Question 4: Some of the scholars in our country claim that in Islaam there is a Nafilah (supererogatory Prayer) offered on the last Wednesday of the month of Safar, at the time of Salaat-ul-Duhaa (supererogatory Prayer before noon). This Salaah consists of four Rak‘ahs (units of Prayer) with one Tasleem (salutation of peace ending the Prayer). In each Rak‘ah a person should recite Soorah Al-Faatihah and Soorah Al-Kawthar seventeen times, Soorah Al-Ikhlaas fifty times and Al-Mu‘awwidhatayn (Soorahs Al-Falaq and Al-Nas) one time each. This is done in each Rak‘ah, then one says Tasleem after which it is prescribed to recite And Allaah has full power and control over His Affairs, but most of men know not. 360 times, and Jawharat-ul-Kamaal (a special Sufi formula) three times, and to finish by saying, “Glorified be your Lord, the Lord of Honor and Power! Exalted is He from all that they ascribe to Him! And peace be on the Messengers! And all the praises and thanks be to Allaah, Lord of the Worlds.” Moreover, they should give some bread to the poor as a charity. They say that this Aayah is especially recited for warding off the calamities which come down on the last Wednesday of the month of Safar. They say that every year, 320,000 calamities come down, and all of them come down on the last Wednesday of Safar. Therefore, that day is regarded the most difficult day of the entire year. But whoever offers this Salaah in the above mentioned manner, Allaah will protect him by His Bounty from all the calamities that come down on that day. They, as well as those who could not offer it such as boys will benefit from this Salaah. Is this permissible or not?
Answer: There is no evidence to support the mentioned Nafilah in the Qur’aan or in Sunnah. We have no proof that any one among the Salaf (righteous predecessors) of this Ummah (nation based on one creed) or the righteous people of the later generations performed this Nafilah. Rather, it is a reprehensible Bid‘ah (innovation in religion). It was authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who does an action which is not in accordance with this matter of ours (Islaam) will have it rejected. He (peace be upon him) further said: Anyone who introduces something into this matter of ours (Islaam) that is not part of it will have it rejected. Whoever attributes this Salaah and other things related to it to the Prophet (peace be upon him) or to any of the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) is fabricating serious lies, and Allaah will punish them the same as liars in the manner they deserve... read more here.
Question 3: We heard that some people believe that no one should marry or be circumcised in the month of Safar. We would like you to guide us to the truth according to Islaamic Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law). May Allaah protect you!
Answer: What is mentioned with regard to the prohibition of marriage or circumcision during the month of Safar is superstition. Being superstitious of months, days, birds and similar animals is not permissible. Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim reported on the authority of `Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: There is no ‘Adwaa (contagion, disease transmission naturally by itself not by the Decree of Allaah), nor is there any Tiyaarah (evil omen), nor is there any Haamah (pre-Islaamic superstitious belief that the bones of a dead person turn into an owl), nor is there Safar (the month of Safar was believed to bring bad luck during Jaahiliyyah). Being superstitious about the month of Safar falls under forbidden pessimism that discourages from acting and is one of the acts of Jaahiliyyah (pre-Islamic time of ignorance) that was annulled by Islaam... read more here.
Question 2: It is known that many people are pessimistic about the month of Safar regarding many affairs. Such people, for example, do not conclude marriage contracts during Safar. Moreover, many people believe that it is not permissible to break a stick, knot ropes, or entwine fingers when concluding a marriage contract for this leads to failure of the concerned marriage and disharmony between the spouses.
Since all the foregoing are beliefs bearing on ‘Aqeedah (creed), could you please advise and clarify the ruling on it? May Allaah guide us all to all that He loves and is pleased with.
Answer: Pessimism about Safar is not permissible. It is a characteristic of Jaahiliyyah (pre-Islaamic time of ignorance). Safar – just like all other months – does not bring good or evil, as good is only from Allaah (Glorified be He) and evil is predestined by Him. Moreover, it is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) annulled the concept of pessimism when he said: There is no ‘Adwaa (contagion, disease transmission naturally by itself not by the Decree of Allaah), nor is there any Tiyaarah (evil omen), nor is there any Haamah (pre-Islaamic superstitious belief that the bones of a dead person turn into an owl), nor is there Safar (the month of Safar was believed to bring bad luck during Jaahiliyyah). (Agreed upon by Imaams Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim). The same applies to pessimism about entwining fingers, breaking a stick, etc., when concluding a marriage contract. Such beliefs are false, baseless, and thus they should not be adopted by a Muslim... read more here.