A person offered `Ishaa’ Salaah and then remembered that they did not perform Maghrib salaah. Is their Salaah valid?

Question 10: A person forgot to make up the missed Maghrib (Sunset) salaah, and offered `Ishaa’ (Night) salaah, after which he remembered the missed Salaah, is his Salaah valid or not? What should he do in this case?

Answer: His `Ishaa’ (Night) Salaah is valid according to the more correct of the two opinions maintained by scholars. There is no blame on him and he is excused by his forgetfulness, for Allaah (Exalted be He) said… read more here.

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A person drinks Khamr (intoxicant) at night and performs Salaah during the day. Is their Salaah valid?

Question 9: What is the ruling on a person who drinks Khamr (intoxicants) at night and offers Salaah (Prayer) during the day? As Salaah should prevent a person from committing immoral acts and Munkar (that which is unacceptable or disapproved of by Islaamic law and Muslims of sound intellect), is their Salaah valid or not?

Answer: If a person offers Salaah with all its obligatory acts and fulfills its conditions, it is considered valid. They will be rewarded for it, and they will be sinful for drinking Khamr. They are considered among those who mix good deeds with evil ones… read more here.

Are they who lose their minds accountable for their deeds?

Question 8: Will a mad person be held accountable for the misdeeds that he committed such as neglecting Salaah (Prayer), Sawm (Fast), Zakaah (obligatory charity), and son on? It should be noted that the person concerned was a normal person in the beginning of his life, but later became insane.

Answer: As for the period when the person concerned was sane, he will be held accountable for the deeds done then; rewarded for the good ones and punished for the bad ones. As for the period when he was insane, he will not be held accountable for the deeds committed then… read more here.

Should the person who loses consciousness for a long period make up for Salaah and Sawm they have missed?

Question 7: I have a thirty year old daughter who is a mother. She has been suffering from a mental disorder for fourteen years now. In the past, this disorder used to afflict her during irregular intervals. This time her mental disorder has lasted for three months. Accordingly, she cannot perform Wudoo’ (ablution) or Salaah (prayer) unless there is someone to guide her about how to perform prayers and the number of Rak`ahs (units of Prayer). Now, after the advent of the blessed month of Ramadaan, she only fasted one day and didn’t fast the rest of the month. Please, guide us regarding the obligatory duties on her and on me, as I am the one responsible for her. May Allaah reward you.

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, she is not obliged to fast, pray, or even make up for them, and all you have to do is to take good care of her as you are the one responsible for her. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here

Is it permissible to urinate while standing?

Question 10: Is it Halaal (lawful) or Haraam (prohibited) to urinate while standing?

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To commence: It is not Haraam to urinate while standing, but it is a Sunnah to urinate while sitting, as `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said, “If anyone tells you that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to urinate while standing up, do not believe him, for the Prophet always used to urinate while sitting”. Narrated by Al-Tirmidee who commented that this Hadeeth is the most authentic one in this regard, as this entails modesty and caution of being soiled with urine… read more here.

What is the ruling on using western styled toilets?

Question 9: Is it permissible to use western style toilets?

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family, and Companions. To commence: It is permissible to use any toilets but try to protect your bodies and clothes from Najaasah (ritual impurity) when relieving yourselves. After finishing, you should follow the Islaamic way either by performing Istijmaar (cleansing the private parts with hard material after urination or defecation) or Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation) and… read more here.

Does sewage water become pure after refining and recycling it?

Question 8: What is the ruling on using sewage water to perform Wudoo’ (ablution) or Ghusl (ritual bath) after it has been treated?

A: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family, and companions. To commence: The Council of Senior Scholars has studied this matter before in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and issued a decision regarding it to the following content: The council has read the study that was made on this matter by the Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’. The council has also read the letter of his Excellency, the Minister of Agriculture and Water No. 1 / 1299 on 30/05/1398 A. H. After studying and discussing the matter, the following was decreed… read more here.

Is it permissible to perform Wudoo’ (ablution) using seawater?

Question 7: Is it permissible to perform Wudoo` (ablution) using sea water? If I am by the sea and have fresh water available, should I perform Wudoo` with the fresh water or seawater  Some people say that it is not permissible to perform Wudoo` with sea water unless it is a necessity, but others say that it is not permissible at all. Please advise and may Allaah preserve you!

