Getting rid of Kufr and hypocrisy

Question: When I was in secondary school, I strongly adhered to the true religious behavior. However, I feel now after joining university that my faith decreases. I seek your advice concerning this matter. May I ask you to send me a tape tackling `Aqeedah (creed) and the issues of Kufr (disbelief) and hypocrisy in particular?

Answer:  You should recite, ponder, and act upon the Aayaat of Qur’aan and Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Additionally, you should refer to the statements of the reliable people of knowledge in `Aqeedah and Fiqh (jurisprudence) and do more good deeds… read more here.

The way to increase faith

Question: It is admittedly true that faith increases and decreases. However, I suffer from weakness of faith and harshness of the heart. How can I strengthen my faith and soften my heart, and submit my limbs humbly to Allaah amidst the world’s temptations? Dear Shaykh! Kindly elaborate on this matter. May Allaah reward you!

Answer:  Faith indeed increases if a person obeys Allaah and decreases if they disobey Him. So, you should be keen to preserve offering the obligatory prayers in congregation, pay Zakaah willingly as a means to expiate sins, be merciful to the poor and the needy. You should keep company of pious and righteous people who may prove helpful to you in applying the rulings of Sharee`ah and guide you to attain happiness in life and in the Hereafter… read more here.

Advice that supports faith and knowledge

Question: First: In light of the proverb, “Wisdom is taught through men’s eloquence”, I ask you to advise me how to strengthen my faith.

Second: I want to acquire knowledge of religion but as this kind of knowledge is not well cared for in Algeria; only a few Muslim brothers are keen on acquiring it. May Allah reward them.

Third: I am working as a builder. The people working with me are not good Muslims. They talk about silly and obscene subjects.

Fourth: I have a friend whose faith is weak. He usually speaks ill of our pious brothers. I feel uncomfortable because of him. I need your advice in this regard.

Answer:  First, we advise you to recite and listen to the Qur’aan regularly attempting to contemplate its meanings as much as you can. If you find difficulty in understanding any Qur’aanic Aayah (verse), you may refer to scholars in your country or you may ask the scholars of Sunnah… read more here.

The best book that deals with Tawheed and the Islaamic creed

Question: What is the best book on Tawheed (Monotheism) and Islaamic creed and how can I get it?

Answer: The greatest books that clarify the true Islaamic creed are the Qur’aan and the books of Hadeeth. Other books dealing with this issue are Fath Al-Majeed, Al-`Aqeedah Al-Waasitiyyah, Al-`Uluww Lil `Alee Al-Ghaffaar, Al-Tawassul Wa Al-Waseelah, Mukhtasar Al-Sawa`iq Al-Mursalah, Tat-heer Al-I`tiqaad, and Sharh Al-Tahaawiyyah… read more here.

The `Aqeedah required from the Muslim

Question: What are the fundamental `Aqeedah (articles of faith) a Muslim is required to believe in?

Answer: The fundamental `Aqeedah include believing in Allaah, His angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, and believing in Predestination; either good or bad in the same manner clarified in the Qur’aan and Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)… read more here.

Is Eemaan a saying and action or only a saying devoid of action?

Question: Discussing the issue of Al-`Uloohiyyah (Allaah’s Exclusive Right to be worshipped) and the implications of Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah (there is no god but Allaah), we come upon many books written by some A’immah of Salaf (righteous predecessors) on the issue including Fath Al-Majid Sharh Kitaab Al-Tawheed and Majmu`at Al-Tawheed by Muhammad ibn `Abdul-Wahhaab and Shaykh Al-Islaam Ahmad ibn `Abdul-Haleem ibn Taymiyyah respectively, as well as the book entitled “Ma`rij Al-Qabool fee Sharh Sullam Al-Wusool” by Shaykh Haafith Hakamee, etc. First: The author of Fath Al-Majeed cited the statement of Muhammad ibn `Abdul-Wahhaab (may Allaah be merciful to him) concerning the meaning of “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah.” He states that it does not suffice to only utter Shahaadah, rather the person should have knowledge about it. Along with the utterance, they must have knowledge about and act upon it. Moreover, they must disbelieve in whatever is worshipped beside Allaah. This is based on the Hadeeth narrated by Muslim (may Allaah be merciful to him) “Whoever professes that there is no god but Allaah and denies everything worshipped other than Allaah, their property and blood became inviolable…” Related by Muslim. 

