Ruling on the Muslim who refuses to pay Zakaah (the lunar “charity”)

Question 1: What is the ruling on a man/woman who testifies that there is no God but Allaah and offers the Salaah (prayer), but does not pay the Zakaah? As this person refuses to pay the Zakaah, should Funeral Prayer be offered for them when they die?

Answer: Zakaah is one of the pillars of Islaam and if one gives it up, denying that it is obligatory, then its rulings should be explained to them. If however they still refuse to pay the Zakaah, they are considered to be a disbeliever and after they die, Funeral Prayer should not be offered for them nor should they be buried in the Muslim graveyards. However, if one abandons paying Zakaah out of miserliness while… read more here.

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Does yellowish discharge seen after Tuhr (ritual purity) affect the validity of Sawm?

Question 10: One Ramadan night, my paternal aunt became pure from menses, i.e. Her period was over, before dawn. She observed Sawm (Fast) on the next day but at the time of Duhr (Noon) Prayer she saw Sufrah (yellow vaginal discharge during or after menstruation). Is her Sawm valid?

Answer: Her Sawm is valid if Tuhr (purity from menses signaled by white discharge or complete cessation of bleeding) commenced before the break of dawn and thus she observed Sawm on the next day. As for the yellowish discharge that appears after seeing Tuhr… read more here.

Should a woman whose postnatal bleeding stopped before the passage of forty days observe fast?

Question 9: My wife gave birth almost seven days before Ramadaan. She became Taahir (ritually pure) before the beginning of the month. Is her Sawm (fast) valid or should she make up for it? She said that she fasted once she was Taahir. Please answer me, may Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, and your wife fasted Ramadaan while she is Taahir, her Sawm is valid. There is no need to make up for it… read more here.

Does discharging a little amount of blood marking the beginning of menstrual period before sunset invalidate fast?

Question 8: Is it obligatory to perform Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation) after a person (male or a female) breaks wind? Also, what should a lady do in case she sees three drops of blood during the time of her menstruation period while she is observing Sawm (Fast)? Is it permissible for her to break her Sawm or should she continue her Sawm bearing in mind that this happens just before sunset?

Answer: Breaking wind, whether by a man or a woman, invalidates Wudoo’ (ablution). A person who breaks wind is not required to perform Istinjaa’. Rather, it is obligatory on this person to perform Wudoo’, which is washing the face along with Madmadah (rinsing the mouth) and Istinshaaq (sniffing water into the nose and then expelling it), washing the two arms up until the elbows, wiping the head along with the ears, and… read more here.

Is someone who does not observe fast, but performs Salaah, judged to be a Kaafir (disbeliever)?

Question 5: Is a person who observes Salaah (Prayer), but abandons Sawm (Fast) without any lawful excuse deemed a Kaafir (disbeliever)?

Answer: Whoever abandons Sawm for disownment of its obligation is deemed a Kaafir by consensus, and whoever abandons it out of laziness or negligence is not deemed a Kaafir, but is subject to great danger for abandoning an obligatory and unanimously agreed upon pillar of the Pillars of Islaam… read more here.

Should an airline passenger break his fast if they find out through glancing at the watch or being informed by phone that it is time in the country, over which the plane is flying, for breaking the fast?

Question 4: A fasting person on a plane finds out by glancing at the watch or being informed by phone that it is time to break Sawm (Fast) in the country over which the plane is flying; may they break their Sawm although they can still see the sun because of the altitude of the plane? What is the ruling in case a person breaks Sawm in a given country but when the plane takes off they still can see the sun?

Answer: If a fasting person is on a plane and learns either by checking the time on their watch or being informed by a phone call that it is time in the country over which the plane is flying to break Sawm, but they can still see the sun because of the altitude at which the plane is flying, it is not permissible for them to break Sawm because Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

A person offered `Ishaa’ Salaah and then remembered that they did not perform Maghrib salaah. Is their Salaah valid?

Question 10: A person forgot to make up the missed Maghrib (Sunset) salaah, and offered `Ishaa’ (Night) salaah, after which he remembered the missed Salaah, is his Salaah valid or not? What should he do in this case?

Answer: His `Ishaa’ (Night) Salaah is valid according to the more correct of the two opinions maintained by scholars. There is no blame on him and he is excused by his forgetfulness, for Allaah (Exalted be He) said… read more here.

A person drinks Khamr (intoxicant) at night and performs Salaah during the day. Is their Salaah valid?

Question 9: What is the ruling on a person who drinks Khamr (intoxicants) at night and offers Salaah (Prayer) during the day? As Salaah should prevent a person from committing immoral acts and Munkar (that which is unacceptable or disapproved of by Islaamic law and Muslims of sound intellect), is their Salaah valid or not?

Answer: If a person offers Salaah with all its obligatory acts and fulfills its conditions, it is considered valid. They will be rewarded for it, and they will be sinful for drinking Khamr. They are considered among those who mix good deeds with evil ones… read more here.

Are they who lose their minds accountable for their deeds?

