Comparison between celebrating the Mawlid and performing Da`wah programs for weeks and the National Day

Question: I am an Imam in one of the Masjids (mosques) in Jeddah. I delivered a Khutbah (sermon) concerning the mission of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and I mentioned that celebrating the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion). The following week, the Khutbah was about the Masjids (mosques). I talked about maintaining Masjids and carpeting them. I based my argument and viewpoint upon the Qur’an and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah. After finishing the prayer, one of the worshippers came and said to me: “Shaykh, you said last week that celebrating the Mawlid of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is a Bid`ah. Can I ask you a question?”I said: “Yes, you can. I will answer your question to the best of my knowledge.” He said: “What is the legal ruling on celebrating the Mawlid of the Prophet (peace be upon him), children’ birthdays, Mother’s Day, the Week of the Tree, the Week of the Traffic, the National Day of the Kingdom and the Week of the Masjids? Are all these festivals Bid`ahs? Why do you oppose celebrating the Mawlid of the Prophet (peace be upon him) though he is the best out of all the creatures and he is the worthiest of glorification and veneration, and at the same time permit other celebrations? Moreover, you, Saudis, encourage these festivals.”

I pointed out to him that what is meant by the Week of Masjids is to urge Muslims to maintain and take care of them. He said to me: “Look at the streets, you will find Ayahs of the Qur’an written on paper and clothes torn by wind thrown in streets and in unclean places. Is that permissible, especially in the Week of Masjids?” He gave me a piece of cloth and said: “Look Shaykh at this piece of cloth wherein is the saying of Allaah: The Mosques of Allaah shall be maintained only by those who believe in Allaah and the Last Day This piece of cloth is thrown in the garden and upon which rubbish is thrown. To Allaah we belong and unto Him is our return.” These are the words of this person. I took this piece of cloth and washed it, and then I burnt it.

He added: “Shaykh, I do not want anything, but to make you; Khutabaa (preachers) and those whose words reach people talk. But you Saudi Khutabaa do not talk. If the government says that this is unlawful, you will say that it is unlawful, and if it says that this is lawful, you will say that it is lawful. You are the first one to tell me that this is good and doing so encourages Muslims to do good. I will not accept your saying except with a legal Fatwaa from senior scholars. You should not forget, Shaykh, that he who is silent with regard to spreading the truth is similar to a mute devil.”

Therefore, I would like to have a detailed legal Fatwa with regard to the festivals mentioned above along with mentioning the proof for every subject. May Allaah protect you.

Answer: Firstly, `Eed (festival) means in Arabic gatherings that Ta’ood (comes again) on a habitual manner. It may come again in a year, a month, or a week. Therefore, the word ‘Eed means a day that comes again like `Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast) or Friday, the gathering on that day and the acts done as acts of worship or habits on that day… read more here.

Celebrating Mother’s Day

Question: On which day do Muslims celebrate Mother’s Day and is it true that it was a special day for Faatimah Al-Zahraa’, the Prophet’s daughter (may Allaah be pleased with her)?

Answer: It is not permissible to celebrate what is called “Mother’s Day” or any other innovated celebration, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said… read more here.

Holding celebrations and reciting the Qur’aan upon one’s reaching maturity

Question: Here in South Africa, when a boy or girl reaches twenty-one years of age, people celebrate, recite Qur’aan and cook various dishes of food. They also gather and give the twenty-one- year old boy or girl a key. Are these acts permissible in Islaam? What is the ruling on such acts in Islaam?

Answer: What you have mentioned including celebrating and reciting Qur’aan upon reaching twenty-one or twenty-two years old has no basis in Sharee`ah, rather, it is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion) and imitation of the Christians (in your country)… read more here.

Impermissibility of celebrating birthdays

Question: My son is now living with his mother who celebrates his birthday every year. This involves having a party that includes food and lighting a number of candles equal to the age of my son; every candle representing a year of his life. The child has to blow all these candles and then the party starts. What is the ruling on this?

Answer: It is not permissible to have a birthday party for anyone, as it constitutes a Bid`ah (innovation in religion). It is authentically reported that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said… read more here.

Celebrating children’s birthdays

Question: Some of our Muslim brethren hold birthday parties for themselves and their children, what is the ruling on such festivals?

Answer: The basic principle regarding acts of `Ibaadah (worship) is that they are Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion), and accordingly, no one is allowed to worship Allaah in a way other than which He ordained, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said in the Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeth… read more here.

Celebrating the Mawlid and the 15th of Sha`baan

Question: Is it permissible to celebrate religious ‘Eeds (festivals), such as the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) or the 15th night of Sha‘baan, as the case may be?

Answer: (a) It is not permissible to celebrate innovated ‘Eeds… read more here.

Distributing food offered as vows to Awliya’

Question: Is it permissible to distribute the food offered in fulfillment of a vow made for Awliya’ (pious people) and righteous people? And is it permissible to make this a celebration, and is it permissible to raise flags during such celebrations?

Answer: First: Making a vow is an act of worship as Allaah praises whoever fulfills it, and He (Exalted be He) promises its doer with good reward. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: They (are those who) fulfil (their) vows He also says… read more here.

