Not making up for the missed days of fast during the postpartum period out of ignorance

Question: A woman missed out the fast of Ramadaan in two yearsdue to her coincidently being in the postpartum period. This was fifteen years ago, and she did not know that she must make up for them. What should she do now? Kindly, take into consideration that she cannot fast due to an illness.

Answer: If her present illness is curable, then as soon as she recovers from it, she should make up for these two months in which she had broken her fast in their order. Along with this, she must pay Kaffaarah (expiation) for her delay in making up for the fast; i.e., she should feed a needy person for each day. If her illness is incurable, she should feed a needy person for each day on which she had broken the fast in replacement of the fast. She should also offer a Kaffaarah for each day of the two months, due to her delay in making up for the fast… read more here.

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Undergoing abortion operation and observing Sawm while bleeding

Question: I was three months pregnant and I had an abortion ten days before Ramadaan. When Ramadaan started, I was still bleeding as a result of the abortion, but I observed Sawm (Fast) on the assumption that the blood was only Istihaadah (abnormal vaginal bleeding outside the menstrual or post-partum period). This is because the third month of pregnancy had not finished. What is the ruling on that?

Answer: This woman experienced non-menstrual bleeding, and thus it is inconsiderable. She did well when she continued fasting and praying; and if the case is exactly as you mentioned, her fast and Salaah before the miscarriage are valid and she does not have to compensate. After the miscarriage, however, the rulings vary according to the time in which the miscarriage took place. They are classified according to the four stages of pregnancy as follows… read more here.

A newly-delivered woman’s obligation to make up for missed days of fast and not to feed the needy by Ijmaa`

Question: We read in some Islamic books that when a newly delivered, breastfeeding, or pregnant woman breaks her fast in Ramadaan, she must make up for the days on which she breaks her fast. However, I read in the book entitled, Tuhfah Al-`Aroos that a woman who has just delivered, is breastfeeding, or pregnant does not have to make up for her missed days of fast, and she should only offer Fidyah (ransom).

This view is reinforced by a Hadeeth that reads: When the pregnant and breastfeeding women break their fast, they have to offer Fidyah and do not have to make up for the days in which they broke fast . (Reported by Ibn `Umar and Ibn `Abbaas) The author of Tuhfah Al-`Aroos is Mahmood Mahdee Al-Istanbullee, and the above quote is mentioned in page 302.

Answer: This woman experienced non-menstrual bleeding, and thus it is inconsiderable. She did well when she continued fasting and praying; and if the case is exactly as you mentioned, her fast and Salaah before the miscarriage are valid and she does not have to compensate. After the miscarriage, however, the rulings vary according to the time in which the miscarriage took place. They are classified according to the four stages of pregnancy as follows… read more here.

Fasting for fifteen days, then discovering bleeding which is not of the monthly period

Question: My wife was two months pregnant when Ramadaan started, and she fasted for fifteen days, then she had non-menstrual bleeding for seven days, but she continued to fast and pray. Afterwards, she had miscarriage and did not fast for the rest of the month, Is her fasting before the miscarriage valid despite the bleeding? Or, does she have to compensate for it? Please inform us with the right legal opinion, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: This woman experienced non-menstrual bleeding, and thus it is inconsiderable. She did well when she continued fasting and praying; and if the case is exactly as you mentioned, her fast and Salaah before the miscarriage are valid and she does not have to compensate. After the miscarriage, however, the rulings vary according to the time in which the miscarriage took place. They are classified according to the four stages of pregnancy as follows… read more here.

A newly-delivered woman making up for the missed days of fast

Question: My wife broke her fast in some days during Ramadan due to her childbirth. I keep advising her to make up for these days, and she usually expresses her willingness to do so. However, she does not fulfil her promise; she would observe the fast for a couple of days and then abandon it. What is the ruling on this?

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, your wife is obligated to make up for the days on which she broke her fast in Ramadaan due to her delivery. It is not permissible for her to delay making up for them until the next Ramadaan. If she does so with no excuse, she would be sinful and must repent to Allaah. Accordingly, she should start making up for them immediately and offer Kaffaarah (expiation) to compensate for her negligence, i.e., she should feed a needy person about one and half a kilo of rice or any other staple food of the country for each day… read more here.

