Slaughtering at certain times as an act of the Sunnah

Question: What is the ruling on sacrificing an animal at a specific date and time every year? Many people believe that slaughtering on the 27th of Rajab, 6th of Safar, 15th of Shawwaal, and 10th of Muharram is an act of ‘Ibaadah (worship) and Qurbah (a good deed by which Allaah’s Pleasure is sought). Are these acts valid? Are they acts of Sunnah or Bid‘ah (innovation in religion) that contradict Islaam and anyone who does them will not be rewarded in return?

Answer: All acts of ‘Ibaadah and Qurbah that draw a Muslim close to Allaah are Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion)… read more here.

Kind treatment toward family on the Day of `Ashooraa’

Question: On the 10th of Muharram, some people prepare a lot of food for their families and Khutabaa’ (preachers) constantly clarify the religious and worldly virtues of this day. What is the ruling on this? Some people also say that from experience preparing a lot of food on this day leads to blessing in their money.

Answer: What is valid is to fast during the 10th of Muharram, together with the 9th or 11th. If a Khateeb (preacher) or a tutor encourages people to do this and clarifies the virtue of it (the day), this is definitely good… read more here.

Giving charity on the Mid-Sha`baan night

Question: My father, when he was alive, instructed me to give Sadaqah (voluntary charity) as much as I can on the eve of the 15th of Sha‘baan every year. I carried out his will up to now, but some people reproach me for this act. Is Sadaqah given on the eve of 15th of Sha‘baan permissible according to my father’s will or not? Please enlighten us, may Allaah reward you.

Answer: Specifying this Sadaqah for the day of mid-Sha‘baan every year is an impermissible act of Bid‘ah (innovation in religion), even if this is the will of your father… read more here.

The night “Therein is decreed every matter of ordainments” and the ruling on spending the Mid-Sha`baan night in offering optional night Salaah

Question: My question is about the 15th night of Sha`baan. Does the following Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) in Soorah Al-Dukhaan, saying: Therein (that night) is decreed every matter of ordainments. Refer to the 15th night of Sha`baan, or Laylat-ul-Qadr (the Night of Decree), the 27th night of Ramadaan? Is it Mustahab (desirable) during this night to offer worship, engage in Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah), Qiyaam-ul-Layl (optional Night Prayer), recite Qur’aan, and fast the 14th of Sha`baan?

Answer: Firstly, the authentic explanation reported about the night in the Aayah referred to is that it is Laylat-ul-Qadr, not the night of mid-Sha`baan… read more here.

The Imaam supplicating to Allaah after the obligatory Salaah while the people are gathered

Question: Is it permissible for the Imaam to perform Du`aa’ (supplication to Allaah) after performing the prescribed prayer while all the people are still present?

Answer: Acts of worship are Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion). Therefore, it is not legally permitted to say that this act of worship is permissible with regard to its origin, number, manner or place without legal evidence for saying so… read more here.

Reciting Soorah Yaa-Seen and Mawlid poems on the eve of the seventeenth of Ramadaan

Question: They also gather in Masjids (mosques) on the eve of the 17th of Ramadaan to recite Soorah Yaa-Seen and the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) poems. Is this permissible?

Answer: The answer to this question is the same as that to the first one. Based on the evidence mentioned above, these practices are prohibited… read more here.

Reciting Soorah Yaa-Seen and Mawlid poems on the Mid – Sha`baan night

Question: In some Masjids (mosques), people gather on the eve of the 15th of Sha‘baan to recite Soorah Yaa-Seen three times and the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birth) poems.

Answer: This is a Bid‘ah (innovation in religion). It was authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that is not part of it will have it rejected. He (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said in another Hadeeth… read more here.

Excellence of the night of mid – Sha‘baan

Question: Some scholars say that many Ahaadeeth were narrated about the merit of spending the eve of mid – Sha‘baan in Salaah (Prayer) and its day in Sawm (Fast). Are these Saheeh (authentic) Ahaadeeth or not? If there are Saheeh Ahaadeeth, please explain them to us in detail. If not, please advise. May Allaah reward you with good.

Answer: Many Saheeh Ahaadeeth were narrated about the merit of Sawm in Sha‘baan, but without specifying a certain day. For example, there is a Hadeeth in the Two Sahih Books of Hadeeth (i.e. Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) which states that ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said… read more here.

