Is Aadam a prophet or a messenger?

Question: Is it from the articles of faith to believe that Aadam was the first prophet as was pointed out by Allaah’s saying in the Qur’aan: Then Aadam received from his Lord Words. And his Lord pardoned him (accepted his repentance). ? What are the clear proofs of the prophethood of Aadam?

Answer: The first messenger to be sent was Nooh (Noah) as was mentioned in the Hadeeth of the intercession reported in the Two Saheeh (authentic) Books of Hadeeth (i.e. Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)… read more here.