If Hajj is only possible in the company of innovators?

Question 5: We would like to inform you that many of our Sunni Muslim brothers who live on the Persian coast are desirous of performing the Islaamic obligation of Hajj. The problem is that they cannot travel in the company of the Shiite Iranians for fear of disputes that might occur during the journey. In addition, the neighboring Arab governments do not allow them to travel via their airways. Is it permissible for them to send expenditures of the journey to other Muslim brothers of another country to perform Hajj on their behalf? Please clarify this matter as you issue your fatwaa. May Allaah reward you!

Answer: They are obliged to perform Hajj if they are financially and physically capable, even if they must travel in the company of the Shiites. However, they should exercise extreme caution lest they be deceived by the false Shiite doctrines… read more here.


Ruling on the Hajj

Question 2: Some people claim that there is no obligation to go to the holy lands to perform Hajj. They also say that whoever goes there, comes back more coarse and merciless. Most of these people are financially and physically capable of performing Hajj, but they are reluctant. What is the ruling on whoever says this? Do they come under the same mentioned Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) with regard to the fifth nullifier of Islaam?

Answer: Hajj is one of the pillars of Islaam. Whoever denies or resents it after the proof has come to him is a Kaafir (disbeliever) who should be asked to repent; if he repents, all is well and good, otherwise he should be killed… read more here.


When was Hajj prescribed?

Question 1: In which year, following the Hijrah (Prophet’s migration to Madeenah), was Hajj made obligatory? What is the most authentic report in this regard?

Answer: Scholars have differed concerning the year in which Hajj was made obligatory. It was said that it was in the fifth year after Hijrah. Others said that it was in the sixth year after Hijrah. It was also said that it was in the ninth or tenth year after Hijrah… read more here.

The Saa`(measure) used by the Messenger of Allaah

Question 9: What was the amount of a Saa` in handfuls as was used by the Messenger (peace be upon him)?

Answer: What has been verified for us regarding the Prophetic Saa` is that it is four handfuls of a moderate-sized man. This is what was mentioned by some Muslim scholars such as Ibn al-Atheer in his book Al-Nihaayah and Al-Fayruzabadee in his book Al-Qaamoos… read more here

Ruling on the Muslim who refuses to pay Zakaah (the lunar “charity”)

Question 1: What is the ruling on a man/woman who testifies that there is no God but Allaah and offers the Salaah (prayer), but does not pay the Zakaah? As this person refuses to pay the Zakaah, should Funeral Prayer be offered for them when they die?

Answer: Zakaah is one of the pillars of Islaam and if one gives it up, denying that it is obligatory, then its rulings should be explained to them. If however they still refuse to pay the Zakaah, they are considered to be a disbeliever and after they die, Funeral Prayer should not be offered for them nor should they be buried in the Muslim graveyards. However, if one abandons paying Zakaah out of miserliness while… read more here.

Does yellowish discharge seen after Tuhr (ritual purity) affect the validity of Sawm?

Question 10: One Ramadan night, my paternal aunt became pure from menses, i.e. Her period was over, before dawn. She observed Sawm (Fast) on the next day but at the time of Duhr (Noon) Prayer she saw Sufrah (yellow vaginal discharge during or after menstruation). Is her Sawm valid?

Answer: Her Sawm is valid if Tuhr (purity from menses signaled by white discharge or complete cessation of bleeding) commenced before the break of dawn and thus she observed Sawm on the next day. As for the yellowish discharge that appears after seeing Tuhr… read more here.

Should a woman whose postnatal bleeding stopped before the passage of forty days observe fast?

Question 9: My wife gave birth almost seven days before Ramadaan. She became Taahir (ritually pure) before the beginning of the month. Is her Sawm (fast) valid or should she make up for it? She said that she fasted once she was Taahir. Please answer me, may Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, and your wife fasted Ramadaan while she is Taahir, her Sawm is valid. There is no need to make up for it… read more here.

An old lady was ignorant of the rulings on menstruation for many years during which she did not make up for missed Ramadaan fasts; what should she do?

Question 7: A sixty year old lady was ignorant of the rulings of menstruation for many years. She did not make up for the days she had not fasted in Ramadaan because she thought these days were not to be made up for as she had heard from some common people.

A: This lady has to make Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) from doing so because she did not ask people who are knowledgeable of the rulings of Islaam. She should also make up the number of days that she thinks were most probably missed. Moreover, she has to offer a Kaffarah (expiation)… read more here.

Is someone who does not observe fast, but performs Salaah, judged to be a Kaafir (disbeliever)?

Question 5: Is a person who observes Salaah (Prayer), but abandons Sawm (Fast) without any lawful excuse deemed a Kaafir (disbeliever)?

Answer: Whoever abandons Sawm for disownment of its obligation is deemed a Kaafir by consensus, and whoever abandons it out of laziness or negligence is not deemed a Kaafir, but is subject to great danger for abandoning an obligatory and unanimously agreed upon pillar of the Pillars of Islaam… read more here.

