Al-Baatiniyyah

Question: What is the view of Sunni scholars regarding Al-Ismaa`iliyyah and Agha Khani sects who live in many places and most of them live in the north of Pakistan.

Following are some of their views that explain their doctrine:

1- The word of Shahaadah: ‘I testify that there is no god but Allaah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, and Alee, the Commander of Believers, is Allaah.' The Ismailis and Agha khans say these words are the word of Shahaadat Al-Tawheed i.e. the testimony of belief in monotheism, and the true word of Islaam.
2- The Imaam: They believe that Agha Khan Shah Karim is their Imaam (religious leader) who has dominion over everything; the earth, the heavens, and what is in and between them. They even believe he is the supreme ruler of the whole world.
3- The Shareeah: They do not believe in the truth of Islaamic Shareeah. In fact, they believe that Agha Khan is the embodiment and the true tongue of the Qur’aan. They also believe that he is the “Kabah" and "Al-Bayt-al-Ma'moor" (i.e. Allaah's House in the seventh heaven) and the one to be followed and no one else. Their books say that the word "Allah" mentioned in the Qur'aan is the apparent term used to refer to Imaam Agha Khan.
4- Salaah (Prayer): They do not believe that the Five Prayers are obligatory. Only three formulae of supplication are required instead.
5- The Masjid (mosque): They take a place of worship called Jama
at khanah instead of mosques.
6- Zakaah (obligatory charity): They deny that Zakaah is obligatory. They instead allocate 10% of their wealth to the Agha Khan calling it as “dushond” or “Mal-Al-Waajibat i.e. money for religious obligations”.
7- Sawm (Fast): They deny that it is obligatory to fast the month of Ramadaan.
8- They do not believe that Hajj is obligatory, rather they believe that their belief in Agha Khan is itself Hajj.
9- Salaam (Islaamic greeting): Instead of the Islaamic formula of greeting, they invented a special greeting. When one of them meets another, he says, “Alee madad" (MayAlee help you!). The other replies, “Mawla Alee madad" i.e., (Alee is a sufficient master for help!) This is a brief note about their sayings and the `Aqeedahs (creeds) they adopt.

Now I would like to ask few questions:

1- Are the Isma`ilis considered a Muslim sect or a disbelieving one?

2- Is it permissible to offer Funeral Prayer for their dead people?

3- Is it permissible to bury them in the Muslims’ graves? 4- Is it permissible to intermarry with them?

5- Is the meat of their sacrificed animals lawful for Muslims?

6- Should they be treated like Muslims?

In the Name of Allaah, the Great, we ask you to answer our request for Fatwaa to dispel the doubts in many Muslims’ minds. In the past, the followers of this sect used to hide their false Aqeedah (creed), therefore the early Muslim shaykhs called them Al-Baatiniyyah (those who hide their real faith). Nowadays, they overtly call people to their falseAqeedah (creed) to lead Muslims astray in matters related to `Aqeedah (creed) and for some other purposes we do not yet know.

Answer: First, The belief that Allaah is incarnated in `Alee or in any other being is sheer disbelief that excludes a person from Islaam. Likewise, the belief that any being other than Allaah (Glorified be He) can control the heavens and earth, is disbelief as well. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Ruling upon the Barelvi sect in Pakistan, and their false beliefs

Question: In Pakistan, there is an order known as the Barelvis or the order of Nawaree, as named after its current leader Nuwaaree. I ask Your Eminence about the ruling of Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) on this order, its beliefs and the validity of offering Salaah (Prayer) behind one of its members. May your answer relieve many confused hearts that are unaware of the truth! I again remind you of some of their common myths and beliefs, which are:

1- Believing that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is alive
2- Believing that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) knows the Ghayb (unseen) and is present, especially after the Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer
3- Believing that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) has the right of giving intercession in advance
4- Believing in the Awliyaa’ (pious people) and the dead at whose graves they offer Salah and ask for help
5- Building domes and lighting the graves
6- Repeating their famous supplication: O Muhammad, the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
7- Getting angry with anyone who says Ta’meen (saying: “Aameen” after reciting Soorah Al-Faatihah) aloud and raise their hands in Salaah and considering them as belonging to the Wahhabee order
8- Finding it extremely strange that people use Miswaak (tooth-cleansing stick) before offering Salaah
9- Kissing the fingers during Wudoo’ (ablution) and Athaan (call to Prayer) as well as after Salaah
10- Their Imaam always recites the following Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) after Salaah: Allaah sends His Salaah (Graces, Honours, Blessings, Mercy) on the Prophet (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم), and also His angels (ask Allaah to bless and forgive him). Consequently, the Ma’mums (persons being led by the Imaam in Prayer) invoke Allah to send peace upon the Prophet collectively and loudly.
11- Gathering in circles after the Jumu`ah Prayer and engaging in loud singing and praise
12- Serving many kinds of food, including desserts, inside the Masjid (mosque) after ending the recitation of the whole Glorious Qur’aan during Taraaweeh (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan)
13- Building Masaajid and being too preoccupied with decorating them in addition to writing on the Mihraab: O Muhammad
14- Considering themselves the followers of the Sunnah and true `Aqeedah (creed) and deeming those who do not follow their order as wrong
15- What is the ruling of Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) on offering Salaah behind the members of this order?

It is worth mentioning that I am a medical school student, living in Karachi near a Masjid subject to the supervision of the Barelvi order.

