Slaughtering animals at the graves of Awliyaa’

Question: Some people have developed an annual tradition on the Day of ‘Aashooraa’ (10th of Muharram) of slaughtering over forty sheep and ewes and over ten cows at the shrines of the so-called Awliyaa’ (pious people). Some ignorant Muslims, who have poor knowledge of the Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law), would gather there and recite the Qur’aan by these graves, claiming that they recite the Qur’aan as a supplication for the dead. They then eat the sacrificed animals. We ask Your Eminence to clarify the legal opinion on this issue supported by proofs from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah.

Answer: First, what you have mentioned in regard to slaughtering sacrifices at the shrines of Awliyaa’ is considered Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

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Observing Sawm on `Aashooraa’ and acting differently from the People of the Book

Question: It is narrated in a Hadeeth that When the Prophet (peace be upon him) came to Madeenah, he found the Jews observing Sawm (Fast) on `Aashooraa’ (10th of Muharram). So, he observed Sawm during it and ordered that Sawm should be observed in it. How can this be reconciled with his order to act differently from the way of People of the Book in many matters?

Answer: Upon arriving in Madeenah, the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to act like the People of the Book in matters where there was no revelation. Then, Allaah legislated for him to act differently from the way of the People of the Book… read more here.

Should the 9th and 10th, and 11th of Muharram, or all these three days be fasted upon the occasion of `Aashooraa’ ?

Question: Should the ninth and tenth, the tenth and eleventh of Muharram, or all these three days be fasted upon the occasion of `Aashuraa’ (10th of Muharram)?

Answer: Fasting on the Day of `Aashooraa’ is a stressed Sunnah (acts, sayings or approvals of the Prophet). It is best to fast on the previous or the following day after it according to the guidance of the Prophet (peace be upon him) in order not to coincide with the practice of the Jews. If fast is observed on the three days, this would be more perfect, according to Ibn Al-Qayyim’s Zaad Al-Ma`aad… read more here.

The story and truth of the Day of `Aashooraa’

Question: What is the story and truth of the Day of `Aashooraa’ (10th of Muharram)?

Answer: When the Prophet (peace be upon him) arrived in Al-Madeenah after his Hijrah (the Prophet’s migration to Al-Madeenah), he found the Jews observing Sawm (Fast) of the Day of `Aashooraa’… read more here.

Praying behind an Imaam who does not recite properly

Question 23: A man entered the Masjid (mosque) after the first congregational Salaah (Prayer) was over to find another congregational Salaah led by an illiterate Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer). Such a person who is well-aware of the proper recitation of Qur’aan thought it was not right to join this congregational Salaah. Should he have joined them? If he had joined them to attain the reward of offering congregational Salaah, would his Salaah have been valid?

Answer: If the unlettered Imaam performs Salaah tranquility and properly making no mistake in Soorah Al-Faatihah (Opening Chapter of the Qur’aan) in a way that changes the meanings, he may join Salaah with this Imaam to attain the reward of congregational Salaah. Otherwise, he may wait for others to pray with to maintain the observance of Salaah in congregation, if possible... read more here.

Changing the intention from Ma’moom to Imaam

Question 22: A Ma’moom (person being led by an Imaam in Prayer) joined ‘Asr (Afternoon) Prayer during the fourth Rak‘ah (unit of Prayer) then another man came and started praying behind him. Is it thus permissible for the first praying person to change his intention from being a Ma’moom to being an Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer)?

Answer: It is permissible for whoever misses congregational Salaah (Prayer) and cannot find anybody else to start a new congregation with, to pray (as a Ma’moom) behind a person who is making up for the Rak‘ahs (units of Prayer) that they missed after the Tasleem (salutation of peace ending the Prayer) of the Imaam. Proof for the foregoing is that the Prophet (peace be upon him) was offering Salaah during the night and Ibn ‘Abbaas came and prayed behind him. Moreover, offering Salaah in congregation is more rewarded... read more here.

