Raising children is not an excuse for failing to make up for the missed days of fast in Ramadaan

Question: My wife broke her fast on two consecutive months of Ramadaan due to a gynecological illness and childbirth. Moreover, she vowed to fast for a month if one of her children, who was suffering from meningitis, recovered. However, she has not been able to fulfill her vow, because she is ill and busy raising seven children. For this reason, I hope Your Eminence will tell me whether she must feed the poor instead of fasting due to her poor health and raising up her children?

Answer: Raising children is not an excuse for failing to make up for the missed days of fasting in Ramadaan and feeding the poor instead. She is to delay making up for her missed fast days until she can perform them… read more here.

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A woman’s father prevented her from fasting in Ramadaan saying that she was still young but she was pubescent

Question: Is it obligatory on me to make up for the missed days of fasting in Ramadaan, especially as I did not know that it is obligatory to make up for them? This occurred at a time when I was helping my family with many chores outside the house. For this reason, my father used to tell me not to fast because I was young. Now I doubt that there are some days of fasting which I missed. Must I make up for them consecutively? Must I give food to the poor in compensation? How can I do this, and from what kind of food?

Answer: Whoever is alive during Ramadaan and is eligible to fast must fast except if he has a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse, such as traveling or illness during which it is difficult to fast. If the case is as you mentioned that you were eligible to fast, then it is obligatory for you to make up for the days you did not fast and make Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) and Istighfaar (seeking forgiveness from Allaah)… read more here.

A woman fell ill and her father gave Sadaqah for the days she did not fast. During her making up for the missed days of fast, another woman had Suhoor after Dawn

Question: It was the ninth month, which coincided with the month of Ramadaan and I was ill and could not fast. So, I only fasted twelve days from the entire month. My father gave out Sadaqah (voluntary charity) for the days I did not fast.

My question is: Was it permissible for my father to give out Sadaqah for the days I did not fast or must I make up for these days?

Answer: It is a duty upon you to make up for fast since you are not certain that you fasted. The principle is that you must still make up for the missed days of fast, especially since your colleague informed you that neither of you fasted that month of Ramadaan… read more here.

A person has to make up for a missed Ramadaan due to participating in the Palestine War but doubts making up for it

Question: I was in the army that participated in the Palestine War in 1368 A.H. I spent a long time in Palestine including the blessed month of Ramadaan. Currently, I do not remember whether I fasted, made up the days, or broke the fast during that month. After a long time, I met one of the people who had been with me in Palestine during the war and he told me that we did not fast that month. I found out that he made up for the missed days of fast in that month. As I previously mentioned, I do not remember whether I fasted that month or made up for the missed days of fasting of the month.

My question is: What am I to do concerning the fast of this month and how can I make up for the missed days? I am now a diabetic old man and can not make up for the missed days of fast. I repeat that I do not know whether I made up for these missed days of fast or not. I ask Your Eminence to tell me the ruling on this and what I must do.

Answer: It is a duty upon you to make up for fast since you are not certain that you fasted. The principle is that you must still make up for the missed days of fast, especially since your colleague informed you that neither of you fasted that month of Ramadaan… read more here.

Doubting the number of the missed days of fast a woman did not make up for

Question: A woman says: “I gave birth to a daughter in Ramadaan after only four days of fast. I broke the fast for the rest of that month, but I cannot remember how many days I made up for because I did not make up for them consecutively. I am almost certain that I did make up for all of them. What is the ruling in this case? Please give me a detailed answer. May Allaah grant you success.”

Answer: If a woman is not certain how many missed days of fast she made up, she must resolve this problem by trying to find out how many days of fast she missed and then make up for them. If she delayed making up for the missed days of fast until the following Ramadaan without having a valid excuse, she is to make up for them as well as give out food to a Miskeen (a needy person) for each delayed missed day of fast the equivalent of half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country, such as dates, wheat, or rice… read more here.

A woman fell ill and did not make up for the missed days of fast till she died but she give out money in charity

Question: An old woman broke her fast during the daytime in Ramadaan four years prior to her death due to an illness. She had intended to make up for the missed days of fast for this period by giving woolen rugs worth 3000 dirhams to the Masjid (mosque). She has also given out in charity some 4000 dirhams but we do not know her intention toward the Masjid concerning that sum. She passed away in 1993 (may Allaah have mercy on her). Is this sum sufficient to compensate for the missed days of fast or must we, i.e. her relatives, do this on her behalf? We need a detailed answer.