Answer: All praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To commence: It is permissible to perform Wudoo` using seawater, as the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here

Which is better, reciting the Qur’aan from the Mus-haf (book) or from the memory?

Question 10: Which is better, reciting the Qur’aan from the Mus-haf (copy of the Qur’aan) or from memory?

Answer: The preferable of the two is that which is of more benefit to you and more conducive to Khushoo’ (the heart being submissively attuned to the act of worship)…. read more here.

Recording the recitation of the Qur`aan on CD’s & tapes and selling them

Question 9: What is the ruling on preferring some Qur’aan reciters to others and recording the Qur’aan recitation on tapes and selling them?

Answer: It is permissible to prefer some Qur’aan reciters to others due to their excellent recitation and mastery of its rules. It is also permissible to record the recitation on tapes and sell them… read more here.

Is it permissible to prefer some reciters of Qur’aan over others?

Question 8: What is the ruling on preferring some Qur’aan reciters to others and recording the Qur’aan recitation on tapes and selling them?

Answer: It is permissible to prefer some Qur’aan reciters to others due to their excellent recitation and mastery of its rules. It is also permissible to record the recitation on tapes and sell them… read more here.

What exactly is the difference between the ‘Mustahab’ (stressed sunnah) and the ‘Waajib’ (obligatory)?

Question 9: Any command given by the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) indicates obligation and duty. However, there is a Hadeeth whose apparent meaning contradicts the Hadeeth narrated by ‘Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him): When I command you to do anything, do of it as much as you possibly can. How can a Muslim reconcile these two Hadeeths?

Answer: The basic rule concerning any commands of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is that they denote obligation, unless otherwise indicated. However, fulfillment of obligation is in accordance with one’s ability, because Allaah (Exalted be He) says: So keep your duty to Allaah and fear Him as much as you can This is also supported by the Hadeeth mentioned in the question… read more here.

How authentic is the following Hadeeth سنن الدارمي المقدمة (157) “The most daring to give Fatwaa is the most daring to enter the fire.”?

Question 8: Is it permissible for a person to practice Ijtihaad (juristic effort to infer expert legal rulings) in the Islaamic rulings? Are there certain conditions for a Mujtahid (a scholar qualified to exercise Ijtihaad)? Is it permissible for any person to give an opinion without being aware of the clear evidence supporting it? How authentic is the following Hadeeth: “The most daring to give Fatwaa (recklessly) is the most daring to enter the Hellfire.” Or the Hadeeth that means the same as this?

Answer: All praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family, and Companions! The door to Ijtihaad in the rulings pertaining to Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) is open for any qualified person provided that they know the sources they need to use as reference – the Aayaahs (Qur’aanic verses) and Hadith, and have the ability to understand them and use them as supporting evidence. In addition, a Mujtahid should have knowledge of the grade of the Hadeeth they use as evidence and of the issues on which Ijmaa` (consensus) has taken place so… read more here.

Upon mentioning the names of the Sahaabah (Companions), should we say: عليه السلام or رضي الله عنهم ?

Question 10: Is it permissible upon mentioning the name of one of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) to say, “Peace and blessings be upon him” instead of “May Allaah be pleased with him”?

Answer: It is permissible to say, “Peace be upon him” upon mentioning a Sahaabee (Companion of the Prophet) or some other person, for Imaam Al-Bukhaaree reported in his Saheeh (Book of Authentic Hadeeth), under the chapter on “Sending peace and blessings on other than the Prophet (peace be upon him)” and Allaah’s saying: …and invoke Allaah for them. Verily, your invocations are a source of security for them on the authority of the following chain of narration… read more here.

Did ‘Umar said, “If it is said that all the people will be admitted into Jannah except for one person…”?

Question 9: Is it true what was reported about `Umar ibn al-Khattaab (may Allaah be pleased with him) that he said, “If it is said that all the people will be admitted into Paradise except for one person, I would think that I am that person.”

Answer: As far as we know it was not authentically reported that `Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said these words. Saying so does not agree with the strong Eemaan (belief) that `Umar had, and his expectation of good and hope of his Lordread more here.

The Prophet’s (peace be upon him) life at his home and morals

Question 7: What was the life of the Prophet (peace be upon him) like at home? What were his manners?’