Are they who lose their minds accountable for their deeds?

Question 8: Will a mad person be held accountable for the misdeeds that he committed such as neglecting Salaah (Prayer), Sawm (Fast), Zakaah (obligatory charity), and son on? It should be noted that the person concerned was a normal person in the beginning of his life, but later became insane.

Answer: As for the period when the person concerned was sane, he will be held accountable for the deeds done then; rewarded for the good ones and punished for the bad ones. As for the period when he was insane, he will not be held accountable for the deeds committed then… read more here.

What is the ruling on using western styled toilets?

Question 9: Is it permissible to use western style toilets?

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family, and Companions. To commence: It is permissible to use any toilets but try to protect your bodies and clothes from Najaasah (ritual impurity) when relieving yourselves. After finishing, you should follow the Islaamic way either by performing Istijmaar (cleansing the private parts with hard material after urination or defecation) or Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation) and… read more here.

Recording the recitation of the Qur`aan on CD’s & tapes and selling them

Question 9: What is the ruling on preferring some Qur’aan reciters to others and recording the Qur’aan recitation on tapes and selling them?

Answer: It is permissible to prefer some Qur’aan reciters to others due to their excellent recitation and mastery of its rules. It is also permissible to record the recitation on tapes and sell them… read more here.

Which is better, reciting the Qur’aan or doing Tasbeeh, Tahmeed, Takbeer, Tahleel …?

Question 7: Which is better, reciting the Qur’aan or occupying oneself with Tasbeeh (saying: “Subhaan-Allaah [Glory be to Allaah]”), Tahleel (saying: “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah [There is no god except Allaah]”), Istighfaar (seeking forgiveness from Allaah), and Du‘aa’ (supplication) between the Adaan (call to salaah) and Iqaamah (call to start the Prayer) in the Fajr (Dawn) and the Maghrib (Sunset) Prayers? Please advise!

Answer: Reciting the Qur’aan is better, unless there is a text that indicates the preference of another thikr (Remembrance of Allaah), such as Tasbeeh, Tahmeed, Takbeer, or Tahleel at certain positions during Salaah (Prayer), based on evidence from the Sunnah, and also after Salaah, based on evidence of permissibility. The basic rule is that any thikr prescribed by Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law) to be said at a particular time or place takes precedence… read more here.

Can there be more than one right aspect for the same question?

Question 10: Can Ijmaa` (consensus of Scholars) be reached in our present time throughout the Islaamic world? With regard to the Fatwas of the Islaamic Fiqh Academy that are unanimously agreed upon by all members of the Academy, are they considered a consensus? Is it possible that Ijmaa` may be concluded in places other than the Islaamic Fiqh Academy? Please advise, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: First, Most scholars of Usool-ul-Fiqh (principles of Islaamic jurisprudence) agree that Ijmaa` can be reached by people of power and knowledge in Muslim nations concerning a certain issue and the resulting agreed-upon opinion can be known among them, such as permitting the master to have sexual intercourse with his female slave… read more here.


Did ‘Umar said, “If it is said that all the people will be admitted into Jannah except for one person…”?

Question 9: Is it true what was reported about `Umar ibn al-Khattaab (may Allaah be pleased with him) that he said, “If it is said that all the people will be admitted into Paradise except for one person, I would think that I am that person.”

Answer: As far as we know it was not authentically reported that `Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said these words. Saying so does not agree with the strong Eemaan (belief) that `Umar had, and his expectation of good and hope of his Lordread more here.

The Prophet’s (peace be upon him) life at his home and morals

Question 7: What was the life of the Prophet (peace be upon him) like at home? What were his manners?’

Answer: The manners of the Prophet (peace be upon him) were that of the Qur’aan as `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) described him, deriving her portrayal of his character from Allaah’s saying: “And Verily, you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) are on an exalted (standard of) character.” The Prophet (peace be upon him) dealt mildly and gently with his family… read more here.

Making up for missed Salaah due to unconsciousness in the hospital

Question 6: My ninety-nine year old father was hit in a car accident. He was taken to a hospital where he remained unconscious for seventeen days during which he did not perform Salaah. When he recovered, he asked about making up for the missed Salaahs. Please advise!

Answer: If he was conscious during the period when he abandoned Salaah, he should make up for the missed Salaahs according to his ability, whether standing, sitting, or lying on his side or back. He should observe them in the same order from the first day missed starting with the first Salaah… read more here.

Are the decisions of the Islamic Fiqh Academy considered to be Ijmaa’ (consensus of scholars)?

Question 6: Consensus of opinions is one of the basic sources of legislation in Islaam next only to the Glorious aand the Sunnah. Do the decisions of the Islaamic Fiqh Academy in Makkah Al-Mukarramah form a consensus of Muslim scholars?