The Wahidiyyah prayers and the like

Question: “To our honorable master, Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) we recite Soorah Al-Faatihah.” (Seven times)

“To the honorable source of succor of this time, his helpers, and all the Awliya’ (pious people) of Allaah (may Allaah be pleased with them all), we recite Soorah Al-Faatihah.” (Seven times)

“O Allaah! O One! O Only! O Waajid (One that gives existence to others)! O Generous! Send blessings and peace upon our master, Muhammad, and upon the family of our master Muhammad, in every glimpse of an eye and breath, in the number equal to his information, abundant grace, and assistance.” (One hundred times)

“O Allaah! In as much as befits You, send peace and blessings upon our master, lord, intercessor, beloved, and delight of our eyes, Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) as much as befits him. O Allaah! We ask You through his right to immerse us in the ocean of Al-Wahdah (a deviant Sufi concept of uniting with or joining with Allaah), so we cannot see, hear, be, live, move, or be at peace, except through it, and bestow on us Your Perfect Forgiveness, O Allaah! Your Perfect Bounty, O Allaah! Your Perfect Knowledge, O Allaah! Your Perfect Love, O Allaah! Your Perfect Satisfaction, O Allaah! Send peace and blessings upon him, his family, and Sahaabah (Companions) as much as is surrounded by Your Knowledge and as is enumerated in Your Book by Your Mercy. O Most Merciful! Praise be to Allaah, the Lord of the Worlds.”

“O intercessor of the creation! May peace and blessings
be upon you, O Light of creation, guide of humankind,
and its origin and spirit! Save me!
I have always been unjust; educate me,
as I have none, O Master, but you.
If you wish, I would be ruined.
O my master, O Messenger of Allaah!
O source of succor! The Peace of Allaah
be upon you. Educate me, with the Permission of Allaah.
Look upon me, O master, with the look
to lead me to the Supreme Presence.
O intercessor of the creation, the Beloved of Allaah!
May the Peace and Blessings of Allaah be upon you!
I have gone astray and have no expediency in my country;
take my hand, O master, and the Ummah (nation of one creed)’s.
O my master! O Messenger of Allaah! (Seven times)
O our Lord! O Allaah! Send blessings and peace
upon Muhammad, the intercessor for all nations,
and upon his family and make humankind hasten
to acknowledge the Oneness for the Lord of the worlds.
O our Lord! Pardon us, make things easy for us, grant us victory and guide us
bring us close, and reconcile us!”

“O Allaah! Bless what You have created, this country, O Allaah, and this diligence, O Allaah!” (Seven times)

“O Allaah! Through the right of Your Greatest Name, through the honor of our master Muhammad (peace be upon him) and through the blessing of the source of succor of this time, his helpers, and all other Awliya’, O Allaah! O Allaah! O Allaah!” (may Allaah be pleased with them all). (Three times)

“Convey our call to the whole world and make it deeply effective.” (Three times)

“You are Omnipotent over all things and is Capable of answering.” (Three times)
“So flee to Allaah (from His Torment to His Mercy – Islaamic Monotheism)!” (Seven times)

“And say: ‘Truth (i.e. Islaamic Monotheism or this Qur’aan or Jihaad against polytheists) has come and Baatil (falsehood, i.e. Satan or polytheism) has vanished. Surely Baatil is ever bound to vanish.'” (Three times)
Al-Faatihah

Those were the Wahidiyyah prayers that are used to enlighten and purify hearts and to gain better knowledge of Allaah (may He Glorified and Exalted) and His Messenger (peace be upon him).

The manner of performing the Wahidiyyah prayers:

First: Make a sincere intention to perform it for the Sake of Allaah (Exalted be He) and none others. When performing them do so with the greatest care and effort as if you are actually in the Presence of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) and His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and observe both outward and inward etiquette, reverence, honoring, glorification, and pure deep love.

Second:
When performing these Wahidiyyah prayers for the first time, say them the number of times indicated above or more during a sitting every day and night, during your free time in the morning, evening, or other times, for 40 days. The period may be shortened to 7 days if the number of times mentioned is multiplied by ten; so 7 times becomes 70 times, a 100 times becomes 1,000 times, and 3 times becomes 30 times. If a session is missed, this should be made up for. After the 7 or 40 days are over, this should be observed on a regular daily basis in your spare time and it is better if it can be said more than the number of times mentioned above, as they are the minimum. The number you perform should be within your ability. Those who perform this in their spare time on a regular daily basis may decrease or increase the total number of times of some or all the supplications. Beginners and others are encouraged to perform them in congregation as this is better. Women who are menstruating or in their postpartum period should not recite Al-Faatihah or the other Qur’aanic Aayaat (verses), while performing this; the intention will suffice.

Third:
If someone cannot perfect or recite all these prayers,they should recite as much as they can, repeating them in order to reach the total number of times, and to achieve the approximate time of about 30 minutes or until the other people in the congregation finish, if they are being performed in congregation. Otherwise you may content yourself with repeating: “O my Master! O Messenger of Allaah!” for the above mentioned period of time. Anyone who cannot perfect this or is not able to even recite a part of this, may use the time with the greatest care and effort to repeat the phrases or spend this time as if they are actually in the Presence of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) and His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), observing both outward and inward etiquette, reverence, honoring, glorification, and pure deep love. Important note: Those who perform the Wahidiyyah prayer are strongly recommended to exert serious attention and their best efforts and energy to train their hearts to be, in all circumstances, times, and places, perpetually for Allaah and by Allaah, for His Messenger and by His Messenger, and for the source of succor and by the source of succor, giving each their due right and giving priority according to importance then benefit. This means that you should never be heedless of them. What is meant by the phrase “for Allaah,” is that you should intend that all outward and inward actions are in accordance with the Shareeah (Islaamic law), i.e. Pleasing to Allaah and His Messenger (peace be upon him), whether they are Waajib (obligatory), Sunnah (commendable), or Mubah (permissible), and thatIbaadah (worship) should be performed with the intention that it is performed for Allaah (Exalted be He) and no other, not even for yourself. Allaah (Exalted be He) said: And I (Allaah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone). He also said, And they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allaah, and worship none but Him Alone (abstaining from ascribing partners to Him) In the same regard, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, Actions are but by intentions. The Shareeah obligates performing deeds for the Sake of Allaah (Exalted be He). What is meant by "by Allaah" is that outward and inward actions should be witnessed as being done due to the Might and Power of Allaah, i.e. According to: "There is neither might nor power except with Allaah!" Allaah (Exalted be He) said, "While Allaah has created you and what you make!" Allaah also said, And you cannot will unless (it be) that Allaah wills - the Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists). The truth witnesses that all deeds are by Allaah, therefore, if anyone claims that they have the power to perform their own deeds, they will have committed Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) associating themselves with Allaah, the Self-Subsisting. The phrase "for the Messenger" means having an intention equal to the one mentioned related to "for Allaah," which means that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is to be followed. In other words, the intention behind deeds should always be in accordance with the Shareeah, sins should not be performed with the intention to perform `Ibaadah for Allaah (Exalted be He) and his Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Allaah (Exalted be He) said, We sent no Messenger, but to be obeyed by Allaah’s Leave.

