Combining the two intentions of the missed fasts of Ramadaan and the fasts of Shawwaal

Question: We know that there is a great reward for observing Sawm (Fast) on six days during Shawwal. A woman broke her Sawm during Ramadaan for six days for a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) reason, and she wants to make up for them during Shawwaal. Is it permissible for her to combine the two intentions, that is, the intention of observing compensatory Sawm for the days she missed during Ramadaan and the intention of observing the six-day supererogatory Sawm of Shawwaal? In other words, is it permissible for her to observe Sawm for only six days during Shawwaal with the intention of being compensatory Sawm and at the same time seeking the reward of observing Sawm for the six days of Shawwaal? Is it permissible to combine the intention for the two Sawm like Qiran Hajj (combining Hajj and `Umrah without a break in between)?

Answer: Observing compensatory Sawm for six days during Shawwaal is not counted as the six-day supererogatory Sawm of Shawwaal. This is because one should not begin observing the six-day supererogatory Sawm of Shawwaal unless one has already made up for the days they missed during Ramadaan… read more here.

Observing Sawm on the six days of Shawwaal before making up for the missed days of Sawm

Question: What is the ruling on a woman who observed Sawm (Fast) on the six days of Shawwaal when she had not yet made up for her missed days of Sawm during Ramadaan?

Answer: It is a priority to make up for the missed days of Sawm of Ramadaan before observing Sawm on six days from Shawwaal, because a Fareedah (obligatory act) takes precedence over a Nafilah (supererogatory act). Hence, it was preferable for the woman mentioned in the question not to do so, and she must make up for her missed days of Ramadaan… read more here.

Slaughtering animals after fasting the six days of Shawwaal

Question: Should we slaughter animals after fasting the six days of Shawwaal or celebrate `Eed (Festival)? I heard from some people that it is obligatory to offer slaughtered animals.

Answer: It is Mustahab (desirable) to fast on six days during Shawwaal, and it is not prescribed to slaughter animals or do any such thing after these days… read more here.

Observing Sawm on six days during Shawwaal

Question: What is the ruling on someone who believes that Sawm (Fast) of the six days of Shawwaal must be observed starting from the second day of the month, especially for the elderly?

Answer: One can observe Sawm of the six days of Shawwaal throughout the entire month; whether at its beginning, middle, or end and whether consecutively or separately. This is based on the following Hadeeth in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) said.. read more here.

Estimation of deeds is for Allaah alone

Question: If someone misses ten days of fasting in Ramadaan due to a Shar‘ee (Islaamic legal) excuse, and then fasts the six days of Shawwaal after Ramadaan without making up for the missed days of Ramadaan, will they attain the Thawaab (reward from Allaah) promised for fasting the whole month of Ramadaan then following it with fasting the six days of Shawwaal? Will it be as if they have fasted for the whole year? Guide us, and may Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: Determining the rewards of the deeds performed by a servant of Allaah is the special domain of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He). If a servant seeks the reward of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He), and exerts themselves in their obedience to Allaah, their reward will not be lost. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: …certainly We shall not make the reward of anyone who does his (righteous) deeds in the most perfect manner to be lost. Anyone who still has missed days of Ramadaan which they need to make up for should first fast them, and then fast the six days of Shawwaal. Following the Sawm (Fast) of Ramadaan with six days of Shawwal will not be fulfilled unless one has first completed the Sawm of Ramadaan... read more here.

We hear that anyone who fasts regularly should not give up doing so, is it correct?

Question: If a person, who is used to fasting the six days of Shawwaal regularly, becomes sick, hindered, or feels lazy to fast them in one of the years, is this a sin? We hear that anyone who fasts them regularly should not give up doing so.

Answer: Fasting the Six Days of Shawwaal after the day of `Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast) is an act of Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet). It is not obligatory upon anyone who fasts them once or more to continually fast them. It is not a sin to abstain from fasting them... read more here.