Preparing food on the eve of the Mi`raaj Night and the night of Al-Qadr and sending it to the Imaam to supplicate to Allaah on it

Question: Is it permissible to prepare food and meat during Laylat-ul-Qadr (the Night of Decree) and the Night of Mi`raaj (Ascension to Heaven) to be sent to the Masjid (mosque) so that the Imaam could make Du`aa’ (supplication) upon it hoping that the reward may reach the dead as is the custom?

Answer: It is not permissible to specify a certain event such as Laylat-ul-Qadr and the Night of Mi`raaj for preparing the food to be sent to the Masjid so that the Imaam could make Du`aa’ upon it hoping that the reward may reach the dead. This is an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion) that should be abandoned… read more here.

Celebrating on the twenty-seventh (27th) night of Ramadaan

Question: What is the ruling on celebrating the twenty-seventh night of Ramadaan in particular?

Answer: Celebrating the twenty-seventh night of Ramadaan in particular is a Bid`ah. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Anyone who introduces anything into this matter of ours (Islaam) that is not part of it will have it rejected. (Related by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)… read more here.

Ruling on celebrating on the twenty-seventh (27th) night of Ramadaan

Question: Is it permissible to distribute the food offered in fulfillment of a vow made for Awliya’ (pious people) and righteous people? And is it permissible to make this a celebration, and is it permissible to raise flags during such celebrations?

Answer: The best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and the worst practice is the introduction of new practices in Islaam. The practice of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) during Ramadaan was to offer many acts of worship like Salaah (Prayer), recitation of the Qur’aan, Sadaqah (voluntary charity), and to perform other good deeds… read more here.

Weather forecast: Only a guess based on the universal Laws of Allaah

Question: The meteorological observatories say that the weather during the coming twenty four hours is expected to be sunny, cloudy, or accompanied by thunder storms. It might rain here or there, and there will be southern or northern winds, and so on.

Answer: Predicting weather conditions or forecasting winds, storms, clouds, or rainfall in some places is based upon knowledge of the universal laws of Allaah… read more here.

Knowing the time of solar and lunar eclipses through the calculation of planetary movements

Question: We have read what was published by Al-Madeenah Newspaper, Issue No. 5402 in 4/1402 A.H. that there will be a full lunar eclipse next Saturday. It will start from 8:30 PM and the partial eclipse ends on Sunday at 12:38 PM. The moon comes out from the penumbra of the earth at 1:37 AM. The phenomenon happened exactly as the Newspaper mentioned.

Answer: The times of lunar and solar eclipses are known through calculation of the planet movements by which we can know whether it is full or partial… read more here.

Relying on the calendar to determine the beginning of Ramadaan

Question: 1: What is the ruling on relying on a calendar to determine the beginning of Ramadaan?

Q 2: If the calendar shows that Sha`baan is twenty nine days, then on the twenty-ninth of Sha`baan it gets cloudy and rain falls to a degree that we cannot sight the new moon of Ramadaan and we don’t hear anything about it, should people begin fasting or not?

Q 3: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: We are an unlettered Ummah ‘nation’; we do not write or calculate. What is meant by this Hadeeth?

Q 4: The Messenger of Allaah said that whoever believes what the soothsayer says is a disbeliever in what was revealed to Muhammad (peace be upon him), and Shaykh Aboo Bakr Al-Jazaa’iree explained that the sorcerer is someone who foretells the unknown future. So what is the ruling on the calendar which determines the whole year, day by day?

Q 5: The Messenger said that we should complete the month of Sha`baan thirty days when we are unable to sight the new moon of Ramadaan. Should we follow that method or the calendar?

Q 6: What is the difference between the stars and the calendar as far as Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah) is concerned?

Q 7: The Qur’aan forbids following Taghoot (false gods), then what is the ruling on the makers of calendars?

Answer: Firstly: The Council of Senior Scholars in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia have previously discussed the question of sighting the new moon by means of calculations, and issued a decree, which reads the following: The Council of Senior Scholars considered the matter of depending upon calculations in sighting the new moon, and all the relevant evidence from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet)… read more here.

Raising children is not an excuse for failing to make up for the missed days of fast in Ramadaan

Question: My wife broke her fast on two consecutive months of Ramadaan due to a gynecological illness and childbirth. Moreover, she vowed to fast for a month if one of her children, who was suffering from meningitis, recovered. However, she has not been able to fulfill her vow, because she is ill and busy raising seven children. For this reason, I hope Your Eminence will tell me whether she must feed the poor instead of fasting due to her poor health and raising up her children?