The phrase “by the Messenger” means witnessing that actions are intended to please Allaah (Exalted be He) and His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and that apparent and hidden bounties of this world or the Afterlife come from the teachings and intercession of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Allaah (Exalted be He) said, …and you were on the brink of a pit of Fire, and He saved you from it.And He is the origin of all that exists and all links between a Servant, their Lord, and the one sent as mercy for mankind. Allaah (Exalted be He) said, And We have sent you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم): not but as mercy for the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists).

The phrase “for Allaah and by Allaah, for His Messenger and by His Messenger” is the prerequisite of the Shahaadah (Testimony of Faith), i.e. “I bear witness that there is no god but Allaah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah.” The phrase “giving each their due right” means fulfilling the rights that are between us and Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He), His Messenger (peace be upon him), and all other people and creatures, whether they are Waajib, Sunnah, or Mubah. “Giving priority according to importance then benefit” means that the priority of fulfilling rights that cannot be given on an equal basis is to be given to the one that is most important. However, if the rights are equally important, the one that is most beneficial is to be given the priority; with the most important benefit being according to Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) and His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and for all people and creatures, regardless of whether it is a religious, worldly, or Afterlife benefit.

Answer: What are called the Wahidiyyah prayers along with things that have been mentioned include lies, a great deal of Bid`ah (innovations in religion), Shirk, and exceeding proper limits in regard to the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)… read more here.

Participating in the Mi`raaj Night celebration

Question: Is it permissible to participate in celebrations of Al-Mi`raaj (Ascension to Heaven)?

Answer: It is not permissible to celebrate or participate in the celebrations of the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birth day) or the event of Mi`raaj (Ascension to Heaven). This is an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion). It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said… read more here.

Some Bid`ah and evil acts on the Mawlid

Question: We are a group of people who memorize the Qur’aan; we meet every year on the day of the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) in the shrine of a Waliy (a pious person), where an annual celebration is held, in which children are circumcised and people offer Sadaqah (voluntary charity) to students, whether in the form of money or supplies. After the people go away, the students collect the money, each according to their standard and generosity, and hold an auction to sell the items given to them as Sadaqah. For instance, one of them asks the others, “What have you put in this piece of cloth?” They reply, “We have put health, wealth, obedience of children, etc.”

Thus, this old piece of cloth is sold for many times its original price. This money is used to buy animals to be sacrificed in the shrine. The students stay in the shrine for a week, reciting the Qur’aan many times every night,and offering Salaah inside the shrine, given that the shrine is inside the chamber, and the chamber is inside the graveyard. What is the ruling on such a deed? Is it a means to become closer to Allaah or is it groundless in Sharee`ah? Please advise, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: First, Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is our beloved Prophet; the most pre-eminent among the descendants of Adam; the last of prophets; the Messenger sent to all the people; and the first one to make Shafaa`ah (intercession) on the Day of Judgment. However, celebrating his Mawlid is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion), as neither he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) nor the Rightly-Guided Caliphs or the rest of his Sahaabah (Companions) did it, although they were the people who knew his Sharee`ah the most, the believers who loved him most, and they were keen on following and honoring him… read more here.

Authenticity of the Hadeeth: “Make a mention of the virtues of your dead”

Question: We have a knowledgeable Shaykh who says in gatherings: “Remember all our dead”, yet the Prophet’s birthday (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion). And the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: “Have Good mention of your dead”. Is this an authentic Hadeeth from the Prophet? What is the ruling on these gatherings?

Answer:  First, what is mentioned is not the text of the Hadeeth. It was narrated by Aboo Daawood, Al-Tirmithee, Al-Haakim and Al-Bayhaqee on the authority of Ibn `Umar (may Allaah be pleased with them both) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Make mention of the virtues of your dead, and refrain from (mentioning) their evils. But this Hadeeth is not Saheeh (authentic) because it includes `Imraan ibn Anas Al-Makkee in its Sanad (chain of narrators), whose narration is classified by Al-Bukhaaree as Munkar (a weak narration that conflicts with an authentic Hadeeth)… read more here.

Ruling on celebrating the Mawlid

Question: Is it Halaal (lawful) or Haraam (prohibited) to celebrate the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday)?

Answer: Celebrating the Mawlid of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), or any other person is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion). It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) stated… read more here.

