Question: What is the distance of travel in kilometers that warrants breaking Sawm (Fast)? What if a traveler observes Sawm?
Answer: Some scholars maintain that one is allowed to shorten a a four-Rak`ah Salaah (Prayer consisting of four units) and break Sawm during the daytime in Ramadaan in any travel in the literal sense, i.e. whether the distance is long or short. However, the majority of scholars stipulate a distance of about 80 km… read more here.
Question: Two traveling spouses availing themselves of the Rukhsah (concession) allowing travelers not to observe Sawm (Fast) and to shorten Salaah (Prayer); what is the ruling on their having sexual intercourse during the daytime in Ramadaan?
Answer: Travelers are allowed to refrain from Sawm during the daytime in Ramadaan, but they should make up for it later, because Allaah (Exalted be He) says: …and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Sawm (fasts) must be made up] from other days. Accordingly, it is permissible for them to eat, drink, and have sexual intercourse as long as they are traveling… read more here.
Question: What are the rulings related to Salaah (Prayer) and Sawm (Fast) during travel? Which is better: offering Salaah in full and observing Sawm, or making use of the Rukhsah (concession), i.e. shortening Salaah and breaking Sawm? Please, bear in mind that long-distance travel at the present time neither takes much time nor causes hardship.
Answer: It is permissible for a traveler during Ramadaan to break Sawm and shorten the four-Rak`ah Salaahs (Prayers consisting of four units), which is the better course of action than Sawm and offering complete number of Rak`ahs. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Allaah loves that His Concessions be availed of, just as He loves that His Commands be abided by. The Prophet (peace be upon him) also said… read more here.
Question: Is it permissible for Muslims who are living in a non-Muslim country to form a committee to confirm the sighting of the new moon of Ramadaan, Shawwaal, and Dul-Hijjah?
Answer: It is permissible for Muslims living in non-Muslim countries to form a committee consisting of Muslim members to take on the responsibility of confirming the sighting of the new moon of Ramadaan, Shawwaal, and Dul-Hijjah… read more here.