Meanwhile, the author of the book entitled “Wulatun la Qudah” focuses on the concept of uttering Shahadah neglecting what has been mentioned by Shaykh al-Islaam and others (may Allaah be merciful to them).

Similarly, whoever studies the statements of the Salaf on Eemaan (faith) that it should be in both words and deeds, becomes confused when reading the claims of the contemporary scholars that Eemaan is a mere declaration not deeds.

Also, the person feels confused when reading the statements of the Salaf concerning the three articles of faith. They state that Eemaan should be declared by the tongue, practiced by the limbs, and believed by the heart. Having known what we mentioned above, please enlighten us regarding the correct view.

Answer: The sound view is the statement of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream). Eemaan must be uttered by the tongue, practiced by the limbs, and believed by the heart… read more here.

The required `Aqeedah that makes one a Muslim

Question: What are the articles of faith a Muslim needs to know to be a true Muslim?

Answer: As intellectual faculties, leisure times, life engagements, facilities and difficulties of learning vary from one person to another; some Muslims are obliged to do what others are not obliged to do… read more here.

Making up for the days of Sawm missed due to a long-term illness

Question: I have been suffering an illness for several years. The illness began in a previous Ramadaan that I have not been able to make up for till now, since I am still under treatment. Every three months, I undergo an operation in the hospital for the completion of treatment that extends over five years. It should be known that I work far away from the area where I lived, which makes it very difficult for me to fast. Thus, what should I do? Please advise us! May Allaah reward you!

Answer: You should count the days in which you did not fast in Ramadaan and make up for them after Allaah (Exalted be He) grants you recovery from your illness. If the illness continues with you and your case is hopeless,you should feed a poor person for each day… read more here.

Making up for the days of Sawm missed by a patient

Question: I underwent an operation in Ramadaan, and I stayed in hospital till the end of the month. How can I make up for the days of the month that I could not fast? And, if I can not make up for the Sawm (fast) till next Ramadaan, how can I make up for it in both cases?

Answer: It is permissible for you not to fast in Ramadaan if you have an illness that makes Sawm difficult or impossible for you. Then, you can compensate for the days of Sawm that you missed whenever possible, even if another Ramadaan passes, because you have an excuse for delaying this compensation. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Should the patient and the traveler observe Sawm or they have Rukhsah not to do?

Question: Shaykh Muhammad Mutawallee Al-Sha`raawee, may Allaah safeguard him, said about the Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) nos. 183-184 in Soorah (Qur’aanic chapter) Al-Baqarah that any one who is ill or on a journey must not observe Sawm (Fast) and must compensate for that missed Sawm. But he affirmed that this applies to any kind of illness, even if Sawm causes the patient no harm and constitutes no threat upon him. He also said that no traveller should observe Sawm and must compensate for the days that he missed. He took evidence from what Allaah (Glorified be He) says: …and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Saum (fasts) must be made up] from other days. He says: “The same number of days”, which means making up for the missed days, and not “and if they did not observe Sawm, then the same number of days”.

In short, he said that any one who is ill or on a journey must not fast and must compensate for the missed days, taking evidence from the word: “The same number of days must be made up for from other days”. So, it is affirmed that this must be done whether or not the patient or the traveler observes Sawm. What is the ruling on this?

Is it right that any one who is ill or on a journey must not observe Sawm, taking evidence from this Aayah?

Answer: Any person who is ill and finds it difficult to observe Sawm, or who is on a journey, has Rukhsah (concession) not to observe Sawm on the daytime of Ramadaan, according to what Allah (Exalted be He) says: …and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Sawm (fasts) must be made up] from other days. However, if they observe Sawm, then it is valid, according to the Hadeeth narrated by `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that: Hamzah Ibn `Amr Al-Aslamee (may Allaah be pleased with him) asked the Prophet (peace be upon him): Shall I fast while travelling? And, he used to fast a lot. He said: You may fast if you wish, and you may not fast if you wish. (Related by the Six Hadeeth Compilers [Al-Bukhaaree, Muslim, Aboo Daawood, Al-Tirmithee, Al-Nasaa’ee, and Ibn Maajah])… read more here.

