Seeking the help of and supplicating to the deceased besides Allaah

Question: The Imaam of a Masjid (mosque) in one of the villages in Egypt where we live is a Sufi who follows Al-Shadhuliyyah Tareeqah (Sufi order). This man teaches people to seek to draw close to Allaah (Tawassul) by means of the creatures of Allaah, such as the prophets and the Awliyaa’ (pious people), and he urges them to visit shrines. He tells them it is lawful to swear by the Prophet and the Awliyaa’, and to make Kaffaarah (expiation) if they break an oath made in their name. Our group, which is one of the Islaamic groups, debated with him over the errors he is committing and teaching to the people, but he remained adamant, citing Da‘eef (weak) and Mawdoo‘ (fabricated) Hadeeths to defend his opinion. Is it permissible to pray behind such a man (when he leads congregational prayers) given we have not yet finished building a Masjid? We have only collected some donations for it, so we still have not built it. We would like to know your Fatwaa concerning this issue.

May Allaah grant us all success. In addition, he declared the great scholars of Islaam, such as the Shaykh of Islaam Ahmad ibn Taymiyyah and Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab (may Allaah be pleased and merciful to them) as disbelievers.

Answer: Seeking the help of the dead and calling upon them instead of or along with Allaah are considered acts of major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) which takes one out of the fold of Islaam, whether the one whose help is sought is a prophet or otherwise… read more here.

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Continue repeating the Name of Allaah by placing a piece of cloth and people gathering around it

Question 442: In some Masjids (mosques) here, people gather and continue repeating Allaah’s Name around a piece of white cloth. What is the importance of the white cloth in Islaam?

Answer: Placing a piece of cloth in the Masjid and gathering around it to repeat the Name of Allaah is a misleading act of Bidd`ah (innovation in religion) undertaken by some Sufis who deviate from the course of the Messenger (peace be upon him). Therefore, it is not permissible to do orattend. This should also be prohibited and disavowed. Masjids should be protected from such acts of Bid`ah... read more here.

Does Sufism pose a danger to Islaam?

Question 441: What is Sufism? Does it pose a danger to one’s Islaam? What is the ruling on keeping company with Sufis?

Answer: In general, Sufism as it exists at the present time refers to a misguided group, which adopts a Manhaj (methodology) in `Ibaadah (worship) that opposes the Sunnah. The followers of Sufism receive their teachings from their leaders and shaykhs of Tareeqah (Sufi order) whom they believe can bring benefit and cause harm besides Allaah. Therefore, it is not permissible to keep company with or befriend them except to call them to Allaah and help them to correctly understand the Sunnah... read more here.

Giving the title of “Qutb” and “Ghawth” to some Awliyaa’ (pious people)

Question 440: What is the ruling on giving the title of Qutb (Sufi title denoting a “Perfect Master”) or Ghawth (Source of Succor) to some Awliyaa’ (pious people)? Is this permissible?

Answer: The two titles Qutb and Ghawth do not have any basis in Allaah’s Purified Shar` (Law). These terms are invented by some extremist Sufis. Accordingly, giving these titles to some Awliyaa’ (pious people) is not permissible. Some misguided people understand such terms to mean that such a Qutb or Ghawth can run the affairs of the universe and fulfill people’s needs. This is Kufr (disbelief) that contradicts Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah/ monotheism) because Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) revealed the Scriptures, and sent the Messengers to worship Him Alone without partners or associates. He (Exalted be He) commanded all creatures to resort and supplicate to Him Alone to bestow upon them all good and ward off harm. Allaah (Exalted be He) says... read more here.

Ruling on the pledge that we make to the shaykh of a Tareeqah (Sufi order)?

Question 439: What is the ruling of Islaam on the pledge that we make to the shaykh of a Tareeqah (Sufi order)? Will we be considered disobeying the Qur’aan and the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) if we break it?

Answer: It is not permissible to make a pledge of allegiance to anyone except to a Muslim ruler. It is not permissible to make it to the shaykh of a Sufi order or any other person, for this has not been authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him). Every Muslim should worship Allaah according to the way He prescribed without committing oneself to a certain person, for this is the attitude of the Christians toward their priests and bishops, a thing that does not exist in Islaam... read more here.