Supplicating to the dead and the absent and seeking their help

Question: These days we see Muslim groups who exceed the limits in loving the dead; they supplicate to them, ask them to meet their needs, and complain to them about their distresses, believing that if they supplicate to them, they will attend their gatherings and relieve their sufferings. One of their prevailing customs is to gather at night in a dark room and supplicate to `Abdul-Qaadir Al-Jeelaanee (may Allaah be pleased with him) a thousand times, believing that he had ordered them to do so and that he will, consequently, come to them and meet their needs. They draw their conclusions from the following verses of poetry, which they read with great submission, Khushoo` (their hearts being attuned to the act of worship), love, and humility. Some of those verses are: 

O axis of the heaven and the earth, who gives them succor,
Who floods my eyes, who gives them existence and succor.
O son of the two highest, who preserves their heritage,
O best of those known as Muhyy Al-Deen.
O great provider of succor of every age and time,
The superior Waliy (pious person) of arbitration and consolidation.
The most in need of the Lord, and poor,
You who are named after the Deen (religion) as Muhyy Al-Deen.
Allah addressed you and you listened:
“O great provider of succor, be near to those gathering,
You are My Shining Successor in the universe;
The one who was given the great name of Muhyy Al-Deen.”

Other verses read: 

Whoever calls my name a thousand times in their seclusion,
with resolve and determination, forsaking their slumber,
I will hasten to answer their call.
So call: “O `Abdul-Qaadir Muhyy Al-Deen,
O great provider of succor, servant of the Swift Provider,
O master, come to me, O Muhyy Al-Deen.”

And yet other verses say: 

O my master, supporter, and provider of succor, O my helper,
Be my defender and reinforcement against my enemies.
Protect my honor and take my extended hand, and help me,
For you Muhyy Al-Deen are Allaah’s Successor,
The cavern of the grieving, shelter for confused hearts,
Refuge for the weak, and guarantor of vows,
The provider of succor for those lost at sea,
O `Abdul-Qaadir, master of the slaves of the Provider.

They read these verses and supplicate to Muhyy Al-Deen `Abdul-Qaadir a thousand times. Here, in the town of Nahur, there is the grave of a Waliy upon whom Muslims call with great Khushoo` and humility in their gatherings, using the following verses: 

O friend of Al-Nahur, support me
In my hearing, limbs, and good vision.
Extend my life, don’t give me few years,
O gather of all the good, `Abdul-Qaadir.
Be my refuge the day the proud are full of pride,
And from the distress of this world on another day.

There are many of these poems, and no house is free from them, even if it does not contain a Mus-haf (copy of the Qur’aan). People read these poems during every celebration and party, and the religious scholars even take part in these readings, and permit them. Would you please, consider the meanings of these poems and then answer the following questions, supporting the answer with clear evidence from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah? We would like to publish and circulate the answers among the Muslims to establish the truth and destroy falsehoods. May it be a means of guiding the people! 

Q 1: Is it permissible for Muslims to read such poems as acts of `Ibaadah (worship) and believe in their meanings?

Q 2: Is it permissible for Muslims to call upon `Abdul-Qaadir Al-Jeelaanee (may Allaah be pleased with him) a thousand times in a dark room with all Khushoo` and humility, and ask for his presence? 

Q 3: What is the Islaamic ruling on doing such acts? 

Q 4: Is it permissible for a Muslim to offer Salaah (Prayer) behind someone who professes such beliefs and participates in these occasions? What are Muslims obligated to do regarding them?

Answer: Firstly, supplicating to other than Allaah, such as to dead or absent people, and seeking their help to drive away grief, relieve a distress, cure a sick person, or anything similar, is Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

Performing Salaah behind an Imaam who seeks the help of the dead

Question: An Imam of a Masjid (mosque) seeks help from dead people in their graves, claiming that these are the graves of Awliyaa’ (pious people) to whom we should resort. He says that they may act as mediators between us and Allaah (Exalted be He). Am I allowed to perform congregational Salaah (Prayer) behind this Imaam, despite the fact that I call for Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah)? Could you please also clarify such questions as making vows, seeking help from other than Allaah, and Tawassul (seeking to draw close to Allaah) through a means.

Answer: If you are sure that the Imaam you mentioned seeks help from the dead or vows to them, then it is not permissible to perform Salaah behind him because he is considered a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

Repentance from Bid`ahs and sins

Question: What is your ruling on an innovator in religion, who invents a Bid`ah Shirkiyyah (rejected innovation in religion which is tantamount to associating others in worship with Allaah), in which he seeks help from the dead Awliyaa’ (pious people) and prays in their shrines, hoping that they will give him their blessing. He married a woman, after her last husband divorced her; he used to have sexual intercourse with her secretly time after time, until she got pregnant by him, so he quickly contracted marriage with her after her pregnancy became obvious. This marriage was carried out without Guidance from Allaah. She gave birth to a baby girl, who is two years old now, then he repented to Allaah from such Bid`ahs (innovations in religion) and firmly adhered to the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet, peace be upon him) and read, “Fath Al-Majeed Sharh Kitaab Al-Tawheed” and other books by Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa‘ah (those adhering to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream). He has repented for having committed Zinaa (illegal sexual intercourse) and other abominations. His wife is now pregnant and he is asking about what should he do? Is there any expiation for committing Zinaa?

What should he do with his relatives who are still adhering to their Bid`ahs Shirkiyyah (rejected innovations in religion which are tantamount to associating others in worship with Allaah)? Please give me your legal opinion.

Answer: Firstly, Undoubtedly, Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) is the gravest of major sins and Bid`ahs introduced into religion and is one of the most hideous crimes. Zinaa is one of the abominations and among the gravest of major sins; whoever has committed it should rid themselves of it, shun it completely and beg forgiveness from Allaah. They should repent for the crimes in which they indulged; perhaps Allaah may accept their Tawbah (repentance to Allaah)… read more here.

Refuting claims about supplicating to the deceased and the diacritical marks and dots of the Qur’aan

Question: Some of the followers of Bid`ahs (innovations in religion), from among those who call upon the dead, wondered: “How can you claim that the dead avail nothing, although Moosaa (Moses, peace be upon him) availed us and he was the reason behind reducing the daily obligatory prayers from fifty to five.” Others also said: “How can you say that every Bid`ah (innovation in religion) is a misguidance! Then what do you say about those who added diacritical marks and dots to the Qur’aan, and it all happened after the lifetime of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him)?” How can we answer them?

Answer: Firstly, The original ruling is that the dead do not hear the call of people who call upon them and they cannot answer these calls or talk to the living, even if they were prophets… read more here.

Hadeeth of the blind man who sought the help of the Prophet after his death

Question: There is a severe attack against the Salafists (those following the way of the righteous predecessors); they are accused of denying and not loving Awliyaa’ (pious people). A piece of evidence their accusers cite to prove that seeking the help of Allaah through dead people is permissible is the Hadeeth about the blind man who invoked Allaah through the Prophet (Peace be upon him) after his death. I have been informed that this Hadeeth is Saheeh (a Hadeeth that has been transmitted by people known for their uprightness and exactitude; free from eccentricity and blemish), a fact that confuses some people deeply. I hope you enlighten us on this important issue.

Answer: After studying the question, the Committee’s answer is as follows: The Hadeeth of the blind man’s story is narrated by Imaam Al-Tirmithee with his Sanad (chain of narrators) on the authority of `Uthmaan ibn Hunayf (may Allaah be pleased with him)… read more here.