Should the person who loses consciousness for a long period make up for Salaah and Sawm they have missed?

Question 7: I have a thirty year old daughter who is a mother. She has been suffering from a mental disorder for fourteen years now. In the past, this disorder used to afflict her during irregular intervals. This time her mental disorder has lasted for three months. Accordingly, she cannot perform Wudoo’ (ablution) or Salaah (prayer) unless there is someone to guide her about how to perform prayers and the number of Rak`ahs (units of Prayer). Now, after the advent of the blessed month of Ramadaan, she only fasted one day and didn’t fast the rest of the month. Please, guide us regarding the obligatory duties on her and on me, as I am the one responsible for her. May Allaah reward you.

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, she is not obliged to fast, pray, or even make up for them, and all you have to do is to take good care of her as you are the one responsible for her. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here

If a person oversleeps until sunrise and does not perform Fajr Prayer, how can they perform Salaah?

Question 3: Allaah has guided me to obey Him. I offer the daily prayers on time except for Fajr (Dawn). Sometimes I get up late after sunrise. Is my Fajr Prayer offered at that time valid? How can a Muslim make up for the Salaah they missed like `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer? Will they make up for it at the time of the Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer or delay it until the next `Asr Prayer?

Answer: The Salaah you miss due to sleep or forgetfulness should be offered the moment you wake up or the moment you remember. It does not matter if you wake up or remember it after sunrise. This is based on the Hadeeth in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read  more here.

What is the preponderant opinion on the issue of water?

Question 1: What is the preponderant opinion on the issue of water? Please clarify the issue in detail.

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To commence:

The basic ruling on water is that it is Taahir (ritually pure). If its color, taste, or odor changes due to being mixed with a Najaasah (ritual impurity), it will be considered to be Najis (ritually impure), whether the amount is small or large. However, if the Najaasah does not alter it, it will be considered as Taahir… read more here.

Invoking others such as Awliya’ (“pious people”) and “righteous people” instead of Allaah

Question 9: There is a righteous person or so we call him who lives at my residence.He is still alive and people honor him greatly. He has yearly banquets prepared by the rich men of the tribes for him. One person may come and say: ‘O sir, you will have dinner with me’ as a matter of blessing. Another says: ‘O sir, you will have lunch with me.’ As for the banquet, they slaughter one or two animals. About fifty or sixty people gather at the banquet and recite formulae of thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) in the nightly banquet. The cost of the banquet may be around one hundred pounds. When the pious man leaves, the owner of the banquet follows him and gives him from twenty to fifty pounds. This happens every year by the well-to-do people. He knows that people make Du‘aa (supplication) to Allaah by means of his position or honor in his absence.

For example, when a person who thinks highly of this man’s piety, falls into distress, he says: ‘O sir so and so, by your position and dignity with Allaah, relieve my distress, whether it be sickness, fear of a road, or darkness at night, etc. After Du’aa, the person says: ‘I will give you five pounds when you cure my sickness or relieve my fear.’ All this happens in the absence of this righteous man. On meeting the righteous man, a person says: ‘Here is one pound.’ Thereupon, the pious man says: ‘Give me the five pounds you mentioned in your distress.’ The distressed person wonders as this has happened in the absence of this man. Does this indicate the righteousness of this man? Or is it a fortuneteller’s act, which is forbidden? We hope you explain this matter and identify its essence; is it an act of righteousness, or a forbidden act?

Answer: Firstly, Making Du’aa to others instead of Allaah such as Awliya’ (pious people) to remove harm, cure the sick, or secure a road is Shirk Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah) that takes its doer away from the realm of Islaam. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.