Seeking husband’s permission for Hajj

Question 6: I am a married woman for forty years. I’ve been asking my husband to perform Hajj and he agrees. However, every time he goes to perform Hajj or `Umrah he changes his mind and prevents me from accompanying him to take care of his sheep and cattle. Although he performed Hajj more than five times, he refuses my request to travel with my sons in law. Is it permissible to travel for Hajj with my son in law in spite of my husband’s rejection?

Answer: If your situation with your husband is as you described, you are obliged to travel with the said Mahrams (unmarriageable relatives), even if your husband does not give you the permission and provided that you have never performed the obligatory Hajj… read more here.

Performing the obligatory Hajj straightway

Question 4: May I delay performing Hajj for one or two years, although I can perform it this year, for the sake of visiting my family? If I perform Hajj this year, I will be away from my wife and family for two years. The rites of Hajj will be in the middle of summer vacation and I will not be able to visit my family and perform Hajj at the same time. I will either perform Hajj or visit my family. Can I delay performing Hajj in order to visit my family? May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: A Muslim should hasten to perform the obligatory Hajj as soon as one is able to. They do not know what impediments may arise in the coming years if they delay performing it. Allaah (Exalted be He) states: And Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah) to the House (Ka‘bah) is a duty… read more here.

When is trading permissible during the Hajj?

Question 3:  Are major sins forgiven by virtue of Hajj Mabroor (Hajj sincerely done, not mixed with any sin, and is accepted by Allaah)? When is trade permissible in Hajj?

Answer: Firstly, it is authentically reported in the Two Saheeh (authentic) Books of Hadeeth (i.e. Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) on the authority of ‘Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said that he heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) saying, “Anyone who performs Hajj and does not use obscene language nor commits a sin, will return (pure of sin) as on the day their mother gave birth to them.” (Agreed upon by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)… read more here.

Ruling on the Hajj

Question 2: Some people claim that there is no obligation to go to the holy lands to perform Hajj. They also say that whoever goes there, comes back more coarse and merciless. Most of these people are financially and physically capable of performing Hajj, but they are reluctant. What is the ruling on whoever says this? Do they come under the same mentioned Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) with regard to the fifth nullifier of Islaam?

Answer: Hajj is one of the pillars of Islaam. Whoever denies or resents it after the proof has come to him is a Kaafir (disbeliever) who should be asked to repent; if he repents, all is well and good, otherwise he should be killed… read more here.

 

Zakaah on grains and fruits

Question 7: What is the minimum possible Nisaab (the minimum amount on which Zakaah is due) on grains, rice and so on? How much of them should be given for a person who deserves Zakaah (obligatory charity)?

Answer: Nisaab of Zakaah on grains such as wheat, barley, corn, and rice is five Wasqs (1 Wasq = 60 Saa`s =130,320 kg), where a Saa` is equal to four Mudds (a dry measure of half bushel, 543 grams) according to the measuring of the Prophet (peace be upon him), and it is also equal to four hundred and… read more here.

Is Zakaah due on Horses?

Question 5: Some wealthy people buy purebred  expensive horses which might cost thousands of dinars a horse, for the purpose of joining horse races and winning prizes. Is Zakaah (obligatory charity) due on these horses? What is their Nisaab (the minimum amount on which Zakaah is due)?

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, that they are bought for keeping, not trading in them, there is no Zakaah due on them, as the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: No Zakaah is due on the slave or the horse of a Muslim. (Agreed upon its authenticity by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim). It was authentically reported that Allaah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: A horse may be kept for one of three purposes: for a man it may be a source of reward; for another it may be a means of living; and for a third it may be a burden (a source of committing sins)…. read more here.

Is someone who does not observe fast, but performs Salaah, judged to be a Kaafir (disbeliever)?

Question 5: Is a person who observes Salaah (Prayer), but abandons Sawm (Fast) without any lawful excuse deemed a Kaafir (disbeliever)?

Answer: Whoever abandons Sawm for disownment of its obligation is deemed a Kaafir by consensus, and whoever abandons it out of laziness or negligence is not deemed a Kaafir, but is subject to great danger for abandoning an obligatory and unanimously agreed upon pillar of the Pillars of Islaam… read more here.

What does this hadeeth mean, “Start fast on seeing the new moon of Ramadaan and give up fast on seeing it.”?

