Whoever dies while missing some days of fast, his heir must fast on his behalf if possible

Question: My mother passed away. Before she died, she mentioned to me that she had to make up for two months of Ramadaan in two years. The month of Ramadaan came while she was in the postpartum period, and she died without making up for them. Women at that time used to be involved in agriculture work in addition to housework. She lived for about 50 years. Should I fast on her behalf or feed sixty poor people and if so, what is the manner of feeding? Should I slaughter some sheep and distribute the meat among sixty poor houses or should I pay the value of food? Please guide us, may Allaah reward you with the best. I want to absolve her.

Answer: It is better to fast on behalf of your mother, because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: If anyone dies in a state (that he had to complete) some days of fasting, his heir must fast on his behalf. (Agreed upon by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)… read more here.

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Does water lose its purity when a person places his hand into it upon waking up?

Question 158The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: When any of you wakes up from sleep, he must not put his hand in the bowl (of water) until he has washed it three times, for he does not know where his hand was during the night. (Related by Muslim)

Does a person placing his hand in a bowl containing water upon waking up at night defile the purity of the water, in which case he will not be permitted to perform Wudoo’ (ablution) with it? Or does it maintain its state of purity, and therefore it will be permissible for him to perform Wudoo’ with it? Which is correct and preferable? We appreciate your advice. May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. Compliance with the prohibition stated in this Hadeeth is Ta`abbudee (a devotional obedience; the reason of its legislation lies beyond rational analysis). A person placing his hand in water upon waking up does not necessarily defile the purity of the water. The correct opinion is that it is permissible to perform Wudoo’ with such water… read more here.

Miscarriage during the fourth month of pregnancy

Question 157Is a woman who miscarries during the first four months of pregnancy considered to be in a postpartum state or should she perform Salaah (prayer) regularly?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. If a woman miscarries in the fourth month in which the fetus’s features can be identified, then the discharge is considered postpartum bleeding. She should not perform Salaah (Prayer) or Sawm (Fast) until she is purified, nor should she have sex with her husband… read more here.

Miscarriage during the first three months of pregnancy

Question 156Is a woman who miscarries during the first four months of pregnancy considered to be in a postpartum state or should she perform Salaah (prayer) regularly?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. If a woman miscarries in the fourth month in which the fetus’s features can be identified, then the discharge is considered postpartum bleeding. She should not perform Salaah (Prayer) or Sawm (Fast) until she is purified, nor should she have sex with her husband… read more here.