Whoever dies while missing some days of fast, his heir must fast on his behalf if possible

Question: My mother passed away. Before she died, she mentioned to me that she had to make up for two months of Ramadaan in two years. The month of Ramadaan came while she was in the postpartum period, and she died without making up for them. Women at that time used to be involved in agriculture work in addition to housework. She lived for about 50 years. Should I fast on her behalf or feed sixty poor people and if so, what is the manner of feeding? Should I slaughter some sheep and distribute the meat among sixty poor houses or should I pay the value of food? Please guide us, may Allaah reward you with the best. I want to absolve her.

Answer: It is better to fast on behalf of your mother, because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: If anyone dies in a state (that he had to complete) some days of fasting, his heir must fast on his behalf. (Agreed upon by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)… read more here.

Advertisements

The continuation of blood after Tahaarah due to taking contraceptive pills

Question: I use contraceptive pills especially in Ramadaan in order to maintain the state of Tahaarah (ritual purity) during Ramadaan. Having taken them only in the middle of the month of Sha`baan, my menstrual period started at the beginning of Ramadaan and lasted for six days after which I performed post-menstruation Ghusl (full ritual bath) so that I can resume the state of Tahaarah and observe Sawm (Fast) for the remainder of Ramadaan. To my surprise, two days later I noticed some blood drops and secretions that are different in color and texture form menstrual blood. Please, be informed that I have an intrauterine device and that I kept observing Sawm even during the days when the blood drops were seen. Should I make up for these days?

Answer: If the matter is as you have mentioned, your Sawm and Salaah (Prayer) are valid. As for the blood drops and secretions you noticed after your menstruation is over, these are not of your menstruation blood. However, under such a condition, you should perform Wudoo’ (ablution) for each Salaah as the case with Istihaadah (abnormal vaginal bleeding outside the menstrual or post-partum period) and urinary incontinence… read more here.

If a menstruating woman becomes pure before night, should she abstain from all that breaks fast?

Question: Should a woman observe fast and abstain from all that breaks it in Ramadaan, if her menstruation ends and she becomes Taahir (ritually pure) after Fajr (Dawn) Prayer or after Thuhr (Noon) Prayer? Or must she not observe the fast in this circumstance, because the duration of fast is from the break of the dawn until sunset?

Answer: If menstruation ends and a woman becomes Taahir after the time when abstention from all that breaks Sawm enters, whether this occurs at the beginning of the day, in the middle of it, or at its end, then she has to abstain from all that breaks fast the rest of the day. This is according to the Saying of Allaah (Exalted be He): So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadaan i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Sawm (fasts) that monthread more here.

Delaying making up for the days of Sawm missed intending to make up for them collectively

Question: For four years, I have not made up for the days of Sawm (Fast) of the Ramadaan that I missed when I was menstruating. I am 19-year-old now, and I started to observe Sawm during Ramadaan when I was 14 years old. Actually, I initially decided to observe Sawm for a complete month and thus collectively make up for the five days of fasting that I missed (due to menstruation) when their total reaches thirty days. Having grown up and known that doing so is impermissible, I was advised that I must make up for every day I missed in addition to feeding a poor person or paying a certain sum of money per day. However, it is beyond my financial capacity to feed a poor person or pay a certain sum of money per day, as I am still a student and fully supported by my father. It is noteworthy that I changed my plan, and this year I made up for the missed days of Sawm (due to menstruation) in the last Ramadaan. What do you advise me to do in this regard? May Allaah reward and safeguard you?

Answer: The ruling is that you should make up for the missed days of Sawm in Ramadaan during the past years, in addition to feeding a poor person half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of your country for each day. But, if it is beyond your ability to feed a poor person, it will remain as a debt on you till the time you can fulfil it. However, paying a certain sum of money instead does not discharge the liability… read more here.