Question 2: What is the ruling on a person who does not fast according to the first sighting of the new moon of Ramadaan, but waits until he sees it for himself depending on the following Hadeeth, “Start fasting on seeing it (the new moon of Ramadaan), and give up fasting on seeing it (i.e, the new moon of Shawwaal)”? Is this understanding correct?

Answer: It is obligatory to fast when the sighting of the new moon is confirmed, even if only one trustworthy Muslim sees it. The Prophet (peace be upon him) issued orders to fast when a Bedouin testified that he had seen the new moon. Interpreting the Hadeeth mentioned in the question to mean that no individual should fast until they see the new moon for themselves is incorrect, because the Hadeeth tells everyone to fast when the sighting is confirmed… read more here

Does fasting on certain number of consecutive days without breaking it during night suffice for the fasting during Ramadaan?

Question 1: Is it permissible for someone to fast continuously day and night, for three days during the month of Ramadaan instead of fasting the whole month?

Answer: It is not permissible to do so and none of the scholars have ever said that it is permissible to do so, as night is not a time of fasting. Anyone who does so is in violation of Islaamic law, and has innovated a new legislation that was not ordained by Allaah. Additionally, they will be breaking their fast during the month of Ramadan without a legal excuse. Allaah (Glorified be He) made fasting the entire month of Ramadaan… read more here.

A person drinks Khamr (intoxicant) at night and performs Salaah during the day. Is their Salaah valid?

Question 9: What is the ruling on a person who drinks Khamr (intoxicants) at night and offers Salaah (Prayer) during the day? As Salaah should prevent a person from committing immoral acts and Munkar (that which is unacceptable or disapproved of by Islaamic law and Muslims of sound intellect), is their Salaah valid or not?

Answer: If a person offers Salaah with all its obligatory acts and fulfills its conditions, it is considered valid. They will be rewarded for it, and they will be sinful for drinking Khamr. They are considered among those who mix good deeds with evil ones… read more here.

Is it permissible to urinate while standing?

Question 10: Is it Halaal (lawful) or Haraam (prohibited) to urinate while standing?

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To commence: It is not Haraam to urinate while standing, but it is a Sunnah to urinate while sitting, as `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said, “If anyone tells you that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to urinate while standing up, do not believe him, for the Prophet always used to urinate while sitting”. Narrated by Al-Tirmidee who commented that this Hadeeth is the most authentic one in this regard, as this entails modesty and caution of being soiled with urine… read more here.

What is the ruling on using western styled toilets?

Question 9: Is it permissible to use western style toilets?

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family, and Companions. To commence: It is permissible to use any toilets but try to protect your bodies and clothes from Najaasah (ritual impurity) when relieving yourselves. After finishing, you should follow the Islaamic way either by performing Istijmaar (cleansing the private parts with hard material after urination or defecation) or Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation) and… read more here.

Recording the recitation of the Qur`aan on CD’s & tapes and selling them

Question 9: What is the ruling on preferring some Qur’aan reciters to others and recording the Qur’aan recitation on tapes and selling them?

Answer: It is permissible to prefer some Qur’aan reciters to others due to their excellent recitation and mastery of its rules. It is also permissible to record the recitation on tapes and sell them… read more here.

Can there be more than one right aspect for the same question?

Question 10: Can Ijmaa` (consensus of Scholars) be reached in our present time throughout the Islaamic world? With regard to the Fatwas of the Islaamic Fiqh Academy that are unanimously agreed upon by all members of the Academy, are they considered a consensus? Is it possible that Ijmaa` may be concluded in places other than the Islaamic Fiqh Academy? Please advise, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: First, Most scholars of Usool-ul-Fiqh (principles of Islaamic jurisprudence) agree that Ijmaa` can be reached by people of power and knowledge in Muslim nations concerning a certain issue and the resulting agreed-upon opinion can be known among them, such as permitting the master to have sexual intercourse with his female slave… read more here.

 

What exactly is the difference between the ‘Mustahab’ (stressed sunnah) and the ‘Waajib’ (obligatory)?

Question 9: Any command given by the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) indicates obligation and duty. However, there is a Hadeeth whose apparent meaning contradicts the Hadeeth narrated by ‘Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him): When I command you to do anything, do of it as much as you possibly can. How can a Muslim reconcile these two Hadeeths?

