Returning home from a journey while not fasting, having sexual intercourse, and breaking fast the next day

Question: I traveled to Egypt by bus and it took three days. I broke my fast during those days because I was on a journey and I intended to make up for them later. When I arrived in Egypt and went home in the afternoon I had sexual intercourse with my fasting wife. She disagreed in the beginning but when I told her that we would make up for it, In-Shaa’-Allaah (if Allaah wills) on another day, she agreed but I was unaware of the Kaffaarah (expiation) when I made her break her fast. I thought that it is like any day as in the case of a traveler or a sick person, and she can make up for it.I would like to know the ruling on this day and whether I have to offer Kaffaarah or only her.

Then, at night when it was 1 am, I slept with her and we went to bed to relax and prepare for Suhur (pre-dawn meal before the Fast) while having the intention to fast the following day. However, we woke up at 11 am in the morning. We had neither made Ghusl (full ritual bath following major ritual impurity) nor eaten Suhoor and I was very tired from traveling. Therefore, we also broke our fast on that day. Do we have to observe expiation for this day?

Moreover, is one Kaffaarah enough for both days altogether or does each day require one? If the Kaffaarah is what I read in the Book of Allaah (Exalted be He) to fast two consecutive months, and we are not able to fast, what is the alternative? May Allaah reward you the best.

Answer: Neglecting Janaabah Ghusl (full ritual bath to cleanse of sexual discharge) or Suhoor does not affect one’s fast, and you should have completed your fast which you intended at night. Hence, you made an error and you have to make up for these two days and feed one poor person for each day if you have delayed it until another Ramadaan came… read more here.

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Returning home from a journey while not fasting, then having sexual intercourse during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question: A man traveled to Makkah Al-Mukarramah and returned home in the Eastern Region while he had broken his fast. Then, he had sexual intercourse with his wife in the daytime of Ramadaan, taking into account that he was unaware of the ruling. His wife asked him fearing that there is something wrong in that but he said: “In-Shaa’-Allaah (if Allaah wills), there is nothing wrong in that.” However, he is doubtful about the matter and wants to know the ruling: What should be done if it was forbidden, and what would be the Kaffaarah (expiation)?

Answer: Each of you has to offer Kaffaarah, which is to emancipate a believing slave. If this is not possible, each of you has to fast two successive months. If this is also not possible, then each of you has to feed sixty poor persons… read more here.

Returning home from a journey, breaking one’s fast, and having sexual intercourse

Question: I traveled to a place that was 240 kilometers away and I broke my fast. On the second day, I had sexual intercourse with my wife and stayed with my relatives for three days while I had the intention to travel at anytime during these three days and I broke my fast. I hope you will illustrate the ruling on having sexual intercourse during the daytime in Ramadaan, taking into consideration that my intention was to travel to another place 250 kilometers away -from Saudi Arabia to Syria because I traveled to the Levant (the region covering Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, and Palestine) to receive medication. I returned home with the intention of fasting but I had sexual intercourse and broke my fast on another day. Hence, I have broken my fast for two days. May Allaah protect you.

Answer: No Kaffaarah (expiation) is required for having had sexual intercourse while travelling, since it is permissible for someone on a journey to break his fast by copulation and such permissible things but it is obligatory to make up for the day he broke fast. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: …and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Saum (fasts) must be made up] from other days. … read more here.

Having sex with the wife during the daytime in Ramadaan without complete penetration

Question: All praise is due to Allaah, I am a young Muslim man. I got married a week before Ramadaan but I had sex with my wife during the daytime in Ramadaan without complete penetration and we were both fasting. We have deeply regretted doing this and I ask Allaah (Exalted be He) for forgiveness. I know that the Kaffaarah (expiation) of this is to free a Muslim slave or to fast two consecutive months. If I am unable to do that, I have to feed sixty poor persons. The first two are difficult for me because the first is now not available and, for the second, I cannot fast two consecutive months because I am an employee and I have to go to distant places during work and I do not have two months leave available to me. My question: Is feeding sixty needy persons sufficient, and what is the manner of doing so?

Answer: It is forbidden to have sexual intercourse in the daytime in Ramadaan. It invalidates fasting and entails the major expiation mentioned in the question. It is to be observed in the following order: emancipating a believing slave. If this is impossible, it is to fast two successive months… read more here.