Answer: If this woman broke her fast due to an illness that continued until she passed away or recovered but could not make up the missed days of fasting due to a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse, then there is nothing due upon her or upon her heirs, whether making up for the missed days of fast or giving out food. This is because fast was not obligatory on her. Therefore, she is absolved of any fast or compensation… read more here.

Delay in making up for the missed days of fasting due to a Shar`ee excuse entails only making up for these days

Question: What is the ruling on a woman that broke her fasting in Ramadaan for a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse but could not make up for it before the following Ramadaan? She broke her fast the next Ramadaan due to severe illness and she recovered afterward. Then, she started to make up the missed days of fasting of the first Ramadaan, bought bread, and distributed it among her neighbors. Does this suffice the missed days of fasting?

Answer: If her delay in making up for the missed days of fasting until the next Ramadaan was due to a valid excuse, then she must only make up for the missed days, and does not have to give out food. But if the delay was due to an invalid excuse (not Islaamically lawful), she has to make up for the missed days of fasting and give out food for each day the amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country. She should also make Tawbah (repentance to Allaah, Glorified be He)… read more here.

Someone did not fast a day in Ramadaan and made up for it on a Friday

Question: Someone did not fast a day in Ramadaan and then made up for it on 20th of Shawwaal. However, this day coincided with a Friday. Many people said that it is impermissible to devote Friday to fasting. Do I have to repeat this fast?

Answer: It is established in the Prophetic Sunnah (acts, sayings, or approvals of the Prophet) that it is prohibited to single out Friday for a voluntary fast unless one fasts a day before or after it or if it coincides with a day that someone usually fasts. This is based on the Hadeeth narrated by Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said.. read more here.

A woman’s ignorance of the ruling on making up for the missed days of fasting, but after knowing, she started to fast the White Days

Question: My mother is about 65 years old. Since she started her monthly period until she reached menopause, she did not know the ruling on making up for missed days of fasting on which she had her monthly period and so on until she reached menopause. She has not made up her missed days of fasting. The average duration of her monthly period was four days. After she learnt that she must make up for her missed days of fasting approximately two years ago, she started to fast three days every month. Therefore, we ask Allaah (Exalted be He) first and then Your Eminence to give us a detailed answer to this question.

Answer: Your mother must make up for her missed days of fasting in Ramadaan starting from the time she reached puberty. In addition, she must also feed a Miskeen (a needy person) for each day she missed which she delayed from one Ramadaan to another if she is able to do this… read more here.

Becoming pubescent and not making up for fast due to ignorance of its obligation

Question: I started my monthly period when I was 12 years old and did not know at the time that I had to make up for the number of fasting days on which I had my monthly period. But even on the days on which I did not have my monthly period, I did not fast, since I did not know that fasting was obligatory on me. What is your advice for me? I want to rest my conscience as I always feel that I neglected a duty.

Answer: You must make Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) and make up for the missed days of fasting since you started your monthly period, which is a sign of puberty. Moreover, you must feed a Miskeen (a needy person) with half a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) for each delayed missed day of fasting… read more here.

Missing fast on some days during several years without making up for them

Question: My mother is about 60 years old. She got married when she was 17 years old. She broke her fast during the first four years after fasting had become obligatory on her, mainly when she was 16, 17, 18, and 19 years old. She is sure that she broke her fast for two days when she was 16 years old, but is unsure whether she fasted the rest of the month. However, she is certain that she broke her fast on some days of the month. When she was 17 years old, she broke her fast in the entire month of Ramadaan; when she was 18 years old, she broke her fast on 24 days and only fasted the first six days of the month because she was breastfeeding. When she was 19 years old, she broke her fast in the entire month.

My question is: What must she do now? Please note that she started to make up for the missed Ramadaan fasts when she was 19 years old only 17 days ago. If there is a Sadaqah (voluntary charity) that she can pay, is it permissible that she pay it to her orphaned children? May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: Your mother must make up for the number of days on which she broke her fast during the months of Ramadaan and feed a Miskeen (poor person) half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country such as rice, dates, or wheat for each missed day of fast if she has can. If she delayed making up for the missed days due to a valid excuse, she is not required to feed the poor, but only to make up her missed days of fast… read more here.