Answer: Raising children is not an excuse for failing to make up for the missed days of fasting in Ramadaan and feeding the poor instead. She is to delay making up for her missed fast days until she can perform them… read more here.

A woman’s father prevented her from fasting in Ramadaan saying that she was still young but she was pubescent

Question: Is it obligatory on me to make up for the missed days of fasting in Ramadaan, especially as I did not know that it is obligatory to make up for them? This occurred at a time when I was helping my family with many chores outside the house. For this reason, my father used to tell me not to fast because I was young. Now I doubt that there are some days of fasting which I missed. Must I make up for them consecutively? Must I give food to the poor in compensation? How can I do this, and from what kind of food?

Answer: Whoever is alive during Ramadaan and is eligible to fast must fast except if he has a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse, such as traveling or illness during which it is difficult to fast. If the case is as you mentioned that you were eligible to fast, then it is obligatory for you to make up for the days you did not fast and make Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) and Istighfaar (seeking forgiveness from Allaah)… read more here.

A woman fell ill and her father gave Sadaqah for the days she did not fast. During her making up for the missed days of fast, another woman had Suhoor after Dawn

Question: It was the ninth month, which coincided with the month of Ramadaan and I was ill and could not fast. So, I only fasted twelve days from the entire month. My father gave out Sadaqah (voluntary charity) for the days I did not fast.

My question is: Was it permissible for my father to give out Sadaqah for the days I did not fast or must I make up for these days?

Answer: It is a duty upon you to make up for fast since you are not certain that you fasted. The principle is that you must still make up for the missed days of fast, especially since your colleague informed you that neither of you fasted that month of Ramadaan… read more here.

A person has to make up for a missed Ramadaan due to participating in the Palestine War but doubts making up for it

Question: I was in the army that participated in the Palestine War in 1368 A.H. I spent a long time in Palestine including the blessed month of Ramadaan. Currently, I do not remember whether I fasted, made up the days, or broke the fast during that month. After a long time, I met one of the people who had been with me in Palestine during the war and he told me that we did not fast that month. I found out that he made up for the missed days of fast in that month. As I previously mentioned, I do not remember whether I fasted that month or made up for the missed days of fasting of the month.

My question is: What am I to do concerning the fast of this month and how can I make up for the missed days? I am now a diabetic old man and can not make up for the missed days of fast. I repeat that I do not know whether I made up for these missed days of fast or not. I ask Your Eminence to tell me the ruling on this and what I must do.

Answer: It is a duty upon you to make up for fast since you are not certain that you fasted. The principle is that you must still make up for the missed days of fast, especially since your colleague informed you that neither of you fasted that month of Ramadaan… read more here.

Doubting the number of the missed days of fast a woman did not make up for

Question: A woman says: “I gave birth to a daughter in Ramadaan after only four days of fast. I broke the fast for the rest of that month, but I cannot remember how many days I made up for because I did not make up for them consecutively. I am almost certain that I did make up for all of them. What is the ruling in this case? Please give me a detailed answer. May Allaah grant you success.”

Answer: If a woman is not certain how many missed days of fast she made up, she must resolve this problem by trying to find out how many days of fast she missed and then make up for them. If she delayed making up for the missed days of fast until the following Ramadaan without having a valid excuse, she is to make up for them as well as give out food to a Miskeen (a needy person) for each delayed missed day of fast the equivalent of half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country, such as dates, wheat, or rice… read more here.

A woman fell ill and did not make up for the missed days of fast till she died but she give out money in charity

Question: An old woman broke her fast during the daytime in Ramadaan four years prior to her death due to an illness. She had intended to make up for the missed days of fast for this period by giving woolen rugs worth 3000 dirhams to the Masjid (mosque). She has also given out in charity some 4000 dirhams but we do not know her intention toward the Masjid concerning that sum. She passed away in 1993 (may Allaah have mercy on her). Is this sum sufficient to compensate for the missed days of fast or must we, i.e. her relatives, do this on her behalf? We need a detailed answer.

Answer: If this woman broke her fast due to an illness that continued until she passed away or recovered but could not make up the missed days of fasting due to a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse, then there is nothing due upon her or upon her heirs, whether making up for the missed days of fast or giving out food. This is because fast was not obligatory on her. Therefore, she is absolved of any fast or compensation… read more here.