Praying in the work place

Question 21: Is it permissible for a male Muslim not to attend the congregational Salaah (Prayer) due to being busy with his studies and class times?

Answer: Male Muslims have to perform Fard (obligatory) Salaah at the Masjid (mosque) with the congregation. They are not permitted to miss the congregational Salaah except for a Shar‘ee (Islaamic legal) excuse such as illness or fear. Accordingly, being busy with studies is not a valid excuse for missing the congregational Salaah... read more here.

Entering the Masjid while the congregation is in the last Tashahhud

Question 20: If a person joins Salaah (Prayer) during the last Tashahhud (testification recited in the sitting position in the last unit of Prayer) before the Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) pronounces Tasleem (salutation of peace ending the Prayer), will they get the reward of offering congregational Salaah? Or will they get the reward of praying individually? What is the best course of action upon entering the Masjid (mosque) and finding the Imaam in the last Tashahhud? Should a person complete the Tashahhud, or should they wait for others to come and pray with?

Answer: Anyone who joins the Imaam during the last Tashahhud will not be considered to have caught the congregational Salaah, but they will get the reward of whatever parts of Salaah they pray with the Imaam. To be considered having joined the congregational Salaah, a latecomer should offer at least one Rak`ah (unit of Prayer) with the Imaam, for the Prophet (peace be upon him) said... read more here.

Reciting Qur’aan over Zamzam Water to be granted certain wishes to be granted certain wishes

Question 19: What is the ruling on certain people reciting Qur’aan over Zamzam Water (well that sprung up under the Prophet Isma’eel when he was a baby, near the Ka‘bah), then giving it to someone to drink in order to be granted specific wishes or for healing?

Answer: It is reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) drank from Zamzam Water, used to carry it with him, and encouraged people to drink it saying: Zamzam Water is for whatever it is drunk for. On the authority of Ibn ‘Abbaas... read more here.

Meaning of Hijrah and its conditions

Question 18: What are the conditions of Hijrah (a believer’s migration to an Islaamic land) according to Islaam? What is meant by the following statement of the Prophet (peace be upon him): Worship (of Allaah) at times of turmoil is like Hijrah to me. ?

Answer: Hijrah means leaving the non-Muslim country to a Muslim country, which is Waajib (obligatory). Allaah (Exalted be He) says: Verily, as for those whom the angels take (in death) while they are wronging themselves (as they stayed among the disbelievers even though emigration was obligatory for them), they (angels) say (to them): “In what (condition) were you?” until His Saying: Such men will find their abode in Hell – What an evil destination! Commenting on the Aayah (Qur’aanic verse), Ibn Katheer said: “The general meaning of this glorious Aayah includes all those who reside among Mushriks (those who associate others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) and cannot freely perform the rites of the religion while able to emigrate. Such persons, by remaining there are wronging themselves and committing an unlawful act by Ijmaa‘ (consensus of scholars).”... read more here.

Ruling on fasting Muharram, Sha‘baan and the ten days of Thul-Hijjah

Question 17: What is the religious ruling on observing Sawm (Fasting) on the last Ten Days of Thul-Hijjah and the whole of the months of Muharram and Sha‘baan? Answer us, may Allaah confer His Blessings upon you!

Answer: Bismillaah [In the Name of Allaah] and all praise is due to Him. It is Mashroo‘ (Islaamically permissible) to fast in the month of Muharram and Sha‘baan. As for the last Ten Days of Thul-Hijjah, there is no evidence concerning fasting on them; but there is nothing wrong with fasting on them without having the belief that they have certain specialty or fasting is recommended on them in particular.The Prophet (peace be upon him) said concerning the month of Muharram: The best Sawm after Ramadaan, is the Month of Allaah: Muharram.Therefore, it is recommendable to fast the whole of Muharram and it is Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet) to fast on the ninth, the tenth and the eleventh of it... read more here.

