for one person, I would think that I am that person.”

Answer: As far as we know it was not authentically reported that `Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said these words. Saying so does not agree with the strong Eemaan (belief) that `Umar had, and his expectation of good and hope of his Lordread more here.

The Prophet’s (peace be upon him) life at his home and morals

Question 7: What was the life of the Prophet (peace be upon him) like at home? What were his manners?’

Answer: The manners of the Prophet (peace be upon him) were that of the Qur’aan as `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) described him, deriving her portrayal of his character from Allaah’s saying: “And Verily, you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) are on an exalted (standard of) character.” The Prophet (peace be upon him) dealt mildly and gently with his family… read more here.

What is the ruling on using sun heated water and solar heaters?

Question 6: Is using sun heated water and solar heaters permissible in Islaam?

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To commence: We do not know of any authentic evidence that prohibits the use of water heated by the sun… read more here.

Are the decisions of the Islamic Fiqh Academy considered to be Ijmaa’ (consensus of scholars)?

Question 6: Consensus of opinions is one of the basic sources of legislation in Islaam next only to the Glorious aand the Sunnah. Do the decisions of the Islaamic Fiqh Academy in Makkah Al-Mukarramah form a consensus of Muslim scholars?

A: All Praise is due to Allaah. May peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family, and Companions. To commence, the Islaamic Fiqh Academy does not form a consensus of opinion… read more here.

What is the ruling on performing Wudoo’ with leftover water from containers that has turned red?

Question 5: What is the ruling on performing ablution (wudoo’) with the red water leftover in containers?

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and companions. To commence: It is permissible to use this water, if what caused… read more here.

Is it permissible in these days to practice Ijtihaad (juristic effort to infer expert legal rulings)?

Question 5: Is it permissible in these days to practice Ijtihaad (juristic effort to infer expert legal rulings)?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To commence, practicing Ijtihaad is still opened before people of knowledge and belief who have deep insight and understanding for the Qur’aan, the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) and the sayings of those who preceded us from among the Companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and… read more here.

Can we offer the two supererogatory Rak`ahs of Fajr after sunrise or before Fajr Prayer?

Question 4: If a person sleeps until sunrise, should he pray the two supererogatory Rak`ahs (units of Prayer) before offering the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer?

Answer: If one is overpowered by sleep and could not wake up until after sunrise, he should perform Fajr (Dawn) Prayer when he wakes up and should offer the Sunnah (supererogatory) Salaah before Fajr. It is authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah… read more here.

Arranging the Soorahs (Qur’aanic “chapters”) according to the `Uthmaanee Mus-haf

Question 4: Please find attached a copy of Juz’ ‘Amma (the last 30th of the Qur’aan), with footnotes giving the meanings of difficult words. I noticed in it that the Soorahs are arranged in reverse order, starting with Soorah Al-Naas and ending with Soorah ‘Amma. Please advise if this order is permissible and whether the order of the Qur’aanic Soorahs is Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion) or not? May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: It is obligatory that the Soorahs should follow the same order as in the ‘Uthmaanee script of the Mus-haf (copy of the Qur’aan). Accordingly, the last Juz’ should start with Soorah ‘Amma (Al-Nabaa’) and end with Surah Al-Naas… read more here.

Regarding a person who denies the punishment in the grave?

Question 4: What about a person who denies the punishment in the grave, because the reports in this regard are Hadith-ul-Ahad (Hadiths which at some point in the chain have only a single narrator) which -they hold- can never be taken as basis for beliefs? They do not judge reports in terms of authenticity, acceptability, and weakness, but in terms of the numerous chains of transmission; whether it is a singular report or recurrently reported at each generation of narrators. Upon finding out that a certain report is singular, they reject it. How does one respond to this?

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone. Peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family, and Companions. To commence, if a singular report is authentically reported from Allaah’s Messenger (peace be upon him), it is a credited proof according to the consensus of Ahl-al-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (those adhering to the Sunnah and the Muslim community), whether on issues of worship or creed… read more here.

Is ‘Sunnah’ a Revelation from Allaah?