Answer: The basic rule concerning any commands of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is that they denote obligation, unless otherwise indicated. However, fulfillment of obligation is in accordance with one’s ability, because Allaah (Exalted be He) says: So keep your duty to Allaah and fear Him as much as you can This is also supported by the Hadeeth mentioned in the question… read more here.

The Prophet’s (peace be upon him) life at his home and morals

Question 7: What was the life of the Prophet (peace be upon him) like at home? What were his manners?’

Answer: The manners of the Prophet (peace be upon him) were that of the Qur’aan as `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) described him, deriving her portrayal of his character from Allaah’s saying: “And Verily, you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) are on an exalted (standard of) character.” The Prophet (peace be upon him) dealt mildly and gently with his family… read more here.

What is the ruling on using sun heated water and solar heaters?

Question 6: Is using sun heated water and solar heaters permissible in Islaam?

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To commence: We do not know of any authentic evidence that prohibits the use of water heated by the sun… read more here.

Are the decisions of the Islamic Fiqh Academy considered to be Ijmaa’ (consensus of scholars)?

Question 6: Consensus of opinions is one of the basic sources of legislation in Islaam next only to the Glorious aand the Sunnah. Do the decisions of the Islaamic Fiqh Academy in Makkah Al-Mukarramah form a consensus of Muslim scholars?

A: All Praise is due to Allaah. May peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family, and Companions. To commence, the Islaamic Fiqh Academy does not form a consensus of opinion… read more here.

Claiming that al-Jaami’ al-Saheeh of al-Bukhaaree contains weak Hadeeths

Question 6: Some people claim that the Saheeh (Authentic Hadeeth Book) of Al-Bukhaaree includes some Da‘eef (weak) Hadeeth, although we told them that all Muslims unanimously agree to its authenticity, could you please show the right opinion?

Answer: This claim is untrue, for all the Hadeeth in Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree that are Musnad (Hadeeths with a sound chain of narration) and Muttasil (Hadeeths with a continuous chain of narration to a Companion of the Prophet or Follower; the generation after the Prophet’s Companions) are authentic… read more here.

Delaying performing Fajr Prayer from its due time

Question 5: What is the ruling on the Salaah (“Prayer”) of a person who has been in the habit of offering the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer after sunrise for two years? He claims that sleep overpowers him as he stays up late until midnight sitting at cafés or nightclubs.

Question 5: Is it permissible to dine with this person, keep company with him, or live with him?

A: It is prohibited to delay Salaah until its appointed time elapses. Every Muslim should give due concern to offer Salaah at its appointed time. He may ask someone to remind him of its time or he may set his alarm clock at prayer time. A person is prohibited to stay up late at night clubs or other places of entertainment which make him miss the Fajr Prayer or miss the reward of congregational prayer… read more here.

 

Is it permissible in these days to practice Ijtihaad (juristic effort to infer expert legal rulings)?

Question 5: Is it permissible in these days to practice Ijtihaad (juristic effort to infer expert legal rulings)?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To commence, practicing Ijtihaad is still opened before people of knowledge and belief who have deep insight and understanding for the Qur’aan, the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) and the sayings of those who preceded us from among the Companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and… read more here.

Who are the two Shaykhs?

Question 5: After citing some Hadeeth, the phrase “Rawaahu Al-Shaykhaan (Related by the two Shaykhs)” comes at the end; who are the two Shaykhs?

Answer: The phrase “Rawaahu Al-Shaykhaan” refers to Muhammad ibn Ismaa‘eel Al-Bukhaaree, who compiled the most authentic collection of Hadeeth entitled [Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree]and Muslim ibn Al-Hajjaaj Al-Naysabooryee, who compiled… read more here.

Is it permissible to say: “O Mu’een (Supporter), O Lord”?

Question 17: Is it permissible to say when seeking the help of Allaah, Glorified and Exalted be He, “O Mu‘een (Supporter)! O Lord!” or to say when asking to make easy what is difficult, “O Musahhil (He who facilitates)! O Muyassir (He who makes easy)! O Lord”? What is the governing principle in this regard? And what is the ruling on a person who says so inadvertently, ignorantly, or deliberately?

Answer: It is permissible to say what you have mentioned, because the One referred to by the “Supporter” and “He who makes easy” is Allaah, Glorified and Exalted be He, as you have declared at the end of your supplication, saying, “O Lord!”, whether you… read more here.