Beating the Duff and taking the day off on the Mawlid occasion

Question: People here celebrate the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday). Students beat tambourines and elders gather in Masjids (mosques) reciting Qur’aan and reading the Seerah (the Prophet’s biography). Is doing so sanctioned by religion? Some governments have officially announced the Mawlid as a paid holiday. Is this sanctioned by religion? Please tell me. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) urged us to follow the Sunnah and warned us against committing Bid‘ahs (innovations in religion). Some Muslims neither celebrate this occasion nor go to Masjids on this honorable day. Are they considered to be from Ahl Al-Sunnah (those adhering to the Sunnah)? Or, are they considered to be deniers of the Prophet’s honor? What is the ruling on this issue?

Answer: Doing so is not from the religion of Islaam, but it is a Bid‘ah. Those who do so should be guided and advised that Masjids should be populated with Salaah (prayer), studying religion, reciting the Qur’aan and other acts prescribed by Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law) for populating Masjids and filling them with life without specially dedicating any of them for commemorating the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday)… read more here.

Ruling on celebrating the Mawlid by anyone who knows it is Baatil

Question: Is it permissible to attend celebrations that involve Bid‘ahs (innovations in religion), like celebrating the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday), the night of Mi‘raaj (Ascension to Heaven), and the night of mid-Sha‘baan, especially if the person believes that they are not permissible and intends to explain the truth for people?

Answer: Firstly, celebrating these days is not permissible. In fact, it is a condemned Bid‘ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

Some innovations of celebrating the Mawlid

Question: You requested of me to describe the kinds of Bid‘ah (innovation in religion) that take place in Masjids (Mosques) when celebrating the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday). They are many, may Allaah help us. These newly-invented matters are like holding ceremonies, where voices are raised, without paying regard to worshippers offering Salaah (Prayer) or Qur’aan reciters. This is in addition to chanting a poem after performing Salaah. Once the Imaam utters Takbeer (saying: “Allaahu Akbar [Allaah is the Greatest]”), the chanter says:

O Allah, send peace and blessings upon my beloved Muhammad.

The people then repeat together after him. The chanter then says: “O Allaah! By the honor of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), make our affairs easy.” This poem is recited for almost seven minutes. If anyone of Ahl-ul-Sunnah (Adherents to Sunnah) asks them to abandon this Bid‘ah, they accuse him of being a Wahhaabee who denies asking Allaah to send peace and blessings upon the Prophet (peace be upon him). Among these acts of Bid‘ah is that people, after finishing Fajr (Dawn) Prayer, meet each other and invoke Allah one after another. This happens in a Masjid called Al-Quby, in Harat Madeenah. They also bury whoever they venerate inside the Masjid, probably in the direction of the Qiblah (Ka‘bah-direction faced for Prayer), in addition to many other Bid‘ahs, may Allaah guide us to whatever pleases him, Aameen!

Answer: Firstly, all that you have mentioned in your question are newly-invented practices introduced into Islaam, which are not permissible to be done. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said… read more here.

People standing up when reciting verses of glorification

Question: Is it an act of Sunnah to stand up while verses of glorification are recited at celebrations held to commemorate the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday)?

Answer: Celebrating the Mawlid and holding ceremonies on this occasion are newly-invented Bid‘ahs (innovations in religion) which were not ordained by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), either in practice or in words… read more here.

Ruling on people gathering for the Mawlid and the claim that the Prophet is present

Question: What is the ruling on people gathering to celebrate the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) and their claiming that he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) attends these gatherings? Are these gatherings sanctioned by Sharee‘ah? What should we do on the day of the Prophet’s anniversary? What is the exact date of his birth? Is he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) alive now in his grave?

Answer: People gathering to celebrate the night of the Prophet’s birthday and read his biography is not lawful… read more here.

Ruling on “Al-Burdah” book used in supplications

Question: In our country, there is a book entitled “Burdah Al-Madih” (A deviant eulogy composed in praise of the Prophet) used in making supplication. What is the ruling on this book? Will I be rewarded for reading it? Does this reading reach the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) as some people claim or not?

Answer: Instead, you should better read the Glorious Qur’aan as often as you can and the Athkaar (invocations and remembrances said at certain times on a regular basis) that are authentically reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), which will make you abandon reading this poem book and its like… read more here.

Celebrating the Prophet’s Mawlid, holding competitions, slaughtering sheep, and giving lectures

Question: We would like to know the exact birth date of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). We plan to hold a Qur’aan competition, to sacrifice a sheep, and to deliver lessons about the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) on this occasion. We would like to know if this program is Islaamically permissible or not?

Answer: Firstly, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was born on Rabee‘ Al-Awwal, in the year of the Elephant (571 A.C.) as was recorded by Muhammad ibn Is-haaq and other biographers in the books of Seerah (the Prophet’s biography)… read more here.

Admonishing people on the day of Mawlid

Question: What is the ruling on preaching and giving sermons on the day of Mawlid (the Prophet’s birth)?

Answer: Propagation of virtue, prevention of vice, teaching people the rules of their religion, and admonishing them to soften their hearts are lawful at anytime, for the general stated commands to do so, without limiting any of them to specific times. Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means): Let there arise out of you a group of people inviting to all that is good (Islaam), enjoining Al-Ma‘roof (i.e. Islaamic Monotheism and all that Islaam orders one to do) and forbidding Al-Munkar (polytheism and disbelief and all that Islaam has forbidden). And it is they who are the successful. Allaah (Glorified be He) also says… read more here.

Gathering on the Prophet’s Mawlid

Question: Is it permissible to gather on the 12th of Rabee‘ Al-Awwal to commemorate the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday)?