Delay in making up for the missed days of fasting due to a Shar`ee excuse entails only making up for these days

Question: What is the ruling on a woman that broke her fasting in Ramadaan for a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse but could not make up for it before the following Ramadaan? She broke her fast the next Ramadaan due to severe illness and she recovered afterward. Then, she started to make up the missed days of fasting of the first Ramadaan, bought bread, and distributed it among her neighbors. Does this suffice the missed days of fasting?

Answer: If her delay in making up for the missed days of fasting until the next Ramadaan was due to a valid excuse, then she must only make up for the missed days, and does not have to give out food. But if the delay was due to an invalid excuse (not Islaamically lawful), she has to make up for the missed days of fasting and give out food for each day the amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country. She should also make Tawbah (repentance to Allaah, Glorified be He)… read more here.

Someone did not fast a day in Ramadaan and made up for it on a Friday

Question: Someone did not fast a day in Ramadaan and then made up for it on 20th of Shawwaal. However, this day coincided with a Friday. Many people said that it is impermissible to devote Friday to fasting. Do I have to repeat this fast?

Answer: It is established in the Prophetic Sunnah (acts, sayings, or approvals of the Prophet) that it is prohibited to single out Friday for a voluntary fast unless one fasts a day before or after it or if it coincides with a day that someone usually fasts. This is based on the Hadeeth narrated by Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said.. read more here.

A woman’s ignorance of the ruling on making up for the missed days of fasting, but after knowing, she started to fast the White Days

Question: My mother is about 65 years old. Since she started her monthly period until she reached menopause, she did not know the ruling on making up for missed days of fasting on which she had her monthly period and so on until she reached menopause. She has not made up her missed days of fasting. The average duration of her monthly period was four days. After she learnt that she must make up for her missed days of fasting approximately two years ago, she started to fast three days every month. Therefore, we ask Allaah (Exalted be He) first and then Your Eminence to give us a detailed answer to this question.

Answer: Your mother must make up for her missed days of fasting in Ramadaan starting from the time she reached puberty. In addition, she must also feed a Miskeen (a needy person) for each day she missed which she delayed from one Ramadaan to another if she is able to do this… read more here.

Becoming pubescent and not making up for fast due to ignorance of its obligation

Question: I started my monthly period when I was 12 years old and did not know at the time that I had to make up for the number of fasting days on which I had my monthly period. But even on the days on which I did not have my monthly period, I did not fast, since I did not know that fasting was obligatory on me. What is your advice for me? I want to rest my conscience as I always feel that I neglected a duty.

Answer: You must make Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) and make up for the missed days of fasting since you started your monthly period, which is a sign of puberty. Moreover, you must feed a Miskeen (a needy person) with half a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) for each delayed missed day of fasting… read more here.

Missing fast on some days during several years without making up for them

Question: My mother is about 60 years old. She got married when she was 17 years old. She broke her fast during the first four years after fasting had become obligatory on her, mainly when she was 16, 17, 18, and 19 years old. She is sure that she broke her fast for two days when she was 16 years old, but is unsure whether she fasted the rest of the month. However, she is certain that she broke her fast on some days of the month. When she was 17 years old, she broke her fast in the entire month of Ramadaan; when she was 18 years old, she broke her fast on 24 days and only fasted the first six days of the month because she was breastfeeding. When she was 19 years old, she broke her fast in the entire month.

My question is: What must she do now? Please note that she started to make up for the missed Ramadaan fasts when she was 19 years old only 17 days ago. If there is a Sadaqah (voluntary charity) that she can pay, is it permissible that she pay it to her orphaned children? May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: Your mother must make up for the number of days on which she broke her fast during the months of Ramadaan and feed a Miskeen (poor person) half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country such as rice, dates, or wheat for each missed day of fast if she has can. If she delayed making up for the missed days due to a valid excuse, she is not required to feed the poor, but only to make up her missed days of fast… read more here.

Breaking fast on 75 days in Ramadaan

Question: My 75 year-old mother broke her fast and has 75 missed days of fast. Please advise us about what she should do. Is it sufficient for her to make up for these missed days, feed the poor, or do both?

Answer: Your mother must make up for her missed days of fast if she is able to do. She must give 1.5 kg of food to a poor person for each day she missed, because she delayed making up for her missed days of fast. If she cannot make up for the missed days of fast because of old age or an incurable illness, then it is sufficient for her to feed a poor person as mentioned above… read more here.