A woman does not become purified from menstruation until finding the white discharge

Question: My wife performed after-menstruation Ghusl (full ritual bath) on the first day of Ramadan, but she observed fast before doing this Ghusl. Is her fast on that day valid? Sometimes, after she performs after-menstruation Ghusl, some drops of blood are still seen. In this case, should she repeat the after-menstruation Ghusl?

Answer: A woman should perform after-menstruation Ghusl when her menstrual blood has completely stopped; that is, she sees the sign of Tuhr (purity from menstruation or postpartum blood, i.e. seeing the white discharge or seeing no blood traces). As long as some menstrual blood is still seen, even if it is little, a woman is still considered menstruating, except when the menstrual period exceeds the maximum time, i.e. Fifteen days… read more here.

Taking contraceptive pills to prevent the monthly period during Ramadan

Question: My wife uses contraceptive pills. During the month of Ramadaan this year, she continued taking the pills until the end of the month, as she did not wish to break her fast. Should she make up for the days of her regular menstrual period? In fact, she remained clear from the menses for the whole month, and her monthly period appeared only four days after Ramadaan. Has she to make up for the days she would have her period, and in which she did not break fast?

Answer: If the case is as you mentioned, that your wife did not menstruate during the days of Ramadaan because of using contraceptive pills, then she need not make up for these days… read more here.

Ruling on bleeding outside the monthly period

Question: I am a young woman. My monthly period usually lasts for only five days. Once, it came before the White Days (13th, 14th, and 15th of every Hijri month), on which I usually observe fasting, all praise be to Allaah. I intended to observe fasting the first day of them, which coincided with the fifth and last day of my menstrual period, when I saw that the menstrual blood stopped. On that day, I proceeded with fasting until after Thuhr (Noon) Prayer, but I had to break the fasting because the menstrual blood resumed. On the second day of the White Days, I performed Ghusl (ritual bath) and intended to observe fasting. However, I noticed some bleeding, tending to be orange and sometimes red in color, still coming out. Yet, I did not break the fasting and continued it to the end of the day, putting my trust in Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He). The discharge did not stain my clothes, and I performed Ghuslonce again and changed my clothes. Also, on this second day of the White Days, at the time for `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer, I went to perform Wudoo’ (ablution) and offer the two Rak`ahs (units of Prayer) of Wudoo’ only to find the bleeding had once again resumed and it was brown in colour. This time, it stained my clothes. I performed Ghusl once again and continued fasting the rest of the day. What is the ruling on fasting this day? Is it invalid?

Answer: Your Sawm is valid because your usual period of menstruation was over, and the bleeding mentioned above is not judged as menstruation… read more here.

Not making up for missed days of Sawm till death

Question: My grandmother died while still had to make up for some missed days of Sawm (Fast) in Ramadaan. However, she did not know exactly how many days she missed. She would break Sawm when she was menstruating, during her postpartum period, or when she was extremely tired. But, she did not make up for these missed days out of ignorance. By the time, she had learned the rulings of the Sawm she was already very old and unable to observe Sawm. She died (may Allaah have mercy on her) while still did not make up for these missed days. My mother does not know how many days her mother did not observe Sawm. Will it benefit my grandmother and make up for her missed days of Sawm that my mother observes Sawm on her behalf during the White Days (13th, 14th, and 15th of every Hijri month), along with Mondays and Thursdays, with the intention to dedicate the reward to her mother? Or will it benefit her if my mother makes an estimation of these days and offers Kaffaarah (expiation) for them along with observing Sawm?

Answer: If you are most certain that your grandmother did not make up for her missed Sawm, andshe told you so when she became old, then it is permissible for you to observe Sawm on her behalf with the intention of making up for her missed days of Sawm… read more here.