Answer: Celebrating the Mawlid is an act of Bid‘ah (innovation in religion). The Prophet (peace  and blessings of Allaah be upon him) neither celebrated it nor ordered that it be celebrated. The Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet), who were the keenest to honor and follow the Messenger (peace be upon him) and his Sunnah, did not celebrate it either… read more here.

Mawlid Al-Nabee book read in Al-Mawlid and at weddings

Question: I ask your legal opinion on the practices of a group of Muslim people, who, on the 12th of Rabee‘ Al-Awwal of every year, on wedding occasions, and when naming newborn babies, read and venerate a book entitled, “Al-Mawlid Al-Nabawee” by Shaykh Muhammad ‘Uthmaan Al-Mirghanee. The book is a biography of the Prophet (peace be upon him). The writer of the book claims that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) attends in person when that book is being recited. The book consists of two chapters.

The first chapter is read by the leader of the group while he is standing.

The second chapter contains formulae of invoking Allaah through anonymous persons. It reads: “O Allaah, we invoke you in their name and by their families to speed up our triumph and relief.” We do not know to whom the pronouns in this invocation refer, for this invocation is the first line in this chapter. I ask Your Eminence to give the legal opinion on this practice. Is it permissible to offer Salaah (Prayer) behind such people? I told them that it is wrong to overestimate this book to such an extent. There is no harm in reading it individually to know about the Prophet’s biography, but not in the way they do.

I hope the answer will be broadcasted repeatedly for many days so that many people can hear it. May Allaah keep you for the service of Islaam and Muslims!

Answer: Celebrating the Mawlid (birthday) of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in Rabee‘ Al-Awwal or other times, is a prohibited Bid‘ah (innovation in religion). Similarly, reciting the Prophet’s biography on his birthday anniversary, on wedding occasions, childbirth and naming, offering an ‘Aqeeqah (sacrifice for a newborn) on the seventh day after the birth, or any other occasion, are unauthorized acts for which there is nothing authentically reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), any of his Companions, or the righteous ‘A’immah of the first and best three generations (may Allaah be pleased with them all)… read more here.

The Prophet attending Al-Mawlid celebrations

Question: What is the ruling on celebrating Al-Mawlid Al-Nabawee (the Prophet’s birthday)? Is it true that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) attends it in person?

Answer: Honoring the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) can be achieved by believing in his Message and acting according to the Law revealed by Allaah through him, whereas celebrating his birthday is an act of Bid‘ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

Sharee`ah violations during Al-Mawlid celebrations

Question: Dear Chairman and members of the Fatwaa Committee, there are some villages here in Jordan, particularly in my village of Kharja, where they continually read the birth story of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in the following manner:

1. A group of men, which sometimes also includes some women, read the birth story of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). In this story there are claims such as: “Anyone whose name is Muhammad will be called by a summoner from Allaah on the Day of Resurrection, and it will be said to them: Enter Paradise in honor of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him),” and “Anyone who invokes blessings upon Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) thousand times, Allaah will prohibit the Fire from touching their body,” and “When `Abdullaah, the father of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), married Aminah one hundred women in Makkah died, because they had not married `Abdullaah.” Also, when the narrator reaches the part relating the Prophet’s mother giving birth to him, everyone stands up; and when they read the part about his birth, they recite it, to show respect for Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). There are even more exaggerated acts performed in a birthday commemoration called Mawlid Al-‘Arawy.

2. They put some barley in the middle of the gathering and burn incense. After the recitation, everyone takes a small amount of the barley, over which the birth story of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is recited, to be used in treating any illness.

3. During the celebrations, some women utter Zagharid (trilling cries of joy) by the door of the room where the birth story of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is being told, to express their happiness at the recitation, in front of the men. No one objects to any of this, except me.I, on my part, have objected and denounced their acts, for I have heard many of your Fataawaa (legal opinions issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) on the radio, but they do not listen to me.

Answer: Firstly, it is permissible and encouraged to read the Seerah (the Prophet’s biography) to learn the rites and acts of ‘Ibaadah (worship) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to perform, in words and deeds, and learn about his noble manners. However, gathering regularly at a certain date to relate the Prophet’s birth narrative is a detestable Bid‘ah (innovation in religion) that neither took place during the lifetime of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) nor that of the first three generations of Islaam, which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) attested to their being the best of all… read more here.

Ruling on offices and schools taking the day of the Mawlid as a holiday

Question: May Allaah keep you as a pillar supporting the Muslim Ummah (nation based on one creed). What is your opinion on schools and factories taking holidays or giving Khutbah (sermons), lectures, and so on, as we do here in Africa on the occasion of the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday)?

Answer: Celebrating Mawlid and taking holidays on this occasion are acts of Bid`ah (innovation in religion). Neither the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) nor his Sahaabah (Companions, may Allaah be pleased with them) did this… read more here.

Ruling on celebrating the Mawlid and Israa’ and Mi`raaj

Question: What is the ruling on celebrating the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) and the night of Israa’ (Night Journey) and Mi‘raaj (Ascension to Heaven) with the purpose of calling to Islaam and showing the rites of Islaam as is done in Indonesia?

Answer: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) called to Islaam through words, deeds and Jihaad (striving in the Cause of Allaah). Although he was the most knowledgeable about the ways of Da‘wah (Call to Allaah) and how to spread Islaam and show its rites, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not ever celebrate his birthday or the night of Israa’ and Mi‘raaj while he was the most aware and appreciative of the value of these days… read more here.

Ruling on celebrating the Prophet’s Mawlid during Rabee‘ Al-Awwal in his honor

Question: Ruling on celebrating the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) in Rabee‘ Al-Awwal as a tribute to the Prophet (peace & blessings of Allaah be upon him)?