The months during which we may make up for the missed days of fast in Ramadaan

Question: Please tell me which months we may fast to make up for the missed days in Ramadaan. What are the pillars of faith? How can a Muslim be sinless? I have a brother who did not fast the last few days of Ramadaan (namely 25, 26, 27, 28, 29 and 30). He wanted to make up for them in the month of Rajab. What is your opinion about this?

Answer: Your brother must make up for the days in which he broke his fast during Ramadaan. It is a priority that he starts to make up for them after the end of Ramadaan unless there is a valid excuse. It is permissible for your brother to make up for his missed days of fast during the month of Rajab… read more here.

Making up for missed Ramadaan fasts during winter

Question: What is the ruling on making up for missed Ramadaan fasts during winter when daytime is short as you know?

Answer: It is obligatory on whoever missed some days of Ramadaan fasts to make up for them before the subsequent Ramadaan whether in winter or otherwise. In this regard, Allaah (Exalted be He) stated… read more here.

Should the woman who made up for missed days of Sawm intermittently re-observe Sawm consecutively?

Question: When I first began menstruating, I did not observe Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan because I was so young. However, I made up for the missed Ramadaan fasts intermittently in order not to be noticed by anyone. Is it permissible for me to re-observe Sawm consecutively? Am I liable for Kaffaarah (expiation)? If yes, what is the amount to be paid as Kaffaarah? al-Salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you), may Allaah preserve you.

Answer: It is sufficient for you to make up for the days of fasting you missed when you were young, even if intermittently. However, you are liable for Kaffaarah if you delayed making them up till a subsequent Ramadaan. In this case, you should feed a poor person for each day you delayed making up an amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) of the staple foodstuff… read more here.

Giving the due total amount of food for delaying making up for missed fasts all at once to the poor

Question: A woman made up for previous missed Ramadaan fasts. However, instead of paying the Kaffaarah (expiation) individually per each day, she paid its total amount at once after finishing making up for all missed days. Is it permissible to do so?

Answer: There is nothing wrong with calculating the due total amount of food when making up for the missed fasts was delayed without excuse, and giving it to the poor all at once… read more here.

Postponing missed fasts of Ramadaan due to giving birth till becoming unable to fast

Question: A woman missed the fasts of three months of Ramadaan during which she gave birth to children. However, she has not made up for them yet in spite of the passage of 19 or 20 years. Nevertheless, she still remembers her obligation and is willing to discharge it but cannot do so, because she is ill. Bearing in mind that she is unable to fast, what should she do?

Answer: If this woman’s illness is contingently curable, she should wait until she is cured and then make up for the missed Ramadaan fasts. If she delayed making up for fast until a subsequent Ramadaan came, without a valid excuse, she should feed a poor person for each day she missed 1.5 kg of wheat, rice, or the like, in addition to making up for the missed days… read more here.

Making up for some Ramadaan days only discharges the obligation of the missed Ramadaan fasts

Question: It is claimed, and only Allaah knows the truth, that if a woman is duty-bound to make up for a number of Ramadaan missed fasts, it is permissible for her, while embarking upon the recommended fast of the six days of Shawwaal, to say: “O Allaah, I intend both obligatory and supererogatory fasts”. What is the Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) ruling on this?

Answer: Making up for some Ramadaan days only discharges the obligation of missed Ramadaan fasts; thus, it is impermissible to combine another kind of fast with it through one intention. However, it is Mustahab (highly encouraged) and an abundantly deserving reward to fast the supererogatory six days of Shawwaal after making up for the missed fasts of Ramadaan. Anyway, the above-quoted saying has no basis in Sharee`ah… read more here.

A person was forced to break their Sawm during Ramadaan and forgot

Question: What is the ruling on a person who was forced to break their Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan and forgot to make up for that day, but remembered after about four years? What should they do in such a case?

Answer:  Whoever breaks their Sawm during Ramadan for a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse has to make up for the days missed even if many years have passed. If this delay was not for a Shar`ee excuse, the person in question has to feed a needy person for each day missed an amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx.) of wheat, rice, or any of the staple food of the country… read more here.

