Was al-Khadir a prophet or a righteous man?

Question 242:  Was Al-Khadir a prophet or a righteous man?

Answer: The correct opinion is that Al-Khadir (peace be upon him) is a prophet. This is based on his story with Moosaa (peace be upon him) narrated in Soorah Al-Kahf (The Cave). Allaah (Exalted be He) states that Al-Khadir scuttled the boat owned by poor fishermen, killed an apparently innocent boy, and built a wall for two orphan boys in a village whose people refused to feed them. After much criticism on the part of Moosaa, Al-Khadir explained the reasons for what he had done. The story ended with Al-Khadir’s declaration that all he had done was revealed to him by Allaah, as Allaah (Exalted be He) informs in the Qur’aan: And I did them not of my own accord. That is the interpretation of those (things) over which you could not hold patience...read more here.

Zakaah due on grains and rice

Question 8: What is the minimum possible Nisaab (the minimum amount on which Zakaah is due) on grains, rice and so on? How much of them should be given for a person who deserves Zakaah (obligatory charity)?

Answer: Nisaab of Zakaah on grains such as wheat, barley, corn, and rice is five Wasqs (1 Wasq = 60 Saa`s =130,320 kg), where a Saa` is equal to four Mudds (a dry measure of half bushel, 543 grams) according to the measuring of the Prophet (peace be upon him), and it is also equal to four hundred and… read more here.

Is Zakaah due on Horses?

Question 5: Some wealthy people buy purebred  expensive horses which might cost thousands of dinars a horse, for the purpose of joining horse races and winning prizes. Is Zakaah (obligatory charity) due on these horses? What is their Nisaab (the minimum amount on which Zakaah is due)?

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, that they are bought for keeping, not trading in them, there is no Zakaah due on them, as the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: No Zakaah is due on the slave or the horse of a Muslim. (Agreed upon its authenticity by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim). It was authentically reported that Allaah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: A horse may be kept for one of three purposes: for a man it may be a source of reward; for another it may be a means of living; and for a third it may be a burden (a source of committing sins)…. read more here.

Does being in debted exempt one from paying Zakaah?

Question 2: I borrowed 300,000 riyals from the Real Estate Development Fund in order to reconstruct my house where my family and I live. Because I own part of the building, I receive some money as rent from it and I pay the Zakaah due on this money every year. Please clarify whether I should subtract the loan from the amount of money upon which I pay Zakaah,or whether the loan is not regarded as a debt and thus I must add it to the sum upon which Zakaah is due. Please inform me what I should do to act accordingly.

Answer: The correct opinion of Muslim scholars is that it is irrelevant to the calculation of Zakaah whether the money is from a debt or not. The Prophet (peace be upon him) used to send his representatives to collect the Zakaah and estimate the amount of fruit to be paid in Zakaah… read more here.

What does this hadeeth mean, “Start fast on seeing the new moon of Ramadaan and give up fast on seeing it.”?

Question 2: What is the ruling on a person who does not fast according to the first sighting of the new moon of Ramadaan, but waits until he sees it for himself depending on the following Hadeeth, “Start fasting on seeing it (the new moon of Ramadaan), and give up fasting on seeing it (i.e, the new moon of Shawwaal)”? Is this understanding correct?

Answer: It is obligatory to fast when the sighting of the new moon is confirmed, even if only one trustworthy Muslim sees it. The Prophet (peace be upon him) issued orders to fast when a Bedouin testified that he had seen the new moon. Interpreting the Hadeeth mentioned in the question to mean that no individual should fast until they see the new moon for themselves is incorrect, because the Hadeeth tells everyone to fast when the sighting is confirmed… read more here

What exactly is the difference between the ‘Mustahab’ (stressed sunnah) and the ‘Waajib’ (obligatory)?

Question 9: Any command given by the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) indicates obligation and duty. However, there is a Hadeeth whose apparent meaning contradicts the Hadeeth narrated by ‘Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him): When I command you to do anything, do of it as much as you possibly can. How can a Muslim reconcile these two Hadeeths?