Answer: The manners of the Prophet (peace be upon him) were that of the Qur’aan as `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) described him, deriving her portrayal of his character from Allaah’s saying: “And Verily, you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) are on an exalted (standard of) character.” The Prophet (peace be upon him) dealt mildly and gently with his family… read more here.

Are the decisions of the Islamic Fiqh Academy considered to be Ijmaa’ (consensus of scholars)?

Question 6: Consensus of opinions is one of the basic sources of legislation in Islaam next only to the Glorious aand the Sunnah. Do the decisions of the Islaamic Fiqh Academy in Makkah Al-Mukarramah form a consensus of Muslim scholars?

A: All Praise is due to Allaah. May peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family, and Companions. To commence, the Islaamic Fiqh Academy does not form a consensus of opinion… read more here.

Claiming that al-Jaami’ al-Saheeh of al-Bukhaaree contains weak Hadeeths

Question 6: Some people claim that the Saheeh (Authentic Hadeeth Book) of Al-Bukhaaree includes some Da‘eef (weak) Hadeeth, although we told them that all Muslims unanimously agree to its authenticity, could you please show the right opinion?

Answer: This claim is untrue, for all the Hadeeth in Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree that are Musnad (Hadeeths with a sound chain of narration) and Muttasil (Hadeeths with a continuous chain of narration to a Companion of the Prophet or Follower; the generation after the Prophet’s Companions) are authentic… read more here.

Delaying performing Fajr Prayer from its due time

Question 5: What is the ruling on the Salaah (“Prayer”) of a person who has been in the habit of offering the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer after sunrise for two years? He claims that sleep overpowers him as he stays up late until midnight sitting at cafés or nightclubs.

Question 5: Is it permissible to dine with this person, keep company with him, or live with him?

A: It is prohibited to delay Salaah until its appointed time elapses. Every Muslim should give due concern to offer Salaah at its appointed time. He may ask someone to remind him of its time or he may set his alarm clock at prayer time. A person is prohibited to stay up late at night clubs or other places of entertainment which make him miss the Fajr Prayer or miss the reward of congregational prayer… read more here.

 

Reciting the Qur’aan starting with Soorah of Al-Naas, Soorah of Al-Falaq, and Soorah of Al-Ikhlaas…

Question 5: Is it permissible to recite the Soorahs (Qur’aanic “chapters”) in an order other than that of the Mus-haf (copy of the Qur’aan), for example, Soorah Al-Falaq before Soorah Al-Naas or something like that?

Answer: It is better to recite the Soorahs in the order of the ‘Uthmaanee script of the Mus-haf starting with Al-Faatihah, then Al-Baqarah, then ‘Aal-‘Imraan, and ending with Soorah Al-Naas. Accordingly, reciting Soorah Al-Falaq before Soorah Al-Naas is in agreement with the order of the ‘Uthmaanee script… read more here.

Is it permissible in these days to practice Ijtihaad (juristic effort to infer expert legal rulings)?

Question 5: Is it permissible in these days to practice Ijtihaad (juristic effort to infer expert legal rulings)?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To commence, practicing Ijtihaad is still opened before people of knowledge and belief who have deep insight and understanding for the Qur’aan, the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) and the sayings of those who preceded us from among the Companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and… read more here.

Who are the two Shaykhs?

Question 5: After citing some Hadeeth, the phrase “Rawaahu Al-Shaykhaan (Related by the two Shaykhs)” comes at the end; who are the two Shaykhs?

Answer: The phrase “Rawaahu Al-Shaykhaan” refers to Muhammad ibn Ismaa‘eel Al-Bukhaaree, who compiled the most authentic collection of Hadeeth entitled [Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree]and Muslim ibn Al-Hajjaaj Al-Naysabooryee, who compiled… read more here.

Is it permissible to say: “O Mu’een (Supporter), O Lord”?

Question 17: Is it permissible to say when seeking the help of Allaah, Glorified and Exalted be He, “O Mu‘een (Supporter)! O Lord!” or to say when asking to make easy what is difficult, “O Musahhil (He who facilitates)! O Muyassir (He who makes easy)! O Lord”? What is the governing principle in this regard? And what is the ruling on a person who says so inadvertently, ignorantly, or deliberately?

Answer: It is permissible to say what you have mentioned, because the One referred to by the “Supporter” and “He who makes easy” is Allaah, Glorified and Exalted be He, as you have declared at the end of your supplication, saying, “O Lord!”, whether you… read more here.

