Question: In our country, when a Muslim dies, people supplicate to Allaah to have mercy upon that dead Muslim on the same day of death, then after seven days, and then after forty days, repeating it thrice. Some scholars have said that in their country when a Muslim dies and is placed into the grave, people just say, “May peace and blessings be upon the noble Prophet,” and then they return home, without any Du‘aa’ (supplication). They just supplicate to Allaah for the dead while offering Funeral Prayer. We want to know what invocatory practices of Sunnah we should follow for the dead Muslims.
Answer: First, dedicating the first day or the first seven days after death, or the fortieth day to supplicate to Allaah for the dead is an act which has no base in the Qur’aan or the Sunnah. This was not a practice of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet, may Allaah be pleased with them) or any of the Salaf (righteous predecessors); it is a Bid‘ah (innovation in religion). It is authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) stated… read more here.