Answer: The basic rule concerning any commands of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is that they denote obligation, unless otherwise indicated. However, fulfillment of obligation is in accordance with one’s ability, because Allaah (Exalted be He) says: So keep your duty to Allaah and fear Him as much as you can This is also supported by the Hadeeth mentioned in the question… read more here.

Upon mentioning the names of the Sahaabah (Companions), should we say: عليه السلام or رضي الله عنهم ?

Question 10: Is it permissible upon mentioning the name of one of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) to say, “Peace and blessings be upon him” instead of “May Allaah be pleased with him”?

Answer: It is permissible to say, “Peace be upon him” upon mentioning a Sahaabee (Companion of the Prophet) or some other person, for Imaam Al-Bukhaaree reported in his Saheeh (Book of Authentic Hadeeth), under the chapter on “Sending peace and blessings on other than the Prophet (peace be upon him)” and Allaah’s saying: …and invoke Allaah for them. Verily, your invocations are a source of security for them on the authority of the following chain of narration… read more here.

The Prophet’s (peace be upon him) life at his home and morals

Question 7: What was the life of the Prophet (peace be upon him) like at home? What were his manners?’

Answer: The manners of the Prophet (peace be upon him) were that of the Qur’aan as `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) described him, deriving her portrayal of his character from Allaah’s saying: “And Verily, you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) are on an exalted (standard of) character.” The Prophet (peace be upon him) dealt mildly and gently with his family… read more here.

Comparison between reciting Qur’aan and offering optional Salaah during the daytime of Ramadaan

Question 6: Which is better to do during the daytime of the blessed month of Ramadaan: recite the Qur’aan or offer voluntary Salaah (Prayer)?

Answer: Chief among the teachings of the Prophet (peace be upon him) during the month of Ramadaan is that he used to offer much of the forms of ‘Ibaadah (worship). Jibreel (Gabriel, peace be upon him) used to meet him every night of Ramadaan to rehearse the recitation of the Qur’aan with him. The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) was the most generous of all people, and in the month of Ramadan… read more here.

Ruling on performing Ghusl from Janaabah in ponds in deserts or Masjids?

Question 4: What is the legal ruling on performing Ghusl (ritual bath) in standing water for someone who is Junub (in a state of major ritual impurity)?It should be noted that there are many ponds in desert places where water remains standing for a long period without being changed except by rain water in summer or autumn. There are also some ponds in Masjids (mosques). What is the ruling on the prohibition mentioned in Hadeeth: None of you should wash in standing water while he is Junub. ? What is the ruling on a person who does what is prohibited? Moreover, villagers used to come to these ponds and reveal some parts of their bodies above the knees.

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To commence: Firstly: It is not permissible for the Junub to perform Ghusl in standing water. It was reported by Muslim on the authority of ‘Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Ruling on standing water that is equal to two Qullas or more without any change in its color, taste, or odor?

Question 3: What is the legal ruling on performing Ghusl (ritual bath) in standing water for someone who is Junub (in a state of major ritual impurity)?It should be noted that there are many ponds in desert places where water remains standing for a long period without being changed except by rain water in summer or autumn. There are also some ponds in Masjids (mosques). What is the ruling on the prohibition mentioned in Hadeeth: None of you should wash in standing water while he is Junub. ? What is the ruling on a person who does what is prohibited? Moreover, villagers used to come to these ponds and reveal some parts of their bodies above the knees.

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To commence: Firstly: It is not permissible for the Junub to perform Ghusl in standing water. It was reported by Muslim on the authority of ‘Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

What is the definition of al-Makrooh (reprehensible)?

Question 3: What is the definition of al-Makrooh?

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah and peace be upon his Prophet, his family, and Companions. To proceed: Al-Makrooh (what is disliked) is defined as an act that if abstained from, one is rewarded… read more here.

Is ‘Sunnah’ a Revelation from Allaah?

Question 3: Is Sunnah part of Wahy (Revelation) or not?

Answer: Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) is Wahy from Allaah (Exalted be He) to His Messenger (peace be upon him) but in the wording of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him). It is authentically… read more here.