If a person oversleeps until sunrise and does not perform Fajr Prayer, how can they perform Salaah?

Question 3: Allaah has guided me to obey Him. I offer the daily prayers on time except for Fajr (Dawn). Sometimes I get up late after sunrise. Is my Fajr Prayer offered at that time valid? How can a Muslim make up for the Salaah they missed like `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer? Will they make up for it at the time of the Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer or delay it until the next `Asr Prayer?

Answer: The Salaah you miss due to sleep or forgetfulness should be offered the moment you wake up or the moment you remember. It does not matter if you wake up or remember it after sunrise. This is based on the Hadeeth in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read  more here.

Ruling on performing Ghusl from Janaabah in ponds in deserts or Masjids?

Question 4: What is the legal ruling on performing Ghusl (ritual bath) in standing water for someone who is Junub (in a state of major ritual impurity)?It should be noted that there are many ponds in desert places where water remains standing for a long period without being changed except by rain water in summer or autumn. There are also some ponds in Masjids (mosques). What is the ruling on the prohibition mentioned in Hadeeth: None of you should wash in standing water while he is Junub. ? What is the ruling on a person who does what is prohibited? Moreover, villagers used to come to these ponds and reveal some parts of their bodies above the knees.

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To commence: Firstly: It is not permissible for the Junub to perform Ghusl in standing water. It was reported by Muslim on the authority of ‘Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Ruling on standing water that is equal to two Qullas or more without any change in its color, taste, or odor?

Question 3: What is the legal ruling on performing Ghusl (ritual bath) in standing water for someone who is Junub (in a state of major ritual impurity)?It should be noted that there are many ponds in desert places where water remains standing for a long period without being changed except by rain water in summer or autumn. There are also some ponds in Masjids (mosques). What is the ruling on the prohibition mentioned in Hadeeth: None of you should wash in standing water while he is Junub. ? What is the ruling on a person who does what is prohibited? Moreover, villagers used to come to these ponds and reveal some parts of their bodies above the knees.

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To commence: Firstly: It is not permissible for the Junub to perform Ghusl in standing water. It was reported by Muslim on the authority of ‘Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Arranging the Soorahs (Qur’aanic “chapters”) according to the `Uthmaanee Mus-haf

Question 4: Please find attached a copy of Juz’ ‘Amma (the last 30th of the Qur’aan), with footnotes giving the meanings of difficult words. I noticed in it that the Soorahs are arranged in reverse order, starting with Soorah Al-Naas and ending with Soorah ‘Amma. Please advise if this order is permissible and whether the order of the Qur’aanic Soorahs is Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion) or not? May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: It is obligatory that the Soorahs should follow the same order as in the ‘Uthmaanee script of the Mus-haf (copy of the Qur’aan). Accordingly, the last Juz’ should start with Soorah ‘Amma (Al-Nabaa’) and end with Surah Al-Naas… read more here.

Anyone who intentionally abandons Salaah though they acknowledge its obligation?

Question 2: Allaah has guided me to obey Him. I offer the daily prayers on time except for Fajr (Dawn). Sometimes I get up late after sunrise. Is my Fajr Prayer offered at that time valid? How can a Muslim make up for the Salaah they missed like `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer? Will they make up for it at the time of the Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer or delay it until the next `Asr Prayer?

Answer: The Salaah you miss due to sleep or forgetfulness should be offered the moment you wake up or the moment you remember. It does not matter if you wake up or remember it after sunrise. This is based on the Hadeeth in which the Prophet… read more here.

Missing a Salaah because of sleep or forgetfulness until its due time is over

Question 1: Allaah has guided me to obey Him. I offer the daily prayers on time except for Fajr (Dawn). Sometimes I get up late after sunrise. Is my Fajr Prayer offered at that time valid? How can a Muslim make up for the Salaah they missed like `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer? Will they make up for it at the time of the Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer or delay it until the next `Asr Prayer?

Answer: The Salaah you miss due to sleep or forgetfulness should be offered the moment you wake up or the moment you remember. It does not matter if you wake up or remember it after sunrise. This is based on the Hadeeth in which the Prophet… read more here.

What is the difference between Sunnah and Fard?