Breaking Sawm in Ramadaan for a Shar`ee excuse and breaking its compensatory Sawm before Thuhr Salaah due to ignorance

Question: I broke my Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan for a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse. When I was making up for that day, I broke my Sawm again before the Thuhr (noon) Prayer as I was ignorant about the ruling. What should I do in such a case? And is there any Kaffaarah (expiation) due?

Answer: You have to make up for the day which you failed to complete while observing Sawm. If you delay making up for it until the next Ramadaan without a Shar`ee excuse, you have to feed a needy person an amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of your country, along with making up for it… read more here.

Intentionally breaking compensatory Sawm and ruling on having sexual intercourse during this day

Question: Is it permissible for a person to intentionally break their Sawm (Fast) which is in compensation for a missed day of Ramadaan? And should a person offer a Kaffaarah (expiation) if he intentionally breaks his Sawm by having intercourse with his wife?

Answer: It is forbidden to break the obligatory Sawm which is in compensation for missed Sawm, for vowing, or as Kaffaarah without a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse. Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: …and render not vain your deeds. From this verse, scholars deduced the rule that reads: “Whoever engages himself in a Fard (obligatory, based on a definitive text) act is not allowed to break it”. Therefore, if a person’s Sawm is broken by sexual intercourse, they will be sinful but no Kaffaarah is due on them, for Kaffaarah belongs to having sexual intercourse only during the daytime of Ramadaan… read more here.

Breaking compensatory Sawm, thinking it is the same as voluntary Sawm

Question: I did not observe Sawm (Fast) on one of the days of Ramadaan because of an illness. Afterwards, I made up for that day, but at ten o’clock in the morning on that day, some guests visited me at home and I broke my Sawm, as I thought that compensatory Sawm carries the same ruling as voluntary Sawm. Then, in a religious session I heard that I was mistaken for doing so, and the preacher told me to ask Your Eminence. I hope to know the ruling on what I have done, and what I should do.

Answer: Whoever commences an obligatory Sawm like making up for a missed day of Ramadaan or any other obligatory Sawm like that for vowing or for an oath is forbidden to break their Sawm without a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse, because when one commences an obligatory Sawm, he has to complete it unless he has a Shar`ee excuse… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse with one’s husband while making up for the missed days of Sawm in Ramadaan

Question: A woman had her menstrual period during Ramadaan. After Ramadaan ended, she made up for the days she missed because of the menstrual period, and her husband had intercourse with her while she was observing Sawm (Fast) one of these missed days. What should she do if she was forced and if she was not?

Answer: The woman who, invalidated her Sawm by having intercourse with her husband when she was making up for one of the missed days of Sawm in Ramadaan, has to make up for that day. In addition, she has to offer Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) as it is impermissible for her to break her Sawm… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse with one’s husband during the daytime in Ramadaan while menstruating and about to take Ghusl

Question: A woman had sexual intercourse with her husband during the daytime of Ramadaan, and it was during her menstruation. She was expecting to take the after-menstruation Ghusl (full ritual bath) on that day upon the termination of her period. Is it Waajib (obligatory) on both of them to offer a Kaffaarah (expiation)? I hope that you will explain all the Kaffaarahs due in this regard to me.

Answer: According to Ijmaa` (consensus of scholars), having sexual intercourse with a menstruating wife is forbidden. Whoever does so intentionally, is aware of the prohibition, and knows that his wife is in her menstruation commits a prohibited deed which is one of the major sins. In such a case, he has to show sincere Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) and give out one or half a Dinar as a Kaffaarah for that. Evidences are explicit in the Qur’aan and the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) on the strict prohibition of such a deed… read more here.

Not making up for the missed days of fast in Ramadaan due to menstruation and not knowing their number

Question: A woman says that she fasted the month of Ramadaan since it has been due on her, but she has not made up for the days she did not fast in her monthly periods. Now she does not know the number of days she missed and asks what she should do.

Answer: This woman must make up for the days she did not fast from the previous months of Ramadaan and feed a needy person an amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country for each fasting day she missed as expiation for delaying the making up of these days until another Ramadan came… read more here.

Failing to fast four Ramadaans during war and becoming too old to make up for them

Question: My grandfather is 88 years old; he was born in 1907. He witnessed the war waged by the Algerians in 1954 to gain liberation from the French colonization. At that time, he was a soldier in the ranks of the National Liberation Army. Due to war, the soldiers had to abstain from Fast during four months of Ramadaan when they were in a state of war. My grandfather was not the only one who did so, but rather all the soldiers did. Now he is 88 years old as mentioned above, and he did not make up for any of the days of these four months of Ramadan. The questions are:

1. Can my grandfather pay Kaffaarah (expiation) in compensation as he is aged and cannot endure Fast?
2. If your answer is in the affirmative, how much should he pay in Algerian dinars as compensation for these months, and to whom should he pay?
3. Can he pay the Kaffaarah for the month of Ramadaan in this year?

