Question 170: What is the ruling of Islaam on reciting Qur’aan before the Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer using microphones? When a person objects to this act as not related in the Sunnah, they accuse him of preventing the recitation of the Qur’aan. What about the Ibtihaalaat (religious hymns) heard on microphones shortly before the Adaan (call to Prayer) of the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer? When objecting to this baseless act, it is said that it is a good deed aiming at awakening the people for the Fajr Prayer.
Answer: There is no evidence supporting that such acts were committed during the lifetime of the Messenger (peace be upon him) or any of his Sahaabah (Companions). The same goes for the Ibtihaalaat heard before the Fajr Prayer through microphones. These two acts are Bidd`ah (innovation in religion) and every Bidd`ah leads to misguidance. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Whoever innovates something in our affairs, which is not in harmony with the principles of our religion, that thing is to be rejected.... read more here.