Can we offer the two supererogatory Rak`ahs of Fajr after sunrise or before Fajr Prayer?

Question 4: If a person sleeps until sunrise, should he pray the two supererogatory Rak`ahs (units of Prayer) before offering the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer?

Answer: If one is overpowered by sleep and could not wake up until after sunrise, he should perform Fajr (Dawn) Prayer when he wakes up and should offer the Sunnah (supererogatory) Salaah before Fajr. It is authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah… read more here.

If a person oversleeps until sunrise and does not perform Fajr Prayer, how can they perform Salaah?

Question 3: Allaah has guided me to obey Him. I offer the daily prayers on time except for Fajr (Dawn). Sometimes I get up late after sunrise. Is my Fajr Prayer offered at that time valid? How can a Muslim make up for the Salaah they missed like `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer? Will they make up for it at the time of the Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer or delay it until the next `Asr Prayer?

Answer: The Salaah you miss due to sleep or forgetfulness should be offered the moment you wake up or the moment you remember. It does not matter if you wake up or remember it after sunrise. This is based on the Hadeeth in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read  more here.

Ruling on performing Ghusl from Janaabah in ponds in deserts or Masjids?

Question 4: What is the legal ruling on performing Ghusl (ritual bath) in standing water for someone who is Junub (in a state of major ritual impurity)?It should be noted that there are many ponds in desert places where water remains standing for a long period without being changed except by rain water in summer or autumn. There are also some ponds in Masjids (mosques). What is the ruling on the prohibition mentioned in Hadeeth: None of you should wash in standing water while he is Junub. ? What is the ruling on a person who does what is prohibited? Moreover, villagers used to come to these ponds and reveal some parts of their bodies above the knees.

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To commence: Firstly: It is not permissible for the Junub to perform Ghusl in standing water. It was reported by Muslim on the authority of ‘Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Arranging the Soorahs (Qur’aanic “chapters”) according to the `Uthmaanee Mus-haf

Question 4: Please find attached a copy of Juz’ ‘Amma (the last 30th of the Qur’aan), with footnotes giving the meanings of difficult words. I noticed in it that the Soorahs are arranged in reverse order, starting with Soorah Al-Naas and ending with Soorah ‘Amma. Please advise if this order is permissible and whether the order of the Qur’aanic Soorahs is Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion) or not? May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: It is obligatory that the Soorahs should follow the same order as in the ‘Uthmaanee script of the Mus-haf (copy of the Qur’aan). Accordingly, the last Juz’ should start with Soorah ‘Amma (Al-Nabaa’) and end with Surah Al-Naas… read more here.

Naming the Soorahs of the Qur’aan (Qur’aanic “chapters”)

Question 3: Who was it who named the Soorahs (Qur’aanic chapters)? Was it the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him)?

A: We do not know of a text that was authentically reported from the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) about the naming of all the Soorahs. The names of some Surahs are reported in Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeths, such as Soorahs Al-Baqarah and Aal-‘Imraan… read more here.

Regarding a person who denies the punishment in the grave?

Question 4: What about a person who denies the punishment in the grave, because the reports in this regard are Hadith-ul-Ahad (Hadiths which at some point in the chain have only a single narrator) which -they hold- can never be taken as basis for beliefs? They do not judge reports in terms of authenticity, acceptability, and weakness, but in terms of the numerous chains of transmission; whether it is a singular report or recurrently reported at each generation of narrators. Upon finding out that a certain report is singular, they reject it. How does one respond to this?

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone. Peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family, and Companions. To commence, if a singular report is authentically reported from Allaah’s Messenger (peace be upon him), it is a credited proof according to the consensus of Ahl-al-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (those adhering to the Sunnah and the Muslim community), whether on issues of worship or creed… read more here.

What is the definition of al-Makrooh (reprehensible)?

Question 3: What is the definition of al-Makrooh?

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah and peace be upon his Prophet, his family, and Companions. To proceed: Al-Makrooh (what is disliked) is defined as an act that if abstained from, one is rewarded… read more here.

What is the meaning of the following two terms in Hadeeth: Mawqoof and Mursal?

Question 4: What is the meaning of the following two terms that I find in Hadeeth books: Mawqoof and Mursal?