Question 1: People in our country differentiate between Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet) and Fard (obligatory). They say that Allaah’s punishment takes place only when someone leaves the acts that are relevant to Fard or stressed Sunnah. However, I believe that anything which Muhammad (peace be upon him) has done or clarified to his Ummah is an obligation. Accordingly, those who do not do this are considered to be hateful of what Muhammad has come with. Growing the beard for example, has been ordained by Muhammad (peace be upon him), is it authentically proven that he shaved it? Does shaving it imply a sign of hatred to what Muhammad (peace be upon him) has come with? Does whoever does this fall under the same Aayah?

Answer: All Praise be to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To proceed: Obligation is what a person is rewarded for doing and punished for abandoning. Sunnah or (the desirable acts) is what a person is rewarded for doing… read more here.

What is meant by ‘Hadeeth Mursal’?

Question 1: What is the meaning of Hadeeth Mursal? It was reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “O Asmaa’, when a woman reaches the age of menstruation, nothing should be seen of her except this and this” and he pointed to the face and hands. Is this Hadeeth Mursal or Da‘eef (weak)? Was this Hadith stated before or after the revelation of the Aayah (Qur’aanic verses) of Hijaab (veil)?

Answer:  Hadeeth Mursal is a Hadeeth with no Companion of the Prophet in its chain of narration. As for the above-mentioned Hadith of Asmaa’… read more here.

Slaughtering sacrifices at the Shrines of Awliya’ (pious people)

Question 30: Some people have developed an annual tradition on the Day of ‘Aashoora’ (10th of Muharram) of slaughtering over forty sheep and ewes and over ten cows at the shrines of the so-called Awliya’ (pious people). Some ignorant Muslims, who have poor knowledge of the Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law), would gather there and recite the Qur’aan by these graves, claiming that they recite the Qur’aan as a supplication for the dead. They then eat the sacrificed animals. We ask Your Eminence to clarify the legal opinion on this issue supported by proofs from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah.

Answer: First, What you have mentioned in regard to slaughtering sacrifices at the shrines of Awliya’ is considered Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). Anyone who does so is cursed. This is because… read more here.

Slaughtering animals for a dead person who is claimed to be a Walee (pious person)

Question 28: What is the ruling on slaughtering an animal for a dead person who is claimed to be a Walee (pious person) and shrines are built over his grave?

Answer: Slaughtering for the dead person mentioned above is a type of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). A person who slaughters for the sake of this Walee is a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in worship) and… read more here.

Vowing to other than Allaah is a major Shirk

Question 25: Some people vow to give Sadaqah (voluntary charity) or offer a sacrifice to attain what they want; some in hope of recovery, others of restoring a lost right, and so on. Some devote their vows to Allaah sincerely or for the sake of Allaah’s Love,others offer the vow to other people. Please, advise me on this matter and clarify the correct way of offering a vow. May Allaah admit you to the best of life and Hereafter.

Answer: Firstly, Vowing is an undesirable act for a Muslim, for it is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Ruling on Vowing

Question 24: Some people vow to give Sadaqah (voluntary charity) or offer a sacrifice to attain what they want; some in hope of recovery, others of restoring a lost right, and so on. Some devote their vows to Allaah sincerely or for the sake of Allaah’s Love,others offer the vow to other people. Please, advise me on this matter and clarify the correct way of offering a vow. May Allaah admit you to the best of life and Hereafter.

Answer: Firstly, Vowing is an undesirable act for a Muslim, for it is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Beseeching anyone other than Allaah for help, for sickness, rain Or to prolong one’s life

Question 20: Two groups holding opposing views: the first group maintains that seeking help from prophets and Awliya’ (pious people) constitutes Kufr (disbelief) and Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship); they give evidence from Qur’aan and Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) in support of their view. The second group maintains that seeking help from prophets and Awliya’ is permissible because they are the chosen, sincere Servants of Allaah (Exalted be He). Which of the two is correct?

Answer: Asking anyone other than Allaah for help, to bring healing, to make it rain, to prolong one’s life, or similar requests that lie in the Power of Allaah Alone is a form of major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship that takes a Muslim out of Islaam). Likewise… read more here.

Calling to, “O Aboo Al-Qaasim, or O Shaykh `Abdul-Qaadir” and so on

Question 19: There is a Muslim who testifies that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah but when standing up or sitting down, he says: ‘O Messenger of Allaah’, ‘O Aboo Al-Qaasim’, or ‘O Shaykh `Abdul-Qaadir’, and such words of seeking help from people other than Allaah. What is the ruling on doing so?