Question 8: Will a mad person be held accountable for the misdeeds that he committed such as neglecting Salaah (Prayer), Sawm (Fast), Zakaah (obligatory charity), and son on? It should be noted that the person concerned was a normal person in the beginning of his life, but later became insane.

Answer: As for the period when the person concerned was sane, he will be held accountable for the deeds done then; rewarded for the good ones and punished for the bad ones. As for the period when he was insane, he will not be held accountable for the deeds committed then… read more here.

Should the person who loses consciousness for a long period make up for Salaah and Sawm they have missed?

Question 7: I have a thirty year old daughter who is a mother. She has been suffering from a mental disorder for fourteen years now. In the past, this disorder used to afflict her during irregular intervals. This time her mental disorder has lasted for three months. Accordingly, she cannot perform Wudoo’ (ablution) or Salaah (prayer) unless there is someone to guide her about how to perform prayers and the number of Rak`ahs (units of Prayer). Now, after the advent of the blessed month of Ramadaan, she only fasted one day and didn’t fast the rest of the month. Please, guide us regarding the obligatory duties on her and on me, as I am the one responsible for her. May Allaah reward you.

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, she is not obliged to fast, pray, or even make up for them, and all you have to do is to take good care of her as you are the one responsible for her. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here

Which is better, reciting the Qur’aan or doing Tasbeeh, Tahmeed, Takbeer, Tahleel …?

Question 7: Which is better, reciting the Qur’aan or occupying oneself with Tasbeeh (saying: “Subhaan-Allaah [Glory be to Allaah]”), Tahleel (saying: “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah [There is no god except Allaah]”), Istighfaar (seeking forgiveness from Allaah), and Du‘aa’ (supplication) between the Adaan (call to salaah) and Iqaamah (call to start the Prayer) in the Fajr (Dawn) and the Maghrib (Sunset) Prayers? Please advise!

Answer: Reciting the Qur’aan is better, unless there is a text that indicates the preference of another thikr (Remembrance of Allaah), such as Tasbeeh, Tahmeed, Takbeer, or Tahleel at certain positions during Salaah (Prayer), based on evidence from the Sunnah, and also after Salaah, based on evidence of permissibility. The basic rule is that any thikr prescribed by Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law) to be said at a particular time or place takes precedence… read more here.

Making up for missed Salaah due to unconsciousness in the hospital

Question 6: My ninety-nine year old father was hit in a car accident. He was taken to a hospital where he remained unconscious for seventeen days during which he did not perform Salaah. When he recovered, he asked about making up for the missed Salaahs. Please advise!

Answer: If he was conscious during the period when he abandoned Salaah, he should make up for the missed Salaahs according to his ability, whether standing, sitting, or lying on his side or back. He should observe them in the same order from the first day missed starting with the first Salaah… read more here.

Comparison between reciting Qur’aan and offering optional Salaah during the daytime of Ramadaan

Question 6: Which is better to do during the daytime of the blessed month of Ramadaan: recite the Qur’aan or offer voluntary Salaah (Prayer)?

Answer: Chief among the teachings of the Prophet (peace be upon him) during the month of Ramadaan is that he used to offer much of the forms of ‘Ibaadah (worship). Jibreel (Gabriel, peace be upon him) used to meet him every night of Ramadaan to rehearse the recitation of the Qur’aan with him. The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) was the most generous of all people, and in the month of Ramadan… read more here.

Delaying performing Fajr Prayer from its due time

Question 5: What is the ruling on the Salaah (“Prayer”) of a person who has been in the habit of offering the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer after sunrise for two years? He claims that sleep overpowers him as he stays up late until midnight sitting at cafés or nightclubs.

Question 5: Is it permissible to dine with this person, keep company with him, or live with him?

A: It is prohibited to delay Salaah until its appointed time elapses. Every Muslim should give due concern to offer Salaah at its appointed time. He may ask someone to remind him of its time or he may set his alarm clock at prayer time. A person is prohibited to stay up late at night clubs or other places of entertainment which make him miss the Fajr Prayer or miss the reward of congregational prayer… read more here.

 

Can we offer the two supererogatory Rak`ahs of Fajr after sunrise or before Fajr Prayer?

Question 4: If a person sleeps until sunrise, should he pray the two supererogatory Rak`ahs (units of Prayer) before offering the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer?

Answer: If one is overpowered by sleep and could not wake up until after sunrise, he should perform Fajr (Dawn) Prayer when he wakes up and should offer the Sunnah (supererogatory) Salaah before Fajr. It is authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah… read more here.

If a person oversleeps until sunrise and does not perform Fajr Prayer, how can they perform Salaah?

Question 3: Allaah has guided me to obey Him. I offer the daily prayers on time except for Fajr (Dawn). Sometimes I get up late after sunrise. Is my Fajr Prayer offered at that time valid? How can a Muslim make up for the Salaah they missed like `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer? Will they make up for it at the time of the Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer or delay it until the next `Asr Prayer?

Answer: The Salaah you miss due to sleep or forgetfulness should be offered the moment you wake up or the moment you remember. It does not matter if you wake up or remember it after sunrise. This is based on the Hadeeth in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read  more here.