The Kudrah (dusky-colored vaginal discharge) as a part of menstruation entailing breaking Sawm

Question: I had my menses during Ramadaan. Actually, it has a regular pattern of six days. However, last Ramadaan it continued for only five days and I had doubts regarding its continuation to the sixth day. On the sixth day, at 6 A.M., I got up to find no bleeding but Kudrah (dusky-colored vaginal discharge during or after menstruation). I was unsure whether my period had already ended before or after dawn. Now, what should I do in this a case? Should I make up for the fast of the day I doubted? Please, be informed that I took Ghusl (ritual bath) and offered Thuhr (Noon) Prayer, and I abstained from eating and drinking since 4 A.M., that is, before seeing the Kudrah. Praise be to Allaah, I continued fasting that day and on the subsequent days without noticing any bleeding except for the Kudrah.

Answer: Your regular pattern of menstruation lingers for six days and the Kudrah is part of your menstruation period, and you did not see the white discharge, which indicates that the period was over. Now, you should make up for the sixth day on which you fasted, as it is a continuation of your menstrual period… read more here.

Breaking fast because she noticed traces of blood, as if her periods had began

Question: My menstrual period always comes every thirty-two days. On 15th of last Sha`baan, I got my period and I was supposed to get the following period on 17th Ramadaan. However, on that particular day after `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer I noticed traces of blood, and therefore, I ate an olive. Thereafter, I did not have any blood, and thus, I fasted and Prayed until the 29th night of Ramadaan.

Answer: You should make up for the day you broke your Sawm (Fast) in Ramadaan by mistake, because that was not an excuse for breaking your Sawm or abandoning Salaah (Prayer)… read more here.

Fasting while menstruating or during postpartum period

Question: I am an elderly uneducated woman, and in the past before getting acquainted with the opinions of Muslim jurists and the media, such as Radio, whenever I had my monthly period or post-partum bleeding during the daytime of Ramadaan, I would continue fasting and would not make up for these days. I thought that it was not obligatory on me to make up for the fast when I have my menses or during post-partum bleeding, in the same way I do not have to make up for Prayer. I continued doing this for many years, but now I am aware that I am obligated to make up for the missed days of fast which I missed. However, I cannot do this for several reasons:

Firstly: I do not know the number of days of fast which I had missed.

Secondly: I cannot do fast due to my old age and my physical inability.

I, like many other Muslim women, am in this situation due to our ignorance. We ask Allaah, the Most Merciful, to pardon us.

Answer: Firstly: You are obligated to make up for all the days of fast, during which you were menstruating and were having post-partum bleeding. Fasting while menstruating or during post-partum bleeding was invalid… read more here.

Not observing Sawm due to the lack of food

Question: Some years ago, we were going through a time of severe deprivation to the point that I could not fast. I had nothing to live on except for water. What am I required to do?

Answer: You have to make up for the days of fasting which you had missed during Ramadaan. In addition, you have to feed a Miskeen (needy) person for each day you missed. You have to give him half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food in your country. However, it is enough to observe Sawm if you are incapable of feeding him… read more here.

Not making up for the days of fasting missed by a menstruating woman

Question: A woman used to break her fast during her monthly period in Ramadaan, but she would neither make up for the missed days of fasting nor for the missed Prayers. However, she was ignorant of the legal ruling in this regard. What should she do now, taking into consideration that she was doing this out of ignorance? Please provide us with a legal Fatwaa’ on this matter, may Allaah reward you greatly!

Answer: She is obligated to make up for the number of the days of fasting she had missed in Ramadaan due to menstruation, whether this happened in one year or a number of years. In addition, she must feed a needy person as an expiation along with making up of the days of fasting she had missed. The expiation is giving this person half of a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 KG Approx) from the staple food of the country, if she can afford it. However, if she cannot afford it, then fasting alone will be sufficient… read more here.

Menstruating or newly delivered women delaying making up for the missed days of Ramadaan

Question: Some women do not make up for the days of fasting they have missed in the month of Ramadaan until some years later. For instance, a woman may happen not to fast the month of Ramadaan of 1410 A.H due to illness or being in post-partum period. She postpones making up for this Ramadaan until after Ramadaan of 1411 AH. Other women do not make up for the days they missed at all. They give Sadaqah (voluntary charity) instead of fasting. I hope Your Eminence will guide us towards the right view in this regard. May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you.