Breaking fast on 75 days in Ramadaan

Question: My 75 year-old mother broke her fast and has 75 missed days of fast. Please advise us about what she should do. Is it sufficient for her to make up for these missed days, feed the poor, or do both?

Answer: Your mother must make up for her missed days of fast if she is able to do. She must give 1.5 kg of food to a poor person for each day she missed, because she delayed making up for her missed days of fast. If she cannot make up for the missed days of fast because of old age or an incurable illness, then it is sufficient for her to feed a poor person as mentioned above… read more here.

The months during which we may make up for the missed days of fast in Ramadaan

Question: Please tell me which months we may fast to make up for the missed days in Ramadaan. What are the pillars of faith? How can a Muslim be sinless? I have a brother who did not fast the last few days of Ramadaan (namely 25, 26, 27, 28, 29 and 30). He wanted to make up for them in the month of Rajab. What is your opinion about this?

Answer: Your brother must make up for the days in which he broke his fast during Ramadaan. It is a priority that he starts to make up for them after the end of Ramadaan unless there is a valid excuse. It is permissible for your brother to make up for his missed days of fast during the month of Rajab… read more here.

Making up for missed Ramadaan fasts during winter

Question: What is the ruling on making up for missed Ramadaan fasts during winter when daytime is short as you know?

Answer: It is obligatory on whoever missed some days of Ramadaan fasts to make up for them before the subsequent Ramadaan whether in winter or otherwise. In this regard, Allaah (Exalted be He) stated… read more here.

Should the woman who made up for missed days of Sawm intermittently re-observe Sawm consecutively?

Question: When I first began menstruating, I did not observe Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan because I was so young. However, I made up for the missed Ramadaan fasts intermittently in order not to be noticed by anyone. Is it permissible for me to re-observe Sawm consecutively? Am I liable for Kaffaarah (expiation)? If yes, what is the amount to be paid as Kaffaarah? al-Salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you), may Allaah preserve you.

Answer: It is sufficient for you to make up for the days of fasting you missed when you were young, even if intermittently. However, you are liable for Kaffaarah if you delayed making them up till a subsequent Ramadaan. In this case, you should feed a poor person for each day you delayed making up an amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) of the staple foodstuff… read more here.

Giving the due total amount of food for delaying making up for missed fasts all at once to the poor

Question: A woman made up for previous missed Ramadaan fasts. However, instead of paying the Kaffaarah (expiation) individually per each day, she paid its total amount at once after finishing making up for all missed days. Is it permissible to do so?

Answer: There is nothing wrong with calculating the due total amount of food when making up for the missed fasts was delayed without excuse, and giving it to the poor all at once… read more here.

Postponing missed fasts of Ramadaan due to giving birth till becoming unable to fast

Question: A woman missed the fasts of three months of Ramadaan during which she gave birth to children. However, she has not made up for them yet in spite of the passage of 19 or 20 years. Nevertheless, she still remembers her obligation and is willing to discharge it but cannot do so, because she is ill. Bearing in mind that she is unable to fast, what should she do?

Answer: If this woman’s illness is contingently curable, she should wait until she is cured and then make up for the missed Ramadaan fasts. If she delayed making up for fast until a subsequent Ramadaan came, without a valid excuse, she should feed a poor person for each day she missed 1.5 kg of wheat, rice, or the like, in addition to making up for the missed days… read more here.

Making up for some Ramadaan days only discharges the obligation of the missed Ramadaan fasts

Question: It is claimed, and only Allaah knows the truth, that if a woman is duty-bound to make up for a number of Ramadaan missed fasts, it is permissible for her, while embarking upon the recommended fast of the six days of Shawwaal, to say: “O Allaah, I intend both obligatory and supererogatory fasts”. What is the Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) ruling on this?

Answer: Making up for some Ramadaan days only discharges the obligation of missed Ramadaan fasts; thus, it is impermissible to combine another kind of fast with it through one intention. However, it is Mustahab (highly encouraged) and an abundantly deserving reward to fast the supererogatory six days of Shawwaal after making up for the missed fasts of Ramadaan. Anyway, the above-quoted saying has no basis in Sharee`ah… read more here.

A person was forced to break their Sawm during Ramadaan and forgot

Question: What is the ruling on a person who was forced to break their Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan and forgot to make up for that day, but remembered after about four years? What should they do in such a case?