Answer: The person who invokes Allaah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) or other people such as `Abdul-Qaadir Al-Jeelaanee or Ahmad Al-Tijanee when standing up or sitting down, and whoever beseeches them for help whether to bring good or ward off harm is committing an act of Al-Shirk-ul-Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah). These acts were common during Jahiliyyah (pre-Islamic time of ignorance). Then, Allaah sent His… read more here.

Claiming the knowledge of the Unseen (al-Ghayb)

Question 10: There is a righteous person or so we call him who lives at my residence.He is still alive and people honor him greatly. He has yearly banquets prepared by the rich men of the tribes for him. One person may come and say: ‘O sir, you will have dinner with me’ as a matter of blessing. Another says: ‘O sir, you will have lunch with me.’ As for the banquet, they slaughter one or two animals. About fifty or sixty people gather at the banquet and recite formulae of thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) in the nightly banquet. The cost of the banquet may be around one hundred pounds. When the pious man leaves, the owner of the banquet follows him and gives him from twenty to fifty pounds. This happens every year by the well-to-do people. He knows that people make Du‘aa (supplication) to Allaah by means of his position or honor in his absence.

For example, when a person who thinks highly of this man’s piety, falls into distress, he says: ‘O sir so and so, by your position and dignity with Allaah, relieve my distress, whether it be sickness, fear of a road, or darkness at night, etc. After Du’aa, the person says: ‘I will give you five pounds when you cure my sickness or relieve my fear.’ All this happens in the absence of this righteous man. On meeting the righteous man, a person says: ‘Here is one pound.’ Thereupon, the pious man says: ‘Give me the five pounds you mentioned in your distress.’ The distressed person wonders as this has happened in the absence of this man. Does this indicate the righteousness of this man? Or is it a fortuneteller’s act, which is forbidden? We hope you explain this matter and identify its essence; is it an act of righteousness, or a forbidden act?

Answer: Firstly, Making Du’aa to others instead of Allaah such as Awliya’ (pious people) to remove harm, cure the sick, or secure a road is Shirk Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah) that takes its doer away from the realm of Islaam. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Invoking others such as Awliya’ (“pious people”) and “righteous people” instead of Allaah

Question 9: There is a righteous person or so we call him who lives at my residence.He is still alive and people honor him greatly. He has yearly banquets prepared by the rich men of the tribes for him. One person may come and say: ‘O sir, you will have dinner with me’ as a matter of blessing. Another says: ‘O sir, you will have lunch with me.’ As for the banquet, they slaughter one or two animals. About fifty or sixty people gather at the banquet and recite formulae of thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) in the nightly banquet. The cost of the banquet may be around one hundred pounds. When the pious man leaves, the owner of the banquet follows him and gives him from twenty to fifty pounds. This happens every year by the well-to-do people. He knows that people make Du‘aa (supplication) to Allaah by means of his position or honor in his absence.

For example, when a person who thinks highly of this man’s piety, falls into distress, he says: ‘O sir so and so, by your position and dignity with Allaah, relieve my distress, whether it be sickness, fear of a road, or darkness at night, etc. After Du’aa, the person says: ‘I will give you five pounds when you cure my sickness or relieve my fear.’ All this happens in the absence of this righteous man. On meeting the righteous man, a person says: ‘Here is one pound.’ Thereupon, the pious man says: ‘Give me the five pounds you mentioned in your distress.’ The distressed person wonders as this has happened in the absence of this man. Does this indicate the righteousness of this man? Or is it a fortuneteller’s act, which is forbidden? We hope you explain this matter and identify its essence; is it an act of righteousness, or a forbidden act?

Answer: Firstly, Making Du’aa to others instead of Allaah such as Awliya’ (pious people) to remove harm, cure the sick, or secure a road is Shirk Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah) that takes its doer away from the realm of Islaam. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Seeking help from someone who is not Present

Question 7: What is the ruling on seeking help from the dead, such as saying, “Madad (Give me help and strength), O so-and-so!”, or seeking help from the living who are absent and do not hear the one calling for their help?

Answer: Firstif one calls upon a dead person for help saying: “Madad (Give me help and strength), O so-and-so!”, they must be advised and warned that this is Haram (prohibited); it is even an act of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). A person who insists on doing… read more here.