Etiquettes of reciting the Qur’aan

It is recommended for the person who recites the Qur’aan to observe the following etiquette:

First, a person should be in the most perfect condition when reciting the Book of Allaah, ritually pure and tidy out of respect for this Glorious Book. It is Mustahab (desirable) to be ritually pure while reciting the Qur’aan; however, it is permissible for those who are in a state of Hadath (ritual impurity that invalidates ablution) to recite the Qur’aan because the Prophet (peace be upon him) once got up (in the late part of the night), washed his face, and recited the last ten Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) of Aal `Imraan without performing Wudoo’ (ablution). `Umar ibn Al-Khattaab (may Allaah be pleased with him) was sitting among men who were reciting the Qur’aan. He went to relieve himself and returned while reciting the Qur’aan. A man asked him: “O Ameer Al-Mu’mineen (Commander of the Believers), do you recite the Qur’aan while not having Wudoo’?” `Umar wondered: “Who gave you a Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) denoting this? Was it Musaylimah?” (Related by Maalik  in Al-Muwatta’)… read more here.

Reciting the Qur’aan without performing Wudoo’ (ablution)

Question 29: Is it permissible to recite the Qur’aan without having performed Wudoo’ (ablution)? What is the evidence for this? Is there any controversy on this issue? If there is, what is the soundest scholarly opinion?

Answer: A Muslim is allowed to recite the Qur’aan while in a state of minor Hadath (ritual impurity that necessitates ablution) without touching the Mus-haf (copy of the Qur’aan)… read more here.

Reciting the Qur’aan loudly in the Masjid (mosque)

Question 13: Is it permissible to recite the Qur’aan loudly in the Masjid (mosque) through loudspeakers before the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer, Jumu‘ah (Friday) Prayer, or any other Salaah (Prayer), although there are people offering Sunnah Qabliyyah (supererogatory Prayer performed before an obligatory Prayer) or Tahiyyat-ul-Masjid (two-unit Prayer to salute the mosque)?

Answer: The Qur’aan is the Words of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He), and reciting it is a purely physical ‘Ibaadah (worship). Anyone who listens to Qur’aan recitation is rewarded, but if raising the voice during the recitation disturb others, it is necessary to lower the voice until disturbance is eliminated… read more here.

Beautifying the voice in Athaan and when reciting the Qur’aan

Question 12: What is the ruling on beautifying one’s voice when reciting the Qur’aan or announcing the Athaan (call to Salaah)?

Answer: If beautifying the voice when reciting them does not reach the level of singing them, this is permissible. Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah be merciful to him) said: “The Prophet (peace be upon him) liked a beautiful voice calling the Athaan and reciting the Qur’aan and… read more here.

Reciting the Qur’aan while riding riding an animal or a vehicle

Question 11: Is it permissible to recite the Qur’aan while riding an animal, such as a camel, a horse, a donkey, or while driving a car? Please enlighten us.

Answer: It is permissible for a Muslim to recite the Qur’aan while riding an animal, in a car, or on a plane. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) offered Salaah (Prayer) while riding his mount…. read more here.

Reciting the Qur’aan in unison with the intention of learning

Question 7: Is it permissible for a group of people to recite the Qur’aan in one voice for the purpose of learning?

Answer: We do not know of any evidence in Sharee`ah (Islaamic Law) which makes it impermissible for a group of students to recite the Qur’aan in one voice for the purpose of learning the rules of Tajweed (reciting the Qur’aan following the rules of recitation)… read more here.