Answer: Firstly, If a woman breaks her fasting during Ramadaan on account of menstruating, being in post-partum period, or falling ill, she will be required to make up for the days of fasting she had missed after Ramadaan is over. This is provided that her condition has changed and the legal excuse for which she broke the fast is cleared… read more here.

Is the Sawm valid if menstruating after Iftaar?

Question: If a woman became menstruating in Ramadaan after Iftaar (breaking Fast) and before the `Ishaa’ (Night) Salaah. Is she obligated to make up for this day, or is her Fast valid?

Answer: The Fast of a woman who became menstruating after sunset and before `Ishaa’ Prayer is valid for that day, which she has already fasted. She is not obligated to make up for it later… read more here.

Foreplaying with one’s wife in her postpartum period before her completing forty days

Question 154Is it permissible for a husband to be intimate with his wife, without having vaginal intercourse with her, during the postpartum period before the passage of forty days, even if she is still bleeding?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. Yes! It is permissible to do so. But the Sunnah in this regard is to ask her to tie a waist-wrapper, for it was reported that `Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said: “During my menses, the Messenger (peace be upon him) used to ask me to wear an Izaar (garment worn below the waist), and then he would fondle me.”… read more here.

After her delivery, she does not experience postpartum bleeding, is it permissible for her to perform Salaah etc?

Question 153If after a pregnant woman gives birth to her baby she does not experience postpartum bleeding, is it permissible for her husband to have sexual intercourse with her? Can she offer Salaah (Prayer) and Sawm (Fasting) or not?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. If a pregnant woman gives birth without postpartum bleeding, she should perform Ghusl (ritual bath), offer Salaah and observe Sawm. Her husband can have sexual intercourse with her but after she takes Ghusl (ritual bath), because in most cases there is usually some blood, even if it is little, which is discharged while or after giving birth to a baby… read more here.

If postpartum bleeding stops before the completion of forty days, is it permissible for a woman to perform Salaah and observe Sawm?

Question 152If postpartum bleeding stops before the completion of forty days, is a woman permitted to perform Ghusl (ritual bath) and offer Salaah (Prayer) even if this bleeding returns before the forty days are over?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. If a woman in the postpartum period sees that she has become pure before the forty days are over, she should take Ghusl and then observe Salah and Sawm (Fasting), and her husband may have sexual intercourse with her. If the bleeding continues after the fortieth day, she should consider herself as having the same ruling as Taahir (ritually pure) women, because forty days is the maximum postpartum period length according to the more correct of the two scholarly views… read more here.

Sexual intercourse with a woman who is in her postpartum period if blood ceases before completing forty days

Question 151After twenty-two days of postpartum hemorrhage, he had sexual intercourse with his wife. Later, he heard some shaykhs of Masjids (mosques) saying that a woman who has not completed the period of postnatal bleeding but the bleeding has stopped, may perform Ghusl (ritual bath) and observe Salaah (prayer). He is asking about the ruling on having sexual intercourse with the wife before the end of her postpartum period?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. The majority of scholars are of the opinion that the longest postpartum period is forty days and their nights, based on the report of ‘Aboo Daawood and Al-Tirmidee on the authority of Umm Salamah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that she said… read more here.

Experiencing Istihaadah during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question: What is the ruling on the blood that comes out of a woman outside the menstrual or post-partum period? Should she make up later for the days in which she experiences such blood during the daytime of Ramadaan?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family and Companions.

If the blood referred to above comes out of her during the daytime in Ramadaan and it is not menstrual blood or postpartum blood, she is obliged to observe Sawm (Fasting) and Salaah (Prayer). She must not stop observing Sawm or Salaah, and she does not need to make up later for the days in which she observed Sawm and Salaah while having Istihaadah (abnormal vaginal bleeding outside the menstrual or post-partum period)… read more here.