Answer: (1) Hadeeth Mawqoof is the own statement of a Companion of the Prophet who did not ascribe it to the Prophet (peace be upon him). (2) According to… read more here.

Is ‘Sunnah’ a Revelation from Allaah?

Question 3: Is Sunnah part of Wahy (Revelation) or not?

Answer: Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) is Wahy from Allaah (Exalted be He) to His Messenger (peace be upon him) but in the wording of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him). It is authentically… read more here.

Anyone who intentionally abandons Salaah though they acknowledge its obligation?

Question 2: Allaah has guided me to obey Him. I offer the daily prayers on time except for Fajr (Dawn). Sometimes I get up late after sunrise. Is my Fajr Prayer offered at that time valid? How can a Muslim make up for the Salaah they missed like `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer? Will they make up for it at the time of the Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer or delay it until the next `Asr Prayer?

Answer: The Salaah you miss due to sleep or forgetfulness should be offered the moment you wake up or the moment you remember. It does not matter if you wake up or remember it after sunrise. This is based on the Hadeeth in which the Prophet… read more here.

Missing a Salaah because of sleep or forgetfulness until its due time is over

Question 1: Allaah has guided me to obey Him. I offer the daily prayers on time except for Fajr (Dawn). Sometimes I get up late after sunrise. Is my Fajr Prayer offered at that time valid? How can a Muslim make up for the Salaah they missed like `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer? Will they make up for it at the time of the Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer or delay it until the next `Asr Prayer?

Answer: The Salaah you miss due to sleep or forgetfulness should be offered the moment you wake up or the moment you remember. It does not matter if you wake up or remember it after sunrise. This is based on the Hadeeth in which the Prophet… read more here.

What is the ruling on performing Ghusl in standing water for the one who is Junub

Question 2: What is the legal ruling on performing Ghusl (ritual bath) in standing water for someone who is Junub (in a state of major ritual impurity)?It should be noted that there are many ponds in desert places where water remains standing for a long period without being changed except by rain water in summer or autumn. There are also some ponds in Masjids (mosques). What is the ruling on the prohibition mentioned in Hadith: “None of you should wash in standing water while he is Junub.” ? What is the ruling on a person who does what is prohibited? Moreover, villagers used to come to these ponds and reveal some parts of their bodies above the knees?

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To commence: Firstly: It is not permissible for the Junub to perform Ghusl in standing water. It was reported by Muslim on the authority of ‘Aboo Hurayrah… read more here.

What is the preponderant opinion on the issue of water?

Question 1: What is the preponderant opinion on the issue of water? Please clarify the issue in detail.

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To commence:

The basic ruling on water is that it is Taahir (ritually pure). If its color, taste, or odor changes due to being mixed with a Najaasah (ritual impurity), it will be considered to be Najis (ritually impure), whether the amount is small or large. However, if the Najaasah does not alter it, it will be considered as Taahir… read more here.

Are there many types of Nahy as Nahy Tahrim, Nahy Takrim and Nahy Tanzih

Question 2: In reference to the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) Hadeeth “When I command you to do anything, do as much of it as is within your capability; when I forbid you to do anything, stay away from it,” is it true that there are levels of Nahy indicating how serious it is to do or not to do something, including Nahy Tahreem (forbidding something due to its being prohibited, Nahy Takreem (forbidding something for the sake of reaching perfection) Nahy Tanzih (forbidding something despite its close proximity to being lawful), Nahy Nadb (forbiddance denoting recommendation not to do something but no strict prohibition), and the like? Another example is the Hadeeth narrated in Saheeh Al-Jami` to the effect that The Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade combing the hair everyday (unless urgently needed). Does the forbiddance imply prohibition or is it just discouraging it?

Answer: Praise be to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. In principle, Nahy (forbiddance) implies prohibition unless otherwise indicated by contextual evidence. There is nothing called Nahy Nadb. If there is contextual evidence denoting that Nahy… read more here.

What is the difference between Sunnah and Fard?

Question 1: People in our country differentiate between Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet) and Fard (obligatory). They say that Allaah’s punishment takes place only when someone leaves the acts that are relevant to Fard or stressed Sunnah. However, I believe that anything which Muhammad (peace be upon him) has done or clarified to his Ummah is an obligation. Accordingly, those who do not do this are considered to be hateful of what Muhammad has come with. Growing the beard for example, has been ordained by Muhammad (peace be upon him), is it authentically proven that he shaved it? Does shaving it imply a sign of hatred to what Muhammad (peace be upon him) has come with? Does whoever does this fall under the same Aayah?