Are there many types of Nahy as Nahy Tahrim, Nahy Takrim and Nahy Tanzih

Question 2: In reference to the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) Hadeeth “When I command you to do anything, do as much of it as is within your capability; when I forbid you to do anything, stay away from it,” is it true that there are levels of Nahy indicating how serious it is to do or not to do something, including Nahy Tahreem (forbidding something due to its being prohibited, Nahy Takreem (forbidding something for the sake of reaching perfection) Nahy Tanzih (forbidding something despite its close proximity to being lawful), Nahy Nadb (forbiddance denoting recommendation not to do something but no strict prohibition), and the like? Another example is the Hadeeth narrated in Saheeh Al-Jami` to the effect that The Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade combing the hair everyday (unless urgently needed). Does the forbiddance imply prohibition or is it just discouraging it?

Answer: Praise be to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. In principle, Nahy (forbiddance) implies prohibition unless otherwise indicated by contextual evidence. There is nothing called Nahy Nadb. If there is contextual evidence denoting that Nahy… read more here.

What is the difference between Sunnah and Fard?

Question 1: People in our country differentiate between Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet) and Fard (obligatory). They say that Allaah’s punishment takes place only when someone leaves the acts that are relevant to Fard or stressed Sunnah. However, I believe that anything which Muhammad (peace be upon him) has done or clarified to his Ummah is an obligation. Accordingly, those who do not do this are considered to be hateful of what Muhammad has come with. Growing the beard for example, has been ordained by Muhammad (peace be upon him), is it authentically proven that he shaved it? Does shaving it imply a sign of hatred to what Muhammad (peace be upon him) has come with? Does whoever does this fall under the same Aayah?

Answer: All Praise be to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To proceed: Obligation is what a person is rewarded for doing and punished for abandoning. Sunnah or (the desirable acts) is what a person is rewarded for doing… read more here.

What are the categories of the Sunnah?

Question 2: How many categories of Sunnah are there?

Answer: Sunnah can be classified into three categories:(1) verbal sayings, (2) actions, (3) or approvals made by the Prophet (peace be upon him)… read more here.

What is meant by ‘Hadeeth Mursal’?

Question 1: What is the meaning of Hadeeth Mursal? It was reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “O Asmaa’, when a woman reaches the age of menstruation, nothing should be seen of her except this and this” and he pointed to the face and hands. Is this Hadeeth Mursal or Da‘eef (weak)? Was this Hadith stated before or after the revelation of the Aayah (Qur’aanic verses) of Hijaab (veil)?

Answer:  Hadeeth Mursal is a Hadeeth with no Companion of the Prophet in its chain of narration. As for the above-mentioned Hadith of Asmaa’… read more here.

Vowing to other than Allaah is a major Shirk

Question 25: Some people vow to give Sadaqah (voluntary charity) or offer a sacrifice to attain what they want; some in hope of recovery, others of restoring a lost right, and so on. Some devote their vows to Allaah sincerely or for the sake of Allaah’s Love,others offer the vow to other people. Please, advise me on this matter and clarify the correct way of offering a vow. May Allaah admit you to the best of life and Hereafter.

Answer: Firstly, Vowing is an undesirable act for a Muslim, for it is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Beseeching anyone other than Allaah for help, for sickness, rain Or to prolong one’s life

Question 20: Two groups holding opposing views: the first group maintains that seeking help from prophets and Awliya’ (pious people) constitutes Kufr (disbelief) and Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship); they give evidence from Qur’aan and Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) in support of their view. The second group maintains that seeking help from prophets and Awliya’ is permissible because they are the chosen, sincere Servants of Allaah (Exalted be He). Which of the two is correct?

Answer: Asking anyone other than Allaah for help, to bring healing, to make it rain, to prolong one’s life, or similar requests that lie in the Power of Allaah Alone is a form of major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship that takes a Muslim out of Islaam). Likewise… read more here.