Making up for the missed days of fast by a newly-delivered, a pregnant, or a breastfeeding woman

Question: My paternal grandmother asked me to send this question to you, in which she says:

Forty years ago, I gave birth to a baby girl during the blessed month of Ramadaan, and I have not made up for the days on which I broke my fast until now, due to my being preoccupied with worldly affairs and my ignorance of religious matters. When I came to know about religious matters and obligations, I realized my shortcoming for not making up for the days on which I broke my fast. Now I am about eighty years old and I enjoy good health.

My question is: Is it permissible for me to make up for the fast of that month after such long period or not? If yes, should I only fast or combine the fast with feeding? And in case I should do both, should the feeding be at the end of every day I fast or to be done collectively at the end of the month?

Answer: Your grandmother should make up for the days on which she broke her fast during Ramadaan, and seek Forgiveness of Allaah (Exalted be He). She should also feed a poor person in compensation for every day she misses fasting, by giving out about half Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country, due to her negligence of making up for the fast. It is permissible for her to feed the needy before or after fasting, jointly or separately, even if it is all given to one poor person… read more here.

Obligation of making up for the missed days of Ramadaan for anyone who did not fast without an excuse

Question: If a woman does not observe Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan due to post-partum period, pregnancy, or breastfeeding and then later she becomes in a good state of health, is it better for her to observe Sawm or to give Sadaqah (voluntary charity) to make up for the days she has missed?

Answer: Any woman who is unable to observe Sawm during Ramadan due to postpartum period must fast to make up for the missed days of Sawm. In the case of a woman who is pregnant however, she should observe Sawm during her pregnancy, except if it is feared that Sawm will cause harm to the mother or to the fetus. In this case, the mother is allowed not to observe Sawm during Ramadan, and she should make up for these missed days of Sawm after giving birth to the child and after the post-partum period..read more here.

A pregnant woman bleeding during Ramadaan

Question: I was pregnant during the blessed month of Ramadaan. I had a vaginal bleeding on Ramadaan 20th, but I neither ate nor drank, i.e., I kept fasting. During my stay in the hospital I broke my Sawm (Fast) for four days. After Ramadaan I made up for the days of Sawm I missed. Should I make up for them again, bearing in mind that I have not given birth yet? Please advise me, may Allaah reward you.

Answer: Your observing Sawm while having vaginal bleeding during pregnancy has no effect on the validity of your Sawm, just like the case of Istihaadah (abnormal vaginal bleeding outside the menstrual or post-partum period). Therefore, your Sawm is valid. Moreover, your making up for the four days you missed during your stay in hospital after Ramadaan discharges the obligation, and you do not have to fast them again..read more here.

A woman who did not fast in Ramadaan for three years

Question: My wife has given birth to a child at the beginning of the blessed month of Ramadaan for the last three years. In other words, she has not observed Sawm (fast) for the last three months of Ramadaan. Please, inform us what the expiation is.

Answer: She must proceed to make up for the Sawm she has missed for three successive months of Ramadaan. In addition, she has to feed a needy person half a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) of wheat, rice or any other local staple foodstuff per day she missed. This is because she delayed making up for the Sawm she missed till another month of Ramadaan has started – if she delayed making it up while having the ability to do so..read more here.

Fasting in the postpartum period after miscarriage

Question: A pregnant woman experienced a miscarriage one day during Ramadaan. Yet she continued observing Sawm (Fast) on this day. What is the ruling on the validity of Sawm on the day in question? On the same day after Iftar (breaking the Fast), she went to the hospital where she underwent an operation for cleaning her womb, which prevented her from observing Sawm on the next day.

What is the ruling on this case? Now after leaving the hospital, should she wait until she becomes pure from postpartum blood or should she observe Sawm? If she should not observe Sawm, how long should she wait? Should she only make up for these days or feed needy people as well?

Answer: If the miscarried fetus was somewhat formed into a human shape, that is, having limbs, such as hands, legs and the like, she should wait until she becomes pure from the postpartum blood or else she should wait for forty days, then she can take after-post-partum bleeding Ghusl (full ritual bath) and perform Salaah (Prayer). She must make up for the days of Ramadaan during which she did not observe Sawm. She does not have to feed the needy if she makes up for the missed days before next Ramadaan..read more here.