Answer:  Whoever breaks their Sawm during Ramadan for a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse has to make up for the days missed even if many years have passed. If this delay was not for a Shar`ee excuse, the person in question has to feed a needy person for each day missed an amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx.) of wheat, rice, or any of the staple food of the country… read more here.

Breaking Sawm in Ramadaan for a Shar`ee excuse and breaking its compensatory Sawm before Thuhr Salaah due to ignorance

Question: I broke my Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan for a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse. When I was making up for that day, I broke my Sawm again before the Thuhr (noon) Prayer as I was ignorant about the ruling. What should I do in such a case? And is there any Kaffaarah (expiation) due?

Answer: You have to make up for the day which you failed to complete while observing Sawm. If you delay making up for it until the next Ramadaan without a Shar`ee excuse, you have to feed a needy person an amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of your country, along with making up for it… read more here.

Intentionally breaking compensatory Sawm and ruling on having sexual intercourse during this day

Question: Is it permissible for a person to intentionally break their Sawm (Fast) which is in compensation for a missed day of Ramadaan? And should a person offer a Kaffaarah (expiation) if he intentionally breaks his Sawm by having intercourse with his wife?

Answer: It is forbidden to break the obligatory Sawm which is in compensation for missed Sawm, for vowing, or as Kaffaarah without a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse. Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: …and render not vain your deeds. From this verse, scholars deduced the rule that reads: “Whoever engages himself in a Fard (obligatory, based on a definitive text) act is not allowed to break it”. Therefore, if a person’s Sawm is broken by sexual intercourse, they will be sinful but no Kaffaarah is due on them, for Kaffaarah belongs to having sexual intercourse only during the daytime of Ramadaan… read more here.

Breaking compensatory Sawm, thinking it is the same as voluntary Sawm

Question: I did not observe Sawm (Fast) on one of the days of Ramadaan because of an illness. Afterwards, I made up for that day, but at ten o’clock in the morning on that day, some guests visited me at home and I broke my Sawm, as I thought that compensatory Sawm carries the same ruling as voluntary Sawm. Then, in a religious session I heard that I was mistaken for doing so, and the preacher told me to ask Your Eminence. I hope to know the ruling on what I have done, and what I should do.

Answer: Whoever commences an obligatory Sawm like making up for a missed day of Ramadaan or any other obligatory Sawm like that for vowing or for an oath is forbidden to break their Sawm without a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse, because when one commences an obligatory Sawm, he has to complete it unless he has a Shar`ee excuse… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse with one’s husband while making up for the missed days of Sawm in Ramadaan

Question: A woman had her menstrual period during Ramadaan. After Ramadaan ended, she made up for the days she missed because of the menstrual period, and her husband had intercourse with her while she was observing Sawm (Fast) one of these missed days. What should she do if she was forced and if she was not?

Answer: The woman who, invalidated her Sawm by having intercourse with her husband when she was making up for one of the missed days of Sawm in Ramadaan, has to make up for that day. In addition, she has to offer Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) as it is impermissible for her to break her Sawm… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse with one’s husband during the daytime in Ramadaan while menstruating and about to take Ghusl

Question: A woman had sexual intercourse with her husband during the daytime of Ramadaan, and it was during her menstruation. She was expecting to take the after-menstruation Ghusl (full ritual bath) on that day upon the termination of her period. Is it Waajib (obligatory) on both of them to offer a Kaffaarah (expiation)? I hope that you will explain all the Kaffaarahs due in this regard to me.

Answer: According to Ijmaa` (consensus of scholars), having sexual intercourse with a menstruating wife is forbidden. Whoever does so intentionally, is aware of the prohibition, and knows that his wife is in her menstruation commits a prohibited deed which is one of the major sins. In such a case, he has to show sincere Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) and give out one or half a Dinar as a Kaffaarah for that. Evidences are explicit in the Qur’aan and the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) on the strict prohibition of such a deed… read more here.

Not making up for the missed days of fast in Ramadaan due to menstruation and not knowing their number

Question: A woman says that she fasted the month of Ramadaan since it has been due on her, but she has not made up for the days she did not fast in her monthly periods. Now she does not know the number of days she missed and asks what she should do.

Answer: This woman must make up for the days she did not fast from the previous months of Ramadaan and feed a needy person an amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country for each fasting day she missed as expiation for delaying the making up of these days until another Ramadan came… read more here.