Answer: Paying tribute to the Prophet (peace & blessings of Allaah be upon him) and respecting him should be expressed by belief in all that was revealed to him from Allaah; following his Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law) in beliefs, words, deeds and manners; and by shunning Bid‘ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

Celebrating the Prophet’s Birthday (Mawlid)

Question: The people here hold an eleven-day celebration in commemoration of the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) in Rabee‘ Al-Awwal. They gather the Muslims together and do acts that express joy until the day of the event. However, some scholars say that there is no good in this. I would, therefore, like to ask you what the ruling on this is; do you do in your country anything in celebration of his birthday?

Q 2: What is the ruling on rejoicing at the occasion of celebrating the Mawlid in this month?

Answer: Celebrating the birth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is Bid‘ah (innovation in religion). It is authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said… read more here.

Ruling on celebrating the Prophet’s birthday (Mawlid)

Question: Celebrating the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday): a meeting is held in commemoration of that occasion in which people talk about the life of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), offer prayer, mention the qualities of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and invoke Allaah’s blessings on him. They recite an invocation of blessings upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) by heart (they stand, stretching their arms, and recite an invocation of blessings upon him by heart).

Answer: Holding a celebration to commemorate the birth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is impermissible, for being a Bid‘ah (innovation in religion) that was never done by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), the Rightly-guided Caliphs, or any of the scholars of the best three generations… read more here.

Holding birthday parties for children

Question 25: Some of our Muslim brethren hold birthday parties for themselves and their children, what is the ruling on such festivals?

Answer: The basic principle regarding acts of `Ibaadah (worship) is that they are Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion), and as such, no one is allowed to worship Allaah in a way other than which He ordained, because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said in the Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeth... read more here.

Good Innovation and bad innovation

Question 24: Scholars hold different opinions concerning Bidd`ah (innovation in religion); some of them say that there is a good Bidd`ah and a bad one. Is this true?

Answer: Bidd`ah: It can be defined as all things invented or acts done for which there is no precedent. It can be either related to the dealings and affairs of worldly life, such as inventing planes, cars, trains; and electrical devices, cooking utensils, air conditioners used for warming and cooling; and even war machines such as bombs, submarines, tanks, and other objects made to serve people in this world. Such things in themselves are permissible and there is no sin in inventing them... read more here.

Banquets and festivals held on the occasion of the Mawlid

Question 23: In Tanzania we prepare a banquet to be held in a special location in our town where we gather and say: “This banquet is offered by the founder of Qadiriyyah Tareeqah (Sufi order).” Is this act regarded as Bidd`ah (innovation in religion) or does it comply with the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him)? We do not visit the Masjids (mosques), unless we make this banquet and recite the birth narrative of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Is there anything wrong in doing these things?

Answer: During the lifetime of the Prophet (peace be upon him), the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet), and Salaf (Righteous Predecessors), banquets were not prepared for honoring any of the late righteous men. None of the Sahabah or Salaf celebrated the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) either during the lifetime of the Prophet (peace be upon him) or after his death. They never prepared food to commemorate the Prophet’s death. Celebrating the birth of the Prophet (peace be upon him), or that of righteous people, caliphs, outstanding personalities, Shaykh `Abdul-Qaadir or others, by reciting eulogies or even worse claiming that the soul of the Prophet (peace be upon him) attends the celebration, are all considered reprehensible Bidd`ahs... read more here.

Refuting the arguments of those who approve of the Mawlid

Question 22: Recently, I heard you saying that celebrating the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) is disapproved of by Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) and falls under Bidd`ah (innovation in religion). I would like to say in this regard that during the celebration of the birthday of the Prophet (peace be upon him) people gather as brothers, practice piety, read the Qur’aan and the Sunnah and recite poetry that praises Islaam or the great Messenger (peace be upon him). This is what happens during the celebration of the birthday of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and there is nothing in these acts that contradicts Sharee`ah (Islaamic law). With all due appreciation and respect, please explain this matter.

Answer: There is no doubt that celebrating the birthday of the Prophet (peace be upon him) may include some of what the questioner mentioned when attended by learned and aware people. However, we must remember that we are servants commanded to obey and we are not lawgivers or legislators. We are to follow the Commands of Allaah and implement His Law. We must not introduce into Islaam that which Allaah has not permitted or approved, this should be remembered very well. Allaah, the Almighty, states... read more here.

Islaamically unlawful acts in Mawlid celebrations

Question 21: Dear Chairman and members of the Fatwaa’ Committee, there are some villages here in Jordan, particularly in my village of Kharja, where they continually read the birth story of the Messenger Muhammad (peace be upon him) in the following manner:

1. A group of men, which sometimes also includes some women, read the birth story of the Prophet (peace be upon him). In this story are claims such as: “Anyone whose name is Muhammad will be called by a summoner from Allaah on the Day of Resurrection, and it will be said to them: Enter Paradise in honor of Muhammad (peace be upon him),” and “Anyone who invokes blessings upon Muhammad (peace be upon him) thousand times, Allaah will prohibit the Fire from touching their body,” and “When `Abdullaah, the father of Muhammad (peace be upon him), married Aminah one hundred women in Makkah died, because they had not married`Abdullaah.” Also, when the narrator reaches the part relating the Prophet’s mother giving birth to him, everyone stands up; and when they read the part about his birth, they recite it, to show respect for Muhammad (peace be upon him). There are even more exaggerated acts performed in a birthday commemoration called Mawlid Al-‘Arawee.

