Observing Sawm on the first nine days of Thul-Hijjah

Question: Kindly find an attached book titled “Min Akhtaa’inaa Fee Al-`Ashr” (Some of Our Mistakes on the First Ten Days of Thul-Hijjah) by Muhammad Al-Ghufaylee.We would like you to read it and review the included Fatwa to see whether it is correct? On page no. 13, paragraph no. 5, it states, “Most people’s observation of Sawm (Fast) of the whole ten days is a mistake…” Consequently, most of the people of Al-Rass abandoned Sawm of the first ten days of Thul-Hijjah, because of this book and this Fatwaa. For decades, people used to observe Sawm of such days believing this act to be Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the teachings of the Prophet). However, after reading this book, they have been disapproving of those who observe Sawm on these days.

I ask Your Eminence to issue a Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by qualified Muslim scholar) on this regard and clarify it inlocal newspapers, so that Al-Haqq (the Truth) will become evident before the public.

Answer: Sawm of the first nine days of Thul-Hijjah is not a mistake as is claimed by some people. Rather, according to the Jumhoor (majority of scholars) of scholars it is Sunnah. Shaykh `Abdul-Rahmaan ibn Qaasim said in his commentary on Al-Zad book, “Sawm of the first nine days of Thul-Hijjah is (an act of Sunnah, based on) the opinion of the Jumhoor of scholars. In Al-Insaaf book, it is stated that there is no difference in this regard.”… read more here.

Fasting on the first nine days of Thul-Hijjah

Question: Is the Prophet (peace be upon him) authentically reported to have observed Sawm for the first ten days of Thul-Hijjah?

Answer: It is not authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) observed Sawm the first ten days of Thul-Hijjah – better described as the nine days preceding `Eed-ul-Ad-haa (the Festival of the Sacrifice). However, he (peace be upon him) urged people to do good deeds during these days. The Prophet (peace be upon him) is authentically reported to have stated: “No good deed performed on other days are superior to those performed during these (first ten days of Thul-Hijjah).”.. read more here.

The days permissible for voluntary (fast) Sawm

Question: I am a 27 year-old Saudi man. I went to prison and I began to worship Allaah. I observe Sawm (Fast) on Monday and Thursday of every week; on three days of every month; the whole month of Rajab; nine days of Thul-Hijjah; the Day of `Ashoorah’ (10th of Muharram) and a day before and after it; six days of Shawwaal; and mid-Sha‘baan. It is claimed that Sawm should be observed in Ramadaan only, and the rest is a Bid‘ah (innovation in religion), and there is no Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeth that proves them. But I found a Saheeh Hadeeth which states this in the book entitled Tanbeeh Al-Ghaafileen by Shaykh Aboo Al-Layth Al-Samarqandee. Please advise whether Sawm on these days is really a Bid‘ah, given that my colleagues in prison say so.

Answer: Sawm on Mondays and Thursdays, three days of every month (13th, 14th, and 15th of every Hijree month), the ninth of Thul-Hijjah, the tenth of Muharram, in addition to a day before or after it, and six days of Shawwaal, every year, all this is Sunnah (supererogatory acts of worship following the example of the Prophet) established by authority of Saheeh Hadeeths... read more here.