Obligation of making up for the missed days of Ramadaan for anyone who did not fast without an excuse

Question: If a woman does not observe Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan due to post-partum period, pregnancy, or breastfeeding and then later she becomes in a good state of health, is it better for her to observe Sawm or to give Sadaqah (voluntary charity) to make up for the days she has missed?

Answer: Any woman who is unable to observe Sawm during Ramadan due to postpartum period must fast to make up for the missed days of Sawm. In the case of a woman who is pregnant however, she should observe Sawm during her pregnancy, except if it is feared that Sawm will cause harm to the mother or to the fetus. In this case, the mother is allowed not to observe Sawm during Ramadan, and she should make up for these missed days of Sawm after giving birth to the child and after the post-partum period..read more here.

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A pregnant woman bleeding during Ramadaan

Question: I was pregnant during the blessed month of Ramadaan. I had a vaginal bleeding on Ramadaan 20th, but I neither ate nor drank, i.e., I kept fasting. During my stay in the hospital I broke my Sawm (Fast) for four days. After Ramadaan I made up for the days of Sawm I missed. Should I make up for them again, bearing in mind that I have not given birth yet? Please advise me, may Allaah reward you.

Answer: Your observing Sawm while having vaginal bleeding during pregnancy has no effect on the validity of your Sawm, just like the case of Istihaadah (abnormal vaginal bleeding outside the menstrual or post-partum period). Therefore, your Sawm is valid. Moreover, your making up for the four days you missed during your stay in hospital after Ramadaan discharges the obligation, and you do not have to fast them again..read more here.

A woman who did not fast in Ramadaan for three years

Question: My wife has given birth to a child at the beginning of the blessed month of Ramadaan for the last three years. In other words, she has not observed Sawm (fast) for the last three months of Ramadaan. Please, inform us what the expiation is.

Answer: She must proceed to make up for the Sawm she has missed for three successive months of Ramadaan. In addition, she has to feed a needy person half a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) of wheat, rice or any other local staple foodstuff per day she missed. This is because she delayed making up for the Sawm she missed till another month of Ramadaan has started – if she delayed making it up while having the ability to do so..read more here.

Fasting in the postpartum period after miscarriage

Question: A pregnant woman experienced a miscarriage one day during Ramadaan. Yet she continued observing Sawm (Fast) on this day. What is the ruling on the validity of Sawm on the day in question? On the same day after Iftar (breaking the Fast), she went to the hospital where she underwent an operation for cleaning her womb, which prevented her from observing Sawm on the next day.

What is the ruling on this case? Now after leaving the hospital, should she wait until she becomes pure from postpartum blood or should she observe Sawm? If she should not observe Sawm, how long should she wait? Should she only make up for these days or feed needy people as well?

Answer: If the miscarried fetus was somewhat formed into a human shape, that is, having limbs, such as hands, legs and the like, she should wait until she becomes pure from the postpartum blood or else she should wait for forty days, then she can take after-post-partum bleeding Ghusl (full ritual bath) and perform Salaah (Prayer). She must make up for the days of Ramadaan during which she did not observe Sawm. She does not have to feed the needy if she makes up for the missed days before next Ramadaan..read more here.

Is taking Janaabah Ghusl compensatory for Ghusl for Jumu’ah or after-menstruation or after-postpartum bleeding Ghusl?

Question 129Is taking Ghusl (ritual bath) following major ritual impurity compensatory for Ghusl on Friday or after menstruation or postpartum period?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. In case it is obligatory for a person to have more than one Ghusl, only one Ghusl is sufficient for all states if they intend to eliminate the reasons necessitating Ghusl and thus be able to perform Salaah (prayer) and other acts of worship necessitating Tahaarah (ritual purification), such as Tawaaf (circumambulation around the Ka‘bah). This is because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.