Answer: It is impermissible to offer Salaah behind an Imaam who adopts such beliefs. If the Ma’moom knows that the Imaam adopts these beliefs, then the Salaah of the former will not be valid. Most of these beliefs entail Kufr (disbelief) and Bid`ah (rejected innovations in religion)… read more here.

An abstract about the Druze doctrine (a secret sect of the Baatinee Qarmatians)

Question: All praise is due to Allaah and peace and blessings be upon His Prophet, upon his family and Companions.

To proceed:
The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ have studied the letter sent by His Excellency the Deputy-Interior Minister to his Eminence the General Chairman No. 2/5400 on 15/5/1397 A.H. The Committee also read the two brochures attached to his letter detailing two alleged debates:

The first was held between a durzi student who is studying in Al-Az-har and someone that he claimed to be the Grand Shaykh of Al-Azhar called Mustafaa Al-Raafi`ee. The second was held between a person who ascribed himself (according to the letter) to Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (those adhering to the Sunnah and the Muslim community) called Shaykh Al-Haq Al-Husaynee and a durzi professor called Abu Hasan Hany Zaydan. According to the request of His Excellency to study this letter, the response comes as follows:

Firstly: An abstract about the doctrine of the Druze which unveils their reality.

Secondly: A brief explanation about the two debates explaining their illusion and misconception.

First: An abstract about the Druze doctrine

Druze are a secret sect of the Baatinee Qarmatians who entertain camouflaging their religious convictions to deceive non-Durzi people. Sometimes, they pretend to be religious, ascetic, pious and show false religious jealousy. They also feign love of Raafidah, Sufism and Ahlul-Bayt (Members of the Prophet’s extended family). They claim that they are reformers who reconcile between people and gather them aiming to deceive them with regards to their religion. They continue doing so until they become strong and receive support from a ruler, they then show their reality, declare their dogmas and reveal their intentions.

At this time, they will be the callers to evil, corruption and a destructive means to religions, dogmas and ethics… read more here.

Al-Ismaa`eeliyyah and Agha Khani sects who live in many places and most of them live in the north of Pakistan

Question: What is the view of Sunni scholars regarding Al-Ismaa`eeliyyah and Agha Khani sects who live in many places and most of them live in the north of Pakistan. Following are some of their views that explain their doctrine.

1- The word of Faith: ‘I testify that there is no god but Allaah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, and `Alee, the Commander of Believers, is Allaah.’ The Ismaa`eelis and Agha khans say these words are the word of Shahaadat Al-Tawheed i.e. the testimony of belief in monotheism, and the true word of Islaam.

2- The Imaam: They believe that Agha Khan Shah Kareem is their Imaam (religious leader) who has dominion over everything; the earth, the heavens, and what is in and between them. They even believe he is the supreme ruler of the whole world.

3- The Sharee`ah: They do not believe in the truth of Islaamic Sharee`ah. In fact, they believe that Agha Khan is the embodiment and the true tongue of the Qur’aan. They also believe that he is the “Ka`bah” and “Al-Bayt-al-Ma’moor” (i.e. Allaah’s House in the seventh heaven) and the one to be followed and no one else. Their books say that the word “Allaah” mentioned in the Qur’aan is the apparent term used to refer to Imaam Agha Khan.

4- Salaah (Prayer): They do not believe that the Five Prayers are obligatory. Only three formulae of supplication are required instead.

5- The Masjid (mosque): They take a place of worship called Jamaa`at khanah instead of mosques.

6- Zakaah (obligatory charity): They deny that Zakaah is obligatory. They instead allocate 10% of their wealth to the Agha Khan calling it as “dushond” or “Mal-Al-Waajibat i.e. money for religious obligations”.

7- Sawm (Fast): They deny that it is obligatory to fast the month of Ramadaan.

8- They do not believe that Hajj is obligatory, rather they believe that their belief in Agha Khan is itself Hajj.

9- Salaam (Islaamic greeting): Instead of the Islaamic formula of greeting, they invented a special greeting. When one of them meets another, he says, “`Alee madad” (May `Alee help you!). The other replies, “Mawlaa `Alee madad” i.e., (`Alee is a sufficient master for help!) This is a brief note about their sayings and the `Aqaa-id (creeds) they adopt.

Now I would like to ask few questions:

1- Are the Ismaa`eelis considered a Muslim sect or a disbelieving one?

2- Is it permissible to offer Funeral Prayer for their dead people?

3- Is it permissible to bury them in the Muslims’ graves?

4- Is it permissible to intermarry with them?

5- Is the meat of their sacrificed animals lawful for Muslims?

6- Should they be treated like Muslims?

In the Name of Allaah, the Great, we ask you to answer our request for Fatwaa to dispel the doubts in many Muslims’ minds. In the past, the followers of this sect used to hide their false `Aqidah (creed), therefore the early Muslim shuyookh called them Al-Baatiniyyah (those who hide their real faith). Nowadays, they overtly call people to their false `Aqeedah (creed) to lead Muslims astray in matters related to `Aqeedah (creed) and for some other purposes we do not yet know.

Answer: First, The belief that Allaah is incarnated in `Alee or in any other being is sheer disbelief that excludes a person from Islaam. Likewise, the belief that any being other than Allaah (Glorified be He) can control the heavens and earth, is disbelief as well… read more here.