Failing to fast four Ramadaans during war and becoming too old to make up for them

Question: My grandfather is 88 years old; he was born in 1907. He witnessed the war waged by the Algerians in 1954 to gain liberation from the French colonization. At that time, he was a soldier in the ranks of the National Liberation Army. Due to war, the soldiers had to abstain from Fast during four months of Ramadaan when they were in a state of war. My grandfather was not the only one who did so, but rather all the soldiers did. Now he is 88 years old as mentioned above, and he did not make up for any of the days of these four months of Ramadan. The questions are:

1. Can my grandfather pay Kaffaarah (expiation) in compensation as he is aged and cannot endure Fast?
2. If your answer is in the affirmative, how much should he pay in Algerian dinars as compensation for these months, and to whom should he pay?
3. Can he pay the Kaffaarah for the month of Ramadaan in this year?

Answer: If your grandfather is actually unable to make up the four months of Ramadaan he did not fast, then he has to feed a needy person an amount of 1.5 kg of the country’s staple food for each day he failed to fast. Giving money does not serve as a substitute for providing food. The Kaffaarah for the four months can be given at once to some poor families. He should repent for this delay in making up for the missed days of Fast… read more here.

Having sex with the wife during the daytime in Ramadaan without complete penetration

Question: All praise is due to Allaah, I am a young Muslim man. I got married a week before Ramadaan but I had sex with my wife during the daytime in Ramadaan without complete penetration and we were both fasting. We have deeply regretted doing this and I ask Allaah (Exalted be He) for forgiveness. I know that the Kaffaarah (expiation) of this is to free a Muslim slave or to fast two consecutive months. If I am unable to do that, I have to feed sixty poor persons. The first two are difficult for me because the first is now not available and, for the second, I cannot fast two consecutive months because I am an employee and I have to go to distant places during work and I do not have two months leave available to me. My question: Is feeding sixty needy persons sufficient, and what is the manner of doing so?

Answer: It is forbidden to have sexual intercourse in the daytime in Ramadaan. It invalidates fasting and entails the major expiation mentioned in the question. It is to be observed in the following order: emancipating a believing slave. If this is impossible, it is to fast two successive months… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse without ejaculation in the daytime in Ramadaan entails Kaffaarah

Question: I got married when I was about sixteen and now I am eighty years old. I have approached my wife in the daytime in Ramadaan while I was fasting. I have had sex her without ejaculation and I do not know how many times I moved in her. I would like to ask you whether I have to make up for such days. May Allaah keep you benefiting Muslims. I hope you will answer me in order not be charged with that in the Hereafter.

Answer: You and your wife, if she did so willingly, are asked for expiation. It is to emancipate a believing slave. If you could not do that, you have to fast two successive months. If this is even impractical for you, each of you have to feed sixty poor persons… read more here.

While traveling, a person broke his Sawm and then had sexual intercourse with his wife

Question: I was on a journey in Ramadaan and I broke my fast while traveling. Then, I returned from traveling and went home. I saw my wife and had sexual intercourse with her in the daytime of Ramadaan while she was fasting. She was not unwilling but she was ignorant because she is illiterate. She thought that fasting a day in place of the missed day is enough. This happened a short time ago. She decided to fast two successive months without asking anyone but she could only fast 15 days. Please explain what we should do. May Allaah guide you to what is right!

Answer: You have to pay Kaffaarah (expiation) according to your capacity. It is to emancipate a believing slave; and if you cannot, you should fast two successive months. If this is not possible, you should offer food to sixty poor persons: for each one half a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) of wheat, rice or other such local staple food… read more here.

Breaking Sawm deliberately during Ramadaan and then having sexual intercourse

Question: I got married at an early age in 1369 A.H. And lived in a desert area where there was almost no water. In the same year, the month of Ramadaan came, and we fasted the first two or three days, and on the fourth or the fifth day my wife and I decided to break our fast. We actually did so and I had sexual intercourse with her. We were ignorant and knew no Hadeeths except that we heard from some people that making up for a missed day (of Ramadaan) can be done by fasting a day. We broke our fast on this day and made up for it afterwards. Could you please inform us about the expiation of this day? May Allaah protect you.

Answer: You and your wife have to repent to Allaah (Exalted be He) immediately because breaking fast in Ramadaan without a legal excuse is a major sin. It is obligatory on each of you to perform the expiation,which is to emancipate a believing slave… read more here.