Hunting during Ramadaan and the Sacred Months

Question 15: This question is about hunting during Ramadaan, Dul-Qa‘dah, Dul-Hijjah and Muharram. Some people say that it is Haraam (prohibited) to hunt land game, such as birds and rabbits, during these months. I have already hunted during these four Sacred Inviolable Months. Please advise, may Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: There is nothing wrong in hunting land games during Rajab, Dhul-Qa‘dah, Dhul-Hijjah, and Muharram, because although they are Sacred Inviolable Months, the prohibition of hunting land game during them has been abrogated. Furthermore, Ramadaan is not a Sacred Inviolable Month... read more here.

Sawm (fast) on the Day of ‘Ashooraa’

Question 5: What is obligatory for a Muslim to do on the Day of ‘Ashooraa’ (10th of Muharram)? Should they pay Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) on that day?

Answer: It is prescribed for a Muslim to observe Sawm (Fasting) on the Day of ‘Ashooraa’, as it was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered his Sahaabah (Companions) to observe Sawm on that day. However, when the Sawm of Ramadaan was enjoined, it became permissible either to fast or not to fast on the Day of ‘Ashooraa’. No Zakaat-ul-Fitr is to be paid on the Day of ‘Ashooraa’ as due on ‘Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast) after the month of Ramadaan read more here.

Hadeeth: “Anyone who bathes on the Day of ‘Ashooraa’ will not be sick during that whole year”

Question 4: Hadeeth – “Anyone who bathes on the Day of ‘Ashooraa’ will not be sick during that whole year.”

Answer: All the Hadeeths mentioned in respect of bathing on the Day of ‘Ashooraa’ (10th of Muharram), wearing Kuhl (antimony powder eyeliner), dying (with Henna), in addition to other acts observed by Ahl-ul-Sunnah (those adhering to the Sunnah) in opposition to the Shiites are Mawdoo‘ (fabricated Hadeeth) except for those mentioned about Sawm (Fast).

Shaykh Al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (may Allaah be merciful to him) mentioned in “Al-Fataawaa” Volume (4) page (513) what reads: (Some people among those who claim themselves as followers of the Sunnah narrated many Hadeeth Mawdoo‘ on which they based what they made as a slogan for them on that day – meaning the day of ‘Ashooraa’ – with which they also contradicted with those people – meaning Al-Raafidah (a Shiitic group). Therefore, they confronted a void act with another void act, and refuted a Bidd‘ah (innovation in religion) by introducing another. Nevertheless, there was one which was indeed more grievous and supportive of the atheists than the other – he meant the Bidd‘ah of Al-Raafidah – such as the long Hadeeth that reads read more here.

Combing hair during the first ten days of Muharram

Question 3: Is it permissible to comb the hair during the first ten days of the month of Muharram (New Year)?

Answer: It is permissible to comb the hair on the Day of ‘Ashooraa’ (10th of Muharram), and during the days preceding it in the month of Muharram, as on any other day… read more here.

Congratulations on the New year (Muharram) Or the occasion of Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday)

Question 1: Is it permissible to congratulate non-Muslims on the occasion of the new Gregorian year, the new Hijree (lunar) year, and the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday)?

Answer: It is not permissible to offer congratulations on such occasions; for it is not Mashroo‘ (Islaamically permissible) to celebrate them… read more here.

Slaughtering sacrifices at the Shrines of Awliya’ (pious people)

Question 30: Some people have developed an annual tradition on the Day of ‘Aashoora’ (10th of Muharram) of slaughtering over forty sheep and ewes and over ten cows at the shrines of the so-called Awliya’ (pious people). Some ignorant Muslims, who have poor knowledge of the Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law), would gather there and recite the Qur’aan by these graves, claiming that they recite the Qur’aan as a supplication for the dead. They then eat the sacrificed animals. We ask Your Eminence to clarify the legal opinion on this issue supported by proofs from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah.

Answer: First, What you have mentioned in regard to slaughtering sacrifices at the shrines of Awliya’ is considered Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). Anyone who does so is cursed. This is because… read more here.