Answer: Firstly: It is permissible and encouraged to read the Seerah (the Prophet’s biography) to learn the rites and acts of ‘Ibaadah (worship) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to perform, in words and deeds, and learn about his noble manners. However, gathering regularly, at a certain time, to specifically relate the story of the Prophet’s birth is a detestable Bidd‘ah (innovation in religion) that neither took place during the lifetime of the Prophet (peace be upon him) nor that of the first three generations of Islaam, which the Prophet (peace be upon him) attested to their being the best of all. It is authentically reported that he (peace be upon him) saidread more here.

Preaching and giving sermons on the day of Mawlid

Question 20: What is the ruling on preaching and giving sermons on the day of Mawlid (the Prophet’s birth)?

Answer: Propagation of virtue and prevention of vice, teaching people the rules of their religion and preaching them to soften their hearts are lawful at anytime, for the general stated commands to do so, without limiting to specific times. Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means)read more here.

Gatherings to commemorate the Mawlid

Question 19: Is it permissible to gather on the 12th of Rabee‘ Al-Awwal to commemorate the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday)?

Answer: Celebrating the Mawlid is an act of Bidd‘ah (innovation in religion). The Prophet (peace be upon him) neither celebrated it nor ordered it to be celebrated. The Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet), who were the keenest to honor and follow the Messenger (peace be upon him) and his Sunnah, did not celebrate it either. Indeed, all goodness lies in following the very way and guidance of the Prophet (peace be upon him) for he said: Anyone who introduces anything into this matter of ours (Islaam) that is not part of it will have it rejected.read more here.

Reciting the birth narrative of the Prophet in Rabee` – I or on marriage occasions

Question 18: What is your opinion regarding a group of Muslims who are accustomed to reading and revering a book entitled “Mawlid Al-Nabee (the Prophet’s Birth)” on the twelfth of Rabee` Al-Awwal of each Hijree year, and on such occasions as wedding ceremonies or delivery of a child. The book is written by Shaykh Muhammad `Uthmaan Al-Mirghaanee. The main theme of the book revolves around Prophet Muhammad’s biography. The author claims that the Prophet (peace be upon him) attends in person during recitation of the book. The book falls in two chapters.

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family and Companions. To proceed:

Celebrating the Prophet’s birthday in Rabee` Al-Awwal or any other month is a prohibited Bidd`ah (innovation in religion). The same applies to reading books on the Prophet’s birth in Rabee` Al-Awwal or on such occasions as wedding ceremonies, delivery of a child, holding Aqeeqah (sacrifice for a newborn) or any occasion of the sort… read more here.

Ruling on schools and factories taking holidays on the Mawlid

Question 17: What is your opinion – may Allaah keep you as a pillar supporting the Islaamic Ummah (nation based on one creed) – on schools and factories taking holidays, or giving Khutbah (sermons), lectures, etc., as we do here in Africa on the occasion of the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday)?

Answer: Celebrating Mawlid and taking holidays on this occasion is a Bidd`ah (innovation in religion), as neither the Prophet (peace be upon him) nor his Sahaabah (Companions, may Allaah be pleased with them) did this. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who introduces anything into this matter of ours (Islaam) that is not part of it will have it rejected.read more here.

Poems praising the Prophet excessively

Question 16: In Al-Azhar Magazine, (vol. 4, issue 69 – Rabee` Thaanee 1417 A.H., p. 540), I read a poem called, “Longing” by Ibraheem `Eesaa marking the occasion of the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday). I have doubts regarding some of its verses for they include seeking help from other than Allaah. The poem reads as follows…

Answer: This poem is an invocation and an appeal to the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) after his death regarding matters that Allaah Alone can do. The verses contain some polytheistic phrases such as, “Save the truth! For it is about to be erased by a fool”, “O my beloved! Offer your graces for they are thirst-quenching” and “Choose me! Shelter me!” To believe in these matters is Kufr (disbelief) that may drive a person out of Islaam, Allaah Forbid! A person should perform sincere Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) of this and dedicate all acts of `Ibaadah (worship) such as Du`aa’ (supplication) and Istighaathah (seeking help) to Allaah only. In addition, a person should believe that Allaah (Glorified be He) is the only Sustainer Who can extend benefit and afflict Harm… read more here.

Circumcision on the day of Mawlid (prophet’s birthday)

Question 15: Some people used to celebrate the circumcision of children on the occasion of the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) offering sacrifices and inviting other families. After the circumcision, they offer money to the circumcised child. Is there a special way to celebrate the circumcision?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family and Companions. First, circumcision is one of Sunan-al-Fitrah (Islaamic practices of personal hygiene) instructed to by the Prophet (peace be upon him)… read more here.

Newly-invented practices while celebrating the Mawlid

Question 14: You requested of me to describe the kinds of Bidd‘ah (innovation in religion) that take place in Masjids (Mosques) when celebrating the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday). They are many, may Allaah grant us help! These newly-invented matters are like holding ceremonies, where voices are raised, without paying regard to worshippers offering Salaah (Prayer) or Qur’aan reciters. This is in addition to chanting a poem after performing Salaah. Once the Imaam utters Takbeer (saying: “Allaahu Akbar [Allaah is the Greatest]”), the chanter says…

Answer: First: All that you have mentioned in your question are newly-invented practices introduced into Islaam, which are not permissible to be done. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who introduces anything into this matter of ours (Islaam) that is not part of it will have it rejected. Second: It is not permissible to bury the dead in Masjids for the Prophet (peace be upon him) warned saying: May Allaah curse the Jews and the Christians; they have taken the graves of their prophets as places of worship.(Agreed upon its authenticity)… read more here.

