Supplicating to Allaah by virtue of the status of the Messenger, the Sahaabah, or others

Question: During Ramadaan, some worshippers follow each two Rak`ahs (units of Prayer) during Tarawih (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan) with a Du`aa’ (supplication) to Allaah through one of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet).

For example, they say, “By the honor of the venerable Sahaabee (Companion) so-and-so, we ask Allaah to accept our Salaah (Prayer) and Sawm (Fast).” I have advised them, but it was in vain. I now perform the (Taraaaweeeh) Salaah by myself in a corner of the Masjid (mosque). Should I perform Salaah with them or do it by myself as I am doing? Please give me a Fatwaa on this and may Allaah reward you with the best reward.

Answer: Making Du`aa’ to Allaah through the honor or life of the Messenger of Allaah, one of the Sahaabah, or others is not permissible, because acts of `Ibaadah (worship) are Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion). Allaah did not permit that to be done… read more here.

Ruling on seeking the help of other than Allaah when stricken by misfortune

Question: What is the ruling on those who call upon the Awliyaa’ (pious people) and invoke their help when afflicted by some misfortune?

Answer: Anyone who calls upon the Awliyaa’ (pious people) after their death or when they are absent is a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), who is committing an act of major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or in worship). Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means)… read more here.

Calling Awliya’ (pious people) and invoking their help when afflicted by some misfortune

Question 12: What is the ruling on those who call upon the Awliya’ (pious people) and invoke their help when afflicted by some misfortune?

Answer: Anyone who calls upon the Awliya’ (pious people) after their death or when they are absent is a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), who is committing an act of major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or… read more here