Offering Kaffaarah for breaking Sawm and falling ill during it

Question: If someone is required to offer a Kaffaarah (expiation) for breaking their Sawm (Fast) during Ramadan, but when they were offering the Kaffaarah, they fell seriously ill and had to take medicine. Should they start their Sawm a fresh or resume it after recovery?

Answer: Anyone who interrupted offering a Kaffaarah for having sexual intercourse during the daytime in Ramadaan due to illness has to resume their Sawm and not to start afresh. This is because they are excused… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse with the wife during Ramadaan assuming that dawn has not broken yet

Question: Three years ago, I had sexual intercourse with my wife during one Ramadaan night. On finishing, it turned out that dawn had broken and thatthe time to start Sawm (Fast) had passed half an hour before. I then proceeded to ask one Shaykh who advised me to feed 60 poor people. Therefore, I prepared a charity food for this purpose but could not feed the complete number of sixty poor people. Should my wife and I feed sixty poor people collectively or individually? If it is unfeasible to feed 60 poor people in total, how much should we pay approximately, instead and how and where should we pay it?

Please, bear in mind that I have been feeling guilty about having done so ever since, especially during the blessed month of Ramadaan.

Answer: It is obligatory on the one who had sexual intercourse with his wife during the daytime of Ramadaan to repent, ask Allaah for forgiveness, and pay Kaffaarah (expiation) in addition to making up for the day on which sexual intercourse took place… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse without ejaculation in the daytime in Ramadaan entails Kaffaarah

Question: I am a young man that married just before Ramadaan. At the beginning of Ramadaan, I had sexual intercourse with my wife out of mutual desire during the daytime. However, I did not ejaculate thinking that we would be liable for Kaffaarah (expiation) if I ejaculate. The following Ramadaan, we did the same although my wife was not willing to do so as she doubted that we were liable for Kaffaarah for doing so.

However, I ejaculated that time. In fact, I do not know whether Kaffaarah is necessary for the former or the latter Ramadaan. Note that I am now about to feed sixty poor persons: How much money should my wife and I pay for feeding sixty poor persons for the two months? It would be better if you give us an address (of a charitable organization) to which we can send the money of the Kaffaarah. Please give us a Fatwaa on this regard. May Allaah reward you with the best and grant you success!

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned, you are both liable for Kaffaarah in addition to making up for the first day on which you broke your fast, as well as repentance and asking Allaah (Exalted be He) to forgive the sin you committed… read more here.

Breaking fast one day deliberately in Ramadaan

Question: I deliberately broke my fast one day in Ramadaan and thus, I want to feed sixty poor persons.

My question is: Is it obligatory to feed them all at once? Or, may I feed three or four poor persons, for example, per day? Is it permissible to feed my poor family members such as my father, mother or brothers?

Answer: If you broke your fast during Ramadaan through anything other than having sexual intercourse, you will not be liable for Kaffaarah (expiation) according to the correct scholarly opinion. In such a case, you just have to repent and make up for that day on whichyou broke your fast… read more here.

Feeding the poor as a Kaffaarah should extend for sixty days

Question: Is the obligation of feeding sixty poor people discharged when the total amount – enough for sixty people – is given in one container to one family provider?

Answer: Feeding poor people can take the form of giving each poor person half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.), which equals approximately 1.5 kg, of a staple foodstuff. However, it will discharge the obligation to gather the aggregate number of poor people and offer them lunch or dinner according to the correct opinion maintained by scholars… read more here.

A man had sexual intercourse with his wife during the daytime in Ramadaan being ignorant of the ruling and the Kaffaarah

Question: A man had sexual intercourse with his wife during the daytime in Ramadaan being ignorant of the ruling and the Kaffaarah (expiation). However, later he came to know about his mistake. What should he do?

Answer: Anyone who has sexual intercourse with his wife during the daytime in Ramadaan is liable for Kaffaarah, which is emancipating a believing slave, fasting for two successive months if the previous option is unavailable, or feeding sixty poor people if the two previous options are not available in addition to repentance and making up for that day… read more here.

Does feeding children to pay Kaffaarah suffice?

Question: Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: And for him who is unable to do so, he should feed sixty of Miskeen (poor). Are children considered among the category of Miskeens? What kind of food should I give to them? Is there a certain kind of food? Is it permissible to clothe them instead of feeding them?

Answer: First, if those who look after children do not have money to spend on them because they are poor, they are considered among the category of the Miskeens regarding offering Kaffaarah (expiation)… read more here.