Answer: If your grandfather is actually unable to make up the four months of Ramadaan he did not fast, then he has to feed a needy person an amount of 1.5 kg of the country’s staple food for each day he failed to fast. Giving money does not serve as a substitute for providing food. The Kaffaarah for the four months can be given at once to some poor families. He should repent for this delay in making up for the missed days of Fast… read more here.

A deceased woman never made up for the missed days of fast due to the monthly period out of ignorance

Question: My mother (may Allaah be Merciful to her and admit her into His spacious Paradise) died before the month of Ramadaan this year and her age was roughly one hundred years. In her last days, she said that she had never made up for the days of fast in Ramadaan that she missed because of the period. She was actually unaware of the relevant ruling. Are we duty bound to fast and expiate on her behalf? If yes, please give us Fatwaa on the following, may Allaah reward you with the best: 

1. We do not know the number of days she missed; how can we count these days?
2. Is it permissible that anyone other than her heirs fasts on her behalf for a remuneration or for free?
3. What should we do first: Fast or pay charity?
4. Should the Sadaqah (voluntary charity) given as expiation be paid intermittently for each day or be gathered and given out at once?
5. What is the amount of Sadaqah that should be given as expiation? Can we give it out meat with rice or wheat?
6. Can we pay Sadaqah to charities to give it to those who deserve it? It is worth mentioning that some residential buildings for expatriates are nearby, including men, women and children. There is also a garrison nearby, but we do not know whether those people are in need of Sadaqah. We would like to know what we should do. May Allaah reward you.

Answer: You can try and work out the number of days your mother has missed, and then fast these days on her behalf along with feeding a needy person an amount of 1.5 kg of the staple food of the country as expiation for delaying in making up the missed fast..read more here.

A man works in a non-Muslim country and was forced not to fast during Ramadaan

Question: A man worked in a non-Muslim country. He was forced not to fast during the month of Ramadaan, and he died after he returned to his country. What is the ruling on this case?

Answer: If a person dies before making up for the days of fast he missed in Ramadaan, then any of his heirs can fast on his/her behalf if they want. The Prophet (peace be upon him) is reported to have said: If anyone dies in a state (that he had to complete) some days of fasting, his heir must fast on his behalf...read more here.

Whoever dies while missing some days of fast, his heir must fast on his behalf

Question: A man died when he had to make up for 10 days that he missed in Ramadaan. He had recovered in the month of Shawwaal but he was quite negligent in making up for what he missed. Should his heir fast on his behalf or is this only limited to vow and fasts of expiation? If the heir prefers giving food to fasting, is it permissible? In addition, how many Saa`s (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) of food should be given? Please answer us, may Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: It is allowable for his heirs to fast the days he missed on his behalf. This is according to the Hadeeth of the Prophet (peace be upon him): If anyone dies in a state (that he had to complete) some days of fasting, his heir must fast on his behalf. The Hadeeth is general and includes the fast of Ramadaan, the fast of vows, and the fast of expiation according to the correct opinion maintained by scholars..read more here.

My grandfather died without making up for the days of Sawm he missed after his illness

Question: My grandfather died while missing fast of some days in Ramadaan and he did not make up for them because of his illness. What is the ruling on this case?

Answer: If a person dies without making up for the obligatory fast of Ramadaan, because he could not do so, there is no harm on him because he is excused. Yet, if a person was able to make up for the missed fast but neglected it until he passed away, then it is better for his relatives to fast on his behalf..read more here.

He died before making up for some days of Ramadaan he missed to fast

Question: My father was ill and died while he had to make up for two days of Ramadaan, This was a year ago. He passed away in Shawwaal and he said that he would feed poor people to make up for the two days. What is obligatory on us regarding him? Should we fast and feed poor people or only feed poor people on his behalf? It is noted that we do not know whether he fed poor people to make up for these days or he fasted them. He was a diabetic and he fasted Ramadaan but with great difficulty.