Should the voluntary Sawm (Fast) of the six days of Shawwaal be observed directly after Ramadaan?

Question: Should the voluntary Sawm (Fast) of the six days of Shawwaal be observed directly after Ramadaan, following the day of ‘Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast), or is it permissible to start observing it several days after ‘Eed-ul-Fitr, during the month of Shawwaal?

Answer: It is not necessary to observe this Sawm directly after ‘Eed-ul-Fitr. It is permissible to start observing it one or more days afterwards. The six days can be observed either consecutively or separately during the month of Shawwaal, whichever is easier. This matter is open to choice, as this Sawm is Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship), not Fareedah (obligatory act)... read more here.

Fasting six days in Shawwaal after the end of Ramadaan

Question: What is your legal opinion on fasting six days in Shawwaal after the end of Ramadaan? I read in Muwatta’ Imam Malik that Imaam Maalik ibn Anas said, regarding the fasting of the six days of Shawwaal, that he never saw one of the scholars or jurists fasting on these days. He was also never informed that any of the Salaf (righteous predecessors) did this. The scholars also regarded it as Makrooh (disliked) and feared that it might be an act of Bid‘ah (innovation in religion), and that these days might be wrongly considered as part of Ramadaan. This was stated in the Muwatta’, vol. 1, no. 228.

Answer: It was authentically reported on the authority of Aboo Ayyoob (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who fasts Ramadaan and then follows it with six days of Shawwaal it is as if they fasted the whole year. (Related by Ahmad, Muslim, Aboo Daawood, and Al-Tirmithee) This Hadeeth Saheeh (authentic Hadeeth) is evidence that fasting six days of Shawwaal is an act of Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet), which was acted upon by Al-Shaafi‘ee, Ahmad,and a group of other eminent scholars... read more here.

Travel distance allowing breaking Sawm (fast)

Question: What is the distance of travel in kilometers that warrants breaking Sawm (Fast)? What if a traveler observes Sawm?

Answer: Some scholars maintain that one is allowed to shorten a a four-Rak`ah Salaah (Prayer consisting of four units) and break Sawm during the daytime in Ramadaan in any travel in the literal sense, i.e. whether the distance is long or short. However, the majority of scholars stipulate a distance of about 80 km… read more here.

A traveler having sexual intercourse during the day of Ramadaan

Question: Two traveling spouses availing themselves of the Rukhsah (concession) allowing travelers not to observe Sawm (Fast) and to shorten Salaah (Prayer); what is the ruling on their having sexual intercourse during the daytime in Ramadaan?

Answer: Travelers are allowed to refrain from Sawm during the daytime in Ramadaan, but they should make up for it later, because Allaah (Exalted be He) says: …and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Sawm (fasts) must be made up] from other days. Accordingly, it is permissible for them to eat, drink, and have sexual intercourse as long as they are traveling… read more here.

Salaah and Sawm (fast) during travel

Question: What are the rulings related to Salaah (Prayer) and Sawm (Fast) during travel? Which is better: offering Salaah in full and observing Sawm, or making use of the Rukhsah (concession), i.e. shortening Salaah and breaking Sawm? Please, bear in mind that long-distance travel at the present time neither takes much time nor causes hardship.

Answer: It is permissible for a traveler during Ramadaan to break Sawm and shorten the four-Rak`ah Salaahs (Prayers consisting of four units), which is the better course of action than Sawm and offering complete number of Rak`ahs. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Allaah loves that His Concessions be availed of, just as He loves that His Commands be abided by. The Prophet (peace be upon him) also said… read more here.

Committee for sighting the new moon

Question: Is it permissible for Muslims who are living in a non-Muslim country to form a committee to confirm the sighting of the new moon of Ramadaan, Shawwaal, and Dul-Hijjah?

Answer: It is permissible for Muslims living in non-Muslim countries to form a committee consisting of Muslim members to take on the responsibility of confirming the sighting of the new moon of Ramadaan, Shawwaal, and Dul-Hijjah… read more here.