Ruling on the Muslim who refuses to pay Zakaah (the lunar “charity”)

Question 1: What is the ruling on a man/woman who testifies that there is no God but Allaah and offers the Salaah (prayer), but does not pay the Zakaah? As this person refuses to pay the Zakaah, should Funeral Prayer be offered for them when they die?

Answer: Zakaah is one of the pillars of Islaam and if one gives it up, denying that it is obligatory, then its rulings should be explained to them. If however they still refuse to pay the Zakaah, they are considered to be a disbeliever and after they die, Funeral Prayer should not be offered for them nor should they be buried in the Muslim graveyards. However, if one abandons paying Zakaah out of miserliness while… read more here.

Does yellowish discharge seen after Tuhr (ritual purity) affect the validity of Sawm?

Question 10: One Ramadan night, my paternal aunt became pure from menses, i.e. Her period was over, before dawn. She observed Sawm (Fast) on the next day but at the time of Duhr (Noon) Prayer she saw Sufrah (yellow vaginal discharge during or after menstruation). Is her Sawm valid?

Answer: Her Sawm is valid if Tuhr (purity from menses signaled by white discharge or complete cessation of bleeding) commenced before the break of dawn and thus she observed Sawm on the next day. As for the yellowish discharge that appears after seeing Tuhr… read more here.

Is someone who does not observe fast, but performs Salaah, judged to be a Kaafir (disbeliever)?

Question 5: Is a person who observes Salaah (Prayer), but abandons Sawm (Fast) without any lawful excuse deemed a Kaafir (disbeliever)?

Answer: Whoever abandons Sawm for disownment of its obligation is deemed a Kaafir by consensus, and whoever abandons it out of laziness or negligence is not deemed a Kaafir, but is subject to great danger for abandoning an obligatory and unanimously agreed upon pillar of the Pillars of Islaam… read more here.

A person offered `Ishaa’ Salaah and then remembered that they did not perform Maghrib salaah. Is their Salaah valid?

Question 10: A person forgot to make up the missed Maghrib (Sunset) salaah, and offered `Ishaa’ (Night) salaah, after which he remembered the missed Salaah, is his Salaah valid or not? What should he do in this case?

Answer: His `Ishaa’ (Night) Salaah is valid according to the more correct of the two opinions maintained by scholars. There is no blame on him and he is excused by his forgetfulness, for Allaah (Exalted be He) said… read more here.

Are they who lose their minds accountable for their deeds?

Question 8: Will a mad person be held accountable for the misdeeds that he committed such as neglecting Salaah (Prayer), Sawm (Fast), Zakaah (obligatory charity), and son on? It should be noted that the person concerned was a normal person in the beginning of his life, but later became insane.

Answer: As for the period when the person concerned was sane, he will be held accountable for the deeds done then; rewarded for the good ones and punished for the bad ones. As for the period when he was insane, he will not be held accountable for the deeds committed then… read more here.

Should the person who loses consciousness for a long period make up for Salaah and Sawm they have missed?

Question 7: I have a thirty year old daughter who is a mother. She has been suffering from a mental disorder for fourteen years now. In the past, this disorder used to afflict her during irregular intervals. This time her mental disorder has lasted for three months. Accordingly, she cannot perform Wudoo’ (ablution) or Salaah (prayer) unless there is someone to guide her about how to perform prayers and the number of Rak`ahs (units of Prayer). Now, after the advent of the blessed month of Ramadaan, she only fasted one day and didn’t fast the rest of the month. Please, guide us regarding the obligatory duties on her and on me, as I am the one responsible for her. May Allaah reward you.

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, she is not obliged to fast, pray, or even make up for them, and all you have to do is to take good care of her as you are the one responsible for her. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here

Making up for missed Salaah due to unconsciousness in the hospital

Question 6: My ninety-nine year old father was hit in a car accident. He was taken to a hospital where he remained unconscious for seventeen days during which he did not perform Salaah. When he recovered, he asked about making up for the missed Salaahs. Please advise!

Answer: If he was conscious during the period when he abandoned Salaah, he should make up for the missed Salaahs according to his ability, whether standing, sitting, or lying on his side or back. He should observe them in the same order from the first day missed starting with the first Salaah… read more here.

Delaying performing Fajr Prayer from its due time

Question 5: What is the ruling on the Salaah (“Prayer”) of a person who has been in the habit of offering the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer after sunrise for two years? He claims that sleep overpowers him as he stays up late until midnight sitting at cafés or nightclubs.

Question 5: Is it permissible to dine with this person, keep company with him, or live with him?

A: It is prohibited to delay Salaah until its appointed time elapses. Every Muslim should give due concern to offer Salaah at its appointed time. He may ask someone to remind him of its time or he may set his alarm clock at prayer time. A person is prohibited to stay up late at night clubs or other places of entertainment which make him miss the Fajr Prayer or miss the reward of congregational prayer… read more here.

 

Can we offer the two supererogatory Rak`ahs of Fajr after sunrise or before Fajr Prayer?

Question 4: If a person sleeps until sunrise, should he pray the two supererogatory Rak`ahs (units of Prayer) before offering the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer?

Answer: If one is overpowered by sleep and could not wake up until after sunrise, he should perform Fajr (Dawn) Prayer when he wakes up and should offer the Sunnah (supererogatory) Salaah before Fajr. It is authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah… read more here.

If a person oversleeps until sunrise and does not perform Fajr Prayer, how can they perform Salaah?

Question 3: Allaah has guided me to obey Him. I offer the daily prayers on time except for Fajr (Dawn). Sometimes I get up late after sunrise. Is my Fajr Prayer offered at that time valid? How can a Muslim make up for the Salaah they missed like `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer? Will they make up for it at the time of the Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer or delay it until the next `Asr Prayer?

Answer: The Salaah you miss due to sleep or forgetfulness should be offered the moment you wake up or the moment you remember. It does not matter if you wake up or remember it after sunrise. This is based on the Hadeeth in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read  more here.

Anyone who intentionally abandons Salaah though they acknowledge its obligation?

Question 2: Allaah has guided me to obey Him. I offer the daily prayers on time except for Fajr (Dawn). Sometimes I get up late after sunrise. Is my Fajr Prayer offered at that time valid? How can a Muslim make up for the Salaah they missed like `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer? Will they make up for it at the time of the Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer or delay it until the next `Asr Prayer?

Answer: The Salaah you miss due to sleep or forgetfulness should be offered the moment you wake up or the moment you remember. It does not matter if you wake up or remember it after sunrise. This is based on the Hadeeth in which the Prophet… read more here.

Missing a Salaah because of sleep or forgetfulness until its due time is over

Question 1: Allaah has guided me to obey Him. I offer the daily prayers on time except for Fajr (Dawn). Sometimes I get up late after sunrise. Is my Fajr Prayer offered at that time valid? How can a Muslim make up for the Salaah they missed like `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer? Will they make up for it at the time of the Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer or delay it until the next `Asr Prayer?

Answer: The Salaah you miss due to sleep or forgetfulness should be offered the moment you wake up or the moment you remember. It does not matter if you wake up or remember it after sunrise. This is based on the Hadeeth in which the Prophet… read more here.