Should the Kaffaarah for the missed day of Sawm be feeding a Miskeen for an entire day or just one meal?

Question: How should I feed? Should I feed a Miskeen (a needy person) for an entire day, that is, from the morning to the evening, or just one meal?

Answer: It suffices to give every one of the sixty Miskeens 1/2 Saa`, (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food eaten by your family… read more here.

A person broke his Sawm during Ramadaan deliberately

Question: Three men broke their Sawm (Fast) intentionally in Ramadaan: one once, the second three days, and the third observed Sawm only one day. What is the ruling regarding each one of them?

Answer: It is obligatory on those who break their Sawm because of having sexual intercourse to make up for the missed days and offer Kaffaarah (expiation) for each day, that is, emancipating a believing bondsman, but if they do not find one, they must observe Sawm for two successive months… read more here.

Making up for the missed days of Sawm due to a chronic disease

Question: My father entered the intensive care unit in the hospital at the beginning of the blessed month of Ramadaan 1416 A.H. He suffered from both cardiac failure and nephritis caused by instability in the level of blood sugar. He was in a semi coma in the first four days, and during the rest of the month his state got a bit better. He left the hospital a few days before the day of `Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast) as his state was relatively better, but he was still ill and continued to take drugs as prescribed by doctors. He continued taking pills three times a day: morning, afternoon, and evening for diabetes, blood pressure, and strengthening the heart muscle, and extracting the liquids from the body.

Being in such a case, he could observe Sawm (Fast) for only four days in the beginning of the month and could not observe Sawm during the rest of the month. Before Ramadaan 1417 A.H.,my father gave out two sacks of rice, each of which weighs 45 kilograms, as charity to two poor families. In Ramadan of this year (1417 A.H.), he could not observe Sawm at all as doctors forbade him to do so. After `Eed-ul-Fitr, he similarly gave out two sacks of rice and one of the reliable brothers distributed them to some poor and needy families. However, my father wants to be sure that he acted as the Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) dictates, and wants to know from Your Eminence what he should do in detail. May Allaah reward you abundantly.

Answer: If your father cannot make up for the days he missed from Ramadaan because of his chronic disease, he should provide for each day he missed an amount of one kilo and a half of staple food for a needy person or some needy people. This feeding is a substitute for making up. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And as for those who can fast with difficulty, (e.g. an old man), they have (a choice either to fast or) to feed a Miskeen (poor person) (for every day). Therefore, what you have given out is even more than what you should pay, and thus the surplus amount shall be counted as a Sadaqah (voluntary charity). However, if your father is expected to recover his health and be able to make up for the missed Sawm, he should wait until he recovers to make up for it… read more here.

Delaying making up for the missed days of Sawm until the following Ramadaan

Question: When I was fourteen years old, I had the monthly period and I did not tell my family about it. In Ramadaan, I did not fast for five days and did not make up for them. I did the same thing for three years. When I got married I made up for these days, but I did not pay expiation for them. Am I obligated to pay expiation for breaking my Sawm (Fast) in those days?

Answer: It is an obligation upon a woman who starts getting her monthly period to fast Ramadaan. Not making up for the missed days of Sawm due to menstruation is a mistake committed by the questioner, and she should repent to Allaah from that… read more here.

Should a woman make up for what she missed of days of Sawm and Salaah after giving birth to a baby?

Question 155Does a woman have to make up for Salaah (Prayer) and Sawm (fasting) after she gives birth or not?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. A woman must not observe Salaah or Sawm while she is menstruating or in her postpartum period. If menstrual or postpartum bleeding stops during the days of her menstruation or postpartum period, she should take Ghusl (ritual bath), perform Wudoo’ (ablution), offer the Salaah that is due at that time and observe Sawm… read more here.

Performing Hajj, if not making up for missed fasts of Ramadaan

Question 8: I would like to perform the obligatory duty of Hajj this year, but I have not made up for the days I missed during Ramadaan this year, because I was in my postpartum period and after that I was breastfeeding my baby. I therefore have been unable to make up for the days I missed before the time of Hajj.

Answer: It is obligatory on you to perform Hajj if you are able and you have a Mahram (spouse or permanently unmarriageable relative). You can make up for the missed fasts from Ramadaan afterwards, In-shaa’a-Allaah (if Allaah wills)… read more here.