Anyone who intentionally abandons Salaah though they acknowledge its obligation?

Question 2: Allaah has guided me to obey Him. I offer the daily prayers on time except for Fajr (Dawn). Sometimes I get up late after sunrise. Is my Fajr Prayer offered at that time valid? How can a Muslim make up for the Salaah they missed like `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer? Will they make up for it at the time of the Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer or delay it until the next `Asr Prayer?

Answer: The Salaah you miss due to sleep or forgetfulness should be offered the moment you wake up or the moment you remember. It does not matter if you wake up or remember it after sunrise. This is based on the Hadeeth in which the Prophet… read more here.

Missing a Salaah because of sleep or forgetfulness until its due time is over

Question 1: Allaah has guided me to obey Him. I offer the daily prayers on time except for Fajr (Dawn). Sometimes I get up late after sunrise. Is my Fajr Prayer offered at that time valid? How can a Muslim make up for the Salaah they missed like `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer? Will they make up for it at the time of the Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer or delay it until the next `Asr Prayer?

Answer: The Salaah you miss due to sleep or forgetfulness should be offered the moment you wake up or the moment you remember. It does not matter if you wake up or remember it after sunrise. This is based on the Hadeeth in which the Prophet… read more here.

Those who vow and slaughter sacrifices to the dead in the graves and shrines

Question 21: If a father performs the five daily Salaah (Prayers) and maintains the pillars of Islaam but believes that vowing and slaughtering to those buried in the graves and shrines is permissible, can his son use his money to secure his future or inherit him after his death?

Answer: The belief of a Mukallaf (legally competent person) that vowing or slaughtering sacrificial animals to those buried in graves is permissible, is considered Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) which takes him out of the fold of Islaam. He should be asked to repent for three days and to be kept under firm control. If he does not repent, he should be killed. With regard to the son’s reception… read more here.

Invoking Allaah by the honor of the Messenger of Allaah, one of the Companions, or others

Question 13: During Ramadaan, some worshippers follow each two Rak`ahs (units of Prayer) during Taraaweeh (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan) with a Du’aa (supplication) to Allaah through one of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet). For example, they say, “By the honor of the venerable Sahabee (Companion) so-and-so, we ask Allaah to accept our Salaah (Prayer) and Sawm (Fast).” I have advised them, but it was in vain. I now perform the (Taraaweeh) Salaah by myself in a corner of the Masjid (mosque). Should I perform Salaah with them or do it by myself as I am doing? Please give me a Fatwaa on this and may Allaah reward you with the best reward.

Answer: Making Du’aa to Allaah through the honor or life of the Messenger of Allaah, one of the Sahaabah, or others is not permissible, because acts of `Ibaadah (worship) are Tawqifiee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion). Allaah did not permit that to be done. What He did permit was for His Servants to supplicate to Him (Glorified be He) with His Names, Attributes, acknowledgement of His Oneness, belief in Him, and… read more here.

Invoking the dead and the absent like Prophets and Awliya’ (pious people)

Question 11: My father believes in the righteousness of a dead shaykh known as a Walee’ (a pious person). He makes Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) by this shaykh and associates him with Allaah in Du’aa (supplication), for example, he says: “O Allaah! O master Abdul-Salaam!” What is the ruling on this, taking into account that my father performs Salaah (Prayer), observes Sawm (Fast) and, pays Zakaah (obligatory charity)?

Answer: Making Du’aa to the dead and the absent like the Prophets, Awliya’ (pious people), and the like, whether alone or along with Allaah, is an act of Al-Shirk-ul-Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah), even if… read more here.

Is it permissible to establish Salaah behind anyone who seeks help from the dead?

Question 4: An Imaam of a Masjid (mosque) seeks help from dead people in their graves, claiming that these are the graves of Awliya’ (pious people) to whom we should resort. He says that they may act as mediators between us and Allaah (Exalted be He). Am I allowed to perform congregational Salaah (Prayer) behind this Imaam, despite the fact that I call for Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah)? Could you please also clarify such questions as making vows, seeking help from other than Allaah, and Tawassul (seeking to draw close to Allaah) through a means?

Answer: If you are sure that the Imam you mentioned seeks help from the dead or vows to them, then it is not permissible to perform Salah behind him because he is considered a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allah in His Divinity or worship); the Salah he performs… read more here.

A community of people (Muslims) invoke for help to other than Allaah

Question 2: Is it permissible for a man who lives among a community of people who invoke help from other than Allaah to perform Salaah (prayer) behind them (when they lead the congregational prayers)? Is it obligatory to disassociate oneself from them? Is what they are doing count as major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)? Is making allies of them judged the same as making allies of true Kaafirs (disbelievers)?

Answer:  If the state of the people you are living among is as you described: they call upon other than Allah for help, such as the dead, absent or unseen beings, trees, stones, stars, and the like, they are Mushriks (those who associate others with Allah in worship) who are committing major Shirk that take them out of the Din (religion) of Islam. It is not permissible to take them as allies, as is the case with the Kafir. Performing Salah behind them is invalid. It is also not permissible to associate with them or live… read more here.