Question 3: Is Sunnah part of Wahy (Revelation) or not?

Answer: Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) is Wahy from Allaah (Exalted be He) to His Messenger (peace be upon him) but in the wording of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him). It is authentically… read more here.

What is the difference between Sunnah and Fard?

Question 1: People in our country differentiate between Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet) and Fard (obligatory). They say that Allaah’s punishment takes place only when someone leaves the acts that are relevant to Fard or stressed Sunnah. However, I believe that anything which Muhammad (peace be upon him) has done or clarified to his Ummah is an obligation. Accordingly, those who do not do this are considered to be hateful of what Muhammad has come with. Growing the beard for example, has been ordained by Muhammad (peace be upon him), is it authentically proven that he shaved it? Does shaving it imply a sign of hatred to what Muhammad (peace be upon him) has come with? Does whoever does this fall under the same Aayah?

Answer: All Praise be to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To proceed: Obligation is what a person is rewarded for doing and punished for abandoning. Sunnah or (the desirable acts) is what a person is rewarded for doing… read more here.

What are the categories of the Sunnah?

Question 2: How many categories of Sunnah are there?

Answer: Sunnah can be classified into three categories:(1) verbal sayings, (2) actions, (3) or approvals made by the Prophet (peace be upon him)… read more here.

Slaughtering sacrifices at the Shrines of Awliya’ (pious people)

Question 30: Some people have developed an annual tradition on the Day of ‘Aashoora’ (10th of Muharram) of slaughtering over forty sheep and ewes and over ten cows at the shrines of the so-called Awliya’ (pious people). Some ignorant Muslims, who have poor knowledge of the Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law), would gather there and recite the Qur’aan by these graves, claiming that they recite the Qur’aan as a supplication for the dead. They then eat the sacrificed animals. We ask Your Eminence to clarify the legal opinion on this issue supported by proofs from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah.

Answer: First, What you have mentioned in regard to slaughtering sacrifices at the shrines of Awliya’ is considered Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). Anyone who does so is cursed. This is because… read more here.

Vowing to the Shrines of “Shaykhs”

Question 26: I am a secondary school student, and since my tender age I have seen my family in Sudan flocking to the shrines of shaykhs to rub them, seeking their blessings, and make vows by them. I have denounced such scenes within myself, but I could not declare it, because in their view I am considered a Kaafir (disbeliever) and that they can poison me, and definitely can do me harm. For they claim that these people have Karaamahs (extraordinary events performed at the hands of pious people) as they are Awliya’ (pious people), and that most of them claimed to have seen Allaah. I used to resent this inside me, until I came to know some people from Ansar Al-Sunnah Al-Muhamadiyyah; they showed me that these people’s claims are only delusions and Shirk. They also taught me that these people are followers of Bid‘ah (innovation in religion) and that every Bid‘ah is a going astray that leads to the Fire. I also came across some books of theirs on Tawheed (Monotheism), written by Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab. However, I cannot afford to get them due to my straitened circumstances, so I just borrow them and return them after a short while.

I hope that you, as a father and a Daa‘ee (caller) to the truth, will explain to me in a personal letter, your opinion on this group and send me some books, if possible, to enlighten me. And Allaah is the Knower of intentions.

Answer: Making vows by the shrines of shaykhs is Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), because making vows is an act of ‘Ibaadah (worship), and so dedicating a vow to other than Allaah… read more here.

Beseeching anyone other than Allaah for help, for sickness, rain Or to prolong one’s life

Question 20: Two groups holding opposing views: the first group maintains that seeking help from prophets and Awliya’ (pious people) constitutes Kufr (disbelief) and Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship); they give evidence from Qur’aan and Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) in support of their view. The second group maintains that seeking help from prophets and Awliya’ is permissible because they are the chosen, sincere Servants of Allaah (Exalted be He). Which of the two is correct?

Answer: Asking anyone other than Allaah for help, to bring healing, to make it rain, to prolong one’s life, or similar requests that lie in the Power of Allaah Alone is a form of major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship that takes a Muslim out of Islaam). Likewise… read more here.