A pregnant woman’s concession not to fast during Ramadaan

Question: Is it permissible for a pregnant woman to forgo Sawm (Fast) during the daytime hours of Ramadaan? Is she supposed to refrain from observing Sawm during a certain month of her pregnancy or throughout the entire pregnancy? If she has a Rukhsah (concession) to forgo Sawm, is she required to make up for these missed days of Sawm or should she feed the needy instead? What is the amount of food she should give if she is supposed to feed the needy? I live in a hot country; does Sawm have an effect on a pregnant woman in such hot countries? We hope that you will answer our question.

Answer: If a pregnant woman fears for her own safety or for that of the foetus while fasting during Ramadaan, then she is allowed to forgo Sawm. She is only required to make up for the days of Sawm that she missed, whether she lives in a hot country or not. This is not restricted to certain months of her pregnancy. Rather it is her condition that should be taken into consideration and the hardship that she might encounter, regardless of how long she has been pregnant. The case of the pregnant woman is similar in this respect to the case of a person who is ill and is unable to observe Sawm. Allaah says: …and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Sawm (fasts) must be made up] from other days.... read more here.

The passage of years without observing Sawm or making up for the missed days

Question: My wife has to make up for three or four months of Sawm (Fast) as she broke her Sawm during three or four months of Ramadaan because of pregnancy and breastfeeding. She still breastfeeds her baby. Is she permitted to feed needy people instead of making up for these months as she finds great hardship in making up for three or four months of Ramadaan that she missed?

Answer: There is no blame on her for delaying making up for the days of Sawm that she missed due to the hardships of pregnancy and breastfeeding. She has to hasten in making up for these days of Sawm that she missed as soon as possible. She is similar, in this case, to a person who is sick. Allaah (Exalted be He) says, …and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Sawm (fasts) must be made up] from other days.... read more here.

Having sexual intercourse with a pregnant woman

Question 6: When should a man avoid having intercourse with his pregnant wife? Does intercourse during the first three months of pregnancy have an adverse affect on the fetus?

Answer: There is nothing wrong with having sexual intercourse with one’s pregnant wife as long as it is not medically proven that it may cause harm to the fetus. What is forbidden is to have sexual intercourse with one’s wife during her period, for Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

If a pregnant woman bleeds, is she permitted to perform Salaah and Sawm?

Question 145A pregnant woman experiences non-menstrual bleeding during the noble month of Ramadaan. In spite of that she continues to offer Salaah (Prayer) and observe Sawm (Fast), is this right?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. The blood that a pregnant woman discharges is not menstrual; rather it is irregular non-menstrual vaginal bleeding. Thus, this woman has to perform Wudoo’ after the start of the due time of every Salaah and offer Salaah. It is also permissible for her husband to have conjugal intercourse with her. She should fast Ramadaan and not make it up later… read more here.

Should a midwife perform Ghusl after childbirth assistance or is Wudoo’ sufficient?

Question 123Should a midwife perform Ghusl (full ritual bath) after childbirth assistance or is Wudoo’ (ablution) sufficient?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. Neither Ghusl nor Wudoo’ is obligatory for a midwife as a result of her assisting a pregnant woman during delivery. She just has to wash off any Najaasah (impurities) – such as blood or the like – that may have soiled parts of her body and clothing if she is going to perform Salaah (Prayer). However, her Wudoo’ is invalidated if she touches the vulva of the pregnant woman during delivery… read more here.

Pregnant woman experiencing bleeding during Ramadaan

Question: I was pregnant during the blessed month of Ramadaan. I had a vaginal bleeding on Ramadaan 20th, but I neither ate nor drank, i.e., I kept fasting. During my stay in the hospital I broke my Sawm (Fast) for four days. After Ramadaan I made up for the days of Sawm I missed. Should I make up for them again, bearing in mind that I have not given birth yet? Please advise me, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: Your observing Sawm while having vaginal bleeding during pregnancy has no effect on the validity of your Sawm, just like the case of Istihaadah (abnormal vaginal bleeding outside the menstrual or post-partum period). Therefore, your Sawm is valid. Moreover, your making up for the four days you missed during your stay in hospital after Ramadaan discharges the obligation, and you do not have to fast them again… read more here.