Answer: All Praise be to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To proceed: Obligation is what a person is rewarded for doing and punished for abandoning. Sunnah or (the desirable acts) is what a person is rewarded for doing… read more here.

What is meant by ‘Hadeeth Mursal’?

Question 1: What is the meaning of Hadeeth Mursal? It was reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “O Asmaa’, when a woman reaches the age of menstruation, nothing should be seen of her except this and this” and he pointed to the face and hands. Is this Hadeeth Mursal or Da‘eef (weak)? Was this Hadith stated before or after the revelation of the Aayah (Qur’aanic verses) of Hijaab (veil)?

Answer:  Hadeeth Mursal is a Hadeeth with no Companion of the Prophet in its chain of narration. As for the above-mentioned Hadith of Asmaa’… read more here.

Allaah challenged those who doubt the revelation of the Qur’aan to the Messenger?

Question 2: What challenge has Allaah made to those doubting that the Qur’aan was revealed to the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him)?

Answer: Allaah has challenged them to produce the like of the Qur’aan, or ten Soorahs (chapters) of the Qur’aan, or even just one Soorah, but they failed… read more here.

Which is better, the Qur’an or ‘Eesaa (Jesus, the son of Mary)?

Question 1: I heard some scholars asking which is better: the Qur’aan or `Eesaa ibn Maryam (Jesus, the son of Mary, peace be upon them)?

Answer:  The Qur’aan is the Speech of Allaah; it was not created. `Eesaa (peace be upon him) is a human being who was given birth to by Maryam bint `Imraan. Thus, the Qur’aan is better… read more here.

Seeking help from someone who is not Present

Question 7: What is the ruling on seeking help from the dead, such as saying, “Madad (Give me help and strength), O so-and-so!”, or seeking help from the living who are absent and do not hear the one calling for their help?

Answer: Firstif one calls upon a dead person for help saying: “Madad (Give me help and strength), O so-and-so!”, they must be advised and warned that this is Haram (prohibited); it is even an act of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). A person who insists on doing… read more here.

Saying the Phrase, “Madad (Give me help and strength), O so and so!” or Assist me!

Question 6: What is the ruling on seeking help from the dead, such as saying, “Madad (Give me help and strength), O so-and-so!”, or seeking help from the living who are absent and do not hear the one calling for their help?

Answer: First, if one calls upon a dead person for help saying: “Madad (Give me help and strength), O so-and-so!”, they must be advised and warned that this is Haram (prohibited); it is even an act of Shirk (associating others with Allah in His… read more here.

Saying the phrase, “O servants of Allaah’s magnificent names, answer and fulfill my needs!”

Question 5: Is it permissible for a Muslim, while making du’aa (supplication) to Allaah, to say: “O servants of Allaah’s Most Beautiful Names, answer and fulfill my needs!”?

Answer: Calling the servants of Allaah’s Most Beautiful Names to fulfill one’s needs is Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), for it involves… read more here.

A community of people (Muslims) invoke for help to other than Allaah

Question 2: Is it permissible for a man who lives among a community of people who invoke help from other than Allaah to perform Salaah (prayer) behind them (when they lead the congregational prayers)? Is it obligatory to disassociate oneself from them? Is what they are doing count as major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)? Is making allies of them judged the same as making allies of true Kaafirs (disbelievers)?

Answer:  If the state of the people you are living among is as you described: they call upon other than Allah for help, such as the dead, absent or unseen beings, trees, stones, stars, and the like, they are Mushriks (those who associate others with Allah in worship) who are committing major Shirk that take them out of the Din (religion) of Islam. It is not permissible to take them as allies, as is the case with the Kafir. Performing Salah behind them is invalid. It is also not permissible to associate with them or live… read more here.

Anyone who believes that someone besides (or with) Allaah is managing the Universe

Question 1: Is a person who believes that someone other than Allaah is managing the universe considered a Kaafir (disbeliever)?

Answer: Whoever believes this is considered a Kaafir, because he has associated partners with Allaah in His Lordship (al-Ruboobiyyah). He is even worse in disbelief (Kufr) than … read more here.