Invoking Allaah by the honor of the Messenger of Allaah, one of the Companions, or others

Question 13: During Ramadaan, some worshippers follow each two Rak`ahs (units of Prayer) during Taraaweeh (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan) with a Du’aa (supplication) to Allaah through one of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet). For example, they say, “By the honor of the venerable Sahabee (Companion) so-and-so, we ask Allaah to accept our Salaah (Prayer) and Sawm (Fast).” I have advised them, but it was in vain. I now perform the (Taraaweeh) Salaah by myself in a corner of the Masjid (mosque). Should I perform Salaah with them or do it by myself as I am doing? Please give me a Fatwaa on this and may Allaah reward you with the best reward.

Answer: Making Du’aa to Allaah through the honor or life of the Messenger of Allaah, one of the Sahaabah, or others is not permissible, because acts of `Ibaadah (worship) are Tawqifiee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion). Allaah did not permit that to be done. What He did permit was for His Servants to supplicate to Him (Glorified be He) with His Names, Attributes, acknowledgement of His Oneness, belief in Him, and… read more here.

Invoking the dead and the absent like Prophets and Awliya’ (pious people)

Question 11: My father believes in the righteousness of a dead shaykh known as a Walee’ (a pious person). He makes Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) by this shaykh and associates him with Allaah in Du’aa (supplication), for example, he says: “O Allaah! O master Abdul-Salaam!” What is the ruling on this, taking into account that my father performs Salaah (Prayer), observes Sawm (Fast) and, pays Zakaah (obligatory charity)?

Answer: Making Du’aa to the dead and the absent like the Prophets, Awliya’ (pious people), and the like, whether alone or along with Allaah, is an act of Al-Shirk-ul-Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah), even if… read more here.

Claiming the knowledge of the Unseen (al-Ghayb)

Question 10: There is a righteous person or so we call him who lives at my residence.He is still alive and people honor him greatly. He has yearly banquets prepared by the rich men of the tribes for him. One person may come and say: ‘O sir, you will have dinner with me’ as a matter of blessing. Another says: ‘O sir, you will have lunch with me.’ As for the banquet, they slaughter one or two animals. About fifty or sixty people gather at the banquet and recite formulae of thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) in the nightly banquet. The cost of the banquet may be around one hundred pounds. When the pious man leaves, the owner of the banquet follows him and gives him from twenty to fifty pounds. This happens every year by the well-to-do people. He knows that people make Du‘aa (supplication) to Allaah by means of his position or honor in his absence.

For example, when a person who thinks highly of this man’s piety, falls into distress, he says: ‘O sir so and so, by your position and dignity with Allaah, relieve my distress, whether it be sickness, fear of a road, or darkness at night, etc. After Du’aa, the person says: ‘I will give you five pounds when you cure my sickness or relieve my fear.’ All this happens in the absence of this righteous man. On meeting the righteous man, a person says: ‘Here is one pound.’ Thereupon, the pious man says: ‘Give me the five pounds you mentioned in your distress.’ The distressed person wonders as this has happened in the absence of this man. Does this indicate the righteousness of this man? Or is it a fortuneteller’s act, which is forbidden? We hope you explain this matter and identify its essence; is it an act of righteousness, or a forbidden act?

Answer: Firstly, Making Du’aa to others instead of Allaah such as Awliya’ (pious people) to remove harm, cure the sick, or secure a road is Shirk Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah) that takes its doer away from the realm of Islaam. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Doing the collective thikr like what is done by the Sufi orders and Tariqas

Question 8: Please give us your Fatwaa concerning a group of people who sit in circles in Masjids (mosques) in which they observe remembrance of Allaah (Exalted be He) and His Messenger. Sometimes in their thikr (Remembrance of Allah), they say things that are contrary to Tawheed (Oneness of Allaeh). An example of what they say is: “Help us, O Messenger of Allaah!” They repeat these words while their leader says: “O, you (the Prophet) are the key of Allaah’s treasures. O you are the Ka`bah of Allaah’s appearance. O you are the throne of Allaah’s leveling and O you are the chair of Allaah’s descent! Suffice us, O Messenger of Allaah. O Allah’s beloved! You are the intended one. It is you, O Messenger of Allaah,” and other similar words of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship).

Answer: First of all, collective thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) like what is done in the Sufi orders is an act of Bidd`ah (innovation in religion). It was stated that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said… read more here.