Condemnation of celebrating the Mawlid (Prophet’s birthday)

Ruling on celebrating the Mawlid:

Scholars classified the gatherings held during the month of Rabee` Al-Awwal, which are called Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday), into two types:

First: Gatherings free of prohibited actions, which are considered Bidd`ah (innovation in religion) and fall under the same ruling as other newly-invented practices in Islaam. the Shaykh of Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah said in his compilation entitled “Al-Fataawaa’ Al-Kubraa”: “As for specifying a celebration other than the Islaamic celebrations such as certain nights during the month of Rabee` Al-Awwal, referred to as the night of Mawlid, or some nights in the month of Rajab… read more here.

Ruling on poems that excessively praise the Prophet during Mawlid celebrations

Question 12: What is the ruling on celebrating the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) every Friday night? There is a book titled “Al-Mawlid Al-Rabi`ee” which contains many poems praising the Messenger (peace be upon him), many invocations of blessings and peace on the Prophet and praises him a lot. It also narrates the Seerah (the Prophet’s biography) from birth to death. Please explain this issue and present your evidence!

Answer: Celebrating the birthday of the Prophet (peace be upon him), or that of any other person, is baseless in Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) and has no supporting evidence. The Prophet (peace be upon him) did not do this during his life, nor did his Rightly-Guided Caliphs who were the most knowledgeable of the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and the most beloved to him. the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet Muhammad) after his death did not celebrate his birthday, nor did the Taabi`oon (Followers, the generation after the Companions of the Prophet) during all early centuries of Islaam, renowned as the best… read more here.

Ruling on celebrating the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday)

Question 11: Is it Halaal (lawful) or Haraam (prohibited) to celebrate the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday)?

Answer: Celebrating the birthday of the Prophet (peace be upon him), or of any other person, is a Bidd`ah (innovation in religion). It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: Anyone who introduces anything into this matter of ours (Islaam) that is not part of it will have it rejected.read more here.

Islaamic institutions that celebrate the Mawlid

Question 10: Some Islaamic institutions celebrate the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday). Did the Prophet (peace be upon him) do this, or did he order this to be done after his death?

Answer: Celebrating the occasion of the Mawlid is a forbidden Bidd`ah (innovation in religion), for there is no evidence from the Qur’aan or the Sunnah to support this act. It was not practiced by any of the four Rightly-Guided Caliphs. Moreover, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who introduces anything into this matter of ours (Islaam) that is not part of it will have it rejected. He (peace be upon him) also said: Adhere to my Sunnah (way) and the Sunnah of the righteous, Rightly-guided Caliphs; hold fast to it and bite onto it with your molars (i.e. cling firmly to it). Beware of newly-invented matters (in religion), for every newly-invented matter is a Bidd‘ah, and every Bidd‘ah is a Dalaalah (deviation from the right).read more here.

Refuting the claim that celebrating the “Mawlid is a good innovation”

Question 9: Our question is about celebrating the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday), is it Bidd`ah (innovation in Islaam)? I heard in some places and from some scholars that it is a good Bidd`ah and Allaah knows best, may Allaah bless you!

Answer: Celebrating the birth of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and righteous people is Bidd`ah which began in recent centuries, after the best three centuries of Islaam: the first, the second and the third centuries after Hijrah. It is one of the Bidd`ahs which some people have introduced into Islaam out of love for such celebrations, thinking that it is a good thing to do. The correct opinion, according to verifying scholars, is that such celebrations are Bidd`ah… read more here.

Is it true that the Prophet attends Mawlid celebrations?

Question 8: What is the ruling on celebrating Al-Mawlid Al-Nabawee (the Prophet’s birthday)? Is it true that the Prophet (peace be upon him) attends it in person?

Answer: Honoring the Prophet (peace be upon him) can be achieved by believing in his message and acting according to the Law revealed by Allaah through him, whereas celebrating his birthday is an act of Bidd‘ah (innovation in religion). It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who introduces anything into this matter of ours (Islaam) that is not part of it will have it rejected. It is not authentically proven that the Prophet (peace be upon him) attends anywhere after his death. The basic rule is the non-occurrence of that. Accordingly, we should abide by this fact until otherwise is proven… read more here.

Eating meat slaughtered on the occasion of the Mawlid or other birthdays

Question 6: Is it permissible to eat from the meat slaughtered in commemoration of the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) or any other birth anniversary?

Answer: Sacrificing animals on the occasion of commemorating the birth of a prophet or a Waliy (pious person) to glorify them is judged as sacrificing an animal to other than Allaah, and that is Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). Therefore, it is not permissible to eat from these animals. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Allaah has cursed the one who slaughters (a sacrifice) to other than Allaah.read more here.

Attending the celebration of the Mawlid although convinced of its impermissibility

Question 5: Is it permissible to attend celebrations that involve Bidd‘ahs (innovations in religion) like celebrating the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday), the night of Mi‘raaj (Ascension to Heaven), and the 15th night of Sha‘baan, especially if the person believes that they are not permissible and intends to explain the truth for people?

Answer: First: Celebrating these days is not permissible. In fact, it is a condemned Bidd‘ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

The exact date of the Prophet’s birth, holding competitions, sacrificing sheep and delivering lessons on that occasion

Question 4: We would like to know the exact birth date of the Prophet (peace be upon him). We plan to hold a Qur’aan-competition, to sacrifice a sheep and to deliver lessons about the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) for this occasion. We would like to know if this program is Islaamically permissible or not?

Answer: Firstly, the Prophet (peace be upon him) was born on Rabee‘ Al-Awwal, in the year of the Elephant (571 A.D.) as was recorded by Muhammad ibn Is-haaq and other biographers in the books of Seerah (the Prophet’s biography)… read more here.