Answer: If your father was able to make up for the missed days of fasting of the previous Ramadaan but he was careless until another Ramadaan came, after which he passed away, it is better that someone makes up for these two days. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said.. read more here.

Fasting on behalf of one’s wife before making up for the days one missed

Question: My wife, may Allaah confer mercy on her, died two weeks ago. She had to make up for seven days of the past Ramadaan in which she had her monthly period and she died without making up for them.

Should I fast on her behalf? Please take into consideration that I have to make up for a month, or should I fast what is required on me first and for her after that?

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned, then it is incumbent on you to make up for your missed fast, and after that it is permissible to fast on behalf of your deceased wife. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Whoever dies while missing some days of fast, his heir must fast on his behalf if possible

Question: My mother passed away. Before she died, she mentioned to me that she had to make up for two months of Ramadaan in two years. The month of Ramadaan came while she was in the postpartum period, and she died without making up for them. Women at that time used to be involved in agriculture work in addition to housework. She lived for about 50 years. Should I fast on her behalf or feed sixty poor people and if so, what is the manner of feeding? Should I slaughter some sheep and distribute the meat among sixty poor houses or should I pay the value of food? Please guide us, may Allaah reward you with the best. I want to absolve her.

Answer: It is better to fast on behalf of your mother, because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: If anyone dies in a state (that he had to complete) some days of fasting, his heir must fast on his behalf. (Agreed upon by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)… read more here.

Having sex with an animal during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question: A weak man is now 60 years old, and he remembers that he committed a major sin when he was less than 20 years of age. He had sex with a she-donkey during the daytime in Ramadaan 36 years ago. He asked for a private Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) about his act. We cannot give him the answeror give him Fatwaa. We hope that Allaah (Exalted be He) will help you give us Fatwaa in this regard. We also ask you to reply to us in a written letter. We supplicate to Allaah, the All-High and Omnipotent to multiply your reward and to accept our repentance and that of all Muslims, for He is the Best Guardian and the Supporter.

Answer: This man is required to make up for the day in which he did it, feed a poor person for delaying making up for that day, and repent to Allaah (Exalted be He) for what he did… read more here.

Hearing the Athaan being proclaimed after having sexual intercourse

Question: At dawn on Sunday (29/9/1416 A.H.) in the blessed month of Ramadaan, I had sexual intercourse with my wife in a closed room at 5:17 am and we finished shortly at 5:22 am. The time of Fajr (Dawn) Prayer of Makkah was 5:31 am while the time of Fajr Prayer of Qunfudhah city was about 5:26 am on Sunday. When I finished and went out to take Ghusl (full ritual bath) I heard the Athaan (call to Prayer) of Fajr Prayer. Then, after about two minutes, the Mu’ath-thin (caller to Prayer) of the nearby mosque announced the Athaan. Am I sinful for having sexual intercourse with my wife at that time? It is noted that I did so another time in 1413 A.H. Really, I am greatly perplexed, especially as my wife refused and she did so unwillingly. She suffers from a simple disease in her body.

I hope you will give me a Fatwaa (legal opinion issued a qualified Muslim scholar) for, as you know, this is a blessed month and we want to perfect our Sawm (Fast). It should be taken into consideration that my wife and I completed our Sawm and did not break it until that Sunday. May Allaah reward you the best.

Answer: If the reality is what is mentioned, that after you finished sexual intercourse when you heard the Mu’ath-thin (caller to Prayer) and you became sure that some minutes remained between the occurrence of Fajr Prayer and sexual intercourse, then there is no blame on you, because sexual intercourse took place outside the time of Sawm. There is no blame on you for performing Ghusl after the beginning of the time of Fajr… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse during Athaan

Question: About 25 years ago, I had sexual intercourse with my husband in the daytime in Ramadaan while the Athaan (call to Prayer) of Fajr (Dawn) Prayer was about to finish. My husband is a wise and old person and I do not know if he was aware of the ruling at that time or not. However, I did not know that doing so is impermissible because I was about 20 years old at the time, but I recently knew it through listening to the radio and because knowledge is now widespread.

I hope you will give me a Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) in this regard, because I deeply regret it. May Allaah reward you the best.

Answer: If the Mu’ath-thin (caller to Prayer) was pronouncing the Athaan upon the break of dawn, it means that you had sexual intercourse in the daytime in Ramadaan, and each of you has to make up for this day and to pay the Kaffaarah (expiation), which is to emancipate a Muslim slave… read more here.