A: All Praise is due to Allaah. May peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family, and Companions. To commence, the Islaamic Fiqh Academy does not form a consensus of opinion… read more here.

Who are the two Shaykhs?

Question 5: After citing some Hadeeth, the phrase “Rawaahu Al-Shaykhaan (Related by the two Shaykhs)” comes at the end; who are the two Shaykhs?

Answer: The phrase “Rawaahu Al-Shaykhaan” refers to Muhammad ibn Ismaa‘eel Al-Bukhaaree, who compiled the most authentic collection of Hadeeth entitled [Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree]and Muslim ibn Al-Hajjaaj Al-Naysabooryee, who compiled… read more here.

Can we offer the two supererogatory Rak`ahs of Fajr after sunrise or before Fajr Prayer?

Question 4: If a person sleeps until sunrise, should he pray the two supererogatory Rak`ahs (units of Prayer) before offering the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer?

Answer: If one is overpowered by sleep and could not wake up until after sunrise, he should perform Fajr (Dawn) Prayer when he wakes up and should offer the Sunnah (supererogatory) Salaah before Fajr. It is authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah… read more here.

Arranging the Soorahs (Qur’aanic “chapters”) according to the `Uthmaanee Mus-haf

Question 4: Please find attached a copy of Juz’ ‘Amma (the last 30th of the Qur’aan), with footnotes giving the meanings of difficult words. I noticed in it that the Soorahs are arranged in reverse order, starting with Soorah Al-Naas and ending with Soorah ‘Amma. Please advise if this order is permissible and whether the order of the Qur’aanic Soorahs is Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion) or not? May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: It is obligatory that the Soorahs should follow the same order as in the ‘Uthmaanee script of the Mus-haf (copy of the Qur’aan). Accordingly, the last Juz’ should start with Soorah ‘Amma (Al-Nabaa’) and end with Surah Al-Naas… read more here.

What is the preponderant opinion on the issue of water?

Question 1: What is the preponderant opinion on the issue of water? Please clarify the issue in detail.

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To commence:

The basic ruling on water is that it is Taahir (ritually pure). If its color, taste, or odor changes due to being mixed with a Najaasah (ritual impurity), it will be considered to be Najis (ritually impure), whether the amount is small or large. However, if the Najaasah does not alter it, it will be considered as Taahir… read more here.

What are the categories of the Sunnah?

Question 2: How many categories of Sunnah are there?

Answer: Sunnah can be classified into three categories:(1) verbal sayings, (2) actions, (3) or approvals made by the Prophet (peace be upon him)… read more here.

What is meant by ‘Hadeeth Mursal’?

Question 1: What is the meaning of Hadeeth Mursal? It was reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “O Asmaa’, when a woman reaches the age of menstruation, nothing should be seen of her except this and this” and he pointed to the face and hands. Is this Hadeeth Mursal or Da‘eef (weak)? Was this Hadith stated before or after the revelation of the Aayah (Qur’aanic verses) of Hijaab (veil)?

Answer:  Hadeeth Mursal is a Hadeeth with no Companion of the Prophet in its chain of narration. As for the above-mentioned Hadith of Asmaa’… read more here.

Those who vow and slaughter sacrifices to the dead in the graves and shrines

Question 21: If a father performs the five daily Salaah (Prayers) and maintains the pillars of Islaam but believes that vowing and slaughtering to those buried in the graves and shrines is permissible, can his son use his money to secure his future or inherit him after his death?

Answer: The belief of a Mukallaf (legally competent person) that vowing or slaughtering sacrificial animals to those buried in graves is permissible, is considered Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) which takes him out of the fold of Islaam. He should be asked to repent for three days and to be kept under firm control. If he does not repent, he should be killed. With regard to the son’s reception… read more here.

Saying the phrase, “O servants of Allaah’s magnificent names, answer and fulfill my needs!”

Question 5: Is it permissible for a Muslim, while making du’aa (supplication) to Allaah, to say: “O servants of Allaah’s Most Beautiful Names, answer and fulfill my needs!”?

Answer: Calling the servants of Allaah’s Most Beautiful Names to fulfill one’s needs is Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), for it involves… read more here.

A community of people (Muslims) invoke for help to other than Allaah

Question 2: Is it permissible for a man who lives among a community of people who invoke help from other than Allaah to perform Salaah (prayer) behind them (when they lead the congregational prayers)? Is it obligatory to disassociate oneself from them? Is what they are doing count as major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)? Is making allies of them judged the same as making allies of true Kaafirs (disbelievers)?

Answer:  If the state of the people you are living among is as you described: they call upon other than Allah for help, such as the dead, absent or unseen beings, trees, stones, stars, and the like, they are Mushriks (those who associate others with Allah in worship) who are committing major Shirk that take them out of the Din (religion) of Islam. It is not permissible to take them as allies, as is the case with the Kafir. Performing Salah behind them is invalid. It is also not permissible to associate with them or live… read more here.