A stomach disease causing one to regurgitate food while still a liquid during Ramadaan

Question: I suffer from a stomach disease which causes me to regurgitate my food while still a liquid. This occurred during Ramadaan. Should I make up for these days?

Answer: If the fasting person regurgitates something from the stomach into the mouth, they should spit it, but if they swallowed it intentionally, the Sawm (Fast) is invalid. However, if one swallows it unintentionally, the Sawm is valid... read more here.

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Does applying hemorrhoid ointment invalidate one’s Sawm?

Question: Is it permissible to apply hemorrhoid ointment, whether internally or externally, in Ramadaan? If not, must I make up for that day?

Answer: Applying hemorrhoids ointment does not invalidate one’s Sawm (Fast)... read more here.

Sawm of a hemorrhoid (piles) patient

Question: A Muslim person suffered from severe hemorrhoids, which bled due to sharp swellings. Bleeding happened during the blessed month of Ramadaan. A doctor prescribed the medicine necessary to, by Allaah’s Will, stop the bleeding and cure the disease. The doctor permitted him not to observe Sawm (Fast) in order to take the medicine during the period of bleeding until it would stop. However, bleeding did not stop even during the time the medicine was taken. Please be informed that the person concerned could not stand or walk except with the help of others due to the severe swellings and bleeding.

May a patient with such a condition break his Sawm in order to take medicine? Can he perform the Five Daily Obligatory Salaahs (Prayers) although bleeding is continuous and thus both his underwear and outer clothes are soiled with blood?

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned and you are unable to observe Sawm or observing Sawm increases the severity of your disease or retard the recovery, it is permissible for you not to observe Sawm; but you have to make up for the missed days of Sawm... read more here.

Confining oneself to Istijmaar

Question 172Is offering Salaah (Prayer) after having performed Istijmaar (cleansing the private parts with a hard material after urination or defecation) valid? Is it permissible to perform Istijmaar in the absence of water? If water later becomes available, should I make Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation)?

Answer: If Istijmaar is made thrice using a pure solid object, with the exception of bones or dung, it is permissible to perform Salaah, and one need not perform Istinjaa’ even if water becomes available. This was done by the Prophet (peace be upon him) and is according to the Ijmaa` (consensus of scholars) held on this point… read more here.

Hemorrhoid patients who cannot perform Istinjaa’

Question 171A person suffers external hemorrhoids and bleeding and cannot perform Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation), so he only performs Istijmaar (cleansing the private parts with a hard material after urination or defecation) with pebbles. Is it permissible to perform Istijmaar with pebbles despite the presence of traces of blood after performing Wudoo’ (ablution), or should he perform Tayammum (dry ablution with clean earth)?

Answer: It is permissible to perform Istijmaar with pure pebbles and the like provided that they are clean and can purify the opening of the anus like dry tissues. This replaces water if the opening of the anus becomes clean after rubbing it thrice or more until it is purified, provided that the pebbles contain no bones or dung… read more here.